In the United States, commercial truck classification is determined based on the vehicle's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). The classes range from 1-8. It also done more broadly under the US DOT Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS) standards, which groups Class 1 and 2 as "Light Duty", 3-5 as "Medium Duty", and 6-8 as "Heavy Duty".
The Class 3 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 10,001 to 14,000 pounds (4,536 to 6,350 kg). Examples of vehicles in this class include the dual-rear wheel models of the Ford F-350 and the GMC Sierra 3500.
The Class 6 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 19,501 to 26,000 pounds (8,846 to 11,793 kg). Examples of trucks in this class include the International Durastar and GMC Topkick C5500.
Vehicles in Class 7 and above require a commercial driver's license to operate in the United States. Their GVWR ranges from 26,001 to 33,000 pounds (11,794 to 14,969 kg). Examples of trucks in this class include the International TranStar 8500.
When light-duty trucks were first produced, they were rated by their payload capacity in tons (e.g., 1/2-, 3/4- and 1-ton). The Ford F-150, Chevy/GMC 1500, and Dodge 1500 are a 1/2-ton. The Ford F-250, Chevy/GMC 2500, and Dodge 2500 are a 3/4-ton. The Ford F-350, Chevy/GMC 3500, and Dodge 3500 are a 1-ton. But throughout the years, the payload capacities have increased while the ton title has stayed the same. The current ton rating is nothing more than just a truck name.
References / sourcesEdit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 NTEA.com - Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GAWR) by Class
- ↑ Truck Classification
- ↑ TMIP|Clearinghouse|Accounting for Commercial Vehicles in Urban Transportation Models
- ↑ Toyota Tacoma Truck - 2008 Performance & Specifications
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 PDF
- ↑ 2005 Nissan Titan Specifications - Complete Specs & Data at InternetAutoGuide.com
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 Truck Model Roundup
- ↑ 2005 Chicago Auto Show
- ↑ [http://www.gmc.com/mediumduty/topkick/4500/index
- ↑ Idaho Commercial Driver's License Program
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 International Class 7 Crew Cab Pickup - Truck Trend
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