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Volvo Brage/Starke/Raske
[[File:Volvo L465 Starke Truck 1964|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Manufacturer Volvo
Also called Volvo L360 - 375
Volvo L465 - 475
Production 1954 - 1972,
approx. 29,500 produced[1]
Predecessor Volvo Roundnose
Successor Volvo F85
Class Medium size truck
Engine(s) Volvo inline 6
Transmission(s) 4/5 speed manual
Curb weight 8,350 kg (18,408.6 lb) - 11,500 kg (25,353.2 lb) (gross weight)[1]

The Volvo Brage/Starke/Raske was a series of medium size trucks produced by Swedish automaker Volvo between 1954 and 1972.

Volvo Brage Edit

In 1954 Volvo introduced the medium sized truck L370 Brage, named after the Norse god Bragi. The truck had a payload of 4.5 tonnes. Brage had an overhead valve petrol engine. In 1955 a budget model called L360 was added. It had a reduced payload of 3.5 tonnes and a side-valve engine.[2] The L360, which was never called Brage, was discontinued in 1957. Early trucks had an non-synchronized four-speed gear box, but this was soon replaced by a synchronized five-speed transmission. Demand for trucks with petrol engines declined with rising fuel prices and the Brage model was discontinued in 1963.

Volvo Starke Edit

Parallell with the Brage model Volvo offered a diesel version called L375 Starke (“Strong”), with a payload of 4.5 tonnes.[2] In 1955 the budget model L365 was added, with a payload of 3.5 tonnes but it was discontinued the following year. Also Starke soon got its unsynchronized gear box replaced with a more modern five-speed gear box.

In 1961 the truck's name was changed to L465 Starke.

Volvo Raske Edit

In 1961 the sturdier L475 Raske (“Swift”) was introduced, with a payload of 5 tonnes. Besides Starke’s diesel engine Raske was offered with a turbo-diesel.[3]

In 1962 Volvo added the forward control L4751 Raske Tiptop with a tilting cab to the program.

Volvo N84 Edit

Volvo N84 1969

1969 Volvo N84

Volvo introduced its "System 8" in 1965. The Starke model carried on with the new name N84. The major change for the truck was a more powerful engine.[3]

Engines Edit

ModelYearEngine[1]DisplacementPowerType
L3601955-57Volvo ED: I6 sv3,670 cc (224 cu in)90 bhp (67 kW)Petrol engine
L3701954-63Volvo A6: I6 ohv4,703 cc (287.0 cu in)115 bhp (86 kW)Petrol engine
L365-4751955-65Volvo D47: I6 ohv4,703 cc (287.0 cu in)95 bhp (71 kW)Diesel engine
L4751961-65Volvo TD47: I6 ohv4,703 cc (287.0 cu in)120 bhp (89 kW)Turbo-diesel
N841965-72Volvo D50: I6 ohv5,130 cc (313 cu in)107 bhp (80 kW)Diesel engine

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Olsson, Christer (1987). Volvo - Lastbilarna igår och idag. Malmö, Sweden: Förlagshuset Norden AB. ISBN ISBN 91-86442-76-7. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Volvo Trucks Global - L36/37
  3. 3.0 3.1 Volvo Trucks Global - L47/N84

External links Edit

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