- This article is about the British automobile. To see the article on the American Star Car Company, go to Star (automobile).
|Successor||McKenzie and Denley|
The Star Motor Company was a British car and commercial vehicle maker based in Wolverhampton and active from 1898 to 1932. They started out as a Bicycle manufacturer and were taken over by Guy Motors in 1928. The manufacturing of cars ceased in 1932.
Star was founded by the Lisle family who like many other vehicle makers started by making bicycles, in their case in 1893 as Sharratt and Lisle. In 1896 this was changed to the Star Cycle Company.
The first car was made in 1898 and a separate company, the Star Motor Company, was registered as a wholly owned subsidiary of Star Engineering Ltd. The early vehicles were heavily influenced by existing car makers and the 1898 3.5 was essentially a single cylinder 3.5 hp (2.6 kW) Benz and often called the Star-Benz; it had two speeds, chain drive, wire spoke wheels, acetylene lighting, electric ignition, and Clipper pneumatic tires standard, for ₤189. One a week was being made in 1899, and in the first year, they made their first export sale, to Auckland, New Zealand. In 1900, production had expanded to facilities in Dudley Road and Nelson, Stewart, Ablow, and Dobb Streets, with output of twenty a week. A two-cylinder three-speed model appeared that year, also, at the Richmond Automobile Club Show. Encouraged by founder Edward Lisle, they were also being entered in the 1000 Miles' Trial (where it proved fragile), along with "every test or competition for which they were eligible". In 1901, the 7 and 10 with vertical twin De Dion engines and in 1902 a four cylinder 20hp appeared. In 1903, copying the leading maker, Mercedes, Star introduced a 12 hp (8.9 kW) four, and set a record of 39 mph (63 km/h) on a 2 mile (3.2 km) run in County Cork, Ireland, under the auspices of the Irish Automobile Club. In addition, two Stars ran in the Isle of Man qualifying races for the Gordon Bennett Cup; neither 10 litre car made it. From 1904 only four cylinder models were made.
For 1906, there was a new 3261 cc (200 ci) 14 hp four, as well as a new six, the 6227 cc (380 ci) 30 hp; the six, increased in displacement to 6981 cc (426 ci) in 1909, lasted until 1911. The main Star company continued to make well engineered models up to the outbreak of war in 1914 adding a range of vans and trucks to the output and became one of the six largest British car makers.
The Star Cycle Company run by Lisle's son, also called Edward, had continued in business building bicycles and motorcycles and in 1905 entered the car industry in its own right and produced a 940 cc (57 ci) De Dion-powered two seater called the Starling. In 1907, there was a 1296 cc (79 ci) single and a 1531 cc (94 ci) twin and the Stuart (Starting after 1907), with chassis from Hopper, a Barton-on-Humber cycle maker (which sold them as Torpedoes). To avoid confusion a new company, the Briton Motor Company was formed in 1909 and the products were badged as Britons. The first two cars were a 2282 cc (139 ci) 12 hp twin and a 2413 cc (147 ci) 14 hp four; the 14 hp (10 kW) became available as a Star in 1910.
Star proper took advantage of export sales, and saw racing success in South Africa, a 14 hp (10 kW) winning the Transvaal Automobile Club hillclimb, and the New Zealand national hillclimb championship. For 1913, there was a 1743 cc (106 ci) Briton, which became the 10/12 in 1914. Stars accorded themselves well in the 1909 Irish Reliability Trial, while a 12 hp (8.9 kW) won its class in all the hillclimbs of the Scottish Automobile Club trial, where a new 2862 cc (175 ci) '15hp' (actually 19.6hp) debuted; it would persist three years.
In 1912, Star introduced the torpedo-bodied 15.9hp , with a 3016 cc (184 ci; 80x150mm) four and new bullnosed radiator; originally for export, it proved aesthetically pleasing, and was adopted for all models. It was quick, as well, running an RAC trial of 801 mile (1289 km) at Brooklands at an average 66.75mph (107.42km/h) that year. The 15.9 would remain in production until 1922.
During World War 1 the company made a large number of lorries (trucks) for the army and did some work on aircraft engines.
Post-war car production resumed in 1919 with the pre-war 15.9 hp (11.9 kW) and 3815 cc 20.1hp Star, and the 10/12 Briton, models and in the early 1920s Star were making 1000 cars a year from their cramped workshops. Briton, however, went under in 1922, a victim of the postwar economic slump, being bought by C.A. Weight; the last four Britons were exported to Australia in 1929.
The next year, Edward Lisle, Sr., died, succeeded by Joseph  (formerly head of Star Engineering). Despite this, Stars entered two 11.9hps in the Scottish Six Days' Light Car Trials, placing first and second in the hands of R. Lisle and G.G.Cathie; the winner was sold to New Zealand, where it proved dominant in local racing, while a different 11.9 swept the Australian 1000 Mile Alpine Test.
