Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki
Volvo Trucks
Type Subsidiary of AB Volvo
Founded 1928
Headquarters Gothenburg
Key people Staffan Jufors
(President and CEO) [1]
Industry Manufacturing
Products Trucks
Employees 21,968 (Q1 2008) [2]

Volvo L495 Titan Truck 1965

Volvo Trucks (Volvo Lastvagnar) is a global truck manufacturer based in Sweden, owned by Volvo Group - AB Volvo it is the world's second largest heavy-duty truck brand.[2] The Volvo company was originally founded by SKF (Sevenska Kulgerfabriken) the Swedish bearing company in 1915. The name was then bought by Asser Gabrielssen and Gustaf Larsen in 1926 to start a motor vehicle company.

The first products were a Car in 1926. They then introduced a light truck in 1927 the LV40 a 1 1/2 ton "Lorry" ( "Lastvagen"). A 2- to version followed in 1929 the LV60. A uprated version the LV66/67 followed in 1930 with a gvw of 9 tones.

Founded in 1928, in 2008 Volvo Trucks employed about 22,000 people around the world.[2] With global headquarters in Gothenburg, Sweden, Volvo manufactures and assembles its trucks in 15 countries.[2] Volvo Trucks produces and sells over 100,000 units annually.[2]

Volvo Trucks sister truck companies in the Volvo Group includes, Renault Trucks, Mack Trucks and UD Trucks (Nissan Diesel Trucks) and the joint venture Volvo-Eicher Commercial Vehicle in India.


When Volvo manufactured its first automobiles in 1927, the first truck was already on the drawing table and in early 1928, the LV series 1 was presented to the public. Though it, by modern standards, was merely a truck, it was an immediate success and 500 units were sold before the summer. It had a 2.0 L 4-cylinder engine rated at 28 hp (21 kW).

Volvo Trucks worldwide

A Ballasted Volvo Tractor unit in Magnaload colours at Bromyard Show 2008

Volvo cabs are manufactured in the north of Sweden in Umeå and Ghent, Belgium, while the engines are made in the central town of Skövd. Among some smaller facilities Volvo has assembly plants in Sweden (Gothenburg - also the Head Office), Belgium, USA, Brazil, South Africa, Australia, China, India and Russia, making it a truly global producer. Some of the smaller factories are jointly owned. Its main parts distribution centre is located in Gent Belgium. The sales side is split into 3 divisions - European, North American and International, which covers the rest of the world. The offices and dealers are set up worldwide in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and South Korea.

Production facilities

Volvo LV63 Truck 1929

Volvo F88-49T Truck 1970

Volvo UK had a factory at Irvin in Scotland that build mainly custom chassis and Bus Chassis for the UK market. The factory strengthened chassis for Tippers and adapted them for Heavy Haulage with extra axles or other niche applications like Stepframe chassis for brewery drays and fitting with HD PTO driven hydraulics for mixer trucks, concrete pumps etc..

List of Volvo Trucks production facilities:[2]


  • Casablanca, Morocco
  • Tunis, Tunisia
  • Durban, South Africa


  • Teheran, Iran
  • Bangalore, India
  • Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Taipei, Taiwan
  • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Bangkok, Thailand


  • Ghent, Belgium
  • Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Umeå, Sweden
  • Kaluga, Russia

North America

  • Dublin, Virginia, United States


  • Brisbane, Australia

South America

  • Curitiba, Brazil

North America

In 1981, Volvo bought a portion of White a year after White's bankruptcy filing. The Canadian assets were purchased by a consortium of two Alberta energy companies, and were renamed Western Star Trucks. The plants in Virginia, Utah and Ohio went to Volvo, which continued to use the White name until the 1990s, as Volvo WhiteGMC'.[3]

The White Road Commander COE became the Volvo White Integrated Sleeper Conventional when a hood was added.[4]

Throughout the 1980s, Volvo produced White and Autocar, as well as distributing European-made Volvo. The White high cabover engine model was also badged a Western Star and sold through that company's Canadian dealer network.

On August 16, 1986, General Motors announced that heavy duty truck manufacturing in Pontiac, Michigan would be discontinued and that GM's American and Canadian large truck operations would be joined with the Greensboro, North Carolina-based Volvo White Truck Corporation by 1988. The new company, to be based in Greensboro, would be called Volvo GM Heavy Truck Corporation[5] and began marketing the Volvo WhiteGMC badge, although all of the legacy GMC product lines were discontinued by 1990.

In 1997 the Volvo WhiteGMC name was discontinued, and all models were badged either Volvo or Autocar. In 2000, the remaining Autocar products were discontinued, and the nameplate was retired (temporarily) after over 100 years.

