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Porsche Cayenne
Porsche Cayenne front 20081206
Manufacturer Porsche
Also called Porsche 955/957/958
Production 2002-present
Assembly Leipzig, Germany
Bratislava, Slovakia
Class Mid-size crossover SUV
Body style(s) 5-door SUV
Layout Front engine, four-wheel drive
Platform Volkswagen Group PL71 platform
Fuel capacity 100 L (26.4 US gal/22.0 imp gal)
Related Volkswagen Touareg
Audi Q7

The Porsche Cayenne is a five seat mid-size luxury crossover manufactured by the German manufacturer Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. Its platform was developed by Porsche and is shared with the Volkswagen Touareg and the Audi Q7. It is the first V8-engined vehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology. The Cayenne's chassis type numbers are as follows: Type 955 (2002–2006), Type 957 (2007–2010), and Type 958 (2011+).

The second-generation Cayenne (Type 958) was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show in March following an online reveal on February 25, 2010.

DesignEdit

The Cayenne's frame and doors are sourced from Volkswagen, who uses the frames and doors for the Volkswagen Touareg model. All other aspects of vehicle design, tuning, production are done in house at Porsche.

First generationEdit

Porsche Cayenne
1st generation
2003-2006 Porsche Cayenne (9PA) S wagon 01
Engine(s) 3.2 L 250 hp VR6
4.5 L 340 hp (254 kW) V8 (S)
4.5 L 450 hp (336 kW) V8 (Turbo)
4.5 L 521 hp (389 kW) V8 (Turbo S)
Transmission(s)

6-speed automatic

6-speed manual
Wheelbase 2,855 mm (112.4 in)
Length 4,780 mm (188.2 in)
Turbo: 4,783 mm (188.3 in)
Width 1,928 mm (75.9 in)
Height 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Porsche Cayenne
1st generation facelift
Porsche Cayenne
Production 2008–2010
Engine(s) 3.0 L 240 hp (179 kW) V6 Turbo Diesel
3.6 L 290 hp (216 kW) VR6
4.8 L 385 hp (287 kW) V8 (S)
4.8 L 405 hp (302 kW) V8 (GTS)
4.8 L 500 hp (370 kW) V8 (Turbo)
4.8 L 550 hp (410 kW) V8 (Turbo S)
Transmission(s) 6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Wheelbase 2,855 mm (112.4 in)
Length 4,798 mm (188.9 in)
Turbo: 4,795 mm (188.8 in)
Width 1,928 mm (75.9 in)
Height 1,700 mm (66.9 in)

The Porsche Cayenne entered the market with mixed anticipation. However, the Porsche Cayenne soon proved that it was the performance vehicle among SUV's and was praised for its excellent handling and powerful engines.[1] The lineup initially consisted of the V8-powered Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo. Later in the model cycle, VR6 and diesel-powered versions joined the lineup.

Cayenne (base model)Edit

The base model is powered by a 3.2-liter VR6 engine producing 250 hp (190 kW); modifications in the exhaust manifold allow power to peak at 6700 rpm. This is the same 3.2-liter motor found on a Volkswagen Touareg and Volkswagen R32. A Turbo Diesel engine is also available. Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph (97 km) is 7.5 seconds with manual transmission and 8.1 seconds with the Tiptronic S. Notably, independent testing has produced a time of 9.2 seconds for the Tiptronic diesel.

Cayenne SEdit

The S is powered by an 8-cylinder engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. The Cayenne S' engine produces 340 hp (250 kW) and 369 ft·lbf (500 N·m) of torque. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is 7.1 seconds and the top speed is 150 miles per hour.[2]

Cayenne GTSEdit

The GTS is powered with a 405 hp 4.8 liter V8 and features a sport suspension and 21-inch (530 mm) wheels. It is lighter than the Cayenne S and has an aerodynamic body kit. The Porsche Cayenne GTS has a 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission is also offered.[3]

Cayenne Turbo and Turbo SEdit

Cayennehill

Electronic Stabilizer decoupling demonstrating extra wheel articulation.

The 1st generation Cayenne Turbo had 450 horsepower (340 kW), and accelerated from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 5.3 seconds.[2] A Turbo S version was built in 2006 to compete with the Mercedes-Benz ML63 AMG. The Cayenne Turbo S included a low-range case, a locking differential, and the height-adjustable, off-road suspension also standard on the regular Turbo model. It was powered by a twin-turbocharged 4.5-liter V8 that produced 520 bhp (390 kW) and 700 N·m (520 lb·ft) of torque. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) was 5.0 seconds and the top speed was 171 miles per hour. It featured a 6-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission.

A new Turbo was revealed at the 2008 Beijing auto show. It received 50 hp (37 kW) more power, and now accelerated from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) in 4.9 seconds.[4] Also revealed with the new Turbo was a new 550 horsepower (410 kW) Turbo S. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is 4.7 seconds and has optional ceramic composite brakes.

