|Predecessor||Davey, Paxman & Davey, Engineers (Davey, Paxman & Co.)|
|Parent||MAN B&W Diesel (MAN AG)|
Paxman is a major British brand of diesel engines. Ownership has varied greatly since the company's formation in 1865, the brand is now owned by MAN AG, as part of MAN B&W Diesel. The origins of the company were in steam boiler production and they built a number of Steam engines. Later they moved into Internal combustion engines and specialised in the larger end of the market. At its peak, the Paxman works covered 23 acres (93,000 m²) and employed over 2,000 people. Engine production is still primarily based at Paxman's Colchester works.
Examples where Paxman diesels are in use include the Type 22 Frigate (Paxman Valenta) Type 23 frigate (Paxman Valenta), Type 42 Destroyer (Paxman Ventura), Invincible class aircraft carrier (Paxman Valenta) the Upholder class Submarine and the InterCity 125 High Speed Train.
Paxman was founded as Davey, Paxman & Davey, Engineers in 1865, later Davey, Paxman & Co. which became a limited company in 1898. In 1920 the company became a member of the Agricultural & General Engineers Ltd (AGE) engineering combine, formed by several firms during the 1920 recession. In 1932 AGE collapsed and Paxman emerged as Davey Paxman & Co (Colchester) Ltd.
Davey, Paxman and Davey conducted business as general engineers and ironworkers. The company manufactured steam engines, boilers, agricultural machinery, and mill gearing. By the early 1870s the company was supplying machinery to the Kimberley diamond mines in South Africa.
In 1940 Ruston & Hornsby Ltd purchased a controlling interest in the company; this co-operation led to the formation of Ruston-Paxman Group.
In 1954 the engine controls business of Paxman was reformed as a subsidiary, Ardleigh Engineering Ltd. In 1962 Paxman acquired the engine controls division of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation and merged the two businesses under the Regulateurs Europa name. (see Wikipedia for details)
In 1966 the Ruston-Paxman Group was acquired by English Electric. The diesel engine businesses were merged into English Electric diesel engines Ltd (later English Electric Diesels Ltd). Paxman became the "Paxman Engine Division" of English Electric. In 1968 English Electric was itself acquired by The General Electric Company (GEC) (not the American GE company). In 1972 GEC renamed the engines division GEC Diesels Limited. In 1975 a reorganisation saw the creation of Paxman Diesels Limited as a subsidiary.
In 1988 GEC merged its Paxman, Ruston and Mirrlees Blackstone diesels businesses with the Alsthom division of Compagnie Générale d'Electricité's (CGE) to form GEC-Alsthom. Paxman became GEC ALSTHOM Paxman Diesels Ltd. In December 1997 GEC Alsthom had its initial public offering as Alstom. The diesel engine businesses became Alstom Engines Ltd (AEL).
In 2000 Alstom Engines Ltd was acquired by MAN B&W Diesel AG (a subsidiary of MAN AG) to become MAN B&W Diesel Ltd. In 2005 MAN sold the Regulateurs Europa controls business to Heinzmann GmbH.
In 2003 MAN B&W announced proposals to transfer manufacturing to Stockport, and this was carried out by 2003. However, the Stockport plant proved unable to manufacture the popular VP185 engine efficiently, and thus in 2005, production returned to Colchester.
(please add any known models for cross reference, with machine used in if possible)
They were popular in standby generator sets & other static plant applications.
- Industrial engines
- add details here please
- Locomotive engines
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- Marine engines
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Very few Davey Paxman steam engines survive. The Traction Engine Register 2008 only lists 18 examples surviving in the UK.
- Davey Paxman no. 15584 - Little Sheila of 1911, a 4 nhp Portable, owned by Will Dakin of Sandbatch, Cheshire - seen at Onslow Park steam rally and Astle Park.
- Davey Paxman no. 16849 - Little Audrey of 1911, a 6 nhp engine reg no. AF 3373 owned by Will Dakin, of Sandbach, Cheshire - Seen at Onslow Park Steam Rally and Sandbach Transport Festival
- Davey Paxman no. 19412 - Drumtochy of 1916, a 7 nhp traction engine reg no. KE 2700 - seen at Preston Services New Year steam up meet, 2010/11
|Engine No.||Name||Build Date||Type||Weight||Power nhp||Reg No.||Owner||Image||Other info|
|-||Year||PE||? ton||8 nhp||-||owner >?, Fairford||
|Name ?||1900||PE||? ton||8 nhp||-||owner ?||
|Name ?||1905||PE||weight||power||-||owner ?||
||Mounted on sub frame|
|-||]||PE||? ton||6 nhp||-||owner >?, Sandbach||
||Repatriated from Chile 2008|
|Name ?||1906||PE||weight||6 nhp||-||owner ?||
|Victoria||1907||TE||weight||7 nhp||NK 967||owner ?||
|Annie||1908||TE||weight||10 nhp||NO 3645||owner ?, Rochdale||
||Straw burning firebox|
|Name ?||1910||PE||weight||7 nhp||-||owner ?, Andover||
|Faith||1910||PE||-||? nhp||-||owner >?,||
||Repatriated from Chile 2003|
|Little Sheila||1910||Portable||weight||6 nhp||-||Will Dakin, Sandbach Cheshire||At Shrewsbury Steam Rally 2011 (Repatriated from Australia 2001)|
|Davey Paxman no. 16849||Little Audrey||1911||TE||10 ton||6 nhp||AF 3373||Will Dakin, Sandbach||At Sandbach Transport Festival 2010|
|Name ?||1913||PE||? ton||10 nhp||-||owner ?, Cambridge||
|-||1913||PE||-||10 nhp||(T97)||Preston Services||to add
||Awaiting restoration - for sale|
|Drumtochy||1916||TE||10 ton||7 nhp||KE 2700||owner ?||For sale (June 2012) at Preston Services Kent|
|The Engineer||1916||TE||? ton||7 nhp||KE 2701||owner ?, Hinckley||
|Name ?||Year||PE||weight||3 nhp||-||owner ?||
|-||1921||PE||weight ?||? nhp||NA||German Museum of Technology, Berlin||In Storage|
|Name ?||1922||PE||-||10 nhp||-||owner ?, Langport, Somerset||
||Repatriated from France 2008|
|Name ?||1925||PE||-||3 nhp||-||owner ? Hailsham,||
||(Ex UP8) Repatriated from Brazil|
|Name ?||1920 (?)||PE||-||10 nhp||-||owner ?||
|Name ?||Year||type||weight||power||-||owner ?, Fairford||
||TER 2016 say existence uncertain|
|Name ?||1918||PE||-||3 nhp||-||owner ?, Whitby||
|Name ?||Year||PE||weight||? nhp||-||owner ?, Kiderminster||
||Boiler only on Wheels|
|-||Year||PE||weight||8 nhp||(T81)||Preston Services, Canterbury Kent||
||For sale - awaiting restoration|
|Engine no. ?|
|Name ?||Year||type||weight||power||Reg no. ?||owner ?||
|Machine types Key: SW = Steam Wagon, PE = Portable Engine, RR = Road Roller, SM = Showmans, TE = Traction Engine|
Details of any surviving examples required - please list below.
Template:PML Paxman IC engines
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