File:British car number plates.jpg
File:British car registration plate no EU.svg

Vehicle registration plates are the mandatory alphanumeric plates used to display the registration mark of a vehicle, and have existed in the United Kingdom since 1903. It is compulsory for motor vehicles used on public roads to display vehicle registration plates, with the exception of vehicles of the reigning monarch used on official business.[1]

The Motor Car Act 1903, which came into force on 1 January 1904, required all motor vehicles to be entered on an official vehicle register, and to carry alphanumeric plates. The Act was passed in order that vehicles could be easily traced in the event of an accident or contravention of the law. Vehicle registration alphanumeric plates in the UK are rectangular or square in shape, with the exact permitted dimensions of the plate and its lettering set down in law. Front plates are white, whereas back plates are yellow.

Within the UK itself there are two systems: one for Great Britain, which dates from 2001, and another for Northern Ireland, which is similar to the original 1904 system. Both systems are administered by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) in Swansea; until July 2014, Northern Ireland's system was administered by the Driver and Vehicle Agency (DVA) in Coleraine, which had the same status as the DVLA. Other schemes relating to the UK are also listed below.

Colour and dimensions Edit

File:Numberplate old GB.jpg
File:British vehicle registration plate UK 3.PNG

Number plates must be displayed in accordance with the Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks) Regulations 2001.

All vehicles manufactured after 1 January 1973 must display number plates of reflex-reflecting material, white at the front and yellow at the rear, with black characters. This type of reflecting plate was permitted as an option from 1968: many vehicles first registered before 1973 may therefore carry the white/yellow reflective plates and, where they were first registered during or after 1968, they may have carried such plates since new.

In addition, characters on number plates purchased from 1 September 2001 must use a mandatory typeface and conform to set specifications as to width, height, stroke, spacing and margins. The physical characteristics of the number plates are set out in British Standard BS AU 145d, which specifies visibility, strength, and reflectivity.[2]

Number plates with smaller characters are only permitted on imported vehicles, and then only if they do not have European Community Whole Vehicle Type Approval and their construction/design cannot accommodate standard size number plates.[2]

The industry standard size front number plate is 520 mm × 111 mm (20½" × 4⅜"). Rear plates are either the same size, or 285 mm × 203 mm (approx 11"x8") or 533 mm × 152 mm (approx 21"x6"). There is no specified legal size for a number plate. For example, the rear number plate of a Rover 75 is 635 mm x 175 mm.

The material of UK number plates must either comply with British Standard BS AU 145d,[3] which states BSI number plates must be marked on the plate with the BSI logo and the name and postcode of the manufacturer and the supplier of the plates or

"(b) any other relevant standard or specification recognised for use in an EEA State and which, when in use, offers a performance equivalent to that offered by a plate complying with the British Standard specification, and which, in either case, is marked with the number (or such other information as is necessary to permit identification) of that standard or specification."[4]

Older British plates had white, grey or silver characters on a black background. This style of plate was phased out in 1972 and, until 2012, legal to be carried only on vehicles first registered before 1 January 1973. A vehicle which was first registered on or after 1 January 1973 shall be treated as if it was first registered before that date if it was constructed before 1 January 1973.[5] However, the Finance Bill 2014 and subsequent Finance Acts extended the Historic Vehicle class cut-off year from 1973 to 1974 and subsequently, a rolling forty years. This had the effect of linking eligibility to display old-style plates with 'Tax Exempt' vehicle status. It follows that the older style plates are now available for any vehicle constructed 40 or more years ago, provided that an application has been made to the DVLA to have the vehicle included in the historic vehicle class; it is so registered and is nil-rated for Vehicle Excise Duty.[6]

Motorcycles Edit

File:Coventry Triumph Motorcycle.jpg

Motorcycles formerly had to display a front plate, which was usually but not always a double-sided plate on top of the front mudguard, curved to follow the contour of the wheel and visible from the sides. The requirement for the front number plate was dropped in 1975 because of the severe danger these presented to pedestrians in the event of a collision;[citation needed] this risk had prompted the slang term "pedestrian slicer" for the tags.[7] Motorcycles registered after 1 September 2001 may only display a rear number plate, while motorcycles registered before that date can display a number plate at the front if desired.

United Kingdom Edit

Great Britain Edit

Current system Edit

Characters Edit

The current system for Great Britain was introduced on 1 September 2001. Each registration index consists of seven characters with a defined format.[8] From left to right, the characters consist of:

  • A local memory tag or area code, consisting of two letters which together indicate the local registration office. As of December 2013 all local offices have been closed,[9] but the letters still represent a region. The letters I, Q and Z are not used as local office identifiers; Z can be used only as a random letter.
    • The first of these two letters is a mnemonic standing for the name of the broad area where the registration office is located. This is intended to make the registration more memorable than an arbitrary code.[10][11] For example, A is used as the first character in all registrations issued by the three offices located in the vicinity of East Anglia;
  • A two-digit age identifier, which changes twice a year, in March and September. The code is either the last two digits of the year itself if issued between March and August (e.g. "10" for registrations issued between 1 March and 31 August 2010), or else has 50 added to that value if issued between September and February the following year (e.g. "60" for registrations issued between 1 September 2010 and 28 February 2011);
  • A three-letter sequence which uniquely distinguishes each of the vehicles displaying the same initial four-character area and age sequence. The letters I and Q are excluded from the three-letter sequence, as are combinations that may appear offensive (including those in foreign languages). Due to batch allocation of new registration marks to dealers, it is common for cars with "neighbouring" letter sequences to be of the same manufacturer.

This scheme has three particular advantages:

  • A buyer of a second-hand vehicle can in theory determine the year of first registration of the vehicle without having to look it up. However, a vehicle is permitted to display a number plate where the age identifier is older (but not newer) than the vehicle. The wide awareness of how the "age identifier" works has led to it being used in advertising by used car showrooms instead of simply stating a year.
  • In the case of a police investigation of an accident or vehicle-related crime, witnesses usually remember the initial area code letters — it is then quite simple to narrow down suspect vehicles to a much smaller number by checking the authority's database without having to know the full number.[12]
  • The scheme should have sufficient numbers to run until 28 February 2051.
Local memory tags Edit
First letter Official local mnemonic[8][11] DVLA Office Second letter (DVLA Office identifier)
A Anglia Peterborough A B C D E F G H J K L M N
Norwich O P R S T U
Ipswich V W X Y
B Birmingham Birmingham A–Y
C Cymru (Wales) Cardiff A B C D E F G H J K L M N O
Swansea P R S T U V
Bangor W X Y
D Deeside Chester A B C D E F G H J K
Shrewsbury L M N O P R S T U V W X Y
E Essex Chelmsford A–Y
F Forest and Fens Nottingham A B C D E F G H J K L M N P
Lincoln R S T V W X Y
G Garden of England Maidstone A B C D E F G H J K L M N O
Brighton P R S T U V W X Y
H Hampshire and Dorset Bournemouth A B C D E F G H J
Portsmouth K L M N O P R S T U V X Y
Isle of Wight (issued in Portsmouth) W
K No official mnemonic[b] Borehamwood (formerly Luton)[c] A B C D E F G H J K L
Northampton M N O P R S T U V W X Y
L London Wimbledon A B C D E F G H J
Borehamwood (formerly Stanmore) K L M N O P R S T
Sidcup U V W X Y
M Manchester and Merseyside Manchester A–Y
Note: MN reserved for Isle of Man
N North Newcastle A B C D E G H J K L M N O (NF is not issued)
Stockton P R S T U V W X Y
O Oxford Oxford A–Y
P Preston Preston A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P R S T
Carlisle U V W X Y
R Reading Reading A–Y
S Scotland[a] Glasgow A B C D E F G H J
Edinburgh K L M N O
Dundee P R S T
Aberdeen U V W
Inverness X Y
V Severn Valley Worcester A–Y
W West of England Exeter A B C D E F G H J
Truro K L
Bristol M N O P R S T U V W X Y
X Personal export[13]
  • Beverley
  • Birmingham
  • Bristol
  • Chelmsford
  • Glasgow
  • Leeds
  • Lincoln
  • Maidstone
  • Manchester
  • Northampton
  • Norwich
  • Oxford
  • Stockton
  • Wimbledon[13]
Y Yorkshire Leeds[d] A B C D E F G H J K
Sheffield[d][e] L M N O P R S T U
Beverley[e] V W X Y
Notes Edit

a The first letter T was additionally used for some registrations in Scotland in 2007. 

b There is no official name ascribed to the letter K by the DVLA, although reference may be made to the 'K' in Milton Keynes – the new town that is located between the two 'K' DVLA offices. 

c Luton DVLA office until 8 February 2010 when it closed and had all operations moved to Borehamwood. 

d1 d2 YL may also be allocated to Leeds depending on demand.[14] 

e1 e2 YV may also be allocated to Sheffield depending on demand.[14] 

In addition to the above local memory tags, personalised registrations are also offered with arbitrary "local memory tags" prefixes, except for the letters I, Q, and Z.[15]

Age identifiers Edit
Year 1 March – 31 August 1 September – 28/29 February
2001/02 Y[c] 51
2002/03 02 52
2003/04 03 53
2004/05 04 54
2005/06 05 55
2006/07 06 56
2007/08 07 57
2008/09 08 58
2009/10 09 59
2010/11 10 60
2011/12 11 61
2012/13 12 62
2013/14 13 63
2014/15 14 64
2015/16 15 65
2016/17 16 66
2017/18 17 67
2018/19 18 68
2019/20 19 69
2020/21 20 70
2021/22 21 71
2022/23 22 72
2023/24 23 73
2024/25 24 74
2025/26 25 75
Year 1 March – 31 August 1 September – 28/29 February
2026/27 26 76
2027/28 27 77
2028/29 28 78
2029/30 29 79
2030/31 30 80
2031/32 31 81
2032/33 32 82
2033/34 33 83
2034/35 34 84
2035/36 35 85
2036/37 36 86
2037/38 37 87
2038/39 38 88
2039/40 39 89
2040/41 40 90
2041/42 41 91
2042/43 42 92
2043/44 43 93
2044/45 44 94
2045/46 45 95
2046/47 46 96
2047/48 47 97
2048/49 48 98
2049/50 49 99
2050/51 50 00

c Last year identifier from previous system 

European Union symbol Edit
Examples of British style number plate strips

Some UK number plates conform to the 1998 European standard design,[16] with black lettering on a white or yellow background. The standard design also incorporates a blue strip on the left side of the plate with the European Union symbol and the country identification code of the member state – this aspect of the design is not compulsory in the UK. This is because of the way in which the Council Regulation implementing the EU Symbol (Reg No. 2411/98) is drafted. It only requires states that have ratified the Vienna Convention of 1968 on road traffic to enforce the EU symbol. This can be seen in Article 3, which reads:

Member States requiring vehicles registered in another Member State to display a distinguishing registration sign when they are being driven on their territory shall recognise the distinguishing [EU Symbol] sign

The 'requirement' talked about here – "to display a distinguishing registration sign" – is derived directly from Article 37 of the 1968 Vienna Convention (this is actually stated in preamble (3) of Reg 2411/98). So in order for Regulation 2411/98 to apply, the state must have ratified the 1968 Convention. Since the UK has not ratified it, Reg 2411/98 technically does not apply and therefore the EU symbol is not a mandatory requirement there.

