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{{ Infobox Tractor
 
{{ Infobox Tractor
 
| title = MODEL NO OF TRACTOR
 
| title = MODEL NO OF TRACTOR
| name = [[International 504]]
+
| name = [[International 544]]
 
| logo = [[Image:logoname.jpg]]
 
| logo = [[Image:logoname.jpg]]
| image = International_504_1962.jpg
+
| image = International_544_Gas_1968.jpg
 
| image_size = 300
 
| image_size = 300
| image_caption = International 504 utility tractor with gasoline engine, 1962
+
| image_caption = International 544 utility tractor with gasoline engine, 1968
| introduced = 1961
+
| introduced = 1968
| discontinued = 1968
+
| discontinued = 1973
 
| current_model = <!-- sets to no if discontinued date filled in -->
 
| current_model = <!-- sets to no if discontinued date filled in -->
| preceded = [[International 340]]
+
| preceded = [[International 504]]
| supersededby = [[International 544]]
+
| supersededby = [[International 574]]
| productionno =
+
| productionno = 7,179
 
| enginemake = International
 
| enginemake = International
| enginemodel = [[International D-239|D-239]]
+
| enginemodel = [[International C-200|C-200]]
| powerhp = 61 pto
+
| powerhp = 66 gross, 60 net, 53 pto, 46 drawbar
 
| powerkw =
 
| powerkw =
 
| governedrpm = 2200
 
| governedrpm = 2200
| displacement = 239 ci
+
| displacement = 200 ci
 
| cylinders = 4
 
| cylinders = 4
| bore = 3.875"
+
| bore = 3.813"
| stroke = 5.06"
+
| stroke = 4.3875"
 
| cooling = Water
 
| cooling = Water
 
| na = NA
 
| na = NA
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| gearsr = 2
 
| gearsr = 2
 
| drive = 2-WD
 
| drive = 2-WD
| fuel_type = [[diesel]]
+
| fuel_type = [[gasoline]]
 
| fuel_cap =
 
| fuel_cap =
| linkage_type =
+
| linkage_type = Category II 3-point hitch
 
| lift_capacity =
 
| lift_capacity =
 
| front_linkage =
 
| front_linkage =
| front_tyre = 6.50-16
+
| front_tyre = 6.00-16 6-ply
| rear_tyre = 14.9-30
+
| rear_tyre = 14.9-28 6-ply
| length = 91"
+
| length = 138"
 
| wheelbase = 73"
 
| wheelbase = 73"
 
| width =
 
| width =
| height = 60"
+
| height = 62"
| weight = 6000 lb
+
| weight = 4980 lb
| turning_circle = 18 ft
+
| turning_circle =
 
| cabmake =
 
| cabmake =
 
| cabtype =
 
| cabtype =
 
| factories =
 
| factories =
| cost_new = $7500 (1973)
+
| cost_new =
| plowrating = 3-14"
+
| plowrating = 4
 
| nebraska_test_no =
 
| nebraska_test_no =
 
| notes =
 
| notes =
Line 53: Line 53:
 
| below =
 
| below =
 
}}
 
}}
Photo: 1968 International 544 Utility Plow Rating: 4 HP: 66 gross, 60 net engine, 53 pto, 46 drawbar Engine: International C200 ohv 4-cylinder gasoline Compression Ratio: 7.6 Displacement: 200ci RPM: 2,200 Transmission: 10-speed (5-speed with 2-speed Torque Amplifier) Tires: 6.00-16 6-ply front and 14.9-28 6-ply rear Weight: 4,980 lb Price: $7,545 (1973) Credit: sales literature
 
   
The '''{{PAGENAME}}''' was a utility tractor built by [[International Harvester]] from [[1961]] to [[1968]] in the US.
+
The '''{{PAGENAME}}''' was a utility tractor built by [[International Harvester]] from [[1968]] to [[1973]] in the US.
   
