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SEAT Toledo
[[File:Seat Toledo front 20080227|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Manufacturer SEAT
Parent company Volkswagen Group
Production 1991–2009
2012–
Assembly Spain
Predecessor SEAT Málaga
Class Compact car
Layout Transverse front engine,
front-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group A platform series

The SEAT Toledo is an automobile built and marketed by the Spanish automaker SEAT, part of Volkswagen Group. The Toledo name was first introduced to the SEAT line-up in May 1991, with the fourth and more recent generation being introduced in late 2012 as a 2013 model year car.

Mk1 (Typ 1L, 1991–1998)Edit

SEAT Toledo Typ 1L
[[File:Seat Toledo front 20071009
SEAT Toledo Mk1 pre-facelift|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Production 1991–1998
Body style(s) 5-door liftback
Platform Volkswagen Group A2 platform
Engine(s) Petrol engines:
1.6L I4
1.8L I4
1.8L I4 16v
2.0L I4
2.0L I4 16v
Diesel engines:
1.9L I4
1.9L I4 TDI
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)
Length 4,320 mm (170.1 in)
Width 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height 1,425 mm (56.1 in)
Fuel capacity 55 litres (15 US gal)
Related Chery A11
Chery A15
Vortex Corda
Volkswagen Golf Mk2
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Seat Toledo rear 20080328

SEAT Toledo Mk1 facelift, rear view

Toledo1L

SEAT Toledo Mk1 facelift, front view

The initial version of the SEAT Toledo (Typ 1L) was launched as a five-door liftback sedan, and its sales career lasted from 1991 to 1998. This generation of the Toledo was the first SEAT automobile developed entirely under Volkswagen Group ownership, and it was built on the Golf Mk2 Volkswagen Group A2 platform with a 550 litre boot expandable to 1360 litres when folding rear seats, superior in shape and size to the Volkswagen Jetta/Vento's combined with the advantage of a tailgate.[1][2][3] As saloon versions of small family cars were rare in Europe, it was sometimes considered a large family car due to its overall length and boot size, despite having smaller rear leg room, and pricing closer to small family cars.

The Toledo initially featured underpowered engines compared to the Ibiza and Málaga's 'System Porsche' units, such as a base 1.6 L 75 PS (55 kW/74 bhp) petrol engine, and a GT version using the 2.0 L 115 PS (85 kW/113 bhp) engine. Later, the Toledo would see the addition of more powerful versions, including a 150 PS (110 kW/148 bhp) 2.0 GTI 16v, and 110 PS (81 kW/108 bhp) 1.9 TDI which, like many diesel engines built since 1996 by the Volkswagen Group, it is advertised as capable of running on either mineral diesel or biodiesel.

Engine specificationsEdit

The following internal combustion engines were available:

Petrol enginesEdit

(All fuel injected).

engine
name
engine
code(s)
engine
configuration
displacement max. power
at rpm
max. torque
at rpm
production
period
1.6 SPI1Finline-4 SOHC 8v1595 cc53 kW (72 PS/71 bhp) @ 5,200124 N·m (91 ft·lbf) @ 2,7501991–1995
1.6 SPI1Finline-4 SOHC 8v1595 cc55 kW (75 PS/74 bhp) @ 5,500125 N·m (92 ft·lbf) @ 2,6001995–1999
1.6 MPIAFTinline-4 SOHC 8v1595 cc74 kW (101 PS/99 bhp) @ 5,800140 N·m (103 ft·lbf) @ 3,5001996–1999
1.8 SPIRPinline-4 SOHC 8v1781 cc66 kW (90 PS/89 bhp) @ 5,250140 N·m (103 ft·lbf) @ 3,0001991–1994
1.8 SPIABS; ADZinline-4 SOHC 8v1781 cc66 kW (90 PS/89 bhp) @ 5,500145 N·m (107 ft·lbf) @ 2,5001994–1998
1.8 MPIPLinline-4 DOHC 16v1781 cc94 kW (128 PS/126 bhp) @ 6,000160 N·m (118 ft·lbf) @ 4,5001991–1995
2.0 MPI2Einline-4 SOHC 8v1984 cc85 kW (116 PS/114 bhp) @ 5,400166 N·m (122 ft·lbf) @ 3,2001991–1996
2.0 MPIAGGinline-4 SOHC 8v1984 cc85 kW (116 PS/114 bhp) @ 5,400166 N·m (122 ft·lbf) @ 2,6001996–1998
2.0 MPIABFinline-4 DOHC 16v1984 cc110 kW (150 PS/148 bhp) @ 6,000180 N·m (133 ft·lbf) @ 4,8001995–1998