Cayenne DieselEdit

Porsche is selling a diesel version of the Cayenne powered by Volkswagen's 3.0L V6 TDI engine since February 2009.[5] The engine is rated at 240 PS (180 kW/240 hp) and 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) of torque.

The car was unveiled in 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[6]

Cayenne S TranssyberiaEdit

Originally a racing vehicle for Transsyberia rally, only 26 were built.[7]

The street version was later built to commemorate Porsche's victory in Transsyberia rally. It is a variant with the 405 hp (302 kW) direct-inject 4.8L V8 from the Cayenne GTS. Sales began in January 2009.[8]

Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 (2010)Edit

It is a limited edition (1000 unit, 100 in USA[9]) model based on Cayenne GTS designed by Porsche Design Studio. It includes Lava Grey Metallic body, 21-inch SportPlus wheels, black leather upholstery with red contrasting seams, Porsche Design Chronograph (Type P’6612).

The sales began in May 2009 with MSRP of €79,100 before tax.[10]

HybridEdit

Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid WAS 2011 1169

2011 Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid

At the IAA 2005, Porsche announced it will produce a hybrid version of the Cayenne before 2010 (Porsche Cayenne Hybrid). Two years later, at the IAA 2007, Porsche presented a functioning Cayenne Hybrid and demonstration model of the drivetrain.

Notable modifications to this car include an electric vacuum pump and hydraulic steering pump, allowing the car to function even when the engine is deactivated. A 288-volt nickel metal hydride battery is placed under the boot floor, occupying the space normally used for a spare tire.[11]

The 2011 Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid was launched in the U.S. market in November 2010.[12]

EnginesEdit

Model Engine Power (hp, torque)@rpm
Cayenne3,598 cc (3.6 L/219.6 cu in) V6290.7 PS (213.8 kW/286.7 hp)@6200, 385 N·m (284 lb·ft)@3000
Cayenne S4,806 cc (4.8 L/293.3 cu in) V8410 PS (300 kW/400 hp)@6200, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500
Cayenne S Transsyberia4,806 cc (4.8 L/293.3 cu in) V8410 PS (300 kW/400 hp)@6500, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500
Cayenne GTS4,806 cc (4.8 L/293.3 cu in) V8415 PS (305 kW/409 hp)@6500, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500
Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 34,806 cc (4.8 L/293.3 cu in) V8415 PS (305 kW/409 hp)@6500, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500
Cayenne Turbo4,806 cc (4.8 L/293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8500 PS (370 kW/490 hp)@6000, 700 N·m (520 lb·ft)@2250–4500
Cayenne Turbo S4,806 cc (4.8 L/293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8550 PS (400 kW/540 hp)@6000, 750 N·m (550 lb·ft)@2250–4500

Second generationEdit

Porsche Cayenne
2nd generation
2011 Porsche Cayenne S -- 08-31-2010
Production 2010-
Engine(s) 240 hp (179 kW) V6 (Diesel)
300 hp (224 kW) VR6 (Base)
380 hp (283 kW) V6 (Hybrid)
400 hp (298 kW) V8 (S)
500 hp (373 kW) V8 (Turbo)
Transmission(s) 8-speed Aisin Tiptronic S automatic [13]
Wheelbase 2,895 mm (114.0 in)
Length 4,846 mm (190.8 in)
Width 1,938 mm (76.3 in)
Height 1,705 mm (67.1 in)

The next-generation Porsche Cayenne is expected to go on sale around April–May 2010 as a 2011 model, with an official debut at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. In preparation for the upcoming unveiling, the Cayenne production facility in Leipzig, Germany, closed in December 2009 in order to commence factory retooling for the new model, a process which is planned to take 2–3 months.

The first spy photos of the car were posted on the internet on the 5th of June 2008.[14]

2010-2011 Porsche Cayenne (92A) Diesel wagon (2011-03-23)

Porsche Cayenne (92A) Diesel (Australia)

The 2011 Porsche Cayenne is visually shorter and smaller than its predecessor with more muscular curves, a more slanted rear window and less upright windshield, a more sloping roofline, door-mounted mirrors, smaller windows at the rear of the vehicle, headlights inspired by the Carrera GT, taillights that extend onto the car's tailgate, LED daytime running lights and a vastly redesigned interior modeled after the Panamera.[15] The 2011 Cayenne is almost 250 kilograms (550 lb) lighter than the current model due to extensive use of aluminum and magnesium, making it more fuel efficient than the current lineup, as well as 5 centimeters shorter than the outgoing model.[16] Despite its lower stance, the new vehicle's off-road capabilities have been heightened without compromising the street performance-oriented layout and design. In addition to diesel engines, a Hybrid version is available.[17]

