Nuffield Organisation (Morris Motors Agricultural Division)
Predecessor BMC
Successor Leyland Tractors
Founded 1948
Founder(s) William Morris
Defunct 1969
Headquarters , England
Industry agriculture machinery tractor
Parent Morris Motor Company

Nuffield Universal Three at Bromyard 08

Nuffield Universal Three at Bromyard show 2008

The Nuffield Universal was a tractor produced in n the United Kingdom by the Nuffield company and its successor the British Motor Corporation BMC from 1948.

When William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield the founder of the Morris Motor Company was honoured with a title and elevated to the peerage he chose to become Lord Nuffield and so when in 1948 the Morris Motors Agricultural Division launched their tractor range the name Nuffield was chosen to be the brand name for the company's agricultural products.


Nuffield 10/60 - JHR 525B at Bath - DSC01647 edited

A immaculately restored Nuffield 10/60 at the Bath and Southwest Tractor show in 2009

Nuffield four four

A Rare Nuffield Four-wheel drive conversion in Holland

The models introduced at the 1948 Smithfield Show were the Nuffield Universal M4 and the tricycle-wheeled M3. Both tractors were powered by an engine based on the side-valve Morris Commercial four cylinder petrol lorry engine.

The first diesel powered Nuffield was the Universal PM4 which was powered by a 48 hp Perkins P4 (TA) engine. When Morris Motors became part of the British Motor Corporation (BMC) in 1952 formed by the merger of the Austin and Morris companies, they retained the Perkins engine until 1954 when it was replaced by 45 h.p. BMC diesel engine, and the tractor designated the 4DM. The BMC OEA2 engine was a 4-cylinder 3.4 ltr Diesel of 45 bhp.

In 1957 a 3-cylinder version of the BMC engine, was introduced. It was a cut down version of the 4-cylinder BMC model. This was reportedly not as successful as was hoped.

In November 1961 at the Smithfield show 2 new models were introduced the Nuffield 3/42 and the 4/60 with a 3.8 litre engine of 60 hp. This retained the same 5 speed gear box.

Then in 1963 the production moved to Bathgate in Scotland, to a new factory and a revised range was launched. The Nuffield 10/42 and 10/60, getting a new 10 speed / 2 reverse gear box, hence the new designations.

1965 saw the introduction of the BMC Mini tractor designed by Ferguson Research Ltd. for BMC. This tractor had similar design features to the Ferguson tractor models. Fittted with a 948ccm diesel or 1622 ccm petrol engine.

By 1967 a revised range was again introduced with the Nuffield 3/45 and 4/65, with 3 variations available. Being fitted with 2.8 litre and 3.8 litre engines.

The BMC Mini tractor was revised in 1968 getting a 1.5 litre diesel engine and called the 4/25.

In 1969 BMC's holding company British Motor Holdings was amalgamated with the Leyland Motor Corporation which also owned Standard Triumph and Rover to become British Leyland. Tractor production continued under the Nuffield name until 1969 when the tractors were rebranded as Leyland Tractors and the familiar poppy red livery was changed to a new two-tone blue of the Leyland corporate colour scheme.

Main article: Leyland

In 1981 Leyland tractors was sold to Marshalls and production moved from Bathgate to Gainsborough, Lincolnshire. The colour scheme changed to cream and brown. Then in 1985 Marshalls went into receivership and tractor production was sold to Bentall Simplex and production moved to Scunthorpe, till they folded and the remains were sold to a Lancashire dealer, (John Charnley & Sons), who built a few tractors, marked JWD, to order from remaining parts.

Model rangeEdit

Nuffield Universal M4 of 1949 reg BEB 954 at Stoke Goldington 09 - IMG 9790

A Nuffield Universal M4 of 1949 at Stoke Goldington Steam Rally 2009

Universal M seriesEdit

These early Models had a "Nuffield Universal" decal on each side of the bonnet. The original engine for both M4 and M3 was a Morris Commercial Cars 4-cylinder sidevalve engine running on tractor vaporising oil (TVO), delivering 42 hp.

Universal 3 series Edit

Universal 4 (4/xx series) Edit

The Adjustable track width sliding hubs were dropped for multi track

  • Nuffield 4/60 - 1961-63 60 bhp from 3.8 litre BMC diesel engine. Produced by boring-out the 3.4 litre.
  • Nuffield 4/65 - 1967-69 65 bhp 4-cylinder

Universal 10/xx series Edit

Compact tractorsEdit

BMC Nuffield 4-25 of 1970-Driffield-P8100550

A restored Nuffield 4/25 Mini ractor

4-WD Nuffield-Bray models Edit


Rare Nuffield Bray 4/60 4-wd conversion at Llandudno Festival of Transport 2008

  • Nuffield-Bray 4/60 - 1966-67 4-wheel drive conversion by Bray (approx 100 produced)
  • Nuffield-Bray 4/65 - 1967-68 4-wheel drive conversion by Bray (Matbro) (about a 130 were produced)

Following the Leyland take over of BMC;

Main article: Leyland

Complete Model RangeEdit

Serial numbersEdit

  • please add production data / serial numbers here

Tractors in preservationEdit

  • List of know tractors in preservation
Model type Date Built Reg No Serial No. Engine Photo Notes/Seen at or in
Nuffield 10/60  ? JYA 849D  ? - Nuffield 10-60 - JYA 849D at Bath - DSC01658 edited Bath and Southwest Tractor show
Fitted with power steering kit
Nuffield Universal M4 1949 BEB 954  ? - Nuffield Universal M4 of 1949 reg BEB 954 at Stoke Goldington 09 - IMG 9790 Stoke Goldington
Owned by Brenda Hill
Has the temperature gauge on the radiator
Nuffield Universal M4  ? LBT 931  ? Perkins Nuffield Universal M4 - LBT 931 at Llandudno 08 - P5050124 At Llandudno Transport Festival 2008
Nuffield Universal 3 1958  ?  ? 772-2558L  ? Image needed LHB No other info listed (added by an IP editor on 6/11/2010)
Image needed LHB
Image needed LHB

See alsoEdit

References / sourcesEdit

  1. T&M Vol.12 no.3

External linksEdit

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