 
==Model history==
 
==Model history==
 
{{main|International Harvester}}
 
{{main|International Harvester}}
   
For row-crop utility version see: [[International 504 Hi-Clear]]. For industrial model see: [[International 2504]]. For row crop model see: [[Farmall 504]].
+
For hydrostatic transmission version see: [[International 544 Hydro]]. For row crop utility model see: [[International 544 Row Crop]]. For industrial model see: [[International 2544]].
   
The International 544 Utility was longer and taller than the 504 Utility it replaced and about 700 lb heavier (partly from larger standard rear tires). New engines moved it up from the 3-4 plow 45-hp class to the full 4-plow 55-hp class. A new 200ci C200 gas engine, derived from the C301 6-cylinder of the big 856 tractor, replaced the old C153. The available diesel engine was a new German International-built D239 4-cylinder, replacing the American-built D188. As before, the main transmission was a 5-speed and a 2-speed Torque Amplifier was available.
+
The International 544 Utility was longer and taller than the 504 Utility it replaced and about 700 lb heavier (partly from larger standard rear tires). New engines moved it up from the 3-4 plow 45-hp class to the full 4-plow 55-hp class. A new 200 ci [[International C-200]] gas engine, derived from the [[International C-301|C-301]] 6-cylinder of the big 856 tractor, replaced the old [[International C-153|C-153]] 4-cylinder. The available diesel engine was a new [[International D-239]] 4-cylinder built in Neuss, Germany, replacing the American-built [[Interantional D-188|D-188]]. As before, the main transmission was a 5-speed and a 2-speed Torque Amplifier was available.
 
The gasoline-powered 1968 International 544 Utility compared very well in weight and power with the John Deere 2020 and Massey-Ferguson MF165. However, the 544 was priced considerably higher than the 504 it replaced and ended up several hundred dollars more expensive than its two closest competitors. Production figures are difficult to interpret because they include both gas and diesel models and various chassis types. However, it appears that the International production and sales were far behind the Massey-Ferguson and John Deere. The 6-cylinder Oliver 1550 weighed much more than the others and cost more. In 1969 the upgraded Ford 4000 moved into the same power and price class as the International. The Massey-Ferguson MF165 was revised with a Perkins 212ci 4-cylinder gas engine. The Oliver 1555 was little changed from the 1550 it replaced.
 
 
The diesel version of the International 544 competed in 1968 with the diesel John Deere 2020, Massey-Ferguson MF165, and Oliver 1550 and in 1969 also with the Ford 4000 and Oliver 1555. Additional diesel-only models in this similar in power and price to the International included the 1968 David Brown 990 and Oliver 1450 (Fiat-built), the 1969 Oliver 1355 (also Fiat-built), and the upgraded 1970 David-Brown 990.
 
   
 
=== Tractor Comparison, gasoline version ===
 
=== Tractor Comparison, gasoline version ===
When International Harvester brought out the 504 utility, the gasoline version competed directly with the Ford 801-series and the replacement 4000. The Case 540, Massey Ferguson MF65, and Oliver 550 were lighter, lower powered, and cheaper. The Case 640 and the standard-tread Oliver 770 had more power. When the John Deere 2010 utility came out, it also competed directly with the International, as did the Massey Ferguson MF165. The John Deere 2020, which replaced the 2010, moved up a power class, where it competed better with the Oliver 770. In 1968 the [[International 544]] replaced the 504 and moved up to the same class as the John Deere 2020.
+
Case didn't make a utility tractor in the same power class as the International 544 so its closest model was the 730CK Special, a larger and more powerful standard tractor. In 1968 Ford tractors bracketed the International, the 4000 All Purpose having several hp less and the 5000 All Purpose having several hp more. In 1969 the 4000 got a bigger engine, giving it almost as much power as the International. The Ford All Purpose tractors were built taller than traditional utility tractors so, in 1970, Ford brought out the 4000 SU, basically the 4000-series engine in the chassis of the smaller [[Ford 3000|3000]] utility. The John Deere 2010 U was a close match for the International. In 1972 it was replaced by the more powerful 2030 RU. In 1968 the Massey-Ferguson MF165's 176 ci Continental 4-cylinder engine provided less power than the International's 200 ci four. In 1969 the MF165 got a larger Perkins 212 ci engine, making it eaqual to the International. The taller Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard and Oliver 1550 Wheatland were also in the same power class as the International 544.
   