The UK did, however, ratify the predecessor to the 1968 Treaty: The Geneva Convention on Road Traffic. Technically, the country identifier design is not compliant with the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Traffic (Annex 4) which requires the classic white oval design to be displayed.[17] For many countries the Geneva Convention has been superseded by the later Vienna Convention on Road Traffic; EU states that have ratified the latter must therefore comply with Council Regulation 2411/98, which necessitates the use of the EU symbol.

200px 100px 200px
The British version of the EU standard number plate; this European plate is optional for UK vehicles.
<center>This format is used for motorcycles and other vehicles where a narrower plate is required (showing optional EU symbol). <center>A British, Leeds–registered number plate without the EU symbol; UK vehicles must display a separate GB sticker if used outside the UK with plates without the EU symbol.
National emblems within Great Britain Edit

Owners of vehicles registered in Great Britain which are not already displaying the EU format "GB" plate may choose to display plates with one of the national emblems below plus lettering. Either the full wording or the abbreviation is used.[18]

United Kingdom England Scotland Wales
Great Britain
United Kingdom
<center>ENG – Eng – ENGLAND – England <center>SCO – Sco – SCOTLAND – Scotland <center>CYM – Cym – CYMRU – Cymru
WALES – Wales

Currently no other flags are allowed to be displayed on the plate. These regulations do not extend to Northern Ireland as there is no consensus on a national symbol. A part of Northern Ireland would like to display an Irish flag while another part might want to display a UK flag.

Although these plates are permitted throughout the entire UK,[18] they are not recognised in other countries, therefore a motorist who drives a vehicle abroad displaying these plates must also affix a "GB" sticker.

Examples of British registration plates with national emblems Edit
150px 150px 150px 150px
<center>CYM – Example of official Welsh "CYM" version <center>Cymru – Example of official Welsh "Cymru" version <center>Wales – Example of official Welsh "Wales" version <center>ENG – Example of official English "ENG" version
150px 150px 150px 150px
<center>England – Example of official English "England" version <center>GB – Example of official British "GB" version <center>Great Britain – Example of official British "Great Britain" version <center>UK – Example of official British "UK" version
150px 150px 150px 150px
<center>United Kingdom – Example of official British "United Kingdom" version <center>SCO – Example of official Scottish "SCO" version <center>Scotland – Example of official Scottish "Scotland" version <center>No identifier or EU symbol – the EU symbol is not compulsory
Typography Edit

The standard (79 mm height) typeface is set out in the Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks) Regulations 2001.[19] An alternative (64 mm) font is provided for motorcycles (schedule 4 part 2, p. 24).

The standard font, unofficially known as Charles Wright 2001, is a subtly redrawn version of Charles Wright's original 1935 font. The width of the previous font was condensed from 57 mm to 50 mm to allow space for the extra letter and the optional blue EU strip. The letter O and the digit 0 are intentionally identical, as are the letter I and digit 1. But the typeface accentuates the differences between characters such as 8 and B, or D and 0, with slab serifs to improve the legibility of a plate from a distance. This is especially useful for the automatic number plate recognition software of speed cameras and CCTV. This accentuation also discourages the tampering that is sometimes practised with the use of black insulating tape or paint to change letter forms (such as P to R, or 9 to 8), or with the inclusion of carefully positioned black "fixing screw" dots that alter the appearance of letters on some vanity plates.

The design has similarities with the FE-Schrift number-plate font which was introduced in Germany in 1994 and which has been mandatory there since 2000. However, the UK design remains more conventional in its character shapes.

Special plates Edit

Registrations having a combination of characters that are particularly appealing (resembling a name, for example) are auctioned each year.

For the 07 registration period a higher than usual number of Scottish 07 codes were retained as Select registrations for sale and an additional allocation of Tx letter pairs were released for use by the local offices in Scotland with the same allocation as the Sx letter pairs (for example Edinburgh with SK to SN allocated had TK to TN added)[a].[20]

In 2007 the Edinburgh DVLA office exceptionally issued TN07 prefixed registrations for some vehicles, instead of the expected 'SN07'. This was stated to be because of potential offence caused by interpreting SN07 as 'snot'.[21] This is the first known use of the 'T' code as the first letter, as it was not allocated to a region in the 2001 system. Also, TF07, TH07 and TJ07 registrations have been issued in Glasgow, most probably because the SA07SJ07 allocations were exhausted. Similarly, along with TN07, TK07 has also been issued by Edinburgh, probably for the same oversubscription reason as in Glasgow. It has also been observed that the TP07 mark has also been issued.[citation needed]

Older plates Edit

Vehicles registered under previous numbering systems continue to retain their original number plates. Subject to certain conditions, number plates can be transferred between vehicles by the vehicle owner; some of these transfers involve tens or even hundreds of thousands of pounds changing hands, because of the desirability of a specific letter/number combination.

History Edit

Before 1932 Edit
File:Pre-1932 registration.jpg

The first series of number plates was issued in 1903 and ran until 1932, consisting of a one- or two-letter code followed by a sequence number from 1 to 9999.[22] The code indicated the local authority in whose area the vehicle was registered. In England and Wales, these were initially allocated in order of population size (by the 1901 census) – thus A indicated London, B indicated Lancashire, C indicated the West Riding of Yorkshire and so on up to Y indicating Somerset, then AA indicated Hampshire, AB indicated Worcestershire and so on up to FP indicating Rutland.

The letters G, S and V were initially restricted to Scotland, and the letters I and Z to Ireland. In both cases, allocations of codes were made in alphabetical order of counties, followed by county boroughs[23] – thus in Scotland, Aberdeenshire was allocated SA, Argyll received SB and so on, while in Ireland Antrim was allocated IA, Armagh received IB, and so on.

When a licensing authority reached 9999, it was allocated another two-letter code, but there was no pattern to these subsequent allocations as they were allocated on a first come first served basis. London and Middlesex quickly took most codes with L and M as the first letter respectively, while Surrey, initially allocated P, took many codes beginning with that letter.

A zero has been issued on several occasions. The Lord Provost of Edinburgh has S 0; his Glasgow counterpart has G 0; the official car of the Lord Provost of Aberdeen has RG 0[24] and the Lord Mayor of London has the registration LM 0.[25] This practice arose because plate number "1" had already been issued by the time the councils decided they would have liked to have used it for the mayor's, or provost's, official car.

1932 to 1963 Edit
File:Bugatti in Roskilde.jpg

By 1932, the available codes were running out, and an extended scheme was introduced. This scheme placed a serial letter before the code, and had the sequence number run only to 999, thus restricting the number of characters in a registration to six. The first area to issue such marks was Staffordshire in July 1932 with ARF 1 etc.,[26] and all other areas in England and Wales, plus most areas in Scotland, followed suit once they had issued all their two-letter registrations.

I, Q, and Z were not used as serial letters, as the use of I and Z continued to be restricted to Ireland and Q was reserved for temporary imports, while the single-letter codes were left out of this scheme as a serial letter would have created a duplicate of an existing two-letter code. (The Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland later adopted this scheme in their own ways, and the latter still uses it.)

In some areas, the available marks within this scheme started to run out in the 1950s, and in those areas, what became known as "reversed" registrations – the letters coming after the numbers – were introduced. Staffordshire was again the first area to issue such registrations, starting with 1000 E in 1953. In most cases, the three-letter combinations (e.g. 1 AHX for Middlesex) would be issued first, while in later years some areas started with the one- and two-letter combinations and others issued all three at the same time. The ever-increasing popularity of the car meant that by the beginning of the 1960s, these registrations were also running out.

Some three-letter combinations were not authorised for licensing use as they were deemed offensive. These included ARS, BUM, GOD, JEW, SEX, and SOD.[27][28] DUW was issued in London for several months in 1934 before it was realised it was the Welsh for "god", and withdrawn.[20]

1960s to 1982 Edit

In August 1962, an attempt was made to create a national scheme to alleviate the problem of registrations running out. This used the scheme introduced in 1932, of a three-letter combination followed by a sequence number from 1 to 999, but also added a letter suffix, which initially changed on 1 January each year. An "A" suffix was thus used for 1963, "B" for 1964, etc. Middlesex was the first authority to adopt this scheme when it issued AHX 1A in February 1963.[29] Most other areas followed suit during 1964, but some chose to stick to their own schemes up until 1 January 1965, when the letter suffix was made compulsory.

As well as yielding many more available numbers, it was a handy way for vehicle buyers to know the age of the vehicle immediately. However, the year letter changing on 1 January each year meant that car retailers soon started to notice that buyers would tend to wait until the New Year for the new letter to be issued, so that they could get a "newer" car. This led to major peaks and troughs in sales over the year, and to help flatten this out somewhat the industry lobbied to get the scheme changed, so that the change of year letter occurred on 1 August rather than 1 January. This was done in 1967, when "E" suffixes ran only from 1 January to 31 July, before "F" suffixes commenced on 1 August.

