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The first officially designated "T platform" vehicle, the '''Volkswagen Transporter (T4)'''<ref name=AD&P/> dramatically updated the Volkswagen van line by using a [[front-engine design|front-mounted]], [[front-wheel drive]], water-cooled engine. This model was also available with Synchro four wheel drive incorporating a viscous coupling and electrically operated rear differential lock.
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The first officially designated "T platform" vehicle, the '''Volkswagen Transporter (T4)'''<ref name=AD&P/> dramatically updated the Volkswagen van line by using a [[front-engine design|front-mounted]], [[front-wheel drive]], water-cooled engine. This model was also available with Synchro [[four-wheel drive]] incorporating a [[viscous coupling]] and electrically operated rear [[differential lock]].
 
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==References==
 
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[[Category:Volkswagen platforms|T]]
 
[[Category:Volkswagen platforms|T]]
 
[[Category:Volkswagen vehicles|Transporter]]
 
[[Category:Volkswagen vehicles|Transporter]]

Revision as of 00:53, 3 January 2012

The Volkswagen Transporter series, also referred to as the Volkswagen Group T platform series, refers to several generations of motor vehicles from Volkswagen Group, starting with the original Volkswagen Type 2.

These vehicles are traditionally in the light commercial vehicle sector; and comprise vans, minivans, minibuses, pick-ups, campervans, and other derived vehicles, spanning over 60 years of production from 1950. Throughout their generations, they have generally been available worldwide. Its traditional competitors are the Toyota Hiace and Mercedes-Benz Vito.

Though the T1 to T3 generations were named unofficially and retrospectively, the T series is now considered an official Volkswagen Group automotive platform.[1][2]

T1 – Type 2 (1950-1967)

Main article: Volkswagen Type 2#T1

Volkswagen Type 2 (T1)

Initially derived from the Volkswagen Type 1 (Volkswagen Beetle), the Volkswagen Type 2 (T1) was the first generation of Volkswagen's hugely successful Transporter family. Known informally by enthusiasts as "split screens" or "splitties" due to the front windscreen being split in two.

Volkswagen Type 2 (T1) In Hippie Colors


T2 – Type 2 (1967-1979)

Volkswagen Type 2 (T2b)

Main article: Volkswagen Type 2#T2

The Volkswagen T2 platform[2] is basically a cosmetically upgraded T1 (since only one vehicle shares the platform at this point, the distinction is used for both the Volkswagen Type 2 generation and platform), with a Volkswagen Type 4 engine optionally available from 1972 on. This generation was informally known as "bay" (derrived from bay window) or "bread loaf".

Flexible-fuel in Brazil (2009-present)

Brazilian 2010 VW Kombi Total Flex

As of 2009, a modern T2 with a flexible-fuel engine that runs on any combination of gasoline/petrol and ethanol started manufacturing in Brazil, as the Volkswagen Kombi Total Flex.

T3 – Type 2 (1979-1992)

Volkswagen Type 2 (T3/Vanagon/T25)

Main article: Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)

The Volkswagen Type 2 (T3), also known as the T25, or Vanagon in the United States, was one of the last new Volkswagen platforms to use an air-cooled engine. The Volkswagen air cooled engine was phased out for a water-cooled boxer engine (still rear mounted) in 1983.

T4 – Transporter (1990-2003)

Volkswagen Transporter (T4)

Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T4)

The first officially designated "T platform" vehicle, the Volkswagen Transporter (T4)[1] dramatically updated the Volkswagen van line by using a front-mounted, front-wheel drive, water-cooled engine. This model was also available with Synchro four-wheel drive incorporating a viscous coupling and electrically operated rear differential lock.

T5 - Transporter (2003-present)

Volkswagen Transporter (T5)

Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T5)

The Volkswagen Transporter (T5)[1][2] is the current variant of the Volkswagen T platform. In North America it is sold in Mexico but not in the United States or Canada. The U.S. market does not receive the T5 range due to it being classed as a light truck, which automatically includes a 25% extra tax (known as the chicken tax) on importation into the US.

The Transporter T5 range received a facelift in late 2009. Updated powertrain options include common rail diesel engines, and a world-first usage in a light commercial vehicle of a dual clutch transmission - namely Volkswagen Group's 7-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG).

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Europe's slight rise & anticipated decline - Auto by the Numbers - car sales, production in Western Europe - Illustration - Statistical Data Included", Automotive Design & Production, April 2002 by Mark Fulthorpe / Gardner Publications, Inc. / Gale Group, CBS Interactive Business UK. Retrieved on 17 December 2009. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Im Fokus: Volkswagen - Kernkompetenz: Sparen" (PDF) (in (German)). CSM Worldwide. Automobil-Produktion.de (March 2006). Retrieved on 17 December 2009.

External links

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