Toyota Coaster used as a Hong Kong minibus.
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The Toyota Coaster is a minibus produced by Toyota Motor Corporation. It was introduced in 1969, with the second generation introduced in 1982, followed by the third generation in 1993. The third generation Coaster received a facelift in 2001 and again in 2007.
The Toyota Coaster was introduced in 1969 as a 17-passenger minibus using the same running gear as the Toyota Dyna of the time. Early models used the 2.0-liter Toyota R engine with 4-speed manual transmission. Subsequent models used a variety of 4 and 6-cylinder diesel and petrol engines, and an option of automatic transmission was later introduced.
In August 1997, Toyota "Coaster Hybrid EV" minibus was launched, ahead of Prius. The Coaster Hybrid, according to Toyota, became its first hybrid vehicle. Production of the Coaster Hybrid continued until 2007.
The LPG Coaster, fueled by liquefied petroleum gas, was developed specifically for the Hong Kong market and its air pollution problems. It emits less harmful gas, and totally eliminates black smoke and suspended particle emissions.
The Coaster is very common not only in Japan, Hong Kong and Australia, but also in the developing world, where its reliability and cost effectiveness has made it a mainstay for minibus operators in Africa, the Middle East, and the Caribbean. It is widely used in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia as public transportation. These buses are imported mainly from Asia and had to have the steering wheel moved to the left and the passenger door to the other side.
The chassis of the Toyota Coaster is also used on the Salvador Caetano Optimo and sold in Europe.
The Toyota Coaster is very popular for motor home conversion. Retired Coasters are commonly converted for private use by removal of most of the passenger seating and the addition of beds, kitchens, refrigerators, etc. Hundreds of such converted Coasters, some over 30 years old, remain in use.
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- Toyota Motor Corp (August 5, 2010). "Sales in Japan of TMC Hybrids Top 1 Million Units", http://pressroom.toyota.com/pr/tms/document/TOYOTA__News_Releases___Sales_in_Japan_of_TMC_Hybrids_Top_1_Million_Units.pdf. Retrieved on .
- "LPG Coaster - The Green Way to Travel". Toyota. Retrieved on March 10, 2011.
- Toyota Coaster (Japanese)
- Toyota Australia: Coaster
- Toyota Coaster (Hong Kong)
- Toyota LPG Coaster (Hong Kong)