P-3 na ZiS 151 RB

ZiS-151-base with P-3 radio-location station

BM-13-16 on a ZiS-151 chassis in a museum in Chisinau, Moldova 2

ZiS-151-based BM-13-16 multiple rocket launcher.

The ZiS-151 (Russian: ЗиС-151) is a general-purpose truck, produced by the Soviet Union in 1947–65, at Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod imeni Stalina. In 1956, the factory was renamed Zavod imeni Likhacheva, and new trucks were called ZiL-151 (ЗиЛ-151).

The ZiS-151 was the first major Soviet military all-wheel-drive truck built following World War II, replacing the U.S. Studebaker US6, and earlier ZiS-6. In early 1948, the cabs were made of wood, soon replaced with a steel cab. Tens of thousands were produced, including specialized versions for hauling different types of cargo. The Soviets found the trucks an ideal platform for BM-13 Katyusha rocket launchers.

The most famous developments of ZiS-151 were the BTR-152 armored personnel carrier and the BAV 485 amphibious vehicle.

In 1958 ZiL-151 model was replaced by the ZIL-157, differed outwardly by grille and having a single rear wheels, instead of the ZiL-151's dual wheels.

Specifications Edit

  • 6x6 4,500 kg (9,921 lb) ZIS-150 based truck
  • Engine: ZIS-121; 92 hp (69 kW)/2600 rpm, 6-cyl, 5555 cc
  • Bore/Stroke: 101.6/114.3 mm
  • Length: 6,930 mm (272.8 in), width: 2,320 mm (91.3 in), height: 2,310 mm (90.9 in)
  • Wheelbase: 4,225 mm (166.3 in), rear axis clearance: 260 mm (10.2 in)
  • Front wheel track: 1,590 mm (62.6 in)
  • Rear track: 1,720 mm (67.7 in)
  • Turning radius on front outer wheel: 11.2 metres (36.7 ft)
  • Compression ratio: 6.0
  • Clutch: dry twin plate
  • Gearbox: 5x2 speeds
  • Weight (without load): 5,580 kg (12,302 lb)
  • Maximal speed (loaded, highway): 60 km/h (37 mph)
  • Tyres: 8,25x20 inches
  • Fuel tank capacity: 2x 150 litres (39.6 US gal/33.0 imp gal)
  • Fuel consumption: 42 L/100 km (6.7 mpg-imp/5.6 mpg-US)

See alsoEdit

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