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! Make & model !! Pto hp !! Displace. !! Speeds !! Weight (lb) !! Price-$ (year)
 
! Make & model !! Pto hp !! Displace. !! Speeds !! Weight (lb) !! Price-$ (year)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[International 504]] || 46 || 152 || 10 || 4310 || 3820 (1962) 4200 (1967)
+
| [[International 544]] || 53 || 200 || 5-10 || 4980 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Case 540]] || 40 || 159 || 4-12 || 3455 || 3495 (1962) 4410 (1967)
+
| [[Case 730CK Special]] || 58 || 251 || 8 || 6400 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Case 640]] || 50 || 188 || 12 || 4315 || 4000 (1962)
+
| [[Ford 4000 All Purpose]] || 46 || 192 || 8 || 4090 || 4908 (1968)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford 801-Series]] || 46 || 172 || 12 || 3487 ||
+
| [[Ford 5000 All Purpose]] || 60 || 233 || 8 || 5140 || 5713 (1968) 8023 (1973)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford 4000]] || 46 || 172 || 5 || 3279 || 3815 (1963)
+
| [[Ford 4000 All Purpose]] || 51 || 201 || 8 || 4504 || 5589 (1969) 6862 (1973)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford 4000 3-cyl]] || 46 || 192 || 8 || 4210 || 4417 (1967)
+
| [[Ford 4000 SU]] || 52 || 201 || 8 || 4245 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[John Deere 2010U]] || 46 || 144 || 8 || 4600 || 3596 (1964)
+
| [[John Deere 2020 U]] || 54 || 181 || 8 || 4565 || 4865 (1968)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[John Deere 2020U]] || 54 || 181 || 8 || 4565 || 4517 (1967)
+
| [[John Deere 2030 RU]] || 60 || 219 || 8-16 || 4845 || 6361 (1973)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF65]] || 41 || 176 || 6 || 3843 || 3850 (1963)
+
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF165]] || 47 || 176 || 6-12 || 4630 || 4670 (1968)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF165]] || 46 || 176 || 6 || 4595 || 4485 (1967)
+
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF165]] || 52 || 212 || 6-12 || 4630 || 4717 (1969) 6286 (1973)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oliver 550]] || 41 || 155 || 6 || 3229 || 2675 (1962) 3182 (1967)
+
| [[Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard]] || 56 || 221 || 10 || 5100 || 5730 (1968)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oliver 770 Standard]] || 52 || 216 || 6 || 4686 || 3750 (1962) 4120 (1967)
+
| [[Oliver 1550 Wheatland]] || 53 || 232 || 12 || 6650 || 5767 (1968)
 
|}
 
|}
   
 
=== Tractor Comparison, diesel version ===
 
=== Tractor Comparison, diesel version ===
Competing with the International 504 were several other diesel-powered utility tractors in the 46 pto hp range: the Case 630, Ford 4000 3-cylinder, John Deere 2010U, Massey Ferguson MF65, and Zetor 4011. The Ford 801-series and 4-cylinder 4000, Long BMC Nuffield, Nuffield 10/42 and 3/45, Oliver 550 and 600, and Ursus C350 were all less powerful. The David Brown 990, John Deere 2020U, Massey Ferguson MF165, and Zetor 5511 were all slightly heavier and more powerful. Also competing to some extent with the International were the taller, heavier, Cockshutt 560, Fordson Super Major and Ford Super Major 5000, Nuffield 4/60 and 10/60, and Oliver 770 and 1550.
+
The diesel version of the International 544 competed in 1968 with the diesel MC Nuffield 10/60, David Brown 990, Deutz D5506, Fiat 615, John Deere 2020 U, Massey-Ferguson MF165, Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard, and Oliver 1450. The Ford 4000 All Purpose was less powerful in 1968 and the Ford 5000 All Purpose was more powerful. In 1969 the improved Ford 4000 All Purpose more closely matched the International and the lower 1970 Ford 4000 SU was an even better match. The 1971 Fiat 600 and nearly identical Fiat-built Minneapolis-Moline G450 and Oliver 1365 also matched the International 544.
   