In October 1974, responsibility for issuing registrations was transferred from local and regional authorities to specialist Local Vehicle Licensing Offices (LVLOs) or Vehicle Registration Offices (VROs) run by the DVLA. Most of the two-letter area codes allocated during the first scheme continued in their respective areas, albeit now indicating the nearest LVLO/VRO rather than the local or regional authority. However, the decision to streamline the allocations of these codes meant that some were transferred to new areas. For instance, the former Suffolk code CF was transferred to Reading, while the former Edinburgh code WS was re-allocated to Bristol.[26]

1983 to 2001 Edit

By 1982, the year suffixes had reached Y and so from 1983 onwards the sequence was reversed again, so that the year letter — starting again at "A" — preceded the numbers then the letters of the registration. The available range was then A21 AAA to Y999 YYY, the numbers 1–20 being held back for the government's proposed, and later implemented, DVLA select registration sales scheme. Towards the mid-1990s there was some discussion about introducing a unified scheme for Europe, which would also incorporate the country code of origin of the vehicle, but after much debate such a scheme was not adopted because of lack of countries willing to participate.

File:Q-plate on construction vehicle.jpg

The changes in 1983 also brought the letter Q into use – although on a very small and limited scale. It was used on vehicles of indeterminate age, such as those assembled from kits, substantial rebuilds, or imported vehicles where the documentation is insufficient to determine the age. There was a marked increase in the use of Q registrations in the late 1980s and early 1990s, fuelled by car crime.[citation needed] Many stolen vehicles had false identities given to them, and when this was discovered and the original identity could not be determined, a Q registration would be issued to such vehicle. It was seen as an aid to consumer protection. Due to indeterminate age, origin and specification of Q registration vehicles, most motor insurers are reluctant to offer cover for these 'Q-plate' vehicles.

By the late 1990s, the range of available numbers was once again starting to run out, exacerbated by a move to biannual changes in registration letters (March and September) in 1999 to smooth out the bulge in registrations every August, so a new scheme needed to be adopted. It was decided to research a system that would be easier for crash or vehicle related crime witnesses to remember and clearer to read, yet still fit within a normal standard plate size.

Year identifiers Edit

In order to avoid any confusion, the letters I, O, U and Z have never been issued as year identifiers: I because of its similarity to the numeral 1; O because of its identical appearance to a zero; U because of similarity to the letter V; and Z because of similarity to the numeral 2.

Suffix letter series 1963–83Prefix letter series 1983–2001
Letter Dates of issue
A February 1963[30] – 31 December 1963
B 1 January 1964 – 31 December 1964
C 1 January 1965 – 31 December 1965
D 1 January 1966 – 31 December 1966
E 1 January 1967 – 31 July 1967
F 1 August 1967 – 31 July 1968
G 1 August 1968 – 31 July 1969
H 1 August 1969 – 31 July 1970
J 1 August 1970 – 31 July 1971
K 1 August 1971 – 31 July 1972
L 1 August 1972 – 31 July 1973
M 1 August 1973 – 31 July 1974
N 1 August 1974 – 31 July 1975
P 1 August 1975 – 31 July 1976
R 1 August 1976 – 31 July 1977
S 1 August 1977 – 31 July 1978
T 1 August 1978 – 31 July 1979
V 1 August 1979 – 31 July 1980
W 1 August 1980 – 31 July 1981
X 1 August 1981 – 31 July 1982
Y 1 August 1982 – 31 July 1983
Letter Dates of issue
A 1 August 1983 – 31 July 1984
B 1 August 1984 – 31 July 1985
C 1 August 1985 – 31 July 1986
D 1 August 1986 – 31 July 1987
E 1 August 1987 – 31 July 1988
F 1 August 1988 – 31 July 1989
G 1 August 1989 – 31 July 1990
H 1 August 1990 – 31 July 1991
J 1 August 1991 – 31 July 1992
K 1 August 1992 – 31 July 1993
L 1 August 1993 – 31 July 1994
M 1 August 1994 – 31 July 1995
N 1 August 1995 – 31 July 1996
P 1 August 1996 – 31 July 1997
R 1 August 1997 – 31 July 1998
S 1 August 1998 – 28 February 1999
T 1 March 1999 – 31 August 1999
V 1 September 1999 – 29 February 2000
W 1 March 2000 – 31 August 2000
X 1 September 2000 – 28 February 2001
Y 1 March 2001 – 31 August 2001
Pre-2001 codes Edit

The letters I and Z are reserved for Ireland.[31][32]

For the list of Northern Ireland codes, see the Northern Ireland section of this article. For a full list of Irish codes, see Vehicle registration plates of the Republic of Ireland.

