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Toyota Land Cruiser

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{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
|image =[[File:80-89 Toyota Land Cruiser.jpg|250px]]
+
|image =[[File:80-89 Toyota Land Cruiser.jpg|250px|left|Toyota Land Cruiser (FJ62LG)]]
|caption = left|Toyota Land Cruiser (FJ62LG)
 
 
|name = Toyota Land Cruiser
 
|name = Toyota Land Cruiser
 
|manufacturer = [[Toyota]]
 
|manufacturer = [[Toyota]]
 
|production = 1951–present
 
|production = 1951–present
|aka = [[Toyota Land Cruiser Cygnus]] <br>[[Lexus LX 450]] <br>[[Lexus LX 470]] <br>[[Lexus LX 570]] <br>[[Toyota Land Cruiser Amazon]] <br>[[Toyota Bandeirante]] (Brazil) <br>[[Toyota Roraima]] (Venezuela) <br>[[Toyota Samurai]] (Venezuela) <br>[[Toyota Merú]] ([[Venezuela]] <br>[[Toyota Land Cruiser Autana]] (Colombia, Venezuela)
 
 
|class = [[Off-road vehicle]] (1951–present)<br />[[Full-size]] [[SUV]] (1954–present)
 
|class = [[Off-road vehicle]] (1951–present)<br />[[Full-size]] [[SUV]] (1954–present)
 
}}
 
}}
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==BJ and FJ==
 
==BJ and FJ==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=BJ and FJ
 
|name=BJ and FJ
 
|production=1951–1955
 
|production=1951–1955
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==20 Series==
 
==20 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=[[Toyota FJ40|20 Series]]
 
|name=[[Toyota FJ40|20 Series]]
 
|image=
 
|image=
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==40 Series==
 
==40 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=40 Series
 
|name=40 Series
|aka= [[Toyota Bandeirante]] (Brazil)
+
|aka= Toyota Bandeirante (Brazil)
 
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser yellow vl.jpg|250px|Toyota Land Cruiser (BJ40LV)]]
 
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser yellow vl.jpg|250px|Toyota Land Cruiser (BJ40LV)]]
 
|production=1960–1984
 
|production=1960–1984
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==50 Series==
 
==50 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=50 Series
 
|name=50 Series
|image=[[File:Tlc2a.jpg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:Tlc2a.jpg|250px||Toyota Land Cruiser (FJ55LG)]]
|caption=Toyota Land Cruiser (FJ55LG)
 
 
|production=1967–1980
 
|production=1967–1980
 
|wheelbase={{convert|2710|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
 
|wheelbase={{convert|2710|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
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==60 Series==
 
==60 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=60 Series
 
|name=60 Series
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser.jpg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser.jpg|250px|left|Toyota Land Cruiser (FJ62LG)]]
|caption=Toyota Land Cruiser (FJ62LG)
 
 
|production=1980–1990
 
|production=1980–1990
|aka=[[Toyota Samurai]] (Venezuela)
+
|aka=Toyota Samurai (Venezuela)
 
|wheelbase={{convert|2730|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
 
|wheelbase={{convert|2730|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
 
|length={{convert|4675|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
 
|length={{convert|4675|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
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==70 Series==
 
==70 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=70 Series
 
|name=70 Series
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser HZJ76HV 001.jpg|250px]]
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|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser HZJ76HV 001.jpg|250px|HZJ76HV Four-door semi-long van 4.2D LX (Japan)]]
|caption=HZJ76HV Four-door semi-long van 4.2D LX (Japan)
 
 
|aka=
 
|aka=
 
|production=1984–present
 
|production=1984–present
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==80 Series==
 
==80 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=80 Series
 
|name=80 Series
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser -- 03-25-2010.jpg|250px]]
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|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser -- 03-25-2010.jpg|250px|1990-1994 Toyota Land Cruiser (US)]]
|caption=1990-1994 Toyota Land Cruiser (US)
 
 
|production=1989–1997
 
|production=1989–1997
 
|layout=[[Front-engine design|Front engine]] / [[four-wheel drive]]
 
|layout=[[Front-engine design|Front engine]] / [[four-wheel drive]]
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|weight={{convert|4595|lb|kg|0|abbr=on}} (1990-92)<br />{{convert|4760|lb|kg|0|abbr=on}} (1993-97)
 
|weight={{convert|4595|lb|kg|0|abbr=on}} (1990-92)<br />{{convert|4760|lb|kg|0|abbr=on}} (1993-97)
 