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! Make & model !! Pto hp !! Displace. !! Speeds !! Weight (lb) !! Price-$ (year)
 
! Make & model !! Pto hp !! Displace. !! Speeds !! Weight (lb) !! Price-$ (year)
 
|-
 
|-
| [[International 504]] || 46 || 188 || 5-10 || 4290 || 4400 (1962) 4765 (1967)
+
| [[International 544]] || 53 || 239 || 5-10 || 5220 || 68-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Case 630]] || 48 || 188 || 12 || 4465 || 4600 (1962)
+
| [[BMC Nuffield 10/60]] || 55 || 230 || 10 || 5865 || 68
 
|-
 
|-
| [[David Brown 990]] || 52 || 186 || 6 || 4770 || 4130 (1962) 5014 (1967)
+
| [[BMC Nuffield 4/65]] || 62 || 230 || 10 || 6610 || 68-69
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford 801-Series]] || 40 || 172 || 12 || 3010 || 3070 (1961)
+
| [[Case 730CK Special]] || 57 || 267 || 8 || 6600 || 68-69
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford 4000]] || 41 || 172 || 12 || 3280 || 3900 (1963)
+
| [[David Brown 990]] || 52 || 186 || 6 || 4230 || 5292 (1968) 68
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford 4000 3-cyl]] || 47 || 201 || 8 || 4450 || 4669 (1967)
+
| [[David Brown 990]] || 54 || 195 || 6 || 4230 || 5616 (1969) 7615 (1973) 69-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[John Deere 2010U]] || 47 || 165 || 8 || 4700 || 3950 (1962)
+
| [[Deutz D5506]] || 56 || 230 || 8-12 || 4730 || 7606 (1973) 68-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[John Deere 2020U]] || 54 || 203 || 8 || 4645 || 4951 (1967)
+
| [[Fiat 615]] || 55 || 268 || 7 || 5997 || 68
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Long BMC Nuffield]] || 42 || 173 || 10 || 5910 ||
+
| [[Fiat 650]] || c.55 || 226 || 7 || 5650 || 69-71
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF65]] || 49 || 203 || 6 || 4035 || 4240 (1964)
+
| [[Fiat 600]] || 55 || 211 || 8 || 4961 || 71-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF165]] || 52 || 203 || 6 || 4855 || 4915 (1967)
+
| [[Ford 4000 All Purpose]] || 47 || 201 || 8 || 4090 || 5188 (1968) 68-69
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nuffield 10/42]] || 39 || 173 || 10 || 5350 || 3830 (1966)
+
| [[Ford 5000 All Purpose]] || 60 || 233 || 8 || 5140 || 6024 (1968) 68
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nuffield 3/45]] || 42 || 173 || 10 || 5910 || 4230 (1969)
+
| [[Ford 4000 All Purpose]] || 53 || 201 || 8 || 4770 || 5883 (1969) 7224 (1973) 69-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oliver 550]] || 39 || 155 || 6 || 3000 || 3430 (1962) 4057 (1967)
+
| [[Ford 4000 SU]] || 53 || 201 || 8 || 4380 || 70-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oliver 600]] || 40 || 165 || 6 || 4047 ||
+
| [[John Deere 2020 U]] || 54 || 203 || 8 || 4645 || 5359 (1968) 68-71
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ursus C350]] || 43 || 190 || 10 || 4880 ||
+
| [[John Deere 2030 RU]] || 61 || 219 || 8-16 || 4845 || 6896 (1973) 72-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Zetor 4011]] || 48 || 190 || || 4912 ||
+
| [[Leyland 255]] || 48 || 222 || 10 || 6300 || 73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Zetor 5511]] || 51 || 190 || 10 || 5365 ||
+
| [[Massey-Ferguson MF165]] || 52 || 204 || 6-12 || 4880 || 5080 (1968) 6651 (1973) 68-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Cockshutt 560]] || 50 || 270 || 6 || 6150 || 4875 (1962)
+
| [[Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard]] || 52 || 236 || 10 || 5200 || 6405 (1970) 68-70
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Fordson Super Major]] || 49 || 220 || 6 || 4609 || 3780 (1963)
+
| [[Minneapolis-Moline G450 Utility]] || 55 || 211 || 8-12 || 4410 || 6196 (1973) 71-73
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Ford Super Major 5000]] || 48 || 220 || 6 || 4469 || 4154 (1963)
+
| [[Oliver 1450]] || 55 || 268 || 7-14 || 5520 || 5557 (1968) 68-69
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nuffield 4/60]] || 55 || 230 || || 5689 ||
+
| [[Oliver 1355 Utility]] || 51 || 190 || 8 || 4410 || 5210 (1969) 69-71
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Nuffield 10/60]] || 55 || 230 || 10 || 5865 ||
+
| [[Oliver 1365 Utility]] || 55 || 211 || 8-12 || 4410 || 6196 (1973) 71-73
|-
 
