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Scania-Vabis

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==History==
 
==History==
 
The firm of Scania-Vabis was a notable truck manufacturer in [[Sweden]], formed by a merger in 1911. Its name came from the merger of [[Scania]] (Maskinfabriksaktiebolaget Scania), which started out by manufacturing bicycles, with [[Vabis]] ('''V'''agnfabriks '''A'''ktie'''b'''olaget '''i''' '''S'''ödertälje), in 1911. Until 1929 the company manufactured cars in [[Malmö]], as well as trucks and buses. Over the succeeding years, the company, based in [[Södertälje]], [[Sweden]], developed an enviable reputation for the toughness, comfort and reliability of its commercial vehicles. The 1963 LB76 was the model that forged the Scania-Vabis reputation outside [[Sweden]]. This forward-control design was one of the first exhaustively crash-tested truck cabs.
 
The firm of Scania-Vabis was a notable truck manufacturer in [[Sweden]], formed by a merger in 1911. Its name came from the merger of [[Scania]] (Maskinfabriksaktiebolaget Scania), which started out by manufacturing bicycles, with [[Vabis]] ('''V'''agnfabriks '''A'''ktie'''b'''olaget '''i''' '''S'''ödertälje), in 1911. Until 1929 the company manufactured cars in [[Malmö]], as well as trucks and buses. Over the succeeding years, the company, based in [[Södertälje]], [[Sweden]], developed an enviable reputation for the toughness, comfort and reliability of its commercial vehicles. The 1963 LB76 was the model that forged the Scania-Vabis reputation outside [[Sweden]]. This forward-control design was one of the first exhaustively crash-tested truck cabs.
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For some time [[Daimler-Benz]] waged a 'logo war' with Scania-Vabis, claiming a possible confusion between the Scania-Vabis 'pedal crank' design featuring on Scania bicycles around 1900 and the Mercedes 'three-pointed star'. In 1968 Daimler-Benz won and the Scania-Vabis logo changed to a simple griffin's head on a white background, and 'Vabis' was dropped from the name. The name ''Scania'' almost certainly derived from the name of the region in Sweden where the company originated: [[Skåne]].
 
For some time [[Daimler-Benz]] waged a 'logo war' with Scania-Vabis, claiming a possible confusion between the Scania-Vabis 'pedal crank' design featuring on Scania bicycles around 1900 and the Mercedes 'three-pointed star'. In 1968 Daimler-Benz won and the Scania-Vabis logo changed to a simple griffin's head on a white background, and 'Vabis' was dropped from the name. The name ''Scania'' almost certainly derived from the name of the region in Sweden where the company originated: [[Skåne]].
   
 
===Scania-SAAB merger===
 
===Scania-SAAB merger===
{{main|Saab-Scania AB}}
 
 
In 1969 Scania merged with [[SAAB]], to form the [[Saab-Scania AB]] company, under the [[Wallenberg]] umbrella. This corporation was split up in 1995 and the company became simply Scania AB, which is still a manufacturer of advanced truck and bus designs. In 1999, the [[European Union]] blocked a proposed merger (takeover) with [[Volvo]].
 
In 1969 Scania merged with [[SAAB]], to form the [[Saab-Scania AB]] company, under the [[Wallenberg]] umbrella. This corporation was split up in 1995 and the company became simply Scania AB, which is still a manufacturer of advanced truck and bus designs. In 1999, the [[European Union]] blocked a proposed merger (takeover) with [[Volvo]].
   
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===UK vehicles===
 
===UK vehicles===
These are relatively rare in the UK as continetal vehicles did not gain a massive sales in the UK till the 1970's onwards when the modern foreign designs gained popularity, against some of the existing dated British designs.
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These are relatively rare in the UK as continetal vehicles did not gain a massive sales in the UK till the 1970's onwards when the modern foreign designs gained popularity, against some of the dated British designs.
 
* An example of a UK lorry is shown above.
 
* An example of a UK lorry is shown above.
   
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{{Automotive industry in Sweden}}
 
 
{{Truck manufacturers}}
 
{{Truck manufacturers}}
   
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