First letter Code County or city Code County or city Code County or city
A A London AA Bournemouth (Salisbury until 1980) AB Worcester
AC Coventry AD Gloucester AE Bristol
AF Truro AG Hull (Ayrshire until 1974) AH Norwich
AJ Middlesbrough (Yorkshire (North Riding) until 1974) AK Sheffield (Bradford until 1974) AL Nottingham
AM Swindon AN West Ham (changed to London from 1967) then again to Reading in 1974. ('MAN' used only in Isle of Man) AO Carlisle
AP Brighton AR Chelmsford (Hertfordshire until 1974) AS Inverness
AT Hull AU Nottingham AV Peterborough (Aberdeenshire until 1974)
AW Shrewsbury AX Cardiff (Monmouthshire until 1974) AY Leicester
B B Lancashire BA Manchester (Salford until 1974) BB Newcastle upon Tyne
BC Leicester BD Northampton BE Lincoln (Grimsby until 1981)
BF Stoke-on-Trent BG Liverpool (Birkenhead until 1974) BH Luton (Buckinghamshire until 1974)
BJ Ipswich (East Suffolk until 1974) BK Portsmouth BL Reading
BM Luton BN Manchester (Bolton until 1981) BO Cardiff
BP Portsmouth BR Newcastle upon Tyne (Durham until 1981) BS Aberdeen (Orkney until 1980)
BT Leeds (Yorkshire (East Riding) until 1974; York until 1981) BU Manchester (Oldham until 1974) BV Preston (Blackburn until 1974)
BW Oxford BX Haverfordwest BY Croydon (changed to London (North-West) on closure from 1967)
C C Yorkshire (West Riding) CA Chester (Denbighshire until 1974) CB Manchester (Blackburn until 1974; Bolton until 1981)
CC Bangor CD Brighton CE Peterborough (Cambridge until 1981)
CF Reading (West Suffolk until 1974) CG Bournemouth (Salisbury until 1980) CH Nottingham (Derby until 1974)
CJ Gloucester (Hereford until 1981) CK Preston CL Norwich
CM Liverpool (Birkenhead until 1974) CN Newcastle upon Tyne (Gateshead until 1974) CO Exeter (Plymouth until 1980)
CP Huddersfield (Halifax until 1974) CR Southampton CS Glasgow (Ayr until 1981)
CT Lincoln (Boston until 1981) CU Newcastle upon Tyne (South Shields until 1974) CV Truro
CW Preston (Burnley until 1974) CX Huddersfield CY Swansea (SCY used for Isles of Scilly)
D D Kent DA Birmingham (Wolverhampton until 1974) DB Manchester (Stockport until 1974)
DC Middlesbrough DD Gloucester DE Haverfordwest
DF Gloucester DG Gloucester DH Dudley (Walsall until 1974)
DJ Liverpool (St Helens until 1974; Warrington until 1981) DK Manchester (Rochdale until 1974; Bolton until 1981) DL Isle of Wight
DM Chester (Flintshire until 1974) DN Leeds (York until 1981) DO Lincoln (Boston until 1981)
DP Reading DR Exeter (Plymouth until 1980) DS Glasgow (Peeblesshire until 1974)
DT Sheffield (Doncaster until 1974) DU Coventry DV Exeter
DW Cardiff (Newport until 1974) DX Ipswich DY Brighton (Hastings until 1980)
E E Staffordshire EA Dudley (West Bromwich until 1974) EB Peterborough (Cambridge until 1981)
EC Preston (Westmorland until 1974; Kendal until 1981) ED Liverpool (Warrington until 1981) EE Lincoln (Grimsby until 1981)
EF Middlesbrough (West Hartlepool until 1974) EG Peterborough EH Stoke-on-Trent
EJ Haverfordwest (Cardiganshire until 1974; Aberystwyth until 1981) EK Liverpool (Wigan until 1974; Warrington until 1981) EL Bournemouth
EM Liverpool (Bootle until 1974) EN Manchester (Bury until 1974; Bolton until 1981) EO Preston (Barrow-in-Furness until 1981)
EP Swansea (Montgomeryshire until 1974) ER Peterborough (Cambridge until 1981) ES Dundee (Perthshire until 1974)
ET Sheffield (Rotherham until 1974) EU Bristol (Breconshire until 1974) EV Chelmsford
EW Peterborough EX Norwich (Great Yarmouth until 1974) EY Bangor (Anglesey until 1974)
F F Essex FA Stoke-on-Trent (Burton-upon-Trent until 1974) FB Bristol (Bath until 1974)
FC Oxford FD Dudley FE Lincoln
FF Bangor (Merionethshire until 1974; Aberystwyth until 1981) FG Brighton (Fife until 1974) FH Gloucester
FJ Exeter FK Dudley (Worcester until 1974) FL Peterborough
FM Chester FN Maidstone (Canterbury until 1981) FO Gloucester (Radnorshire until 1974; Hereford for Radnorshire until 1981)
FP Leicester (Rutland until 1974) FR Preston (Blackpool until 1974) FS Edinburgh
FT Newcastle upon Tyne (Tynemouth until 1974) FU Lincoln (Grimsby until 1981) FV Preston (Blackpool until 1974)
FW Lincoln FX Bournemouth FY Liverpool (Southport until 1974)
G G Glasgow GA Glasgow GB Glasgow
GC London (South-West) GD Glasgow GE Glasgow
GF London (South-West) GG Glasgow GH London (South-West)
GJ London (South-West) GK London (South-West) GL Truro (Bath until 1974)
GM Reading (Motherwell and Wishaw until 1974) GN London (South-West) GO London (South-West)
GP London (South-West) GR Newcastle upon Tyne (Durham until 1981) GS Luton (Perthshire until 1974)
GT London (South-West) GU London (South-East) GV Ipswich (West Suffolk until 1974)
GW London (South-East) GX London (South-East) GY London (South-East)
H H London HA Dudley (Smethwick until 1974) HB Cardiff (Merthyr Tydfil until 1974)
HC Brighton (Eastbourne until 1974; Hastings until 1980) HD Huddersfield (Dewsbury until 1974) HE Sheffield (Barnsley until 1974)
HF Liverpool (Wallasey until 1974) HG Preston (Burnley until 1974) HH Carlisle
HJ Chelmsford (Southend-on-Sea until 1974) HK Chelmsford HL Sheffield (Wakefield until 1974)
HM East Ham ( changed to London (Cent) from 1967) HN Middlesbrough (Darlington until 1974) HO Bournemouth (Salisbury until 1980)
HP Coventry HR Swindon HS Glasgow (Renfrewshire until 1974)
HT Bristol HU Bristol HV East Ham (Changed to London (Cent) from 1967
HW Bristol HX London (Central) (Middlesex before 1965) HY Bristol
J J Durham JA Manchester (Stockport until 1974) JB Reading
JC Bangor JD West Ham (Changed to London (Cent) from 1967 JE Peterborough (Cambridge until 1981)
JF Leicester JG Maidstone (Canterbury until 1981) JH Reading (Hertfordshire until 1974)
JJ Maidstone (London until 1974; Canterbury until 1981) JK Brighton (Eastbourne until 1974; Hastings until 1980) JL Lincoln (Boston until 1981)
JM Reading (Westmorland until 1974) JN Chelmsford (Southend-on-Sea until 1974) JO Oxford
JP Liverpool (Wigan until 1974; Warrington until 1981) JR Newcastle upon Tyne JS Inverness
JT Bournemouth JU Leicester JV Lincoln (Grimsby until 1981)
JW Birmingham (Wolverhampton until 1974) JX Huddersfield (Halifax until 1974) JY Exeter (Plymouth until 1980)
K K Liverpool KA Liverpool KB Liverpool
KC Liverpool KD Liverpool KE Maidstone
KF Liverpool KG Cardiff KH Hull
KJ Maidstone KK Maidstone KL Maidstone
KM Maidstone KN Maidstone KO Maidstone
KP Maidstone KR Maidstone KS Edinburgh (Selkirk until 1980)
KT Maidstone (Canterbury until 1981) KU Sheffield (Bradford until 1974) KV Coventry
KW Sheffield (Bradford until 1974) KX Luton (Buckinghamshire until 1974) KY Sheffield (Bradford until 1974)
L L Glamorganshire LA London (North-West) (used for London County Council before 1965) LB London (North-West)
LC London (North-West) LD London (North-West) LE London (North-West)
LF London (North-West) LG Chester LH London (North-West)
LJ Bournemouth LK London (North-West) LL London (North-West)
LM London (North-West) LN London (North-West) LO London (North-West)
LP London (North-West) LR London (North-West) LS Edinburgh (Stirling until 1981)
LT London (North-West) LU London (North-West) LV Liverpool
LW London (North-West) LX London (North-West) LY London (North-West)
M M Cheshire MA Chester MB Chester
MC London (North-East) ( Middlesex before 1965)MD London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) ME London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965)
MF London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MG London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MH London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965)
MJ Luton MK London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) ML London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965)
MM London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MN Isle of Man MO Reading
MP London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MR Swindon MS Edinburgh (Stirling until 1981)
MT London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MU London (North-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MV London (South-East) (Middlesex before 1965)
MW Swindon MX London (South-East) (Middlesex before 1965) MY London (South-East) (Middlesex before 1965)
N N Manchester NA Manchester NB Manchester
NC Manchester ND Manchester NE Manchester
NF Manchester NG Norwich NH Northampton
NJ Brighton NK Luton (Hertfordshire until 1974) NL Newcastle upon Tyne
NM Luton NN Nottingham NO Chelmsford
NP Worcester NR Leicester NS Glasgow (Sutherland until 1974)
NT Shrewsbury NU Nottingham NV Northampton
NW Leeds NX Dudley NY Cardiff
O O Birmingham OA Birmingham OB Birmingham
OC Birmingham OD Exeter OE Birmingham
OF Birmingham OG Birmingham OH Birmingham
OJ Birmingham OK Birmingham OL Birmingham
OM Birmingham ON Birmingham OO Chelmsford
OP Birmingham OR Portsmouth OS Glasgow (Stranraer until 1981)
OT Portsmouth OU Bristol (Hampshire until 1974) OV Birmingham
OW Southampton OX Birmingham OY Croydon (changed to London (NW) from 1967)
P P Surrey PA Guildford PB Guildford
PC Guildford PD Guildford PE Guildford
PF Guildford PG Guildford PH Guildford
PJ Guildford PK Guildford PL Guildford
PM Guildford PN Brighton PO Portsmouth (GPO formerly used for General Post Office vehicles)
PP Luton (Buckinghamshire until 1974) PR Bournemouth PS Aberdeen (Lerwick until 1980)
PT Newcastle upon Tyne (Durham until 1981) PU Chelmsford PV Ipswich
PW Norwich PX Portsmouth PY Middlesbrough (Yorkshire (North Riding) until 1974)
R R Derbyshire RA Nottingham RB Nottingham
RC Nottingham (Derby until 1974) RD Reading RE Stoke-on-Trent
RF Stoke-on-Trent RG Newcastle upon Tyne (Aberdeen until 1974) RH Hull
RJ Manchester (Salford until 1974) RK Croydon (changed to London (NW) from 1967 RL Truro
RM Carlisle RN Preston RO Luton (Hertfordshire until 1974)
RP Northampton RR Nottingham RS Aberdeen
RT Ipswich (East Suffolk until 1974) RU Bournemouth RV Portsmouth
RW Coventry RX Reading RY Leicester
S S Edinburgh SA Aberdeen SB Argyll until 1974 then Oban until 1980, then Glasgow from 1981
SC Edinburgh SD Glasgow (Ayr until 1981) SE Aberdeen (Keith until 1981)
SF Edinburgh SG Edinburgh SH Edinburgh (Selkirk until 1980)
SJ Glasgow (Ayr until 1981) SK Inverness SL Dundee (Clackmannanshire until 1974)
SM Carlisle (Dumfries until 1981) SN Dundee (Dunbartonshire until 1974) SO Aberdeen
SP Dundee SR Dundee SS Aberdeen
ST Inverness SU Glasgow (Kincardineshire until 1974) SV Kinross-shire (until 1974), subsequently unused
SW Carlisle (Dumfries until 1981) SX Edinburgh SY Midlothian (until 1974), subsequently unused
T T Devon TA Exeter TB Liverpool (Lancashire until 1974; Warrington until 1981)
TC Bristol (Lancashire until 1974) TD Manchester (Lancashire until 1974; Bolton until 1981) TE Manchester (Lancashire until 1974; Bolton until 1981)
TF Reading (Lancashire until 1974) TG Cardiff TH Swansea
TJ Liverpool (Lancashire until 1974) TK Exeter (Plymouth until 1980) TL Lincoln
TM Luton TN Newcastle upon Tyne TO Nottingham
TP Portsmouth TR Southampton TS Dundee
TT Exeter TU Chester TV Nottingham
TW Chelmsford TX Cardiff TY Newcastle upon Tyne
U U Leeds UA Leeds UB Leeds
UC London (Central) UD Oxford UE Dudley
UF Brighton UG Leeds UH Cardiff
UJ Shrewsbury UK Birmingham (Wolverhampton until 1974) UL London (Central)
UM Leeds UN Denbighshire prior to 1974, Barnstable 1974–80, Exeter from 1981UO Exeter (Barnstaple until 1980)
UP Newcastle upon Tyne (Durham until 1981) UR Luton (Hertfordshire until 1974) US Glasgow
UT Leicester UU London (Central) UV London (Central)
UW London (Central) UX Shrewsbury UY Worcester
V V Lanarkshire VA Peterborough (Lanarkshire until 1974; Cambridge until 1981) VB Croydon (changed to London from 1967 until 1974) then Canterbury then Maidstone from 1981
VC Coventry VD Lanarkshire (until 1974), later Luton VE Peterborough (Cambridge until 1981)
VF Norwich VG Norwich VH Huddersfield
VJ Gloucester (Hereford until 1981) VK Newcastle upon Tyne VL Lincoln
VM Manchester VN Middlesbrough (Yorkshire (North Riding) until 1974) VO Nottingham
VP Birmingham VR Manchester VS Luton (Greenock until 1974)
VT Stoke-on-Trent VU Manchester VV Northampton
VW Chelmsford VX Chelmsford VY Leeds (York until 1981)
W W Sheffield WA Sheffield WB Sheffield
WC Chelmsford WD Dudley WE Sheffield
WF Sheffield (Yorkshire (East Riding) until 1974) WG Sheffield (Stirlingshire until 1974) WH Manchester (Bolton until 1981)
WJ Sheffield WK Coventry WL Oxford
WM Liverpool (Southport until 1974) WN Swansea WO Cardiff (Monmouthshire until 1974)
WP Worcester WR Leeds WS Bristol (Edinburgh until 1974)
WT Leeds WU Leeds WV Brighton (Wiltshire until 1974)
WW Leeds WX Leeds WY Leeds
X X Northumberland XA London. (Kirkaldy 1964–74 with year suffix)XB London (Coatbridge 1964–1974 with year suffix)
XC London (Solihull 1964–1974 with year suffix) XD London (Luton 1964–1974 with year suffix) XE London (Luton 1964–1974 with year suffix)
XF London (Torbay 1964–1974 with year suffix) XG Middlesbrough (until 1974), subsequently unused XH London
XJ Manchester (until 1974), subsequently unused XK London XL London
XM London XN London XO London
XP London, later temporary plates for vehicles being exported to Europe XR London XS Paisley (until 1974), subsequently unused
XT London XU London XV London
XW London XX London XY London
Y Y Somerset YA Taunton YB Taunton
YC Taunton YD Taunton YE London (Central)
YF London (Central) YG Leeds YH London (Central)
YJ Brighton (Dundee until 1974) YK London (Central) YL London (Central)
YM London (Central) YN London (Central) YO London (Central)
YP London (Central) YR London (Central) YS Glasgow
YT London (Central) YU London (Central) YV London (Central)
YW London (Central) YX London (Central) YY London (Central)

Northern IrelandEdit

File:British vehicle registration plate NI.PNG

Characters Edit

Northern Ireland continues to use the national system initiated for the whole of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1903, with two-letter county and city codes featuring the letters I or Z representing Ireland. The full list of codes appears below.