|body_style=4-door [[SUV]]
 
|body_style=4-door [[SUV]]
|aka=[[Lexus LX 450]]<br />[[Toyota Land Cruiser Autana]] (Colombia, Venezuela)
+
|aka=[[Lexus LX#J80|Lexus LX 450]]<br />Toyota Land Cruiser Autana (Colombia, Venezuela)
|assembly=Toyota City, Japan ([[ARACO]])<br />Cumaná, [[Venezuela]]
+
|assembly=Toyota City, Japan ([[ARACO]])<br />Cumaná, Venezuela
 
|engine=4.0 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota F engine#3F-E|3F-E]] petrol<br />4.5 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota FZ engine|1FZ]] petrol<br />4.2 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota HD engine|1HD]] diesel turbo<br />4.2 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota HZ engine|1HZ]] diesel
 
|engine=4.0 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota F engine#3F-E|3F-E]] petrol<br />4.5 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota FZ engine|1FZ]] petrol<br />4.2 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota HD engine|1HD]] diesel turbo<br />4.2 L [[Straight-six engine|I6]] [[Toyota HZ engine|1HZ]] diesel
 
|transmission=4-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br />5-speed [[manual transmission|manual]]
 
|transmission=4-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br />5-speed [[manual transmission|manual]]
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==90 Series==
 
==90 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=90 Series
 
|name=90 Series
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser front 20071025.jpg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser front 20071025.jpg|250px|Toyota Land Cruiser 95 Series]]
|caption=Toyota Land Cruiser 95 Series
 
 
|production=1996–present
 
|production=1996–present
 
|weight=
 
|weight=
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|height=
 
|height=
 
|fuel_economy=
 
|fuel_economy=
|aka= [[Toyota Merú]] ([[Venezuela]], 2-door)<ref name="Merú">{{cite web|url=http://www.toyota.com.ve/cars/new_cars/land_cruiser_90
+
|aka= Toyota Merú ([[Venezuela]], 2-door)<ref name="Merú">{{cite web|url=http://www.toyota.com.ve/cars/new_cars/land_cruiser_90
 
/index.asp|title=Toyota Merú|accessdate=2010-01-10|language=Spanish}}</ref>
 
/index.asp|title=Toyota Merú|accessdate=2010-01-10|language=Spanish}}</ref>
 
|body_style=
 
|body_style=
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==100 Series==
 
==100 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=100 Series
 
|name=100 Series
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser -- 03-11-2010.jpg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:Toyota Land Cruiser -- 03-11-2010.jpg|250px|Toyota Land Cruiser UZJ100 (US)]]
|caption=Toyota Land Cruiser UZJ100 (US)
 
 
|production=1998–2007
 
|production=1998–2007
 
|weight={{convert|2320|kg|lb|abbr=on}}
 
|weight={{convert|2320|kg|lb|abbr=on}}
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|height={{convert|1849|mm|in|abbr=on}}
 
|height={{convert|1849|mm|in|abbr=on}}
 
|fuel_economy=18.5-26.1 mpg
 
|fuel_economy=18.5-26.1 mpg
|aka=[[Lexus LX#J100|Lexus LX 470]]<br />[[Toyota Land Cruiser Amazon]] (UK 1998-2003)
+
|aka=[[Lexus LX#J100|Lexus LX 470]]<br />Toyota Land Cruiser Amazon (UK 1998-2003)
 
|body_style=4-door [[SUV]]
 
|body_style=4-door [[SUV]]
 
|assembly=[[Toyota City]], Japan ([[ARACO]])
 
|assembly=[[Toyota City]], Japan ([[ARACO]])
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The introduction of a V8 engine was also a first for a Land Cruiser, and was specifically intended to improve sales in the North-American market, where it was the only engine available. In Australia, the 100 V8 was initially only available in the range-topping GXV model, while entry and mid-range models were the 105 powered by the [[Toyota FZ engine|1FZ-FE]] I6 petrol, or [[Toyota HZ engine|1Hz]] diesel engines. The new [[Toyota HD engine|1HD-FTE]] turbo-diesel 100 was added to the Australian range in October 2000 after being available in Europe and the UK since launch in 1998. The 4WD media in Australia were critical of Toyota’s decision to offer the acclaimed 1HD-FTE engine only in combination with IFS. Australian 4WD Monthly magazine said "We will never forgive Toyota for going independent at the front with the mighty 4.2 turbo-diesel".
 