| [[Oliver 770 Standard]] || 44 || 216 || 6 || 5425 || 4620 (1962) 5060 (1967)
 
|-
 
| [[Oliver 1550 Wheatland]] || 53 || 232 || 12 || 6319 || 6126 (1967)
 
 
|}
 
|}
  +
 
Note: Most specifications and prices in comparison tables from ''The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010''<ref name=Hall>Hall, Mike, Ed., ''The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010'', Price Digests, Overland Park, Kansas, 2009</ref>, ''Farm Tractors 1950-1975''<ref name=Larsen>Larsen, Lester, ''Farm Tractors 1950-1975'', American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1981</ref>, and ''Farm Tractors 1975-1995''<ref name=Gay>Gay, Larry, ''Farm Tractors 1975-1995'', American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1995</ref>
 
Note: Most specifications and prices in comparison tables from ''The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010''<ref name=Hall>Hall, Mike, Ed., ''The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010'', Price Digests, Overland Park, Kansas, 2009</ref>, ''Farm Tractors 1950-1975''<ref name=Larsen>Larsen, Lester, ''Farm Tractors 1950-1975'', American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1981</ref>, and ''Farm Tractors 1975-1995''<ref name=Gay>Gay, Larry, ''Farm Tractors 1975-1995'', American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1995</ref>
   
 
=== Timeline ===
 
=== Timeline ===
*1961 - [[International 504]] introduced to eventually replace [[International 340]]
 
 
*1968 - [[International 544]] replaced [[International 504]]
 
*1968 - [[International 544]] replaced [[International 504]]
  +
*1973 - [[International 574]] replaced 544
   
 
=== Factory locations ===
 
=== Factory locations ===
Line 157: Line 157:
 
==Specification==
 
==Specification==
 
For basic spec see Infobox on the right. Add details here.
 
For basic spec see Infobox on the right. Add details here.
*C-153 4-cylinder gasoline engine
+
*C-200 4-cylinder gasoline engine
 
*5-speed transmission
 
*5-speed transmission
 
*Adjustable front axle
 
*Adjustable front axle
 
*Hydrostatic power steering
 
*Hydrostatic power steering
 
*Independent pto
 
*Independent pto
*Category I 3-point hitch with traction control
+
*Category II 3-point hitch with traction control
 
*Standard tires
 
*Standard tires
**Front: 6.00-16 4-ply
+
**Front: 6.00-16 6-ply
**Rear: 13.6-28 4-ply
+
**Rear: 14.9-28 6-ply
   
 
===Options===
 
===Options===
*LPG engine
+
*D-239 4-cylinder diesel engine
*D-188 4-cylinder diesel engine
 