This car developed into the 1945cc (119ci) 12/25 in 1924, followed by a pushrod overhead valve 12/40 with four wheel brakes (then a rarity) and four-speed gearbox, capable of 80mph (129km/h). It was joined by an 18/40 six, as well as lorries of 25cwt, 34-40cwt, and 50-60cwt, all powered by the 12/25 engine.
Oblivious to the lessons of standardization, Star in 1926 offered a 2120 cc (129ci) 14/40 OHV four, a similar 3181 cc (194ci) 20/60 six, and three sidevalve designs, all in several body styles.
In 1928, Edward Lisle sold the company to Guy Motors, also based in Wolverhampton, who wanted to add a range of cars to their heavy vehicle production. Production was moved to a new plant in Bushbury on the Wolverhampton northern outskirts near the Clyno factory. From here came the new 18/50, a 2470 cc (ci) six, with wet cylinder liners, duralumin connecting rods, aluminium pistons, seven bearing crankshaft, which in 1930 were redone as the Comet and Planet. They proved uneconomical and unprofitable, and production was stopped in March 1932, remaining cars and spares sold off to McKenzie and Denley (Birmingham), which continued to have Star cars and NOS parts catalogued in 1962.
Star cars (main models)Edit
|3.5||1898-1902||1296 cc single cylinder|||
|7hp||1900-1904||1104 cc twin cylinder||De Dion engine. |
|10hp||1902-1903||2588 cc twin cylinder||12 bhp (8.9 kW) at 800 rpm.|
|20hp||1902-1903||5176 cc four cylinder||24 bhp (18 kW) at 800 rpm.|
|12hp||1904||2830 cc four cylinder||16 bhp (12 kW) at 1000 rpm.|
|18hp||1904-1908||4170 cc four cylinder|||
|24hp||1904||4815 cc four cylinder|||
|15hp||1909-1913||2830/3160/3459 cc four cylinder||2830 cc in 1909. 121 inch (3.07 m) wheelbase. |
|30hp||1906||4740/6980 cc six cylinder||120 inch (3.04 m)wheelbase.|
|40hp||1907-11||6980 cc six cylinder||140 inch (3.55 m) wheelbase. |
|15.9||1913-1924||800||3012 cc four cylinder||Four speed gearbox. In chassis only form cost between £750-825.|
|20.1||1912-1923||100||3815 cc four cylinder||Same engine as 15.9 but with larger bore.|
|11.9||1921-1923||2000||1795 cc four cylinder||Three speed gearbox. Saloon version cost £750.|
|Six||1923-1927||250||2916 or 3265 cc six cylinder||18 and 20 hp (15 kW) versions. Four wheel brakes optional from 1924, standard from 1925. 70 mph (110 km/h) top speed.|
|14/30 and 14/40||1924-1927||1000||2176 or 2120 cc four cylinder||Four wheel brakes optional. Four speed gearbox.|
|12/25 and 12/40||1923-1928||2000||1945 cc four cylinder||Four speed gearbox. 12/40 engine was the first Star to have overhead valves.|
|18/50||1926-1932||1000||2470/2920 cc six cylinder||Named Jason for 1928 and Comet 18/50 from 1930 and Comet 18 in 1931.|
|20/60||1928-1932||175||3180/3620 cc six cylinder||Named the Comet 20/60 and then the Planet 21.|
|Planet 21||1928-1932||3180/3620 cc six cylinder||The Planet 24 had the larger engine. Hector saloon and Perseus coupé and tourers.|
|Comet 14||1932||Few made.||2100 cc six cylinder||Saloon or coupé. Bendix brakes. |
A few examples of Star Cars exist and they can occasionally be seen at motor shows and events featuring Vintage & Classic Cars.
- Please list details of cars here.
- Preservation related
- Shows and Meets - List of events featuring preservation vehicles.
- Museums List - related museums
- Vintage & Classic Car shows -
- Clubs Listing - Club associated with collecting and vehicle preservation
- Web Site Links - General list page for any links
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Georgano, N. (2000). Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. London: HMSO. ISBN 1-57958-293-1.
- ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Wise, David Burgess. “Star: W’hampton’s Bright Lights”, in Northey, Tom, ed. World of Automobiles (London: Orbis Publishing, 1974), Volume 19, pp.2161.
- ↑ Wise, op. cit., p.2162.
- ↑ Wise, loc.cit.
- ↑ As if things were not complicated enough, the U.S. Star was also sold in Britain, as the Rugby. Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
- ↑ Wise, loc.cit.
- ↑ Wise, op.cit., p.2163
- ↑ Wise, op.cit., p.2162
- ↑ ibid., p.2164.
- ↑ ibid., p.2162
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 Culshaw, P.; Horrobin (1978). Complete catalogue of British Cars. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-16689-2.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 Baldwin, N. (1994). A-Z of Cars of the 1920s. Bideford, UK: Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-53-2.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Sedgwick, M.; Gillies (1989). A-Z of Cars of the 1930s. Bideford, UK: Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-38-9.
- For a complete list of surviving cars, see http://www.localhistory.scit.wlv.ac.uk/Museum/Transport/Cars/staregister/starreg00.htm
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