Diesel enginesEdit

engine
name
engine
code(s)
engine
configuration
displacement max. power
at rpm
max. torque
at rpm
production
period
1.9 DS1Yinline-4 SOHC 8v1896 cc50 kW (68 PS/67 bhp) @ 4,400127 N·m (94 ft·lbf) @ 2,2001991–1996
1.9 TDAAZinline-4 SOHC 8v1896 cc55 kW (75 PS/74 bhp) @ 4,200150 N·m (111 ft·lbf) @ 2,4001991–1996
1.9 TDI1Z; AHUinline-4 SOHC 8v1896 cc66 kW (90 PS/89 bhp) @ 4,000202 N·m (149 ft·lbf) @ 1,9001995–1999
1.9 TDIAFN; AVGinline-4 SOHC 8v1896 cc81 kW (110 PS/109 bhp) @ 4,150235 N·m (173 ft·lbf) @ 1,9001996–1998
Chery Windcloud white

The Chery Windcloud
a rebadged SEAT Toledo Mk1

RebadgesEdit

This generation of the Toledo is now built by Chinese car manufacturer Chery, and sold under the names Chery A11, Chery Windcloud and Chery A15, Chery A168, Chery Amulet, Chery Cowin, Chery Qiyun, Chery Flagcloud. Chery acquired the chassis of the 1993 Toledo from a Mexican dealership after authorisation from SEAT. Chery Cowin, which is based on SEAT Toledo, already has an authorisation to market it in Europe along with Russia and South America.[4]

Apart from the Chery rebadged models, the first generation Toledo is also currently built by the Russian car maker TagAZ rebranded as the Vortex Corda.[5]

AwardsEdit

  • 'Carro do Ano' award in 1992, in Portugal [6]


Mk2 (Typ 1M, 1998–2004)Edit

SEAT Toledo Typ 1M
[[File:Seat Toledo II front 20081230|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Production 1998–2004
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
Platform Volkswagen Group A4 (PQ34) platform
Wheelbase 2,520 mm (99.2 in)
Length 4,440 mm (174.8 in)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height 1,440 mm (56.7 in)
Fuel capacity 55 litres (15 US gal)
Related Audi A3 Mk1
Audi TT Mk1
SEAT León Mk1
Volkswagen Golf Mk4
Volkswagen Bora,
Škoda Octavia Mk1
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro
Seat Toledo rear 20080302

SEAT Toledo Mk2, rear view

The second generation Toledo (Typ 1M) was introduced in 1998 and made its début at the 1998 Paris Motor Show as a four-door notchback sedan. It was more rounded than the previous first generation shape and had a much more fluid design, although both were products of Giorgetto Giugiaro's Italdesign studio with the latest generation being influenced by SEAT's chief of exterior design Steve Lewis.[7]

SEAT Leon Mk1 driver's seat left view

SEAT Toledo Mk2 interior,
shared with the SEAT León Mk1

SEAT Leon Mk1 rear seats

SEAT Toledo Mk2 rear seats

It shared components with both its Volkswagen and Škoda PQ34 platform-mates - the Volkswagen Bora and the Škoda Octavia - yet is the sportiest of the three. In the interior, the dashboard was derived from that of the first-generation Audi A3.[8] Sport details have been added, such as completely translucent headlights not often seen in cars at that time and a dash panel with white dials.

It was built on the Volkswagen Golf Mk4 platform, which meant stiff springs to support the load of the large 500 litre boot increased to 830 litres when folding rear seats.[9][10][11] The early models were built at the Volkswagen/Audi plant in Belgium, with improved build quality (compared to the Spanish-built previous generation), although the Toledo was still presented as an economic alternative to the lower level of the D segment, and included in the basic price a high level of equipment. One of the features most associated with the Spanish model, the tailgate was removed in favour of a more traditional saloon boot opening. The following year, the Toledo would be used as the base for a proper hatchback, the SEAT León Mk1.

Base model was now a crossflow 1.6 litre 100 PS (74 kW/99 bhp) petrol engine, followed by a 1.8 litre 20-valve 125 PS (92 kW/123 bhp) unit, while the top of the line was represented by the 2.3 litre 150 PS (110 kW/148 bhp) VR5 engine (V5). Diesel engined versions used the 1.9 Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) engine, with a variable geometry turbocharger, offered initially with power outputs of 90 PS (66 kW/89 bhp) or 110 PS (81 kW/108 bhp). In 2001, the V5 engine was uprated with a 20v head (four valves per cylinder), boosting power to 170 PS (125 kW/168 bhp). Later in the series, the 1.8 litre 20-valve Toledo received a turbocharger, capable of delivering 180 PS (132 kW/178 bhp), and a later evolution of the VW TDI engine, produced engines of 130 PS (96 kW/128 bhp) and 150 PS (110 kW/148 bhp). These three versions all featured a six-speed manual transmission. The 130 PS TDI also featured white dials instead of the standard black dials on the 110 and 150 PS TDI models.

SEAT Leon Mk1 TDI engine

SEAT Toledo Mk2 TDI
engine compartment

Engine specificationsEdit

Petrol enginesEdit

model cylinders/
valves
displacement
cc
max. power kW (PS)
at rpm
max. torque (Nm)
at rpm
engine code top speed (km/h) production period
1.4 16V R4/16 1,390 55 (75) / 5,000 126 / 3,800 AHW / AXP / AKQ /
APE / AUA / BCA
170 1999–2004
1.6 R4/8 1,595 74 (101) / 5,600 145 / 3,800 AKL / AEH / APF 188 1999–2000
1.6 16V R4/16 1,598 77 (105) / 5,700 148 / 4,500 AUS / AZD / ATN / BCB 192 2000–2004
1.8 20V R4/20 1,781 92 (125) / 6,000 170 / 4,200 AGN / APG 200 1999–2003
1.8 20VT R4/20 1,781 132 (180) / 5,500 235 / 1,950–5,000 AUQ 229 2003–2004
2.3 V5 VR5/10 2,324 110 (150) / 6,000 205 / 3,200 AGZ 216 1999–2000
2.3 V5 VR5/20 2,324 125 (170) / 6,200 225 / 3,300 AQN 225 2000–2003

Diesel enginesEdit

model cylinders/
valves
displacement
cc
max. power kW (PS)
at rpm
max. torque (Nm)
at rpm
engine code top speed (km/h) production period
1.9 TDI R4/8 1,896 66 (90) / 4,000 210 / 1,900 AGR / ALH 180 1999–2003
1.9 TDI R4/8 1,896 81 (110) / 4,150 235 / 1,900 AHF / ASV 193 1999–2004
1.9 TDI PD R4/8 1,896 96 (130) / 4,000 310 / 1,900 ASZ 205 2003–2004
1.9 TDI PD R4/8 1,896 110 (150) / 4,000 320 / 1,900 ARL 215 2000–2004

MotorsportEdit

SEAT Toledo Mk2 touring car

SEAT Toledo Cupra Mk2 race car

In 2003 SEAT Sport introduced the SEAT Toledo Cupra Mk2 in the European Touring Car Championship (ETCC) with drivers Jordi Gené, Frank Diefenbacher and former British Touring Car Championship winner Rickard Rydell, while the 'SEAT Sport Italia' 's Toledo Cupra Mk2 with Gianni Morbidelli also participated as an additional team. As in 2005 the ETCC became the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC), the SEAT Toledo Cupra Mk2 competed in the WTCC from 2005 to 2006. Peter Terting replaced the German Diefenbacher, while Jason Plato also joined the team for four rounds and Marc Carol for one round.

Between 2004 and 2006 SEAT Sport also ran in the British Touring Car Championship with two SEAT Toledo Cupras Mk2 identical to those used in the European Touring Car Championship under the 'SEAT Sport UK' banner. Initially the SEAT Sport UK cars were campained by RML Group although at the end of the year the partnership was dissolved as RML entered the WTCC and the team was run by Northern South since 2005. At the wheel were Jason Plato, Rob Huff, James Pickford and Luke Hines. However there were also independent teams running with SEAT Toledo Cupras Mk2 till the 2009 British Touring Car Championship season, like the Motorbase Performance, the Team Air Cool/GR Asia, the BTC Racing and the Maxtreme teams.

In popular cultureEdit

The Toledo makes an appearance in the 2007 Singaporean film Just Follow Law, directed by Jack Neo. In this film, it is used by the character Tanya Chew (Fann Wong) and was involved in the collision during a chase in which Lim Teng Zui (Gurmit Singh confronts her about cutting his bonus due to his incompetence and poor work ethics. It has the vehicle registration plate of SGC 1659U.

AwardsEdit

  • 'Die besten Autos' 1999 award, by the German magazine Auto-motor-und-sport [12]
  • 'Carro do Ano' award in 2000, in Portugal [6]


Mk3 (Typ 5P, 2004–2009)Edit

SEAT Toledo Typ 5P
[[File:Seat Toledo front 20080227|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Production 2004–2009
Body style(s) 5-door hatchback
Platform Volkswagen Group A5 (PQ35) platform
Engine(s) Petrol engines:
1.6L I4
1.8L I4 TSI
2.0L I4 FSI
Diesel engines:
1.9L I4 TDI
2.0L I4 TDI
Wheelbase 2,580 mm (101.6 in)
Length 4,460 mm (175.6 in)
Width 1,770 mm (69.7 in)
Height 1,570 mm (61.8 in)
Fuel capacity 55 litres (15 US gal)
Related Audi A3 Mk2
Audi TT Mk2
SEAT León Mk2
SEAT Altea
Volkswagen Golf Mk5
Volkswagen Golf Mk6
Volkswagen Jetta
Škoda Octavia Mk2
Designer Walter de Silva
Seat Toledo III rear 20090923

SEAT Toledo Mk3, rear view

SEAT Toledo Mk3 taxi

SEAT Toledo Mk3 taxi

The third generation Toledo (Typ 5P) was introduced in 2004 and as a production car made its début at the 2004 Paris Motor Show, though a preview of it had already been revealed at the 2004 Madrid Motor Show with the presentation of the SEAT Toledo Prototipo.[13]

Its bodywork is completely different from the previous two generations: abandoning the traditional three-box saloon format, the Toledo Mk3 has a five-door hatchback sedan design penned by Walter de'Silva, although now closer to a compact MPV with the Altea's front section, a high roof, and a rear end inspired by the unsuccessful Renault Vel Satis, paying homage to the original Toledo's hatchback/saloon rear.

All pretense of a sporty identity was thrown out, in favour of a more upscale and alternative image. A large 500 litre DIN boot is an interesting feature, while it can be increased to 1440 litres after folding rear seats.[14][15] Under the bodywork, the SEAT Toledo uses the same underpinnings as the Volkswagen Golf Mk5. All engines are identical to other Volkswagen Group units, with petrol engines ranging from 102 PS (75 kW/101 bhp) to 150 PS (110 kW/148 bhp) and diesel engines from 105 PS (77 kW/104 bhp) to 140 PS (103 kW/138 bhp).

Updates include the arrival of a 170 PS (125 kW/168 bhp) TDI engine in 2006, as well as a tiptronic gearbox in the 2.0 FSI model. A 1.8 L turbocharged version of this engine became available in mid 2007.

Engine specificationsEdit

The internal combustion engines used are the same as for many other cars in the Volkswagen Group, and are all inline four cylinder engines.

engine name engine code(s) valvetrain displacement max. power at rpm max. torque at rpm
Petrol engines
1.4*BXWDOHC 16v1390 cc86 PS (63 kW/85 bhp) @ 5,000132 N·m (97 ft·lbf) @ 3,800
1.6BGU/BSE/BSF/CCSASOHC 8v1595 cc102 PS (75 kW/101 bhp) @ 5,600148 N·m (109 ft·lbf) @ 3,800
1.8 TSIBZBDOHC 16v1798 cc160 PS (118 kW/158 bhp) @ 5,000250 N·m (184 ft·lbf) @ 1,500
2.0 FSIBLR/BVYDOHC 16v1984 cc150 PS (110 kW/148 bhp) @ 6,000200 N·m (148 ft·lbf) @ 3,250
2.0 TFSIBWADOHC 16v1984 cc200 PS (147 kW/197 bhp) @ 5,100280 N·m (207 ft·lbf) @ 1,800
Diesel engines
1.9 TDIBJB/BKC/BXE/BLSSOHC 8v1896 cc105 PS (77 kW/104 bhp) @ 4,000250 N·m (184 ft·lbf) @ 1,900
2.0 TDIAZVDOHC 16v1968 cc136 PS (100 kW/134 bhp) @ 4,000320 N·m (236 ft·lbf) @ 1,750
2.0 TDIBKDDOHC 16v1968 cc140 PS (103 kW/138 bhp) @ 4,000320 N·m (236 ft·lbf) @ 1,750
2.0 TDI DPFBMMSOHC 8v1968 cc140 PS (103 kW/138 bhp) @ 4,000320 N·m (236 ft·lbf) @ 1,750
2.0 TDI DPFBMNDOHC 16v1968 cc170 PS (125 kW/168 bhp) @ 4,200350 N·m (258 ft·lbf) @ 1,750

* only for some export markets

ReliabilityEdit

Along with other SEATs, the Toledo has been a markedly reliable vehicle – more so than the Audi A3 and Volkswagen Golf, with which it shares platforms. In 2006, Warranty Direct, a UK-based provider of mechanical warranties for used cars, rated the Toledo with a higher reliability index compared to the Golf produced over the same period and the Audi A3.[16][17]

In 2010 and though currently out of production, the Warranty direct's Reliability index marks that the SEAT Toledo still ranks within the list of the UK's 100 most reliable cars of the last decade.[18]

Toledo Mk4 (Typ –, 2012–)Edit

SEAT Toledo
Production 2012–
Body style(s) 5-door liftback
Platform VW Group A05+ platform
Related Škoda Rapid

In many European markets, the third-generation Toledo was not a strong seller, its chances of success hardly helped by its unusual styling.

In 2009, SEAT released an Audi A4 (B7) -based large family car called the SEAT Exeo, with saloon and estate bodystyles. The Exeo was not to be intended as a replacement for the Toledo according to the company.[19]

According to the president of SEAT James Muir in an interview to the UK press site 'Automotive Management' on January 2012, SEAT would have presented the fourth generation of the SEAT Toledo after the launch of the Ibiza facelift model at the end of the first quarter 2012.[20]

A concept car based on the Toledo Mk4 production model was presented at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. This vehicle is closely related to the forthcoming Škoda MissionL, based on an adaptation of the VW Vento (A05+) platform.[21][22][23]

There will also be a Škoda version of this car called the Rapid[24].

Sales and production figuresEdit

The total production per year of SEAT Toledo cars, manufactured in SEAT and other Volkswagen group's plants, is shown in the following table :

model1998
[25]
1999
[25]
2000
[26]
2001
[27]
2002
[28]
2003
[29]
2004
[30]
2005
[31]
2006
[32]
2007
[33]
2008
[34]
2009
[35]
2010
[36]
SEAT Toledo 42,325105,81859,48047,64539,50336,02638,96220,6008,6134,7445,484571

ReferencesEdit

  1. Spanier mit großzügigem Gemüt http://www.sueddeutsche.de/auto/seat-toledo-td-spanier-mit-grosszuegigem-gemuet-1.546394
  2. SEAT Toledo 1.6 Entry http://www.quattroruote.it/Tutte_le_auto/scheda.cfm?mar=53&cmod=2062&call=41872&aa=1995&mm=9
  3. SEAT Toledo I 1L-1.8 16V http://www.new-car-model.com/seat/toledo/seat_toledo_i_1l1.8_16v(11702)/
  4. EspacioCoches.com Corwin new Chery, based on the Seat Toledo (Spanish)
  5. Vortex Corda, una tercera vida para el SEAT Toledo MkI http://es.autoblog.com/2010/11/21/vortex-corda-una-tercera-vida-para-el-seat-toledo-mki/
  6. 6.0 6.1 Palmares SEAT http://www.seat.pt/pt/generator/su/pt/SEAT/site/campanhas/DesportivoDoAno/main,lang=pt.html
  7. He effectively created the face of the Toledo, which has come to be the corporate image of all its cars. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Welsh+accent+puts+new+Tango+in+the+driving+seat%3B+SEAT%3A+Frankfurt...-a078508333
  8. The familiar dashboard is borrow directly from Audi A3 http://www.autozine.org/Graveyard/html/Seat/Toledo.html
  9. SEAT Toledo Technical data http://pdfcast.org/pdf/seat-toledo-technical-data
  10. SEAT Toledo 1.9 TDi 90pk Signo http://www.allcardetails.com/model-1999-2002/seat-toledo-19-tdi-90pk-signo-4-doors-sedan-5-speed-manual-37304.html
  11. SEAT Toledo II (1999 - 2004) http://www.autocentrum.pl/dane-techniczne/seat/toledo/ii.html
  12. "Seat Toledo Auto Motor Und Sport Praises The New Toledo". Autointell.com. Retrieved on 2010-03-08.
  13. SEAT Unveils the Toledo Prototipo http://www.worldcarfans.com/104052010605/seat-unveils-the-toledo-prototipo
  14. SEAT Toledo 1.6 III http://www.quattroruote.it/Tutte_le_auto/scheda.cfm?mar=53&cmod=3542&call=68602&aa=2006&mm=7
  15. SEAT Toledo 1.6 Businessline 102 hp http://www.cars-data.com/en/seat-toledo-16-businessline-102hp-12665/specs.html
  16. Warranty Direct 100 Most Reliable Cars http://www.honestjohn.co.uk/news/miscellaneous/2006-05/warranty-direct-100-most-reliable-cars
  17. The 100 most reliable cars of the last decade (in order) http://www.gizmag.com/the-100-most-reliable-cars-of-the-last-decade-in-order/5657/
  18. Rop 100 UK Cars http://www.reliabilityindex.com/top-100
  19. SEAT Media Center SEAT's new saloon will be called "EXEO"
  20. Seat's new car blitz to fuel growth http://www.am-online.com/news/2012/1/5/seat-s-new-car-blitz-to-fuel-growth/30266/
  21. http://www.autocar.co.uk/News/NewsArticle/AllCars/261575/
  22. El nuevo SEAT Toledo aparece antes de tiempo http://es.autoblog.com/2012/03/01/nuevo-seat-toledo-filtracion/
  23. Genève 2012 : petites fuites pour la Seat Toledo et le concept Touring Superleggera Disco Volante http://www.caradisiac.com/Geneve-2012-petites-fuites-pour-la-Seat-Toledo-et-le-concept-Touring-Superleggera-Disco-Volante-76777.htm
  24. "New ŠKODA compact saloon to be called Rapid". Retrieved on 2012-05–15.
  25. 25.0 25.1 "Volkswagen AG Annual Report 1999". Volkswagen AG (2010-09-13). Retrieved on 2010-09-13.
  26. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2000 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2001/03/Annual_Report_2000.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/VW_GB_2000_e.pdf
  27. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2001 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2002/03/annual_report_2001.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/20020312_GB_2001_e.pdf
  28. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2002 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2003/03/annual_report_2002.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/vw_gb_2002_en.pdf
  29. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2003 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2004/03/annual_report_2003.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/20040309_gb2003_e.pdf
  30. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2004 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2005/03/annual_report_2004.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/Gbericht_2004_en.pdf
  31. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2005 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2006/03/Volkswagen_AG__Annual_Report_2005.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/gesch%C3%A4ftsbericht_2005_english.pdf
  32. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2006 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2007/03/Geschaeftsbericht_2006.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/Annual_Report_2006_e.pdf
  33. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2007 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2008/03/Annual_Report_2007.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/VW_AG_GB_2007_en.pdf
  34. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2008 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2009/03/GB_2008.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/Y_2008_e.pdf
  35. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2009 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2010/03/Annual_Report_2009.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/Y_2009_e.pdf
  36. Volkswagen AG Annual Report 2010 http://www.volkswagenag.com/vwag/vwcorp/info_center/en/publications/2011/03/Volkswagen_AG_Geschaeftsbericht_2010.-bin.acq/qual-BinaryStorageItem.Single.File/GB_2010_e.pdf

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