 
*Torque Amplifier 2-speed planetary gearbox
 
*Torque Amplifier 2-speed planetary gearbox
 
*Forward-reverse shuttle (not available with Torque Amplifier)
 
*Forward-reverse shuttle (not available with Torque Amplifier)
Line 174: Line 174:
 
*Power adjusted rear wheels
 
*Power adjusted rear wheels
 
*"Hydra-Touch" hydraulic valves
 
*"Hydra-Touch" hydraulic valves
*2-point "Fast Hitch" in place of 3-point hitch
 
*Optional tires
 
**Front: 6.00-16 6-ply
 
**Rear: 14.9-28 6-ply
 
   
==Serial numbers version)==
+
==Serial numbers==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Year !! Serial no. run<br />start<ref name=I&T>"Implement & Tractor Red Book Issue 1966", p.B-196</ref> !! Serial no. run<br />End !! Number Built !! Notes
+
! Year !! Serial no. run<br />start<ref name=Hall>Hall, Mike, Ed., ''The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010'', Price Digests, Overland Park, Kansas, 2009</ref> !! Serial no. run<br />End !! Number Built !! Notes
  +
|-
  +
| 1968 || 10250 || 12698 || 2449 || Production calculated from serial no. range
  +
|-
  +
| 1969 || 12699 || 14588 || 1890 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 1972 || 2501 || 3511 || 1011 || Production calculated from serial no. range
+
| 1970 || 14589 || 16017 || 1429 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 1973 || 3512 || 3823 || 312 ||
+
| 1971 || 16018 || 16837 || 820 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 1974 || 3824 || || ||
+
| 1972 || 16838 || 17340 || 503 ||
 
|-
 
|-
| || || <ref name=Baumheckel>Baumheckel, Ralph and Borghoff, Kent, ''International Farm Equipment Product History'', American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1997</ref> || || Last built
+
| 1973 || 17341 || 17428<ref name=Baumheckel>Baumheckel, Ralph and Borghoff, Kent, ''International Farm Equipment Product History'', American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1997</ref> || 88 || Last built
 
|-
 
|-
|colspan=3 |'''Total''' built || ||
+
|colspan=3 |'''Total''' built || 7179 ||
 
|}
 
|}
   
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Add details of known examples in preservation;
 
Add details of known examples in preservation;
   
{{PML_International 504}}
+
{{PML_International 544}}
   
 
== Gallery ==
 
== Gallery ==
Line 210: Line 206:
 
* [[Case IH]]
 
* [[Case IH]]
 
* [[Farmall]]
 
* [[Farmall]]
* [[International 340]]
+
* [[Farmall 544]]
* [[Farmall 504]]
+
* [[International 544 Hydro]]
* [[International 504 Hi-Clear]]
+
* [[International 2544]]
* [[International 2504]]
 
 
;Collection related info
 
;Collection related info
 
* [[Shows and Meets]] - events featuring tractors and other machinery
 
* [[Shows and Meets]] - events featuring tractors and other machinery
Line 228: Line 224:
 
{{IH range}}
 
{{IH range}}
 
{{Tractor manufacturers}}
 
{{Tractor manufacturers}}
bebop
 

Latest revision as of 20:34, September 4, 2010

International 544
International 544 Gas 1968
International 544 utility tractor with gasoline engine, 1968
Model history
Model introduced 1968
Model discontinued 1973
Model status Discontinued
No. produced 7,179
Preceded by International 504
Superseded by International 574
Engine Specification
Engine make International
Engine model C-200
Fuel type gasoline
Power hp 66 gross, 60 net, 53 pto, 46 drawbar
Governed rpm 2200
Displacement cu in /(litre) 200 ci
No. of Cylinders 4
Bore in (mm) 3.813"
Stroke in (mm) 4.3875"
Cooling system Water
Naturally aspirated, Turbo or Supercharged NA
Transmission Details
Transmission type 5-speed sliding gear plus 2-speed planetary
Gearbox make International
Forward 10
Reverse 2
Drive 2-WD
General Data
Linkage Category Category II 3-point hitch
Tyre Sizes (std/options)
Front 6.00-16 6-ply
Rear 14.9-28 6-ply
Tractor Dimensions
Length (inches/metres) 138"
Height (inches/meters) 62"
Weight (nominal) lb/kg 4980 lb
Wheelbase 73"
Plow rating 4
This box: view · talk

The Edrob/International 544 was a utility tractor built by International Harvester from 1968 to 1973 in the US.