The introduction of a V8 engine was also a first for a Land Cruiser, and was specifically intended to improve sales in the North-American market, where it was the only engine available. In Australia, the 100 V8 was initially only available in the range-topping GXV model, while entry and mid-range models were the 105 powered by the [[Toyota FZ engine|1FZ-FE]] I6 petrol, or [[Toyota HZ engine|1Hz]] diesel engines. The new [[Toyota HD engine|1HD-FTE]] turbo-diesel 100 was added to the Australian range in October 2000 after being available in Europe and the UK since launch in 1998. The 4WD media in Australia were critical of Toyota’s decision to offer the acclaimed 1HD-FTE engine only in combination with IFS. Australian 4WD Monthly magazine said "We will never forgive Toyota for going independent at the front with the mighty 4.2 turbo-diesel".
   
The 100 series formed the basis for the [[Lexus LX#J100|Lexus LX 470]], which was also sold in Japan as the [[Toyota Land Cruiser Cygnus]].
+
The 100 series formed the basis for the [[Lexus LX#J100|Lexus LX 470]], which was also sold in Japan as the Toyota Cygnus.
   
The 100 series was called the [[Toyota Land Cruiser Amazon]] in the UK and Ireland from 1998 to 2003.
+
The 100 series was called the Toyota Land Cruiser Amazon in the UK and Ireland from 1998 to 2003.
   
 
In 2000, Toyota celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Land Cruiser with commemorative models offered in several countries. Total global production to date was 3.72 million vehicles.
 
In 2000, Toyota celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Land Cruiser with commemorative models offered in several countries. Total global production to date was 3.72 million vehicles.
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==200 Series==
 
==200 Series==
{{Infobox Automobile
+
{{Infobox automobile
 
|name=200 Series
 
|name=200 Series
|image=[[File:2008 Toyota Land Cruiser.jpg|250px]]
+
|image=[[File:2008 Toyota Land Cruiser.jpg|250px|2008 Toyota Land Cruiser]]
|caption=2008 Toyota Land Cruiser
 
 
|production=2008–present
 
|production=2008–present
 
|layout=[[Front-engine design|Front engine]] / [[four-wheel drive]]
 
|layout=[[Front-engine design|Front engine]] / [[four-wheel drive]]
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|height={{convert|1880|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
 
|height={{convert|1880|mm|in|1|abbr=on}}
 
|body_style=4-door [[SUV]]
 
|body_style=4-door [[SUV]]
|aka=[[Toyota Roraima]] (Venezuela)<br />[[Lexus LX 570]]
+
|aka=Toyota Roraima (Venezuela)<br />[[Lexus LX#J200|Lexus LX 570]]
|assembly=[[Toyota Auto Body]]<br />[[Toyota City]], Japan<br />[[Tahara, Aichi]] Japan <br />[[Tianjin]], China
+
|assembly=[[Toyota Auto Body]]<br />[[Toyota City]], Japan<br />[[Tahara, Aichi]] Japan <br />[[Tianjin]] China
 
|engine=4.0 L [[V6]] [[Toyota GR engine#1GR-FE|1GR]] petrol<br />
 
|engine=4.0 L [[V6]] [[Toyota GR engine#1GR-FE|1GR]] petrol<br />
 
5.7 L [[V8]] [[Toyota UR engine#3UR-FE|3UR]] petrol<ref name=2007press>{{cite web|url=http://pressroom.toyota.com/pr/tms/toyota/document/2008LandCruiser_sfo.pdf |title=Exterior Dimensions |format=PDF |date= |accessdate=2010-10-30}}</ref><br />
 
5.7 L [[V8]] [[Toyota UR engine#3UR-FE|3UR]] petrol<ref name=2007press>{{cite web|url=http://pressroom.toyota.com/pr/tms/toyota/document/2008LandCruiser_sfo.pdf |title=Exterior Dimensions |format=PDF |date= |accessdate=2010-10-30}}</ref><br />
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|transmission=6-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br />5-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br />5-speed manual}}
 
|transmission=6-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br />5-speed [[automatic transmission|automatic]]<br />5-speed manual}}
   