As in Great Britain, each code originally ran from 1 to 9999, and when one was completed, another was allocated. All possible codes had been allocated by 1957, following which reversed sequences were introduced, the first county to do so being Antrim in January 1958 with 1 IA.

These reversed sequences were completed quickly, leading to the introduction of the current "AXX 1234" format in January 1966, where "XX" is the county code and "A" is a serial letter. This format allowed capacity to be increased. Each county adopted it once they had completed their reversed sequences, the last one to do so being County Londonderry in October 1973 with AIW 1.

From November 1985, the first 100 numbers of each series were withheld for use as cherished registrations. From April 1989, the numbers 101-999 were also withheld in this way. Even multiples of 1000 and 1111 ("four-of-a-kind") are deemed cherished by the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA) in Northern Ireland and thus withheld. Each series ends at 9998 and follows on to the next letter/number combination in the series.

While motorists with vehicles registered in Great Britain are permitted by the DVLA to use number plates carrying Euro-style bands with UK national flags and country codes, officially only the European Union symbol and the "GB" country code are specified in Northern Ireland.[33] This is despite the fact that Northern Ireland, while part of the United Kingdom, is not part of Great Britain.

From 21 July 2014, vehicle registration in Northern Ireland became the responsibility of the DVLA in Swansea. The current format of Northern Ireland registration plates continues unchanged.[34]

County codes in alphabetical order Edit

Code County or City Code County or City Code County or City
AZ Belfast IL Fermanagh SZ Down
BZ Down IW County Londonderry TZ Belfast
CZ Belfast JI Tyrone UI Derry
DZ Antrim JZ Down UZ Belfast
EZ Belfast KZ Antrim VZ Tyrone
FZ Belfast LZ Armagh WZ Belfast
GZ Belfast MZ Belfast XI Belfast
HZ Tyrone NZ County Londonderry XZ Armagh
IA Antrim OI Belfast YZ County Londonderry
IB Armagh OZ Belfast QNI Cars with indeterminate age, kit cars.
IG Fermanagh PZ Belfast LTZ Buses built in Northern Ireland for Transport for London
IJ Down RZ Antrim

Series per DVA licensing Local Office Edit

For each DVA licensing local office,[35] the two-letter sequences are shown first, followed by the reversed two-letter sequences, then the three-letter sequences.

The present series is highlighted in bold, those already used are in italics.

Notes regarding a particular sequence are denoted using superscript numbers, and are given at the end of the series for the county concerned.

Ballymena DVA licensing office: (in original issuing sequence) IA DZ KZ RZ

IA 1 to IA 9999 (Dec 1903 – Mar 1932);
DZ 1 to DZ 9999 (Mar 1932 – Jan 1947);
KZ 1 to KZ 9999 (Jan 1947 – Feb 1954);
RZ 1 to RZ 9999 (Feb 1954 – Jan 1958).
1 IA to 9999 IA (Jan 1958 – Jun 1960);
301 DZ to 9999 DZ (Jun 1960 – Sep 1962);
1 KZ to 9999 KZ (Sep 1962 – Jun 1964);
501 RZ to 9999 RZ (Jun 1964 – Jan 1966).
AIA 1 to YIA 99981 (Jan 1966 – Jul 1985);
ADZ 101 to YDZ 99982 (Jul 1985 – May 1998);
AKZ 1001 to YKZ 9998 (May 1998 – May 2010);
BRZ 1001 to YRZ 99983 (May 2010 – current).
The current sequence BRZ 1001 to YRZ 9998 began in May 2010. The current issue (as of August 2016) is LRZ.
When this is exhausted, it is likely the series will reverse, beginning with 1001 AIA to 9998 YIA.
1 Authority transferred from Antrim County Council to Ballymena LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was GIA 8977.
2 BDZ ended at 7458 due to computerisation in October 1986, followed by CDZ 101.
3 ARZ was deemed inappropriate and will not be issued.[36]

Armagh DVA licensing office: (in original issuing sequence) IB LZ XZ

IB 1 to IB 9999 (Dec 1903 – Aug 1947);
LZ 1 to LZ 99994 (Jan 1947 – Nov 1957);
XZ 1 to XZ 9999 (Nov 1957 – Apr 1962).
301 IB to 9999 IB (Apr 1962 – Nov 1965);
1 LZ to 9999 LZ (Nov 1965 – Mar 1969);
1 XZ to 9999 XZ (Mar 1969 – Mar 1972).
AIB 1 to YIB 99985, 6 (Mar 1972 – Nov 1996);
ALZ 1001 to YLZ 9998 (Nov 1996 – May 2010);
AXZ 1001 to YXZ 9998 (May 2010 – current).
The current sequence AXZ 1001 to YXZ 9998 began in May 2010. The current issue (as of August 2016) is JXZ.
When this is exhausted, it is likely the series will reverse, beginning with 1001 AIB to 9998 YIB.
4 Although LZ commenced in January 1947, IB was not completed until August 1947.
5 Authority transferred from Armagh County Council to Armagh LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was AIB 7786.
6 JIB ended at 4400 due to computerisation in 1986, followed by KIB 101.

Belfast DVA licensing office: (in original issuing sequence) OI XI AZ CZ EZ FZ GZ MZ OZ PZ TZ UZ WZ

OI 1 to OI 9999 (Jan 1904 – Jan 1921);
XI 1 to XI 9999 (Jan 1921 – Feb 1928);
AZ 1 to AZ 9999 (Feb 1928 – Nov 1932);
CZ 1 to CZ 9999 (Nov 1932 – Oct 1935);
EZ 1 to EZ 9999 (Oct 1935 – Oct 1938);
FZ 1 to FZ 9999 (Oct 1938 – May 1942);
GZ 1 to GZ 9999 (May 1942 – Dec 1947);
MZ 1 to MZ 9999 (Dec 1947 – Jun 1950);
OZ 1 to OZ 9999 (Jun 1950 – Jan 1953);
PZ 1 to PZ 9999 (Jan 1953 – Aug 1954);
TZ 1 to TZ 9999 (Aug 1954 – Oct 1955);
UZ 1 to UZ 9999 (Oct 1955 – Mar 1957);
WZ 1 to WZ 9999 (Mar 1957 – Jun 1958).
1000 OI to 9999 OI (Jun 1958 – Jun 1959);
1000 XI to 9999 XI (Jun 1959 – Apr 1960);
1 AZ to 9999 AZ (Apr 1960 – Mar 1961);
1 CZ to 9999 CZ (Mar 1961 – Apr 1962);
1 EZ to 9999 EZ (Apr 1962 – Apr 1963);
1 FZ to 9999 FZ (Apr 1963 – Jan 1964);
1 GZ to 9999 GZ (Jan 1964 – Sep 1964);
1 MZ to 9999 MZ (Sep 1964 – May 1965);
1 OZ to 9999 OZ (May 1965 – Mar 1966);
1 PZ to 9999 PZ (Mar 1966 – Jan 1967);
1 TZ to 9999 TZ (Jan 1967 – Oct 1967);
1 UZ to 9999 UZ7 (Oct 1967 – Jun 1968);
1 WZ to 9999 WZ (Jun 1968 – Apr 1969).
AOI 1 to YOI 99998, 9 (Apr 1969 – Apr 1982);
AXI 1 to YXI 9998 (Apr 1982 – Feb 1993);
AAZ 1001 to YAZ 999810 (Feb 1993 – May 1999);
ACZ 1001 to YCZ 9998 (May 1999 – late 2004);
AEZ 1001 to YEZ 9998 (late 2004 – Sep 2009);
AFZ 1001 to YFZ 9998 (Sep 2009 – Nov 2015);
AGZ 1001 to YGZ 9998 (Nov 2015 – current).
The current sequence AGZ 1001 to YGZ 9998 began in November 2015. The current issue (as of October 2016) is EGZ.
Since mid-2013, the LTZ series has been used by Transport for London for its New Routemaster buses, which are built in Northern Ireland.
7 A batch of reverse UZ was issued early in July 1967 for Belfast City Transport.
8 Authority transferred from Belfast City Council to Belfast LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was GOI 8301.
9 IOI and OOI were not allocated.
10 NAZ was deemed inappropriate and will never be issued.

Downpatrick DVA licensing office: (in original issuing sequence) IJ BZ JZ SZ

IJ 1 to IJ 999911 (Dec 1903 – Apr 1930);
BZ 1 to BZ 9999 (Apr 1930 – Oct 1946);
JZ 1 to JZ 9999 (Oct 1946 – Aug 1954);
SZ 1 to SZ 9999 (Aug 1954 – Oct 1958).
101 IJ to 9999 IJ (Oct 1958 – May 1961);
201 BZ to 9999 BZ (May 1961 – Nov 1963);
201 JZ to 9999 JZ (Nov 1963 – Jul 1965);
1 SZ to 9999 SZ (Jul 1965 – May 1967).
AIJ 1 to YIJ 999912, 13 (May 1967 – May 1987);
ABZ 101 to YBZ 9998 (May 1987–2000);
AJZ 1001 to YJZ 9998 (2000 – Nov 2016);
ASZ 1001 to YSZ 9998 (Nov 2016 - current).
The current sequence ASZ 1001 to YSZ 9998 began in November 2016. The current issue (as of November 2016) is ASZ.
When this is exhausted, it is likely the series will reverse, beginning with 1001 AIJ to 9998 YIJ.
11 IJ 1-100 were mixed allocations to all types of vehicles, but thereafter there was a period when motorcycles were segregated in blocks; the following were the motorcycle blocks: IJ 101-150, 201-249, 301-350, 451-500, 551-600, 651-700, 751-800, 851-950, 1001-1100, 1151-1200 and 1251 up, (no information thereafter). Other vehicles took the remaining numbers, but 1000-1050 were, in fact, duplicated.
12 Authority transferred from Down County Council to Downpatrick LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was in the early FIJ series.
13 XIJ ended at 3439 due to computerisation in October 1986, followed by YIJ 101.

