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Nissan Frontier
2005-2008 Nissan Frontier SE crew cab
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Navara
Suzuki Equator
Production 1997–present
Predecessor Nissan D21 series
Body style(s) 2-door truck
4-door truck

Nissan Frontier is the name for the D22 and D40 generations of Nissan pickup trucks in North, Central and South America and the Philippines. The line was started in 1998, and its immediate predecessor is the D21 Nissan Hardbody truck. As of 2002, the D22 series Nissan Truck is no longer sold in Japan, with the primary market having been relocated to North America, built at the Smyrna, Tennessee Nissan factory.

Nissan was the pioneer of the Hardbody or Nissan Navara since 1986. The first was the D21, considered to be a small pick up. After more than 10 years with the D21, the second generation Navara was manufactured from 1998 and went until 2005 which was classed as a compact sized pick up. It was replaced with the bigger, taller, longer D40, which Nissan now considers to be a mid-size pick up truck.

The Navara gets its name from the Navarre region of northern Spain, and the European version is built at the Nissan factory in Barcelona.

D22 series

First Generation (D22)
[[File:2001-2004 Nissan Frontier (North America)
D22 Navara|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Also called Nissan Frontier
Nissan Frontier Bravado
Nissan Fiera
Nissan Hardbody
Nissan Navara
Nissan Paladin (SUV version)
Nissan PickUp
Nissan Winner
Dongfeng Oting (SUV)[1]
Dongfeng Rich Pickup
Dongfeng Rich multi-purpose Commercial Vehicle
Production USA: 1998–2004
China: since January 1999
China: since April 2005 (Facelift version)

Tochigi, Tochigi, Japan
Smyrna, Tennessee, USA
Curitiba, Brazil
Barcelona, Spain
Rosslyn, South Africa[2]
Samut Prakan, Thailand
Makati City, Philippines
Taipei, Taiwan
Aguascalientes, Mexico
Zhengzhou, Henan, China[3]
Cairo, Egypt (Seoudi Group)[4]
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia[5]

Khartoum, Sudan (Giad)[6]
Predecessor Nissan Hardbody (D21)
Successor Nissan Frontier (D40)
Class Compact pickup truck
Layout Front-engine
rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 3.3L VG33E V6
3.3L VG33ER V6 supercharged
2.4L KA24DE I4
2.5L TD25 I4 Diesel
2.7L TD27Ti I4 Diesel
2.7L TD27ETi I4 Diesel
2.7L TD273 I4 Diesel
3.0L ZD30DDT I4 Diesel
3.2L QD323 I4 Diesel
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Wheelbase Regular Cab: 104.3 in (2649 mm)
King Cab / Crew Cab Short Bed: 116.1 in (2949 mm)
Crew Cab Long Bed: 131.1 in (3330 mm)
Length 1998-2002 King Cab: 196.1 in (4981 mm)
Regular Cab: 184.3 in (4681 mm)
1998-2002 Crew Cab: 193.1 in (4905 mm)
2003-04 King Cab: 202.9 in (5154 mm)
2003-04 Crew Cab: 199.9 in (5077 mm)
2003-04 Crew Cab Long Bed: 217.8 in (5532 mm)
Width 2WD: 66.5 in (1689 mm)
4WD & 2001-02 Desert Runner, Crew Cab 2WD & King Cab 2WD: 71.9 in (1826 mm)
2003-04: 71.2 in (1808 mm)
2003-04 King Cab 2WD: 67.7 in (1720 mm)
Height 1998-2002 King Cab 2WD: 62.6 in (1590 mm)
King Cab 4WD & 2001-02 Desert Runner, Crew Cab 2WD & King Cab 2WD: 65.9 in (1674 mm)
1998-2000 Regular Cab 2WD: 62.5 in (1588 mm)
1998-2002 XE Regular Cab 2WD: 62.8 in (1595 mm)
1998-2000 Regular Cab 4WD: 66.1 in (1679 mm)
2003-04 King Cab 4WD & XE 2WD: 66.7 in (1694 mm)
2003-04 Crew Cab 4WD: 67.1 in (1704 mm)
2003-04 SVE & SC Long Bed Crew Cab 4WD: 71.8 in (1824 mm)
2003-04 King Cab 2WD: 63.2 in (1605 mm)
SC 2WD: 69.9 in (1775 mm)
Related Nissan Xterra
Nissan Pathfinder
Nissan Patrol

The Frontier was introduced in 1997 for the 1998 model year as a replacement for the aging 1986.5–1997 Nissan Hardbody Truck. Nissan first offered the Frontier with a 4-cylinder engine, the KA24DE, but added the V6 engine, the VG33E in 1999. Elsewhere, the Frontier was also known as the Nissan Navara

That changed, with the introduction of the 2000 Frontier Crew Cab. The Crew Cab was the first compact pickup to offer a 4-door body-style in North America. Until that point, crew cabs were heavy duty versions of full-size trucks and were mainly used as commercial vehicles, although four-door compact pickups existed in Asia and Europe for decades.