The Toyota Land Cruiser https://www.dubicars.com/dubai/used/toyota was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Known as the 200 Series, it shares the 2008 [[Lexus LX#J200|Lexus LX 570]]'s platform and overall design. The frame was all new, derived from the second-generation Tundras{{Citation needed|date=February 2011}} but shortened and strengthened by 20 percent. Bigger brake rotors and calipers were added and the front suspension was made heavier duty than the Land Cruiser's first effort at IFS in the 100-series and this underbelly is also protected by skid plates. Also, the roof pillars were totally redesigned to better protect occupants in the event of a rollover. Though many time-honored Land Cruiser supporters welcomed the re-invigoration of the mechanical aspects of the vehicle, the 200 Series encountered some criticism due to its bland body restyling, with some claiming that Toyota has 'overdeveloped' the classic trademarked Land Cruiser identity in its efforts to fit the Land Cruiser into modern 21st century motoring and vehicle design. While Toyota is guilty of playing it safe with the styling, ever-increasing crash regulations and a demand for creature comforts have played their parts. Nonetheless, the Land Cruiser remains the NATO vehicle of choice and remains a very serious off-roader which can run with a Range Rover in the harshest of environments, though despite improvements it falls short of the Range Rover as regards interior finish and on-road dynamics. Toyota presented its completely redesigned Land Cruiser in October at the 2007 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney. The vehicle entered production in September and was available for sale from November 2007. Although the new Land Cruiser was presented at its first motor show in Sydney, it was already on sale in Japan, as it has already been launched there in September 2007. It also became available in [[Venezuela]] for sale early in November under the local nickname of "Roraima" (Taken from [[Mount Roraima]] in Venezuela). Early reliability has proved excellent.
+
The Toyota Land Cruiser was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Known as the 200 Series, it shares the 2008 [[Lexus LX#J200|Lexus LX 570]]'s platform and overall design. The frame was all new, derived from the second-generation Tundras{{Citation needed|date=February 2011}} but shortened and strengthened by 20 percent. Bigger brake rotors and calipers were added and the front suspension was made heavier duty than the Land Cruiser's first effort at IFS in the 100-series and this underbelly is also protected by skid plates. Also, the roof pillars were totally redesigned to better protect occupants in the event of a rollover. Though many time-honored Land Cruiser supporters welcomed the re-invigoration of the mechanical aspects of the vehicle, the 200 Series encountered some criticism due to its bland body restyling, with some claiming that Toyota has 'overdeveloped' the classic trademarked Land Cruiser identity in its efforts to fit the Land Cruiser into modern 21st century motoring and vehicle design. While Toyota is guilty of playing it safe with the styling, ever-increasing crash regulations and a demand for creature comforts have played their parts. Nonetheless, the Land Cruiser remains the NATO vehicle of choice and remains a very serious off-roader which can run with a Range Rover in the harshest of environments, though despite improvements it falls short of the Range Rover as regards interior finish and on-road dynamics. Toyota presented its completely redesigned Land Cruiser in October at the 2007 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney. The vehicle entered production in September and was available for sale from November 2007. Although the new Land Cruiser was presented at its first motor show in Sydney, it was already on sale in Japan, as it has already been launched there in September 2007. It also became available in [[Venezuela]] for sale early in November under the local nickname of "Roraima" (Taken from [[Mount Roraima]] in Venezuela). Early reliability has proved excellent.
 
The 200 Series is offered in three different levels of trim in Australia and Oceania:
 
The 200 Series is offered in three different levels of trim in Australia and Oceania:
 
* GXL
 
* GXL
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{{clear}}
 
{{clear}}
[[Category:Toyota vehicles|Land Cruiser]]
 
[[Category:Off-road vehicles]]
 
[[Category:SUVs]]
 
[[Category:All wheel drive vehicles]]
 
[[Category:1950s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:1960s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:1970s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:1980s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:1990s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:2000s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:2010s automobiles]]
 
[[Category:Vehicles introduced in 1954]]
 
[[Category:Toyota Land Cruiser]]
 
[[Category:Trucks built in Japan]]
 
[[Category:Trucks built in China]]
 
[[Category:Trucks built in Venezuela]]
 
   
 
==Sales numbers==
 
==Sales numbers==
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*[[Toyota Land Cruiser Prado]]
 
*[[Toyota Land Cruiser Prado]]
 
*[[Lexus LX]]
 
*[[Lexus LX]]
*[http://www.dubicarcloud.com/dubai/car-sales/sedan/toyota/camry Toyota Camry]
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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[[Category:Vehicles introduced in 1954]]
 
[[Category:Vehicles introduced in 1954]]
 
[[Category:Toyota Land Cruiser]]
 
[[Category:Toyota Land Cruiser]]
[[Category:Trucks built in Japan]]
 
[[Category:Trucks built in China]]
 
[[Category:Trucks built in Venezuela]]
 
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