Model historyEdit

Main article: International Harvester

For hydrostatic transmission version see: International 544 Hydro. For row crop utility model see: International 544 Row Crop. For industrial model see: International 2544.

The International 544 Utility was longer and taller than the 504 Utility it replaced and about 700 lb heavier (partly from larger standard rear tires). New engines moved it up from the 3-4 plow 45-hp class to the full 4-plow 55-hp class. A new 200 ci International C-200 gas engine, derived from the C-301 6-cylinder of the big 856 tractor, replaced the old C-153 4-cylinder. The available diesel engine was a new International D-239 4-cylinder built in Neuss, Germany, replacing the American-built D-188. As before, the main transmission was a 5-speed and a 2-speed Torque Amplifier was available.

Tractor Comparison, gasoline version Edit

Case didn't make a utility tractor in the same power class as the International 544 so its closest model was the 730CK Special, a larger and more powerful standard tractor. In 1968 Ford tractors bracketed the International, the 4000 All Purpose having several hp less and the 5000 All Purpose having several hp more. In 1969 the 4000 got a bigger engine, giving it almost as much power as the International. The Ford All Purpose tractors were built taller than traditional utility tractors so, in 1970, Ford brought out the 4000 SU, basically the 4000-series engine in the chassis of the smaller 3000 utility. The John Deere 2010 U was a close match for the International. In 1972 it was replaced by the more powerful 2030 RU. In 1968 the Massey-Ferguson MF165's 176 ci Continental 4-cylinder engine provided less power than the International's 200 ci four. In 1969 the MF165 got a larger Perkins 212 ci engine, making it eaqual to the International. The taller Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard and Oliver 1550 Wheatland were also in the same power class as the International 544.

Make & model Pto hp Displace. Speeds Weight (lb) Price-$ (year)
International 544 53 200 5-10 4980
Case 730CK Special 58 251 8 6400
Ford 4000 All Purpose 46 192 8 4090 4908 (1968)
Ford 5000 All Purpose 60 233 8 5140 5713 (1968) 8023 (1973)
Ford 4000 All Purpose 51 201 8 4504 5589 (1969) 6862 (1973)
Ford 4000 SU 52 201 8 4245
John Deere 2020 U 54 181 8 4565 4865 (1968)
John Deere 2030 RU 60 219 8-16 4845 6361 (1973)
Massey-Ferguson MF165 47 176 6-12 4630 4670 (1968)
Massey-Ferguson MF165 52 212 6-12 4630 4717 (1969) 6286 (1973)
Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard 56 221 10 5100 5730 (1968)
Oliver 1550 Wheatland 53 232 12 6650 5767 (1968)

Tractor Comparison, diesel version Edit

The diesel version of the International 544 competed in 1968 with the diesel MC Nuffield 10/60, David Brown 990, Deutz D5506, Fiat 615, John Deere 2020 U, Massey-Ferguson MF165, Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard, and Oliver 1450. The Ford 4000 All Purpose was less powerful in 1968 and the Ford 5000 All Purpose was more powerful. In 1969 the improved Ford 4000 All Purpose more closely matched the International and the lower 1970 Ford 4000 SU was an even better match. The 1971 Fiat 600 and nearly identical Fiat-built Minneapolis-Moline G450 and Oliver 1365 also matched the International 544.