For 2001, Nissan facelifted the Frontier, introducing bolder styling in an effort to make it more appealing to younger buyers in its second generation. The Frontier was completely redone after the 2004 model year, which later resulted in the suspension of the regular cab model, indefinitely.

D22 (1997–2000 model year) Frontier

1997-2000 Nissan Frontier regular cab

Built in Japan from 1997 to 2000. Versions: Single cab, King Cab, Crew Cab (Introduced in 2000 and only available on 2000-current models). Engines: Petrol (KA24DE) and Diesel (TD27) (2wd and 4wd) with 5sp manual transmission. Also exported to Central and South America. US production in Tennessee started in 1998 with a Single cab and a King cab, a Crew Cab arrived in 2000. Also in 2000 a special edition was first offered called the Desert Runner. It had a king cab base but on the 4X4 frame which gave it a boost in ride height, bigger tires and a 4 speed 2WD drivetrain. In 2001 the Desert Runner got a new look and a supercharged version of the V6 engine.

Engines: 2.4 liter (KA24DE) I4 and 3.3 liter (VG33E) V6, 2wd or 4wd, Manual and Automatic. A Spain Plant replaced Japanese Production and exported to Central, South America, and Australasia (Australia and New Zealand).

  • D22 (GEN-1) Names
  • DATSUN Japan
  • FRONTIER USA, Canada, Philippines, Argentina and Brazil
  • FIERA Bolivia
  • TERRANO Chile
  • PICK UP Europe, Central and South America, Africa, Asia
  • HARD BODY Douth Africa
  • NAVARA Europe and Australasia
  • WINNER Middle East (Crew Cab only)
  • Didsun or Datsun Gulf countries

D22 Navara

The D22 Navara was a compact size pick up truck manufactured from 1997 to 2004. However, Nissan continues to build the D22 on a low scale, and is known as "Pickup".

The first D22 Navaras (from 1997 to 2000) have a slightly different cosmetic appearance to the newer models (2001–2004).

The first series of D22s had larger (QD32) 3.2 litre normally aspirated Diesel engines producing 75 kW. The second series has 4 available engine types. They were as follows:

  • 2.4 litre, DOHC, 16V, 4 cylinder, producing 110 kW (148 hp) @ 5600 rpm and 208 N·m (153 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm.
  • 2.5 litre, DOHC, 16V, 4 cylinder, producing 100 kW (134 hp) @ 4000 rpm and 304 N·m (224 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm.
  • 3.0 litre, DOHC, 16V, 6 cylinder, producing 110 kW (148 hp) @ 3400 rpm and 314 N·m (232 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm.
  • 3.3 litre, SOHC, 12V, 6 cylinder, producing 125 kW (168 hp) @ 4800 rpm and 266 N·m (196 lb·ft) @ 2800 rpm.

The 2.5 litre Diesel engines are Turbo charged with intercooler, and the 3.0 litre is Turbo-charged but is not intercooled.

Currently the D22 Navara series remains on Nissan lineup for many countries and is known as Nissan NP300,Pickup,Frontier an D22 Navara.

D22 (2001–2004 model year) Frontier

2003-2004 Nissan Frontier crew cab

The first Gen Frontier (2001–2004) was not sold or produced in Japan. Sales and production started in North America, with Crew Cab and King Cab versions and new grille, bumper, headlights, taillights, built in fender flares, and tailgates. Available engines include a petrol 2.4L, 3.3L, and a 3.3L Supercharged version 210 hp (160 kW). It is available with both 2 wheel and 4 wheel drive. The plant in Spain replaced production in Japan. They began exporting the second generation to Central and South America where it is called Frontier. Single Cabs and Crew Cabs are available with the Petrol or Diesel engines, 2wd and 4wd. Also in Australia and New Zealand. Brazil plant started production around 2002 (Crew Cab Diesel 2wd or 4wd, 5 speed manual, or single cab 2wd Diesel. Only for export to Mexico petrol 2.4 cc Built in Mexico) and export to Argentina (all Brazilians versions) and Mexico (Crew Cab, Petrol 2.4L, 2wd, Manual 5 speed). Egypt Plant export to Middle East, South Africa Plant to African countries. Mexico production, starting in 2008: D22 truck Single Cab Chassis and Long Bed (2wd or 4wd, Petrol 2.4L or Diesel, Crew Cab (2wd and Petrol) called D22 Pick up, Nissan Mexicana import from USA D40 Frontier V6.