Enniskillen DVA licensing office: (in original issuing sequence) IL IG

IL 1 to IL 9999 (Jan 1904 – Feb 1958);
51 IL to 9999 IL (Feb 1958 – Aug 1966);
AIL 1 to YIL 999814, 15, 16 (Aug 1966 – Dec 2004);
AIG 1001 to YIG 999817 (Dec 2004 – current).
The current sequence AIG 1001 to YIG 9998 began in December 2004. The current issue (as of September 2016) is SIG.
When this is exhausted, it is likely the series will reverse, beginning with 1001 AIL to 9998 YIL.
14 Authority transferred from Fermanagh County Council to Enniskillen LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was in the late AIL series.
15 EIL ended at 2423 due to computerisation in October 1986, followed by FIL 101.
16 KIL was deemed inappropriate and will never be issued.
17 CIG, NIG and PIG were deemed inappropriate and will never be issued.

Coleraine DVA licensing office: (in original issuing sequence) IW NZ YZ

IW 1 to IW 9999 (Dec 1903 – Jan 1949);
NZ 1 to NZ 9999 (Jan 1949 – Dec 1957);
YZ 1 to YZ 9999 (Dec 1957 – Sep 1962).
100 IW to 9999 IW (Sep 1962 – Oct 1966);
1 NZ to 9999 NZ (Oct 1966 – Nov 1970);
1 YZ to 9999 YZ (Nov 1970 – Oct 1973).
AIW 1 to YIW 999818, 19 (Oct 1973–2001);
ANZ 1001 to YNZ 9998 (2001 – current).
The current sequence ANZ 1001 to YNZ 9998 began in 2001. The current issue (as of August 2016) is WNZ.
18 Authority transferred from Londonderry County Council to Coleraine LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was in the early AIW series.
19 HIW incomplete due to computerisation in October 1986 (highest normal issue unknown), followed by IIW 101.

Londonderry DVA licensing office: UI

UI 1 to UI 9999 (Jan 1904 – Aug 1963).
100 UI to 9999 UI (Aug 1963 – Apr 1973).
AUI 1 to YUI 999820, 21, 22 (Apr 1973 – current).
The current sequence AUI 1 to YUI 9998 began in April 1973. The current issue (as of September 2016) is WUI.
When this is exhausted, it is likely the series will reverse, beginning with 1001 AUI to 9998 YUI.
20 Authority transferred from Londonderry County Borough Council to Londonderry LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was AUI 1110.
21 CUI ended at 7388 due to computerisation in October 1986, followed by DUI 101.
22 FUI was deemed inappropriate and will never be issued.

Omagh DVA licensing office (in original issuing sequence) JI HZ VZ

JI 1 to JI 9999 (Dec 1903 – Feb 1944);
HZ 1 to HZ 9999 (Feb 1944 – Apr 1956);
VZ 1 to VZ 9999 (Apr 1956 – Apr 1961).
100 JI to 9999 JI (Apr 1961 – Oct 1964);
200 HZ to 9999 HZ (Oct 1964 – Mar 1968);
200 VZ to 9999 VZ (Mar 1968 – Jun 1971).
AJI 1 to YJI 999823, 24 (Jun 1971–2000);
AHZ 1001 to YHZ 9998 (2000 – current).
The current sequence AHZ 1001 to YHZ 9998 began in 2000. The current issue (as of August 2016) is UHZ.
23 Authority transferred from Tyrone County Council to Omagh LVLO/VRO from 1 January 1974; the first registration following the transfer was BJI 800.
24 JJI ended at 4700 due to computerisation in October 1986, followed by KJI 101.

Crown dependencies Edit

The Crown dependencies of Guernsey, the Isle of Man and Jersey are outside the United Kingdom and the European Union, and have registration marks that are different from those used in the UK.

Jersey Edit


A Jersey registration front plate bearing the GBJ identifier

File:License plate of Jersey (UK).jpg

Standard plates Edit

Jersey registration plates consist of the letter 'J' followed by one to six digits; plates may now incorporate the coat of arms of Jersey in a white strip on the left, along with the country identifier 'GBJ' (Great Britain – Jersey). This design is similar to the EU standard plate, but does not incorporate the European flag, as Jersey is outside the European Union.

Special plates Edit

Hire cars registered in Jersey display a silver letter 'H' on a red background on the left of the registration plate.

The prefix 'E' is used to designate temporary imports.

Where a vehicle is brought temporarily into Jersey … from a country in which the vehicle is not under the law of that country required to be registered, the Inspector may, … assign to it an identification mark which shall be displayed on the vehicle as provided in that paragraph.
The Mark shall consist of the letter 'E' followed by a number.
—Jersey Legal Information[37]

Cherished plates, having the format 'JSY' followed by one to three digits, are officially auctioned. Such is the desirability of low digit registration marks that these are often included in the auctions. (The new registered keeper purchases the right to display the registration mark rather than outright ownership of it).

A Jersey "trader" plate has white letters on a red background and is made of a flexible magnetic material. These plates are for use by a bona fide motor trader on any unregistered vehicle being used in connection with the business of that motor trader.

Guernsey Edit


A Guernsey plate displaying the GBG country code

Guernsey plates have been compulsory since 1908.

Standard plates Edit

Guernsey plates consist of up to five digits, with no letters. Plates may be either silver on a black background, or black on the white/yellow backgrounds as in the UK. An oval containing the letters 'GBG' (Great Britain – Guernsey), the island's international vehicle registration, is sometimes included.[38]

Special plates Edit

The Registration number 1 is reserved for, and displayed on the Bailiff of Guernsey's car. The official car of the Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey has no number plate. His private cars have G1 and G2 as registration numbers. Guernsey hire cars sport a black 'H' on a yellow background on a separate square plate.

Vanity plates Edit

From 2012 some numbers beginning with 0 and 00 have been released to generate revenue for the island. Registration 007 breaking all records by selling in auction for £240,000 in September 2015.[39]

Plates in the dependencies of Guernsey Edit

Alderney Edit

In Alderney, a self-governing territory which is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, registrations are issued with the prefix 'AY' followed by a space and then 1, 2, 3 or 4 digits. An oval GBA (Great Britain – Alderney) may exist on either the left or right hand side of the plate. Before the Second World War these were issued by the States of Alderney; now they are issued at the Island Hall by the States of Alderney in the name of the Vehicle Registration & Licensing Department.

There are no requirements as to how an Alderney plate is made up. An Alderney plate is commonly either white or silver on a black background (pre-1973 UK style), or black on the white/yellow (both pre-2001 and post-2001 UK typeface styles). One or two vehicles carry French style white/yellow plates, and sometimes number plates are even hand-drawn.

AY 999 is used for the principal police 4WD vehicle.

Sark and Herm Edit

Sark and Herm ban motor vehicles other than tractors from their roads. No number plates exist. On both Islands, some tractor owners still adorn their vehicles with plates though, such as 'ROSS 1' on Sark.[original research?] Although not official registration numbers, these are seen as vanity plates. Tractors on Sark still have to be licensed yearly, depicted by a sticker in the window or somewhere on the vehicle, although there is no law to display plates.

Isle of Man Edit

Main article: Vehicle registration plates of the Isle of Man

British Overseas Territories Edit


Some of the British overseas territories, including Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands, use number plates similar to the UK, with the same colours and typeface. Some former British colonies which adopted British style number plates have continued with those customs, notable examples are Brunei, Cyprus, Guyana, Hong Kong, Kenya, Malaysia, Singapore, Trinidad and Tobago and Tanzania.

Gibraltar Edit

Main article: Vehicle registration plates of Gibraltar

Gibraltar's number plates originally consisted of the letter 'G' and up to five digits. When G 99999 was reached in 2001, a new system was introduced, consisting of 'G' followed by four digits and a serial letter. The European flag is now featured on these plates, along with the territory's international vehicle identifier GBZ. Military vehicles use the letters 'RN' preceded and followed by two digits, while the Governor's official car displays a silver Crown on a black plate. <center>

10px G 1234 A 10px G 1234 A
G 1234 A G 1234 A
G 12345 G 12345
12RN34 12RN34
GG 12345 GG 12345
DLR 1234 DLR 1234

Falkland Islands Edit

File:Falkland Island vehicle registration plate front and rear.jpg

In the Falkland Islands, the format is 'F' followed by up to three digits and a letter registered in a strict sequence. Plates should be black-on-yellow for the rear of the vehicle and black-on-white for the front of the vehicle although black-on-yellow is not unknown. Government vehicles are registered with 'F' followed by four digits. White on black was previously used.

F 123 A F 123 A
F 1234 F 1234
F 123 F 123

Bermuda Edit

File:License plate Bermuda.jpg

From 1975 Bermuda licence plates issued to general passenger vehicles have five black digits on a plain white background (both front and rear), and have a size similar to UK plates. Non-private vehicles have licence plates with two preceding letters followed by three numbers.

Personalised plates, have recently become available that allow motorists to choose any seven letters, overlaid on a map of the island with "Bermuda" printed across the top, on a plate of identical dimensions to plates from the United States and Canada. Similar sized plates are used for classic cars, designated by a preceding 'CL'.

US Forces in Bermuda have used black plates with white characters since 1975, a letter followed by four numbers.

Before 1975, Bermudian number plates were similar to the plates used by US Forces. A preceding 'P' denoted a private vehicle, it was followed by four digits and was white-on-black.[40][41]

12345 12345
AA123 AA123
CL123 CL123
A 1234 A 1234

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Edit

Saint Helena Edit

Saint Helena number plates just have digits on them, with government vehicles having a prefix of 'SHG'. Plates are black-on-white for the front of the vehicle, and black-on-yellow for the rear and use UK dimensions. The Governor's car has a crown on a white plate.

1234 1234
SHG 123 SHG 123
20px 20px

Ascension Island Edit

Ascension Island plates are similar to those of Saint Helena but start with an 'A'.[42]

A 1234 A 1234

Tristan da Cunha Edit

Tristan da Cunha number plates have up to three digits following prefix 'T.D.C.' or 'TDC'. Plates are white-on-black and have not changed format since 1969. Black-on-white and black-on-yellow are also seen.[43]

T.D.C. 123 T.D.C. 123
T.D.C. 123 T.D.C. 123
T.D.C. 123 T.D.C. 123

Anguilla Edit

Anguilla has an 'A' followed by four digits, with a 'G' on the end for a government vehicle, a 'H' for a hire vehicle/taxi and an 'R' for a rental vehicle.[44] The Governor's car has a crown on a black plate.