The Cayenne is again the first of the three new SUVs from the VW group; the new Volkswagen Touareg will be 6–12 months behind, while the next-generation Audi Q7 is due in 2013. Standard features of the 2011 Porsche Cayenne include air conditioning w/dual-zone climate controls, interior air filter, tilt/telescopic leather-wrapped steering wheel w/radio controls, cruise control, leather upholstery, 8-way power front seats, outside-temperature indicator, and universal garage door opener in the base model. The Cayenne S adds a power sunroof and memory for the driver's seat.[16]

The Cayenne GTS will add on a rearview camera, remote engine start, keyless access and start, and memory system. Finally, the most upscale Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S will add on a navigation system w/voice recognition, premium sound system, 4-zone climate controls, heated rear seats, and 6-disc CD changer.[18]

The Cayenne's engines are shared with the Panamera and have been upgraded for faster acceleration times with more horsepower and torque, as well as more powerful direct injection technology to improve efficiency.

Porsche Cayenne GTS and Porsche Hybrid Drive

Porsche Cayenne hybrid drivetrain.

The Cayenne comes powered by a 3.6L V6 engine producing 300 hp (224 kW/304 PS), the Cayenne S features the same 4.8L V8 in the Panamera S models producing 400 hp (298 kW/406 PS) and the Cayenne Turbo comes with Panamera Turbo's 4.8L twin-turbo V8 producing 500 hp (373 kW/507 PS).[16] The long-awaited Cayenne S Hybrid will use an Audi-sourced 3.0L V6 engine producing 333 hp (248 kW/338 PS) and pair it with an lithium ion battery capable of 47 hp (35 kW/48 PS) for a total of 380 hp (283 kW/385 PS), just 20 hp (15 kW/20 PS) shy of the Cayenne S.[19] A manual gearbox serves as the standard transmission system on the base Cayenne, with all other models featuring an eight-speed Tiptronic as standard equipment. The low-range transfer case found in the previous generation has been removed. All vehicles will feature approximately 10 percent less weight than their predecessors, 70 kilograms worth of standard equipment in excess of that found on the current model and a more heavily contoured rear bench.

The Cayenne, Cayenne Diesel, Cayenne S Hybrid, Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo were the first models released in 2010. The Cayenne GTS and Cayenne Turbo S models are expected to follow within a timeframe of six months to a few years.

The 2011 Cayenne was revealed online on February 25, 2010, and in person at the Geneva Motor Show on March 2.


Model Engine 0–100 km/h
Cayenne Diesel 240 PS (177 kW/237 hp) V6 7.8 sec
Cayenne 300 PS (221 kW/296 hp) V6 7.5 sec (manual)/7.8 sec (Tiptronic S)
Cayenne S Hybrid 380 PS (279 kW/375 hp) V6/lithium ion battery 6.5 sec
Cayenne S 400 PS (294 kW/395 hp) V8 5.9 sec
Cayenne Turbo 500 PS (368 kW/493 hp) V8 4.7 sec

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "2004 Porsche Cayenne Review". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "2004 Porsche Cayenne Specs". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  3. "Porsche Cayenne GTS at the Chicago Auto Show". Automoblog.net (2008-02-15). Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  4. "2008 Porsche Cayenne Specs". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  5. Tan, Paul. "Porsche Cayenne TDI diesel in February 2009". Paultan.org. Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  6. Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-02-19). "Geneva Preview: Porsche to publicly debut Cayenne diesel". Autobloggreen.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  7. Nunez, Alex (2007-04-15). "Porsche Cayenne S Transsyberia: factory-built rally machine". Autoblog.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  8. Neff, John (2008-09-08). "Paris Preview: Porsche Cayenne S Transsyberia special edition". Autoblog.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  9. Neff, John (2009-03-25). "Limited-edition Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 to hit the streets". Autoblog.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  10. "New Porsche Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3". Porsche.com (2009-03-25). Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  11. "Look: Porsche Cayenne Hybrid". Edmunds (2007-08-06). Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  12. "2011 Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid on Sale in November". Insideline.com (2010-10-28). Retrieved on 2011-04-24.
  13. "Porsche Goes Green". Retrieved on 18 May 2010.
  14. Fallah, Alborz (2008-06-05). "2010 Porsche Cayenne spy photos". CarAdvice. Retrieved on 2010-10-03.
  15. "2008 Porsche Cayenne Review". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 "2011 Porsche Cayenne Specs & Features". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  17. "2011 Porsche Cayenne Review". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.
  18. Cayenne S or Turbo? - Page 2 - MBWorld.org Forums says: (2009-03-16). "2010 Porsche Cayenne SUV - SPY SHOTS". StreetCars. Retrieved on 2009-07-09.
  19. "2011 Porsche Cayenne Hybrid Specs & Features". JB car pages. Retrieved on 2011-04-03.

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