The Volkswagen Transporter series, also referred to as the Volkswagen Group T platform series, refers to several generations of motor vehicles from Volkswagen Group, starting with the original Volkswagen Type 2.
These vehicles are traditionally in the light commercial vehicle sector; and comprise vans, minivans, minibuses, pick-ups, campervans, and other derived vehicles, spanning over 60 years of production from 1950. Throughout their generations, they have generally been available worldwide. Its traditional competitors are the Toyota Hiace and Mercedes-Benz Vito.
T1 – Type 2 (1950-1967)
- Main article: Volkswagen Type 2#T1
Initially derived from the Volkswagen Type 1 (Volkswagen Beetle), the Volkswagen Type 2 (T1) was the first generation of Volkswagen's hugely successful Transporter family. Known informally by enthusiasts as "split screens" or "splitties" due to the front windscreen being split in two.
T2 – Type 2 (1967-1979)
- Main article: Volkswagen Type 2#T2
The Volkswagen T2 platform is basically a cosmetically upgraded T1 (since only one vehicle shares the platform at this point, the distinction is used for both the Volkswagen Type 2 generation and platform), with a Volkswagen Type 4 engine optionally available from 1972 on. This generation was informally known as "bay" (derrived from bay window) or "bread loaf".
Flexible-fuel in Brazil (2009-present)
T3 – Type 2 (1979-1992)
- Main article: Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)
The Volkswagen Type 2 (T3), also known as the T25, or Vanagon in the United States, was one of the last new Volkswagen platforms to use an air-cooled engine. The Volkswagen air cooled engine was phased out for a water-cooled boxer engine (still rear mounted) in 1983.
T4 – Transporter (1990-2003)
- Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
The first officially designated "T platform" vehicle, the Volkswagen Transporter (T4) dramatically updated the Volkswagen van line by using a front-mounted, front-wheel drive, water-cooled engine. This model was also available with Synchro four-wheel drive incorporating a viscous coupling and electrically operated rear differential lock.
T5 - Transporter (2003-present)
- Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
The Volkswagen Transporter (T5) is the current variant of the Volkswagen T platform. In North America it is sold in Mexico but not in the United States or Canada. The U.S. market does not receive the T5 range due to it being classed as a light truck, which automatically includes a 25% extra tax (known as the chicken tax) on importation into the US.
The Transporter T5 range received a facelift in late 2009. Updated powertrain options include common rail diesel engines, and a world-first usage in a light commercial vehicle of a dual clutch transmission - namely Volkswagen Group's 7-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG).
- "Europe's slight rise & anticipated decline - Auto by the Numbers - car sales, production in Western Europe - Illustration - Statistical Data Included", Automotive Design & Production, April 2002 by Mark Fulthorpe / Gardner Publications, Inc. / Gale Group, CBS Interactive Business UK. Retrieved on 17 December 2009.
- "Im Fokus: Volkswagen - Kernkompetenz: Sparen" (PDF) (in (German)). CSM Worldwide. Automobil-Produktion.de (March 2006). Retrieved on 17 December 2009.
- Volkswagen Group corporate website
- Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles corporate website
- Papermodel Volkswagen Van
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