Plates were changed in 2007. They are now Canadian sized and have a blue and white background with black letters. The Anguillan shield-of-arms is shown next to the number with "Anguilla" and "Rainbow City" above and below the plate respectively. The letter denoting the type of vehicle has been moved to the front and P is now shown for personal vehicles.

A 1234 A 1234
A 1234 H A 1234 H
A 1234 G A 1234 G
A 1234 R A 1234 R
20px 20px
80px 80px

British Virgin Islands Edit

File:License plate British Virgin Islands.jpg

In the British Virgin Islands private vehicles have 'PV' followed by four digits, 'VI' was used as the prefix for one year 1995–96; before 1995 only numbers were used. Commercial vehicles have 'CM' followed by four digits; rental vehicles have 'RT', and taxis have 'TX'. Government vehicles have 'GV' followed by four digits and have white letters on red. Many plates have 'Virgin Islands' and 'Nature's Little Secret' above and below the plates respectively. Before 1996, British standard sizes were used, but this has since reduced to a size more familiar in the US Virgin Islands.

PV 12345 PV 12345
TX 12345 TX 12345
RT 12345 RT 12345
CM 1234 CM 1234
GV 1234 GV 1234
VI 1234 VI 1234
12345 12345

Cayman Islands Edit

File:License plate Cayman Islands.jpg

Cayman Islands number plates usually have six numbers on them, separated into groups of three. Most plates have "Cayman Islands" written beneath the numbers and have similar dimensions to plates used in the United States and Canada. Front and rear are both black-on-yellow for private cars, black-on-white for hire cars, red-on-yellow for disabled drivers, red-on-white for taxis, black-on-orange for HGVs and trailers.[45] The Governor's car has a crown on the front only.[46]

In 2003, Quincentennial plates (known as Q-plates) were issued, they had four blue numbers following a 'Q' on a background depicting a picturesque Cayman scene with celebratory logos. Initially, Q-plates were issued with white characters but these were recalled and replaced.

123 456 123 456
123 456 123 456
123 456 123 456
123 456 123 456
123 456 123 456
CI 1234 CI 1234

Turks and Caicos Islands Edit

Turks and Caicos Islands plates have five digits on them, sometimes with the text "Beautiful by Nature" and "Turks and Caicos Islands", other times starting with the letters TC.[47]

Different colours are used for private (red), commercial (green), government (black) and hire (yellow) cars. The Governor's cars do not display a number plate, simply a plate with a crown.

TC 1234 TC 1234
TC 1234 TC 1234
TC 1234 TC 1234
TC 1234 TC 1234

Montserrat Edit

Montserrat plates start with a letter indicating the type of car (R for rental, M for private etc.) followed by up to four numbers. The background colour can vary but the letters and numbers are always in white.[48]

M 1234 M 1234
R 1234 R 1234
H 1234 H 1234

Other formats Edit

Armed forces vehicles Edit

In the Second World War, vehicles of the British Army had number plates such as A12104 and those of the Royal Air Force RAF 208343. Since 1949,[49] British military vehicle registration numbers are mostly either in the form of two digits, two letters, two digits (e.g. 07 CE 08),[50] or from 1995 onwards, two letters, two digits, two letters (for example, JW 57 AB).[51] Until the mid-1980s, the central two letters signified the armed service, or the branch or category of vehicle.[52] For example, Chief of Fleet Support's staff car in 1983–85 was 00 RN 04, and First Sea Lord's car 00 RN 01 and Second Sea Lord's 00 RN 02, normal civilian plates replacing them when security required;[53] and, in 1970, one of HMS Albion's Land Rovers was 25 RN 97 and HMS Bulwark's ship's minibus was 04 RN 84. Royal Air Force vehicles had numbers such as 55 AA 89, typically the first of the two letters being A,[54] and the new-style RAF plates, such as RZ 00 AA and RU 86 AA on fire engines.[55]

Military number plates are still often in the silver/white on black scheme used for civilian plates before 1973, and can be presented in one, two or three rows of characters.

From 1963 until around 1990, in West Germany, private vehicles owned by members of British Forces Germany and their families were issued registration numbers in a unique format (initially two letters followed by three digits plus a "B" suffix, e.g. RH 249 B, then from the early 1980s three letters followed by two numbers plus the "B" suffix, e.g. AQQ 89 B). This was discontinued for security reasons, as it made them vulnerable to Provisional IRA attacks.[56] Private vehicles driven by British military personnel are now issued with either standard UK number plates (if right hand drive) or German ones (if left hand drive), although the vehicle is not actually registered with the DVLA.[57]

JW 57 AB
00 RN 04
RH 249 B
AQQ 89 B
RAF 208343

Trade plates Edit

File:How many aero devices - Flickr - Supermac1961.jpg

Trade licences are issued to motor traders and vehicle testers, and permit the use of untaxed vehicles on the public highway with certain restrictions.[58] Associated with trade licences are "trade plates" which identify the holder of the trade licence rather than the vehicle they are displayed on, and can be attached temporarily to vehicles in their possession.[59]

Until 1970, two types of trade plate were used. General trade plates had white letters and numbers on a red background and could be used for all purposes, while limited trade plates used red numbers and letters on a white background and were restricted in their use (e.g. a vehicle being driven under limited trade plates was not allowed to carry passengers). Since 1970, all trade plates have used the red-on-white format.

The format of trade plate numbers comprises three digits (with leading zeros if necessary) followed by one, two or three letters denoting the location of issue, using pre-2001 format codes.[59]

123 ABC
123 ABC

In 2015, a new system was introduced with a number-only format. This is a five-digit number (leading zeroes used below 10000) in red on white, with a DVLA authentication at the right. This is centrally issued, and there is no regional indicator.[60]


Diplomatic plates Edit

File:British diplomatic car plate for Libya.jpg
See also: List of country codes on British diplomatic vehicle registration plates

Since 1979 cars operated by foreign embassies, high commissions, consular staff, and various international organisations have been given plates with a distinguishing format of three numbers, one letter, three numbers. The letter is D for diplomats or X for accredited non-diplomatic staff. The first group of three numbers identifies the country or organisation to whom the plate has been issued, the second group of three numbers is a serial number, starting at 101 for diplomats (although some embassies were erroneously issued 100), 400 for non-diplomatic staff of international organisations, and 700 for consular staff. Thus, for example, 101 D 101 identifies the first plate allocated to the Afghan embassy, 900 X 400 is the first plate allocated to the Commonwealth Secretariat.

101 D 101 101 D 101
900 X 400 900 X 400

A limited number of "personal" plates, bearing a similar format to earlier civilian registrations, are issued to embassies and high commissions for use of their ambassador or high commissioner. For example, the United States embassy is allowed to use the registration USA 1 on one of its fleet of vehicles; Zimbabwe's high commissioner has ZIM 1 – controversially a number plate originally issued in Galway, Republic of Ireland in 1970 – and South Korea's ambassador ROK 1 – 'Republic of Korea'.[61] The North Korean embassy, however, had to buy a vanity plate: PRK 1D.[62]

Cherished marks (personal, vanity or private number plates) Edit

By default, a UK registration plate will accompany a vehicle throughout the vehicle's lifetime. There is no requirement to re-register a vehicle when moving to a new part of the country and no requirement that the number be changed when ownership of the vehicle changes. It is, however, possible for another registration number to be transferred, replacing the one originally issued, where owners wish to have a "vanity plate" (sometimes referred to as a "cherished" registration) displaying, for instance, their initials. Registration numbers may also be replaced simply to disguise the actual age of the vehicle.

According to information on the government DVLA website:

"Just remember you can make your vehicle look as old as you wish but you can not make it look newer than it is. For example you cannot put a Y registration number on a T registered vehicle but you could choose any prefix range from an A to a T. Each registration has an issue date which is what you must check to ensure you don't make your vehicle appear newer than it is.".[63] However, you are able to put 1955 registered private number plates on a 1949 registered vehicle as there is no year indicator to determine the age of release.

As many vehicles registered before 1963 have been scrapped, some of their "dateless" pre-1963 registration numbers have been transferred to other vehicles as personal plates. They can be valuable, and can also be used to conceal the age of an older vehicle. Many vintage and classic cars no longer bear their original index marks due to the owners being offered high premiums for the desirable registrations. In addition Northern Irish registrations are also regarded as "dateless" and are often transferred to vehicles outside Northern Ireland.[64] Touring coaches often operate in other parts of the UK with registration numbers originally issued in Northern Ireland.

The DVLA's Personalised Registrations service also allows the purchase and transfer of registration numbers directly from the DVLA.[65] Many private dealers act as agents for DVLA issues (and sell DVLA numbers for more than the DVLA asking price, which many buyers do not realise), and also hold their own private stock of dateless registrations and other cherished marks. The DVLA however can only offer for sale registrations that have never previously been issued and thus have a limited offering and limited scope.

As popularity grows, the prices reached for the most expensive plates are always increasing. As of 2014, the record price paid for a number plate is £518,000 for the plate 25 O at a DVLA auction.[66] Previously, the record price was £397,500 paid at auction in September 2008 by an anonymous buyer for the plate S 1. This was originally owned by Sir John H A MacDonald, the Lord Kingsburgh and was Edinburgh's first ever number plate.[67] Car design entrepreneur Afzal Kahn paid £375,000 on 25 January 2008 for F 1 previously owned and sold by Essex County Council and affixed originally in 1904 to the Panhard et Levassor of the then County Surveyor.[68] £330,000 was spent on M 1, sold at auction in Goodwood on 7 June 2006.[69]

State vehicles used by the reigning monarch Edit

Motor cars used by the reigning monarch on official business, which are (as of 2013) all Rolls-Royces or Bentleys usually made to special specifications, do not carry number plates.[1] The monarch's private vehicles carry number plates.