D40 series

Second Generation (D40)
[[File:2008 Nissan Frontier extended cab (US)|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Also called Suzuki Equator (2009)
Nissan Navara
Nissan Navara Brute
Nissan Frontier Navara (TW)
Production 2005–present
Assembly Smyrna, Tennessee, United States
Curitiba, Brazil (2008-2017)
Samut Prakan, Thailand (2007-present)[7]
Barcelona, Spain
Miaoli, Taiwan
Predecessor Nissan Frontier (D22)
Class Mid-size pickup truck
Layout Front-engine
rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Platform Nissan F-Alpha platform
Engine(s) 4.0L VQ40DE 265 hp (198 kW) V6
2.5L QR25DE 154 hp (115 kW) I4
2.5LYD25DDTi High Power 174 hp (130 kW)
2.5LYD25DDTi Mid Power Commonrail 144 hp (107 kW)
3.0 LV9X Engine V6 Turbodiesel 240 hp (175 kW)
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic overdrive
5-speed manual overdrive
6-speed manual overdrive
Wheelbase 125.9 in (3198 mm)
Length LWB: 219.4 in (5573 mm)
SWB: 205.5 in (5220 mm)
Width 72.8 in (1849 mm)
Height XE King Cab: 68.7 in (1745 mm)
SE King Cab: 69.7 in (1770 mm)
Crew Cab: 70.1 in (1781 mm)
:LE Crew Cab 2WD: 73.9 in (1877 mm)
Related Infiniti QX56
Nissan Armada
Nissan Pathfinder
Nissan Titan
Nissan Xterra

Initially, the Frontier was considered a compact, but beginning with the totally redesigned model year 2005 Frontier (introduced at the 2004 North American International Auto Show), it became more mid-sized. It uses the new Nissan F-Alpha platform and exterior body styling resembles that of the company's full-size Nissan Titan truck.

The new truck's wheelbase is 125.9 in (3.20 m) with a 205.5 in (5.22 m) overall length. Towing capacity is 6500 lb (2,950 kg). A 4.0 L VQ-family V6, the VQ40DE, is the standard engine, and it produces a respectable 265 hp (198 kW) with 284 ft·lbf (385 N·m) of torque. Also available is the QR25DE four-cylinder engine, which is also found in the Nissan Altima. A six-speed manual is standard with a five-speed automatic optional. Both rear and four-wheel drive are available. Traction control and hill-descent control are also available.

The Frontier is called Navara when sold in Europe. The engine is a 2.5 L YD25DDTi diesel, with 142 hp (106 kW) or 172 hp (128 kW). The stronger version has 403 N·m (297 lb·ft) of torque.

2009 Suzuki Equator extended cab

Suzuki has begun selling a Frontier-based mid-sized pickup that is produced by Nissan North America at the Smyrna plant, called Suzuki Equator.[8] The truck debuted at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show as the Suzuki Equator.[9] For 2009 the Frontier will get a face lift with more options, colors, and new wheels. The Nismo model will be replaced by a new PRO-4X model.

D40 Navara

The Navara came with a 174 bhp (130 kW/176 PS) (169 bhp (126 kW/171 PS) engine on post September '06 vehicles with the introduction of the Euro IV compliant engine). It has four trim levels, the S, SE, Outlaw and Aventura. The Aventura trim package is equipped with leather upholstery, Dual Zone Climate Control, 6 CD/MP3 changer and satellite navigation as standard.

In Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the D40 Navara has a few differences from the UK versions. There are 2 engines available, 2.5 liter Turbo-charged Diesel engine and the V-6 petrol. The Diesel engine in 4WD models produces 128 kW (172 hp) at 4000 rpm and 403 N·m (297 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm, with the 2WD models producing less at 106 kW (142 hp) at 4000 rpm and 356 N·m (263 lb·ft) at 2000 rpm. The V-6 produces 198 kW (266 hp) at 5600 rpm of power and 385 N·m (284 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm of torque. Both engines come with a standard 5 speed Automatic, with a 6 speed manual available for the Diesel. These models do not have leather, climate control or satellite navigation system like their UK versions.

The 2008 model of the Navara was launched on July 2. Changes included a new style of alloy wheels, bluetooth as standard, side work lights and indicators on the wing mirrors.

The 2008 Single Cab became available in Thailand since March 6. The 2.5 engine reduces the torque down from 356 N·m (263 ft·lbf) to 294 N·m (217 ft·lbf) @ 2,000 rpm. Using 15" wheels and exclusively reserved modified chassis. Power steering is standard, also available electric mirrors and central locking as optional extra. Nissan planned to sell the single cab and began to export worldwide at the same month. Nissan also continue to sell the D22 pickups with minor updates for a cheaper choice (now called as Frontier LCV).