In a merger announced April 25, 2000, Volvo acquired Renault Véhicules Industriels, including Mack Trucks in North America.[6] The deal would make Volvo Group the second largest truck manufacturer in the world, and the largest in Europe. In order to secure the approval of the authorities to proceed with the merger, Volvo had to agree to divest of its low-cab-over (LCOE) models, known as the Xpeditor range,[7] due to the degree the combination of this product with the Mack MR and LE series dominated the refuse markets in which these vehicles are predominantly used. Volvo would re-enter the LCF market in 2007 with the purchase of UD Nissan Diesel.

In 2001, Volvo divested of the Xpeditor product and the rights to the Autocar trademark. The purchaser was Grand Vehicle Works LLC,[8] a private equity venture based in Hagerstown, Indiana that also produced stripped chassis for vans and recreational vehicles, and walk-in van bodies for parcel delivery service.

In 2009, Volvo began to relocate the operations of its Mack Trucks subsidiary to Greensboro, where the North American operations of Volvo Trucks have been headquartered.[9]

Today, Volvo produces Volvo and Mack class 8 truck models at plants in Dublin, Virginia, and Macungie, Pennsylvania. Affiliate Volvo Powertrain produces engines and transmissions at its Hagerstown, Maryland, facility, for use exclusively in the North American market.

Export markets

Volvo Trucks are exported to and sold by more than 1000 dealers in more than 130 counties, including:[2]

Volvo product range

Current product line-up (as of July 2008)[10]

  • Volvo FL
    • markets - Europe, Middle East, Australia
  • Volvo FE
    • markets - Europe, Middle East, Australia
  • Volvo FM
    • markets - Europe, Africa, Asia, South America, Oceania
  • Volvo FH
    • markets - Europe, Africa, Asia, South America, Oceania
  • Volvo FH16
    • markets - Europe, Africa, Asia, South America, Oceania
  • Volvo FMX
    • markets - Europe, Africa, Asia, South America, Oceania
  • Volvo VHD
    • markets - North America, Mexico
  • Volvo VN
    • markets - North America, Mexico
  • Volvo VT
    • markets - North America
  • Volvo VM
    • markets - South America

Past products

  • Volvo has built some specials for ultra heavy haulage applications with extra axles and larger engines. But other specials have been custom built by Hauliers own workshops.




  • The "Roundnose"
  • LV11
  • TVC
  • LV15 and LV24
  • LV140 - 1940
  • LV150 - 1940
  • L29C and V

The (ex-China Motor Bus, Hong Kong) Volvo N10 Heavy Duty Recovery.



A Volvo F86 tractor unit at Sandbach Transport Festival 2008

Former Yeoman Volvo F88 at a show

A Volvo F88 at the Donnington Park CV show in 2009


A Customised Volvo F10 6x2 tractor unit with high roof cab presented at the Donington Park CV show in 2009

Volvo FL 6 from the mid-1990s


  • CH230
  • White
  • FL4 and FL6
  • FL7 and FL10
  • FS10
  • F10, F12 and F16
  • NL10 and NL12


A Modern Volvo FM 400 Tipper bodied 8x4

Volvo VN US model

Volvo vhd model dump truck



Volvo trucks are popular with collectors and truck enthusiasts around the world. With the high production volumes made examples of most models are to bee found in preservation by private collectors or in transport museums and other Museum collections.

Volvo Truck/PML

Gallery of images

Add your Volvo truck photos here or to the page for that particular model if the actual Model is known.

See also


  1. Management. - Volvo Trucks. - Retrieved: 2008-06-17
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Volvo Trucks Q1 2008. - Volvo Trucks. - April 2008. - (Adobe Acrobat *.PDF document; English). - Retrieved: 2008-06-17
  3. "Working at White: A History of White Motors". The Western Reserve Historical Society. Retrieved on 2009-10-15.
  4. Park, Jim. "Great Expectations, Delivered". highwaySTAR. Retrieved on 2009-10-15.
  5. "G.M., Volvo Set Truck Linkup", New York Times (1986-08-17). Retrieved on 2009-10-15. 
  6. "Volvo, Renault link trucks", CNNMoney (2000-04-25). Retrieved on 2009-10-15. 
  7. "U.S. Competition Authority Gives Clearance To AB VOLVO'S Acquisition Of Renault V.I./MACK", Automotive Intelligence News (2000-12-19). Retrieved on 2009-10-15. 
  8. Manchester, Bob. "Autocar - The World's Finest". Golden Age Truck Museum. Retrieved on 2009-10-15.
  9. Barron, Richard M. (2009-09-04). "Mack Moves South: Bulldog in Tow", News & Record. Retrieved on 2009-09-04. 
  10. -Volvo Trucks Global -Retrieved: 2008-08-5

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Volvo Trucks. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia