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[[Image:1998 Subaru Lancaster Limited.jpg|thumb|left|1998 Subaru Legacy Grandwagon Lancaster Limited (Japan)]]
 
[[Image:1998 Subaru Lancaster Limited.jpg|thumb|left|1998 Subaru Legacy Grandwagon Lancaster Limited (Japan)]]
   
The Legacy Outback was formally introduced to the North American market at the 1994 New York Auto Show, and was known in [[Japan]] starting August 1995 as the '''Legacy Grand Wagon''', and in Australia as the '''Liberty Outback''', a trim package with normal ground clearance but an "SUV look" with two-tone paint and fog lights. For MY 1994, the Legacy wagon was available as the Alpine Sport and Sun Sport, which were Value Option Packages included on the "L" trim level wagon, and graphics denoting the option package installed. The exterior was designed by Olivier Boulay, who was hired by Subaru on a short-term basis. It became a separately-marketed line in the United States in 1996. At this point it gained Outback-specific changes included unique bumpers (with large driving lamps incorporated into the front bumper), tweed-like seats and door panel inserts, taller tires with more aggressive tread, and a {{Auto in|7.3|0}} ground clearance, with a {{Auto in|7.87|0}} ground clearance in Japan.
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The Legacy Outback was formally introduced to the North American market at the 1994 New York Auto Show, and was known in [[Japan]] starting August 1995 as the '''Legacy Grand Wagon''', and in Australia as the '''Liberty Outback''', a trim package with normal ground clearance but an "SUV look" with two-tone paint and fog lights. For MY 1994, the Legacy wagon was available as the Alpine Sport and Sun Sport, which were Value Option Packages included on the "L" trim level wagon, and graphics denoting the option package installed. The exterior was designed by [[Olivier Boulay]], who was hired by Subaru on a short-term basis. It became a separately-marketed line in the United States in 1996. At this point it gained Outback-specific changes included unique bumpers (with large driving lamps incorporated into the front bumper), tweed-like seats and door panel inserts, taller tires with more aggressive tread, and a {{Auto in|7.3|0}} ground clearance, with a {{Auto in|7.87|0}} ground clearance in Japan.
   
 
The previous generation Legacy wagon had an optional air suspension, which allowed the driver to temporarily increase the vehicle's ground clearance, however the permanent increased ride height used on the Outback proved to be more practical. Subaru sales had been declining up until that point in North American market. With the help of clever marketing, a trim level called the Outback intent on making the Subaru a more capable multi-terrain vehicle offered an affordable and fuel efficient alternative to the popular SUVs that were outselling Subaru's traditional offerings. The Legacy and Outback wagons were built at the [[Subaru of Indiana Automotive]] production facility in Lafayette, Indiana that also manufactured the [[Isuzu Rodeo]], a traditional SUV with four-wheel-drive and an extended ground clearance.
 
The previous generation Legacy wagon had an optional air suspension, which allowed the driver to temporarily increase the vehicle's ground clearance, however the permanent increased ride height used on the Outback proved to be more practical. Subaru sales had been declining up until that point in North American market. With the help of clever marketing, a trim level called the Outback intent on making the Subaru a more capable multi-terrain vehicle offered an affordable and fuel efficient alternative to the popular SUVs that were outselling Subaru's traditional offerings. The Legacy and Outback wagons were built at the [[Subaru of Indiana Automotive]] production facility in Lafayette, Indiana that also manufactured the [[Isuzu Rodeo]], a traditional SUV with four-wheel-drive and an extended ground clearance.
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[[File:2nd Subaru Outback sedan.jpg|thumb|left|2002 Subaru Outback Limited sedan (US)]]
 
[[File:2nd Subaru Outback sedan.jpg|thumb|left|2002 Subaru Outback Limited sedan (US)]]
   
Based on the third generation Legacy, the Outback became its own model and the Legacy SUS remained unique to North America, and was realigned with the Outback Limited package, offering the [[Sedan (car)|sedan]], with an optional [[Flat-6|horizontal six-cylinder]] engine, also optional on the wagon. This bodystyle was introduced to Japan September 1998, and was called the Lancaster for the second generation, with the six-cylinder in Japan called the '''Lancaster 6'''. The name Lancaster is used for cities in England, Australia, Canada and the United States. The USA-spec Outback was available starting in 2000. The Outback saw a competitor from Nissan in Japan only called the [[Nissan Avenir|Nissan Avenir Blaster]] with a similar appearance to the Outback starting October 17, 2000.
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Based on the third generation Legacy, the Outback became its own model and the Legacy SUS remained unique to North America, and was realigned with the Outback Limited package, offering the [[Sedan (car)|sedan]], with an optional [[Flat-6|horizontal six-cylinder]] engine, also optional on the wagon. This bodystyle was introduced to Japan September 1998, and was called the Lancaster for the second generation, with the six-cylinder in Japan called the '''Lancaster 6'''. The name [[Lancaster]] is used for cities in England, Australia, Canada and the United States. The USA-spec Outback was available starting in 2000. The Outback saw a competitor from Nissan in Japan only called the [[Nissan Avenir|Nissan Avenir Blaster]] with a similar appearance to the Outback starting October 17, 2000.
   
The rear seat on the Outback sedan does not fold down, unlike previous generations where the rear seat had a 60:40 folding seat for extended length items. Rear headrests are now included as standard equipment on all trim levels. The ground clearance is {{convert|7.3|in|mm|abbr=on}}. The engine now meets California's Low Emission Vehicle emission standard.
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The rear seat on the Outback sedan does not fold down, unlike previous generations where the rear seat had a 60:40 folding seat for extended length items. Rear headrests are now included as standard equipment on all trim levels. The ground clearance is {{convert|7.3|in|mm|abbr=on}}. The engine now meets California's [[Low Emission Vehicle#Phase 1 - 1994-1999|LEV]] emission standard.
   
 
All trim levels retained the typical [[all-wheel-drive|AWD]] layouts seen in previous generation Outback, depending on transmission choice. Manual transmission models came with a mechanical "Continuous AWD" system which was normally 50/50 front/rear, and relied on limited slip differentials to redirect power front to rear, rear to front, and from one rear wheel to the other (when fitted with a rear [[limited slip differential]]). Automatic transmission models had an electronically-controlled AWD system that was 90/10 front/rear and redirected differing amounts of power to the rear wheels continuously. When accelerating or driving uphill, the vehicles weight shifts rearward, reducing front wheel traction, causing the transmission to automatically send torque to the rear wheels to compensate. When braking or driving downhill, the vehicle's weight shifts towards the front, reducing rear wheel traction. The transmission again compensates by sending torque to the front wheels for better steering control and braking performance. If the automatic is placed in Reverse or "1st" gear, the transmission divides the torque 50-50 to both front and rear wheels.
 
All trim levels retained the typical [[all-wheel-drive|AWD]] layouts seen in previous generation Outback, depending on transmission choice. Manual transmission models came with a mechanical "Continuous AWD" system which was normally 50/50 front/rear, and relied on limited slip differentials to redirect power front to rear, rear to front, and from one rear wheel to the other (when fitted with a rear [[limited slip differential]]). Automatic transmission models had an electronically-controlled AWD system that was 90/10 front/rear and redirected differing amounts of power to the rear wheels continuously. When accelerating or driving uphill, the vehicles weight shifts rearward, reducing front wheel traction, causing the transmission to automatically send torque to the rear wheels to compensate. When braking or driving downhill, the vehicle's weight shifts towards the front, reducing rear wheel traction. The transmission again compensates by sending torque to the front wheels for better steering control and braking performance. If the automatic is placed in Reverse or "1st" gear, the transmission divides the torque 50-50 to both front and rear wheels.
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In a higher trim level, known as the Outback L.L. Bean in the USA, a 200 Watt McIntosh stereo system was standard from 2001 to 2003. These were some of the only vehicles ever factory-equipped with McIntosh stereo equipment. Options also included an in-dash six-disc CD changer, VDC (for Vehicle Dynamics Control), and dual moonroofs. [[OnStar]] was available as an option on the USA-spec L.L. Bean. In-dash satellite navigation was offered on Japan-spec vehicles on upper trim level wagons starting with Model Year 1998, and continued to offer a Momo black leather steering wheel with genuine wood inlay, gearshift knob and parking brake handle. Plaid upholstery was still offered on Japan-spec Lancasters.
 
In a higher trim level, known as the Outback L.L. Bean in the USA, a 200 Watt McIntosh stereo system was standard from 2001 to 2003. These were some of the only vehicles ever factory-equipped with McIntosh stereo equipment. Options also included an in-dash six-disc CD changer, VDC (for Vehicle Dynamics Control), and dual moonroofs. [[OnStar]] was available as an option on the USA-spec L.L. Bean. In-dash satellite navigation was offered on Japan-spec vehicles on upper trim level wagons starting with Model Year 1998, and continued to offer a Momo black leather steering wheel with genuine wood inlay, gearshift knob and parking brake handle. Plaid upholstery was still offered on Japan-spec Lancasters.
   
The six-cylinder was also available as the '''VDC''', with Subaru's [[Electronic Stability Control|VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control)]] system, which integrated stability control with traction control. The system was also mated to a previously used Japanese-market AWD system, called VTD, in which power was split 45/55 front-to-rear in normal conditions. When wheel spin is detected, the system cuts power to the spinning wheel and directs power to those that aren't. Only when necessary do the brakes slow the affected wheels, when the vehicle detects excessive [[oversteer]] or [[understeer]]. This package had more sound insulation than other trims, as well as those features found on the L.L. Bean, such as [[McIntosh Laboratory|McIntosh]] stereo, [[OnStar]], and leather interior. Its curb weight was just slightly higher than that of the standard L.L. Bean trim, and while the VDC badging was placed on the front quarter panels only, the H6-3.0 and Outback markings were also applied as usual.
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The six-cylinder was also available as the '''VDC''', with Subaru's [[Electronic Stability Control|VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control)]] system, which integrated stability control with traction control. The system was also mated to a previously used Japanese-market AWD system, called VTD, in which power was split 45/55 front-to-rear in normal conditions. When wheel spin is detected, the system cuts power to the spinning wheel and directs power to those that aren't. Only when necessary do the brakes slow the affected wheels, when the vehicle detects excessive [[oversteer]] or [[understeer]]. This package had more sound insulation than other trims, as well as those features found on the [[L.L. Bean]], such as [[McIntosh Laboratory|McIntosh]] stereo, [[OnStar]], and leather interior. Its curb weight was just slightly higher than that of the standard L.L. Bean trim, and while the VDC badging was placed on the front quarter panels only, the H6-3.0 and Outback markings were also applied as usual.
   
 
=== Australia ===
 
=== Australia ===
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[[File:2008-2009 Subaru Outback -- 07-15-2010.jpg|thumb|left|2008-2009 Subaru Outback (US)]]
 
[[File:2008-2009 Subaru Outback -- 07-15-2010.jpg|thumb|left|2008-2009 Subaru Outback (US)]]
   
October 22, 2003, with the debut of the fourth-generation Legacy at the 60th Frankfurt Auto Show, the Outback name is now being used in all markets with the launch of the third-generation Outback wagon, in order to rationalize the name Outback, which prior to then had only been used in export markets. Models equipped with a 3.0 L [[flat-6|H6]] were introduced at the 2004 Chicago Auto Show. The ground clearance is {{convert|8.5|in|mm|abbr=on}}.
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October 22, 2003, with the debut of the fourth-generation Legacy at the 60th Frankfurt Auto Show, the Outback name is now being used in all markets with the launch of the third-generation Outback wagon, in order to rationalize the name Outback, which prior to then had only been used in export markets. Models equipped with a 3.0 L [[flat-6|H6]] were introduced at the 2004 [[Chicago Auto Show]]. The ground clearance is {{convert|8.5|in|mm|abbr=on}}.
   
The Outback carries the same model codes as the Legacy Wagon, BP9 for the 2.5 [[liter]], and BPE for the 3.0 liter model. The highest trim level offered in the USA is the Outback L.L. Bean that offers optional equipment as standard, including wood and leather steering wheel, an auxiliary port on the stereo for MP3 compatibility, perforated leather seats, GPS navigation, double sized, one piece, glass moonroof and the [[flat-6|H6]].
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The Outback carries the same model codes as the Legacy Wagon, BP9 for the 2.5 [[liter]], and BPE for the 3.0 liter model. The highest trim level offered in the USA is the Outback [[L.L. Bean]] that offers optional equipment as standard, including wood and leather steering wheel, an auxiliary port on the stereo for MP3 compatibility, perforated leather seats, [[Global Navigation Satellite System|GPS navigation]], double sized, one piece, glass moonroof and the [[flat-6|H6]].
   
 
A new Outback variant for 2005+ is the Outback XT. This model comes with Subaru's turbocharged 2.5L 4-cylinder engine found in the Impreza WRX model. This engine produces {{convert|243|hp|kW|0|abbr=on}}, which is much higher than the naturally aspirated 2.5L producing {{convert|175|hp|kW|0|abbr=on}}. The XT model can be equipped with any of the 3 standard transmissions: 4-speed Auto-SportShift, 5-speed Auto-SportShift, or 5-speed manual.
 
A new Outback variant for 2005+ is the Outback XT. This model comes with Subaru's turbocharged 2.5L 4-cylinder engine found in the Impreza WRX model. This engine produces {{convert|243|hp|kW|0|abbr=on}}, which is much higher than the naturally aspirated 2.5L producing {{convert|175|hp|kW|0|abbr=on}}. The XT model can be equipped with any of the 3 standard transmissions: 4-speed Auto-SportShift, 5-speed Auto-SportShift, or 5-speed manual.
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The JDM and EU diesel model has a "[[Advanced Key|Start/Stop]]" button (in the top-of-the-line-model), found in [[Lexus]], [[Infiniti]], Audi and other high end makers.
 
The JDM and EU diesel model has a "[[Advanced Key|Start/Stop]]" button (in the top-of-the-line-model), found in [[Lexus]], [[Infiniti]], Audi and other high end makers.
   
For 2008, the 2.5i USA model has been certified [[PZEV]] emissions, and a badge has been attached to the rear of the vehicle on the bottom right hand side of the tailgate. All other models are certified LEV2. The PZEV Outback is available for sale in all 50 states, unlike other manufacturers who only sell PZEV certified vehicles in states that have adopted California emission standards.
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For 2008, the 2.5i USA model has been certified [[PZEV]] emissions, and a badge has been attached to the rear of the vehicle on the bottom right hand side of the tailgate. All other models are certified [[Low Emission Vehicle#Phase 2 - 2004 and later|LEV2]]. The PZEV Outback is available for sale in all 50 states, unlike other manufacturers who only sell PZEV certified vehicles in states that have adopted California emission standards.
   
 
In 2007, the Outback (along with the Ford Mondeo) won ''Top Gear'''s "Car of the Year" award.<ref>''Top Gear'', Series 10, Episode 10, 12/23/2007</ref>
 
In 2007, the Outback (along with the Ford Mondeo) won ''Top Gear'''s "Car of the Year" award.<ref>''Top Gear'', Series 10, Episode 10, 12/23/2007</ref>
   
 
===EyeSight===
 
===EyeSight===
Starting May 2008, the Japanese-spec Legacy could be fitted with a new safety feature called EyeSight. It consists of two cameras, one on each side of the rear view mirror, that use human-like [[stereoscopic]] vision to judge distances and generally keep tabs on the driver. The system helps maintain a safe distance on the highway, warns the driver during unintended lane departure, emits a wake up call should everyone else pull away from the traffic lights, and keeps an eye out for pedestrians.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.subaru.jp/legacy/touringwagon/index.html |title=Introduction of EyeSight technology retrieved September 4, 2008 |publisher=Subaru.jp |date= |accessdate=2010-11-20}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Gardiner |first=Justin |url=http://www.autoblog.com/2008/09/04/japans-subarus-get-stereoscopic-vision/ |title=Retrieved from Autoblog September 4, 2008 |publisher=Autoblog.com |date=2008-09-04 |accessdate=2010-11-20}}</ref> [[Autonomous cruise control system|SI-Cruise]] has been integrated into the EyeSight feature as a driver safety aid.
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Starting May 2008, the Japanese-spec Legacy could be fitted with a new safety feature called EyeSight. It consists of two cameras, one on each side of the rear view mirror, that use human-like [[stereoscopic]] vision to judge distances and generally keep tabs on the driver. The system helps maintain a safe distance on the highway, warns the driver during unintended lane departure, emits a wake up call should everyone else pull away from the [[traffic lights]], and keeps an eye out for pedestrians.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.subaru.jp/legacy/touringwagon/index.html |title=Introduction of EyeSight technology retrieved September 4, 2008 |publisher=Subaru.jp |date= |accessdate=2010-11-20}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Gardiner |first=Justin |url=http://www.autoblog.com/2008/09/04/japans-subarus-get-stereoscopic-vision/ |title=Retrieved from Autoblog September 4, 2008 |publisher=Autoblog.com |date=2008-09-04 |accessdate=2010-11-20}}</ref> [[Autonomous cruise control system|SI-Cruise]] has been integrated into the EyeSight feature as a driver safety aid.
   
 
===Diesel===
 
===Diesel===
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[[Image:2010 Subaru Outback -- 11-18-2009.jpg|thumb|left|2010 Subaru Outback 2.5i Limited (US)]]
 
[[Image:2010 Subaru Outback -- 11-18-2009.jpg|thumb|left|2010 Subaru Outback 2.5i Limited (US)]]
   
Trim level designations have been modified based on the engine installed; the [[Subaru EJ engine]] 2.5 L naturally aspirated engine are labeled 2.5i, 2.5i Premium, and 2.5i Limited, with the Subaru EZ 6-cylinder engine identified as 3.6R, 3.6R Premium and 3.6R Limited. As with previous generations, leather interior is only available in 2 colors (Warm Ivory or Off-Black) on Limited trim packages on specific exterior colors, and a glass moonroof is optional only on the Limited; cloth interiors are offered in the specified colors on lower trim level packages. A 440 W, 9-speaker [[Harman/Kardon]] audio system, using Dolby Pro Logic II technology and [[DTS (sound system)|DTS Digital Sound]], with Bluetooth and iPod capability is optional on the Limited trim packages. An {{auto in|8}} voice activated GPS touch screen navigation system is optional only on the Limited. A separate Bluetooth wireless package with voice recognition, called Blueconnect, is available on lower trim levels and is not offered internationally. A Harman/Kardon-sourced stereo with a 6-disc in-dash CD changer and SRS Circle Surround sound is the standard sound system provided, with six speakers on all trim levels. A dual zone digital climate control system with 6-speed fan is standard and only available on the Limited; the base and Premium model have a 4-speed fan. Base and Premium trim levels have silver metallic trim on the interior door panels and dashboard; the Limited trim package has woodgrain accents.
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Trim level designations have been modified based on the engine installed; the [[Subaru EJ engine]] 2.5 L naturally aspirated engine are labeled 2.5i, 2.5i Premium, and 2.5i Limited, with the [[List of Subaru engines#EZ|Subaru EZ 6-cylinder engine]] identified as 3.6R, 3.6R Premium and 3.6R Limited. As with previous generations, leather interior is only available in 2 colors (Warm Ivory or Off-Black) on Limited trim packages on specific exterior colors, and a glass moonroof is optional only on the Limited; cloth interiors are offered in the specified colors on lower trim level packages. A 440 W, 9-speaker [[Harman/Kardon]] audio system, using Dolby Pro Logic II technology and [[DTS (sound system)|DTS Digital Sound]], with Bluetooth and iPod capability is optional on the Limited trim packages. An {{auto in|8}} voice activated GPS touch screen navigation system is optional only on the Limited. A separate Bluetooth wireless package with voice recognition, called Blueconnect, is available on lower trim levels and is not offered internationally. A Harman/Kardon-sourced stereo with a 6-disc in-dash CD changer and SRS Circle Surround sound is the standard sound system provided, with six speakers on all trim levels. A dual zone digital climate control system with 6-speed fan is standard and only available on the Limited; the base and Premium model have a 4-speed fan. Base and Premium trim levels have silver metallic trim on the interior door panels and dashboard; the Limited trim package has woodgrain accents.
   
 
All trim levels are fitted with a retractable roof installed luggage rack, where the crossmembers are permanently attached but can be swung into the luggage carrier support structure when not in use, currently available only on North American models. Also, the North American Outback has lower side body claddings, which are not applied to ROW models (although the cladding may come on ROW models as a dealer-installed option). The interior retractable rear cargo cover has a separate storage compartment in the spare tire storage area so that the cargo cover can be removed for large items but stored inside the vehicle and out of the way. The rear seatbacks can be partially reclined for comfort.
 
All trim levels are fitted with a retractable roof installed luggage rack, where the crossmembers are permanently attached but can be swung into the luggage carrier support structure when not in use, currently available only on North American models. Also, the North American Outback has lower side body claddings, which are not applied to ROW models (although the cladding may come on ROW models as a dealer-installed option). The interior retractable rear cargo cover has a separate storage compartment in the spare tire storage area so that the cargo cover can be removed for large items but stored inside the vehicle and out of the way. The rear seatbacks can be partially reclined for comfort.

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