Other registration plates Edit

  • Tax free export in 1970s had red borders around the plate.
  • United Kingdom American Exchange plates had the prefix "UKAX".
  • Some Republic of Ireland number plates have been registered in various motor tax offices in the UK. These plates dated from 1903-1986 and the UK practice of non-reregistration was discontinued in 1990. For example, VIP 1 was originally registered to a Jaguar in Co. Kilkenny (IP) Ireland in 1971 but is now registered on a Rolls Royce Corniche owned by Chelsea Football Club owner Roman Abromovich. Some UK embassy vehicles have I or Z in their number plates e.g. CZE (Dublin) 1, PHI (Tipperary) 1, which have originated in the Irish system. Vehicles registered in Ireland under the new system (87 onwards) and which may be exported to the UK must register their car with the DVLA who will issue them with a new UK number.

Fraudulent use of number plates Edit

Criminals sometimes use copies of number plates legitimately used on a vehicle of identical type and colour to the one used, known as "cloning", to avoid being identified.[70] A routine police computer check shows the plate matching the type of vehicle and does not appear suspicious.

The UK Government introduced on 1 August 2008 regulations requiring the production of personal identification and vehicle registration documents when having number plates made by a retailer.[71] The organisation that makes the plate is required to display their name and postcode, usually in small print at bottom centre, to aid in tracing false plates and their purchaser.[2] This requirement was introduced in 2001 when the new character style and two-digit year identifier came into force, and applies to all registration plates made after that date regardless of the year of the vehicle.

Registration plate suppliers Edit

Number plates were initially made by the motor vehicle's original supplier, and replacement plates meeting standards could be made by anybody. Some people had street address numbers made up to motor-vehicle standards for their houses. From 2001 plates sold in England and Wales had to be provided by a supplier on the DVLA's Register of Number Plate Suppliers (RNPS) as specified in British Standard BSAU145d. The supplier needs to confirm that the customer is the registered keeper or other authorised person and verify their identity.[71] The name and postcode of the supplier must be shown at the bottom of the plate.[2] Number plates in the UK are usually flat and made of plastic; embossed aluminium plates are available from some suppliers. These rules are generally described as onerous, particularly to company car drivers who do not hold any of the required paperwork themselves (such items usually being stored by a fleet manager or lease hire company).

Registered number plate suppliers must keep records including the documents produced by their customers; they can be required to be shown to the police, although in reality this has seldom happened. The Department for Transport holds a full list of suppliers.[72]

Some companies, particularly those based online, sell number plates described as "show plates" or "not for road use", which may not satisfy the requirements of BSAU145d. However, if so specified, these products can be identical to number plates sold by approved RNPS registered supplier. Many of these companies do not ask customers to prove ownership of the registration they are purchasing, and try to circumvent the law by placing disclaimers on their websites. Despite these disclaimers, it is still not legal to produce any registration plates without seeing proof of identity of the purchaser (such as a driving licence), and proof of their connection to the registration (such as a V5C or retention certificate).[73]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Royal Household. "The Royal Household – Transport – Cars". Retrieved on 28 September 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 DVLA (7 July 2012). "V796: Display of Registration Marks for Motor Vehicles". Retrieved on 8 December 2015.
  3. "BS AU 145d:1998". British Standards Institution (5 January 1998).
  4. As specified in The Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks) Regulations 2001 (Statutory Instrument 2001 Number 561), Schedule 2.
  5. As specified in PART IV MISCELLANEOUS
  6. What's the story with black and silver number plates?, DVLA, 17 November 2015
  7. Lindsay Brooke. Triumph : A Century of Passion and Power. MotorBooks International, 41–. ISBN 978-1-61059-227-7. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 DVLA (June 2016). "INF104: Vehicle registration numbers and number plates" (PDF). Retrieved on 9 September 2016.
  9. Dead link
  10. Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (30 March 2000). "Clearer rules for clearer number plates". DETR press notice 252 of 2000. Archived from the original on 28 August 2001. Retrieved on 16 November 2009.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "New number plates for old", BBC News (22 August 2001). Retrieved on 2 February 2013. 
  12. 13.0 13.1 "Taking a vehicle out of the UK permanently or temporarily". Directgov (15 October 2012). Retrieved on 2 February 2013. “Under the 'personal export' scheme, a vehicle can be used on UK roads for a limited time before exporting it to a country outside the EU. You must either be an overseas visitor to the UK or a UK resident intending to live outside the UK for six months. UK residents can use the vehicle in the UK for up to six months but the vehicle has to be taxed. Overseas visitors can use the vehicle for up to 12 months without tax. A registration mark will be given from the 'XA – XF' range and a pink registration certificate (VX302) issued. These vehicles are subject to the first registration fee.”
  13. 14.0 14.1 "Car registration and number plates 1903 to 2003". Chiltern Vehicle Preservation Group (1 October 2003).
  14. "DVLA Personalised Registrations". DVLA. Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  15. European Union (3 November 1998). "Council Regulation (EC) No 2411/98 of 3 November 1998 on the recognition in intra-Community traffic of the distinguishing sign of the Member State in which motor vehicles and their trailers are registered". Retrieved on 22 October 2007.
  16. United Nations (19 September 1949). "Convention on Road Traffic – Geneva" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved on 8 August 2012.
  17. 18.0 18.1 Statutory Instrument 2009 No. 811 The Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks)(Amendment) Regulations 2009 with effect from 27 April 2009
  18. "The Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks) Regulations 2001 (schedule 4 part 1)". (28 February 2001). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  19. 20.0 20.1 Newall, L.H. (2008). A History of Motor Vehicle Registration in the United Kingdom, 3rd, Scarborough: Newby Books, 302. ISBN 978-1-872686-32-5. 
  20. BBC News Online (13 July 2007). "Offensive SN07 car plate banned". Retrieved on 24 December 2007. 
  21. "A Brief History Lesson on Licensing and Registrations". (30 November 1983). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  22. "Allocation of vehicle registration marks". Archived from the original on 20 April 2010. Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  23. "Zero Number Plates". Nice-Reg!. Retrieved on 22 October 2015.
  24. "Lord Mayor arrives at St. John's School". St. John's School. Archived from the original on 20 June 2006. Retrieved on 5 May 2010.
  25. 26.0 26.1 "British vehicle registration numbers". Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  26. Script error
  27. Whitehead, Graham W., "Triumph Sells Record Number of Sportscars", Triumph Sports Owners Association 18(1, January 1972), Retrieved on <time class="dtstart" datetime="30 January 2015">30 January 2015</time>. 
  28. "UK registration marks from 1904 to August 2001". The Moped Archive. Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  29. "United Kingdom". Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  30. "UK Vehicle Registration Letters and Area Codes". (2015). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  31. DVLNI (29 January 2009). "V796(NI): Display of Registration Marks for Motor Vehicles" (PDF). Retrieved on 10 December 2009.
  32. "Vehicle registration from 21 July 2014". nidirect. Retrieved on 15 August 2014.
  33. "DVA licensing Local Offices official website". Retrieved on 16 September 2016.
  34. "BRZ Number Plates have arrived". Speedy Registrations Blog (20 December 2010). Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  35. "Motor Vehicles (International Circulation) (Jersey) Regulations 1958 (revised to 1 January 2007)". Jersey Legal Information Board.
  36. "Registration Numbers". States of Guernsey.
  37. "Cheers as 007 number plate fetches £240,000 at auction". Guernsey Press.
  38. "License Plates of Bermuda (Great Britain)". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  39. Mike Sells (4 October 2009). "Bermuda Y2K". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  40. [1] Script error
  41. "Olav's Tristanian number plates – Photographed in Tristan da Cunha". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  42. "License Plates of Anguilla". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  43. Mike Sells (29 May 2004). "Cayman Islands Y2K". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  44. "LICENSE PLATES ON LINE! Cayman Islands". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  45. "License Plates of Turks and Caicos (Great Britain)". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  46. "License Plates of Montserrat (Great Britain)". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  47. Winter, Dik T.. "British vehicle registrations". Retrieved on 13 October 2008.
  48. "Land Rover "88"". Griffin Trust. Retrieved on 18 March 2012.
  49. "Photo of Ridgeback wheeled armoured vehicle personnel carrier". (2009). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  50. Olav Arne Brekke. "Olav's British Number Plates". Retrieved on 24 December 2007.
  51. "Sir Frank Twiss". Retrieved on 18 March 2012.
  52. "Photo of RAF vehicle". (2006). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  53. "Military Fire". UK Emergency Vehicles (2015). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  54. "Secret squad sent in to track down IRA killers" (3 May 1988). 
  55. "DVLA Registration – Vehicle Licensing". British Forces (2015). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  56. DVLA (March 2004). "VTL301/1: Trade Licences – Guidance Notes" (PDF). Retrieved on 28 September 2009.
  57. 59.0 59.1 "Trade Plates". VRM Group. Retrieved on 18 January 2009.
  58. "Trade plates: a new design". UKMotorists (11 February 2015). Retrieved on 19 December 2015.
  59. "List of UK diplomatic numberplates". Retrieved on 29 December 2010.
  60. BBC World News program on BBC America, 12 December 2012, shows North Korean Ambassador to United Kingdom Ja Song-nam arriving at the Foreign Office in a Mercedes S350 with this plate number
  61. "Personalised Registrations: Terms & Conditions of Sale". Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency. Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  62. "Northern Irish Registrations". Retrieved on 1 July 2014.
  63. "DVLA Personalised Registrations". Directgov. DVLA. Retrieved on 10 September 2010.
  64. BBC News Online (27 November 2014). "Registration plate sells for a record £500,000 in Wales". Retrieved on 29 November 2014. 
  65. BBC News Online (19 September 2008). "Historic car reg fetches £400,000". Retrieved on 28 September 2009. 
  66. BBC News Online (25 January 2008). "F1 car plate sells for record fee". Retrieved on 28 September 2009. 
  67. World Collectors Net (7 July 2006). "New World Record Price For Car Number Plate – £331,500 – Will Benefit Tatton Park in Cheshire". Retrieved on 30 August 2011.
  68. [2] Script error
  69. 71.0 71.1 Directgov. "How to get a number plate made up". Retrieved on 28 September 2009.
  70. "Find your nearest number plate supplier". (2015). Retrieved on 30 January 2015.
  71. "Documents required from registered number plate suppliers". Retrieved on 6 May 2014.

External links Edit

Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Vehicle registration plates of the United Kingdom. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.