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AMO ZiL (Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo - Zavod Imeni Likhacheva)
Type Joint Stock Company
Founded 1916
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Key people Konstantin Laptev, General Director (2002 - Present)
Industry Automotive
Products Luxury Automobiles
Heavy Road Vehicles
Offroad Vehicles
Military Vehicles
Website Official AMO ZiL website

Zavod imeni Likhacheva, more commonly called ZIL (or ZiL, Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ); Likhachev Factory, literally "Factory named after Likhachev") is a major Russian truck and heavy equipment manufacturer, which also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, armored fighting vehicles, and aerosans. The company also produces hand-built limousines and high-end luxury sedans in extremely low quantities, primarily for the Russian government. ZIL passenger cars are priced at the equivalent of models from Maybach and Rolls-Royce, but are largely unknown outside the Commonwealth of Independent States and production rarely exceeds a dozen cars per year.

The factory was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО) — Moscow Automotive Enterprise). The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5 ton trucks under license. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle, the AMO-F-15.

In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the A.J. Brandt Company, an American firm. Its name was changed to Avtomobil'n'iy zavod Nomjar 2 - Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS) - Russian: Автомобильный завод номер 2 - Завод имени Сталина (ЗиС); "Automotive Factory No. 2 - Factory named after Stalin". It was named for dictator Josef Stalin, who gradually consolidated his power following V.I Lenin's death in 1924 and led Russia until his death in 1953.

After Nikita Khrushchev denounced Stalin's cult of personality in 1956 the name was changed again to Zavod Imeni Likhacheva, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachev.



ZIL 130

ZIL 5301

  • AMO-F-15 (1924)
  • AMO-3 (1931)
  • ZIS-5, ZIS-6 (1934, copies of the U.S. Autocar 2 10-cwt truck)
  • ZIS-22, ZIS-42 (1941?)
  • ZIS-128
  • ZIS-150 (1947)
  • ZIS-151 (1948)
  • ZIL-164 (1957)
  • ZIL-157 (1958)
  • ZIL-130 (1964)
  • ZIL-131(1967)
  • ZIL-133 (1975)
  • ZIL-135 (1966)
  • ZIL-5301 "Bychok" ("Bull") (1992)
  • ZIL-6404 (1996)
  • ZIL-6309 (1999)
  • ZIL-6409 (1999)
  • ZIL-433180 (2003)
  • ZIL-432930 (2003)
  • ZIL-4327 (2004?)
  • ZIL-4334 (2004)


  • ZIS-8
  • ZIS-16 (1938)
  • ZIS-154
  • ZIS-155 (1949)
  • ZIS-127 (1955)
  • ZIL-158 (1957)
  • ZIL-118 "Yunost" (1967)
  • ZIL-3250 (1998)


  • B-3 half-tracked transporter
  • ZIS-152 armored personnel carrier
  • ZIL-485 amphibious truck
  • ZIL-4906 amphibious vehicle
  • ZIL-41041 sedan
  • ZIL-41047 limousine
  • ZIL-4102 prototype saloon
  • ZIL-E-167 all-terrain vehicle


  • Zaloga, Steven J., James Grandsen (1984). Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two, p. 44. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-606-8.

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