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[edit] [purge] Template documentation

Usage

Use this template to create a reference list in small font for an article. Note that there is no consensus that small font size should always be used for all references; when normal-sized font is more appropriate on an article, use <references /> instead.

If used with no parameters, it will produce a reference list with a single column.

Multiple columns

Using {{reflist|2}} will create a two-column reference list, and {{reflist|3}} will create a three-column list. Three-column lists are inaccessible to users with smaller/laptop monitors and should be avoided.

Using {{reflist|colwidth=30em}} will allow the browser to automatically choose the number of columns based on the width of the web browser. Choose a column width that's appropriate for the average width of the references on the page.

Note: multiple columns currently render properly only in Mozilla Firefox and other Gecko-based browsers[1] and Safari 3,[2], though the feature is included in CSS3 so it should work for a larger number of browsers in the future.[3]

Three options for usage

Option 1 (only specific references) — Example:

==Content==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

==References==
{{reflist}}

Option 2 (only general references) — Example:

==Content==
Lorem ipsum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

==References==
{{refbegin}}
* general reference 1
* general reference 2
{{refend}}

Option 3 (both specific and general references) — Example:

==Content==
Lorem ipsum.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.<ref>Source name, access date, etc.</ref>

Lorem ipsum.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

==References==
{{reflist}}

{{refbegin}}
* general reference 1
* general reference 2
{{refend}}

Continuing the references

In order to add references manually, use the "#" sign and enclose the additional references in the "references-small" div style, as in this example:

<div class="references-small">
#<li value="2"> [http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/news/features/feature20070719.cfm ''Cassini-Huygens: NEWS - Features - Saturn Turns 60'']
# [http://www.scitech.ac.uk/PMC/PRel/STFC/frank.aspx ''A new moon for Saturn a family affair'']
# [http://ciclops.org/view.php?id=3353 ''From Dark Obscurity… A Tiny New Saturnian Moon Comes To Light'']
</div>

The <li value="2"> tag is used to ensure the new references start at the correct number. In the example, there was just one reference. Had there been 10, we would have started the additional references at "11".

Groups extension

The <ref> tag now supports named groups so that separate lists may be created— see Wikipedia:Footnotes#Separating reference lists and explanatory notes.

The general format for the reference tag would be:

<ref group=name>

And for the reflist:

{{reflist|group=name}})
Where name would be a group identifier such as "note", "nb" or "label".

For example, to create a separate format notes list, the references would be formatted as:

<ref group=note>

To create the formatted list:

==Name==
{{reflist|group=note}})

While any number of groups can be created and listed, they should be kept to a minimum.

Caveats

This template (or <references/> by any means, for that matter) should probably not be used multiple times in the same page with the same value for the group parameter. But if this is for some reason required, at least one parameter must be passed to every invocation of the template for correct output. For example, use {{reflist|dummy=1}} instead of simply {{reflist}}.

See also

References

  1. "CSS3 Multi-Column Thriller" (2005-12-30). Retrieved on 2006-11-24.
  2. "Multi-column layout in Safari 3 and Firefox". Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
  3. "CSS3 module: Multi-column layout". W3C (2005-12-15). Retrieved on 2006-11-24.