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Volkswagen Touran
[[File:VW Crosstouran|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Manufacturer Auto 5000
Parent company Volkswagen Group
Also called Volkswagen Golf Touran (J)[1][2]
Production 2003-present
Assembly Wolfsburg, Germany
Jakarta, Indonesia (Garuda Matraman Motor)[3]
Shanghai, China (Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive)
Class Compact MPV
Body style(s) 5-door MPV
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform
Engine(s) 1.4L I4 TSI (from 2007)
1.4L I4 TSI EcoFuel (from 2009)
1.6L I4 (from 2003)
1.6L I4 FSI (until 2006)
2.0L I4 FSI (until 2006)
2.0L I4 EcoFuel (from 2006 until 2009)
1.9L I4 TDI (from 2003)
2.0L I4 TDI (from 2003)
Wheelbase 2,680 mm (105.5 in)
Length 4,405 mm (173.4 in)
Width 1,795 mm (70.7 in)
Height 1,635 mm (64.4 in)
Related Audi A3 Mk2
VW Golf Mk5
Volkswagen Caddy
Volkswagen Passat
SEAT León Mk2
SEAT Altea
SEAT Toledo Mk3
Škoda Octavia Mk2

The Volkswagen Touran (Typ 1T) is a compact MPV based on a vertically-stretched fifth generation Volkswagen Golf Mk5, and sold in Europe and other select markets. It was launched in 2003 to fill a gap in Volkswagen's model lineup, below the Sharan large MPV. The vehicle was originally delivered in five- or seven-seat versions, but the five seat version is no longer available in some markets. It can be considered an extended version of the Golf Plus, since their front ends are similar in size, while the Touran's rear overhang is 200 mm (7.87 in) longer (and therefore a seven-seater, while the Golf Plus is a five-seater). In some regions, such as Japan, the car is called Golf Touran.

The name 'Touran' derives from the combination of 'Tour' and 'Sharan', the bigger MPV by VW. Despite the similarity of their names, the Touran is not related to the North American-market Volkswagen Routan.

Model year 2003 to 2007Edit

VW Touran TDI front-1

VW Touran front

The Touran launched in 2003, being the first MPV from Volkswagen based on the Golf platform. It joined Volkswagen's existing MPV line-up that included at that particular moment the Sharan and Caravelle (VW Bus).[4]

The Touran introduced the electro-mechanical steering, a first in its class and for Volkswagen. It is able to dynamically vary the weight of the steering depending on the speed and due to the lack of energy consumption in idle improves the overall efficiency of the vehicle. It was also the car used to launch the 2.0 TDI engine in the Volkswagen group.

The engines available at the launch included a 1.6 FSI and two diesel engines, the 1.9 TDI with 74 kW (101 PS/99 hp) and the 2.0 TDI 103 kW (140 PS/138 hp). All engines were EURO 4 compliant, except the 1.9 TDi when paired with the DSG. The Touran launched with a six-speed manual gearbox as standard and a double-clutch DSG (direct shift gearbox) transmission for the 1.9 TDI Engines.

Model year 2007 to 2010Edit

VW Touran Facelift front

VW Touran Facelift front

VW Touran 2.0 TDI Facelift rear

VW Touran Facelift rear

The Touran received a facelift at the 2006 Paris Motor Show.

ParkAssistEdit

The 2007MY Touran was the first production vehicle in the Volkswagen Group to be released with the new ParkAssist technology. ParkAssist parallel parks the car for the driver. First, ParkAssist uses sensors up to 30 km/h to determine whether the Touran will fit in the parallel parking position. Then the driver lets go of the steering wheel, selects Reverse on the transmission, then presses the accelerator and brakes accordingly and lets ParkAssist steer it into the final parking position. The first part of this video illustrates the parking procedure.

CrossTouranEdit

At the 2006 Bologna Motor Show, Volkswagen released the third Cross vehicle designed by Volkswagen Individual GmbH.

The CrossTouran is distinguished from a standard Touran by its 17 inch alloy wheels, redesigned plastic guards which ape a crossover vehicle, and a 15 mm (0.59 in) higher supension/chassis setup that is optional for standard Tourans in Europe.

All CrossTouran engines are EU4 compliant.

Petrol engines

  • 1.6 with 75 kW / 102 hp
  • 1.4 TSI with 103 kW / 140 hp
  • 2.0 TSI with 125 kW / 170 hp

Diesel engines

  • 1.9 TDI with 77 kW / 105 hp
  • 2.0 TDI with 103 kW / 140 hp
  • 2.0 TDI with 125 kW / 170 hp

Model year 2010 - presentEdit

VW Touran II. Facelift front 20100925

VW Touran 2010-

VW Touran II. Facelift rear 20100925

VW Touran 2010- rear

In Aug 2010 the Touran was updated to the newer Golf VI platform. This includes as new features compared to the previous facelift the option for DCC (Volkswagen's adaptive suspension system), Light-Assist for Xenon Headlights, an improved Park-Assist System being able to handle also perpendicular park positions (illustrated in the second part of this video) and updated infotainment systems. The aerodynamics of the car were also improved, the Cw improved from 0,31-0,32 to 0,29.

