Type State-owned company
Founded 1936
Headquarters Nizhny Tagil, Russia
Industry Machine building
Products Tanks, vehicles, metallurgical products

Uralvagonzavod, (State Unitary Enterprise "Production Association "URALVAGONZAVOD" named for Felix E. Dzerzhinsky) (Уралвагонзавод) ("Uralsky vagonostroitelny zavod imeni F.E. Dzerzhinskogo", UVZ) (Russian: "Уральскый вагоностроительный завод имени Ф.Е. Дзержинского", УВЗ) is a Russian machinery building company located in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. It is one of the largest scientific and industrial complexes in Russia[1] and the largest main battle tank manufacturer in the world.[2]

History Edit

Indian Army T-90

Indian Army T-90

The plant was built during 1931-1936 (mostly during the second five-year plan), launched on October 11, 1936, and named after Felix Dzerzhinsky. Initially it manufactured freight cars.

After the German invasion of 1941, Stalin ordered hundreds of factories in Ukraine and western Russia to be evacuated east. The KhPZ Factory No. 183 in Kharkiv was moved to Nizhny Tagil by rail, and merged with the Dzerzhinsky Works, to form the Stalin Ural Tank Factory No. 183. During the Great Patriotic War it became the largest producer of tanks in the world, including the T-34. After the war, tank production was scaled down, and part of the Vagonka's manufacturing and design assets were transferred back to Kharkiv's Diesel Factory No. 75 during the period from 1945–51.

After the war it was expanded to produce machinery of other types: agricultural, construction, aviation, and space, including design and production of the Vostok, Voskhod, Proton and Energia expendable rockets.

It is the location of the Kartsev-Venediktov Design Bureau (OKB-520) where the T-54A and T-55 (development of Morozov's T-54), T-62, T-72, and T-90 tanks have been designed, and probably Russia's future main battle tank, rumoured to be called the T-95.

Its gradual privatization was planned, beginning in 2006.[citation (source) needed]

Operations Edit

Uralvagonzavod building

The main Uralvagonzavod building

The company's main products include railway cars and tanks, road-building vehicles, metallurgical products, tools, farm tractors and consumer goods.[1]

Production of T-90 main battle tanks accounts for 18–20% of the company's overall production.[3] In 2008, Uralvagozavod produced about 175 tanks: 62 T-90A for the Russian Ministry of Defence, 60 T-90S for India and 53 T-90SA for Algeria.[2] This represents the highest level of tank production at Uralvagonzavod and in Russia as a whole since 1993. Moreover, according to Moscow Defense Brief, it would appear that in 2008 the number of tanks produced by the company was greater than the number of main battle tanks produced in all the other countries of the world taken together.[2]

Railway cars and other civilian production amounted to 2/3 of the company's overall output in 2008.[4]

The company is one of the Russian leaders in developing and manufacturing high-quality machine-building products of world class.[1]

In 2005, the company's revenue was $874.54 million, and net profit was $1.79 million. Export share was 4.7%.[5]


UVZ Tractor Models
Model Year(s) of Production Horsepower Engine Type Misc Notes Photo
UVZ PT-2 160 4WD
UVZ PT-M 160y 4WD


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Uralvagonzavod". Retrieved on 2009-05-19.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Barabanov, Mikhail, "Russian Tank Production Sets a New Record", Moscow Defense Brief (Moscow: Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies) (#2(16)). 
  3. Makienko, Konstantin, "Economic Crisis and Russia’s Defense Industry", Moscow Defense Brief (Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies) (#1(15)/2009), Retrieved on <time class="dtstart" datetime="2009-05-19">2009-05-19</time>. 
  4. "What the Russian papers say". RIA Novosti (2009-01-07). Retrieved on 2009-07-01.
  5. Makienko, Konstantin, "2005 Rating of Russia’s Largest Defense Companies", Moscow Defense Brief (Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies) (2/2006), Retrieved on <time class="dtstart" datetime="2009-05-19">2009-05-19</time>. 

External linksEdit

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