Make & model Pto hp Displace. Speeds Weight (lb) Price-$ (year)
International 544 53 239 5-10 5220 68-73
BMC Nuffield 10/60 55 230 10 5865 68
BMC Nuffield 4/65 62 230 10 6610 68-69
Case 730CK Special 57 267 8 6600 68-69
David Brown 990 52 186 6 4230 5292 (1968) 68
David Brown 990 54 195 6 4230 5616 (1969) 7615 (1973) 69-73
Deutz D5506 56 230 8-12 4730 7606 (1973) 68-73
Fiat 615 55 268 7 5997 68
Fiat 650 c.55 226 7 5650 69-71
Fiat 600 55 211 8 4961 71-73
Ford 4000 All Purpose 47 201 8 4090 5188 (1968) 68-69
Ford 5000 All Purpose 60 233 8 5140 6024 (1968) 68
Ford 4000 All Purpose 53 201 8 4770 5883 (1969) 7224 (1973) 69-73
Ford 4000 SU 53 201 8 4380 70-73
John Deere 2020 U 54 203 8 4645 5359 (1968) 68-71
John Deere 2030 RU 61 219 8-16 4845 6896 (1973) 72-73
Leyland 255 48 222 10 6300 73
Massey-Ferguson MF165 52 204 6-12 4880 5080 (1968) 6651 (1973) 68-73
Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard 52 236 10 5200 6405 (1970) 68-70
Minneapolis-Moline G450 Utility 55 211 8-12 4410 6196 (1973) 71-73
Oliver 1450 55 268 7-14 5520 5557 (1968) 68-69
Oliver 1355 Utility 51 190 8 4410 5210 (1969) 69-71
Oliver 1365 Utility 55 211 8-12 4410 6196 (1973) 71-73

Note: Most specifications and prices in comparison tables from The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010[1], Farm Tractors 1950-1975[2], and Farm Tractors 1975-1995[3]

Timeline Edit

Factory locations Edit

SpecificationEdit

For basic spec see Infobox on the right. Add details here.

  • C-200 4-cylinder gasoline engine
  • 5-speed transmission
  • Adjustable front axle
  • Hydrostatic power steering
  • Independent pto
  • Category II 3-point hitch with traction control
  • Standard tires
    • Front: 6.00-16 6-ply
    • Rear: 14.9-28 6-ply

OptionsEdit

  • D-239 4-cylinder diesel engine
  • Torque Amplifier 2-speed planetary gearbox
  • Forward-reverse shuttle (not available with Torque Amplifier)
  • Heavy-duty fixed tread front axle
  • Power adjusted rear wheels
  • "Hydra-Touch" hydraulic valves

Serial numbersEdit

Year Serial no. run
start[1]
Serial no. run
End
Number Built Notes
1968 10250 12698 2449 Production calculated from serial no. range
1969 12699 14588 1890
1970 14589 16017 1429
1971 16018 16837 820
1972 16838 17340 503
1973 17341 17428[4] 88 Last built
Total built 7179

PreservationEdit

Add details of known examples in preservation;

List of Preserved International 544 tractors
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Make + Model No. Reg No.
(if known)
Serial No. Build-Date Engine-Type/Make Owner
(if known)
Photo Were seen/Featured in Other info
Image needed LHB


Image needed LHB


Please add any tractor with known reg or serial no. with Photo if possible.
Make & model reg no serial no date built engine owner Image needed LHB

set to 150px
seen at misc info
Create a page (link) for an individual tractor by linking the reg or serial number using reg number or serial number in the relevant column. Then once saved click the red link to start the new page and add info on that tractor.

Gallery Edit

Add extra photos here please.

See alsoEdit

Collection related info
  • Shows and Meets - events featuring tractors and other machinery
  • Clubs Listing - List of clubs including various tractor marques
  • Collections - list of private collections with tractors (add yours)
  • Museums - includes museums featuring tractors (please add missing ones)

References/sourcesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hall, Mike, Ed., The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010, Price Digests, Overland Park, Kansas, 2009
  2. Larsen, Lester, Farm Tractors 1950-1975, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1981
  3. Gay, Larry, Farm Tractors 1975-1995, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1995
  4. Baumheckel, Ralph and Borghoff, Kent, International Farm Equipment Product History, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1997

External linksEdit

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