At the end of 2010 Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive released the new Touranin China. Though its front is updated to the German style, the tail keeps the design of the phase II model. But the electronic systems of this domestically produced car has been upgraded as its relative in Europe. A 1.4 TSI which can output 93 PS is added to the new model.

New engine are available following the downsizing trend, a 1.2 with 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp) and a new 1.6 CommonRail TDI with 66 kW (90 PS/89 hp) or 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp).[5] They replaced the 1.6 and 1.9 TDI from the previous model. The 1.2, 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp) and 1.6 TDI 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp) are also available as BlueMotion, Volkswagen's low fuel consumption vehicle program.

EnginesEdit

The Touran is available with petrol, diesel and compressed natural gas (CNG) engines.

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
1.2 TSI 2010–present I4 8V CBZB 1197 cc 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp) @ 5000 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) @ 1550-4100 rpm
1.4 TSI 2006–present I4 16V BMY/CAVC 1390 cc 103 kW (140 PS/138 hp) @ 5600 rpm 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 1750–4000 rpm
1.4 TSI 2007–present I4 16V BLG/CAVB 1390 cc 125 kW (170 PS/168 hp) @ 6000 rpm 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1500 rpm
1.4 TSI EcoFuel 2009–present I4 16V 1390 cc 110 kW (150 PS/148 hp) @ 5500 rpm 220 N·m (160 lb·ft) @ 1500–4500 rpm
1.6 2003–2010 I4 8V BGU/BSE/BSF 1595 cc 75 kW (102 PS/101 hp) @ 5600 rpm 148 N·m (109 lb·ft) @ 3800 rpm
1.6 FSI 2003–2006 I4 16V BAG/BLF/BLP 1598 cc 85 kW (116 PS/114 hp) @ 6000 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm
2.0 FSI 2003–2006 I4 16V AXW/BLR/BLX/BVY 1984 cc 110 kW (150 PS/148 hp) @ 6000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 3500 rpm
2.0 EcoFuel 2006–2009 I4 8V BSX 1984 cc 80 kW (109 PS/107 hp) @ 5400 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 3500 rpm
1.6 TDI 2010–present I4 16V CAYC 1598 cc 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp) @ 4400 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1500–2500 rpm
1.9 TDI 2004–2010 I4 8V BRU/BXF/BXJ 1896 cc 66 kW (90 PS/89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 1800–2500 rpm
1.9 TDI 2003–2004 I4 8V AVQ 1896 cc 74 kW (101 PS/99 hp) @ 4000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
1.9 TDI 2004–2010 I4 8V BJB/BKC/BXE/BLS 1896 cc 77 kW (105 PS/103 hp) @ 4000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
2.0 TDI 2003–2004 I4 16V AZV 1968 cc 100 kW (136 PS/134 hp) @ 4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1750–2500 rpm
2.0 TDI 2004–2010 I4 16V BKD 1968 cc 103 kW (140 PS/138 hp) @ 4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1750–2500 rpm
2.0 TDI DPF 2005–2010 I4 8V BMM 1968 cc 103 kW (140 PS/138 hp) @ 4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1750–2500 rpm
2.0 TDI DPF 2010–present I4 16V CBAB 1968 cc 103 kW (140 PS/138 hp) @ 4200 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1750–2500 rpm
2.0 TDI DPF 2005–2010 I4 16V BMN 1968 cc 125 kW (170 PS/168 hp) @ 4200 rpm 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @ 1750–2500 rpm

The diesel models of the Touran offer significantly higher readings for miles per gallon. Given the proper conditions, it is possible to achieve 60 mpg in a diesel Touran. The car is delivered with a five- (1.6 only) and six-speed manual transmissions, Tiptronic six-speed automatic transmission (in 1.6, 1.6 FSI and 2.0 FSI (2003-2006 only)) or the DSG twin-clutch automatic transmission; the 1.4 TSI, the 1.6 FSI from 2003–2006, the 1.9 TDI from 2003–2006 and the 2.0 TDI use the six-speed version, and the 1.9 TDI since 2006 uses the seven-speed dry-clutch version.

As for the 2010-model, an updated version of the 2.0 TDI engine will be delivered, this using Common Rail technology. The engine was introduced in the Volkswagen Passat in the 2005-models.

Touran Hy Motion & HybridEdit

VW Touran Hy-Motion

Touran HY MOTION Hydrogen Study

The Touran Hy Motion is Volkswagen's Hydrogen Development concept. It has a nickel-metal hydride battery which produces 80 kW (107 hp), it does the 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) sprint in 14 seconds and has a top speed of 140 km/h (87.0 mph).

In 2008, Shanghai-Volkswagen with Tongji University will release a Touran Hybrid as part of the lead up to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

A prototype of the Touran Hybrid was shown with a 20 kW (27 hp) electric motor in conjunction with a 110 kW (148 hp) petrol engine, the transmission will most likely be Volkswagen's Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG).

Commercial versionEdit

The Touran's basic design was used as the basis for the new generation of the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Caddy.

AwardsEdit

  • The Touran won What Car?'s 2005 Compact Van of the Year award.
  • The Touran scored a maximum 5-star EuroNCAP crash safety rating.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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