The Nissan Navara Double Cab became available in Malaysia on November 5, 2008. It is available with a 2.5L diesel engine producing 128 kW (172 hp) and 403 N·m (297 ft·lbf), only with a 5-speed automatic. A year later the 6-speed manual version is available. The D22 series Nissan Frontier remains on sale in Malaysia with a manual transmission.[10] In November 2008 Nissan Thailand Released the all new Nissan Navara Calibre with a 144 PS (106 kW) @4000 rpm 36.3 kg·m (356 N·m; 263 ft·lbf) @2000 rpm available with a 5 speed automatic an a 6 speed manual transmissions. The Navara is not offered in Singapore due to the high excise duty for the pickup trucks there, and lack of interests.

Navara Facelift (European Models 2010)

2011 Nissan Frontier Pro-4X (US)

Nissan has released the complete details and images of the 2010 Nissan Navara facelift along with the 2011 Nissan Pathfinder facelift. The 2010 Nissan Navara facelift are now powered by a new 3.0-litre V6 turbo V9X Engine diesel engine producing 240 hp (175 kW),406 lb-ft (500 Nm) @ 2,500 rpm and a revised 2.5-litre dCi unit(YD25DDTi High Power). The 2011 Nissan Navara and Pathfinder facelift V6 develop 170 kW (231 PS) and 550 Nm of torque between 1,700 rpm and 2,500 rpm an the famous YD engine which produces 190 PS (140 kW) and 450 Nm of torque an the VQ40DE remains the same with the 265 hp @5600 rpm; 291 ft·lbf (395 N·m) @4000 rpm.

There are subtle changes to the headlights and the bonnet. The v-shaped grille shell is less pronounced and the bumper is rounder and projects 80mm further forward, but it's the six-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels or optional 18-inch alloy wheels that will be the plainest tell-tale to the new vehicle's identity.

Inside the new Navara (top of the line model), Nissan designers have specified softer materials of a better quality for the dash, seats and interior moulds. The centre console and fascia designs have been revised, as have the instrument binnacle layout and door trims. Additional bright/gloss finish surfacing is used throughout the cabin. The six-stack CD audio system or the TV Navigation entertainment console is upgraded with speed-sensing volume, MP3 compatibility and Bluetooth connectivity for the (six-stack CD audio system). Other new or revised features include dual-zone climate control, remote audio/Bluetooth/trip computer controls on the steering wheel, trip computer, external temperature gauge, speed-sensitive variable windscreen wipers and 'follow me home' lighting. The electric mirrors now fold in fully for car washes or parking in narrow spaces.

Importantly, the upgraded Navara (diesel only) gains stability control—or Vehicle Dynamic Control to use Nissan's term for it—and all petrol V6 and diesel variants score side-impact and side-curtain airbags to complement the dual front airbags. Facelift for the South America, Asia/Oceania (except Australia), and the Caribbean models which is produced in Thailand will get it face lift later this year.

International production facilities

The Frontier is known as Nissan Navara in most of Europe and Australia and New Zealand, and Nissan Terrano in Chile (only D40 series is known as Navara). It is currently built in Smyrna, Tennessee, Spain, South Africa, Thailand, Philippines, China, Mexico, Brazil and Egypt.


The D40 Navara has undergone Euro NCAP crash testing along with the Mitsubishi Triton and Isuzu D-Max, and received one star with a strikeout; however, after retesting with upgraded computer software it went from the lowest in the group to the highest (overall) with 3 stars. Among the problems discovered during the test was delayed airbag deployment and insufficient seatbelt restraint, which were solved with the software upgrade.

Awards and recognition

  • 2010 Nissan Frontier Received NHTSA's Highest Side-impact Safety Rating(5 stars).[11]
  • 2010 Nissan Frontier Received J.D. Power and Associates Highest Ranked Midsize Pickup In Initial Quality Award.[12]

See also


Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Nissan Frontier. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

  1. official Dongfeng Oting website
  2. "Fiat. Fiat In South Africa". Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  3. official Website of Zhenzhou-Nissan (since 2003 a part of Dongfeng Motor)
  4. "Nissan. Nissan In Egypt". Retrieved on 2010-07-25.
  5. "Nissan. Nissan In Malaysia". Retrieved on 2010-07-25.
  6. ":: Giad Automotive Industry Co. Ltd. (Holding Company) :: GIAD Vehicles Co. Ltd". Retrieved on 2010-11-24.
  7. ยุทธพงษ์ ภาษี (5 February 2007). "ลองรถ "ขอบคุณ" นิสสัน นาวารา 4WD (ตอน1)". กรุงเทพธุรกิจ (Krungthep Turakij). Retrieved on 27 August 2010.(Thai)
  8. Suzuki Auto Announces Plans for Pickup Truck Built by Nissan North America, Business Wire, December 11, 2007
  9. Leaked: 2009 Suzuki Equator,, January 29, 2008
  10. Tan, Paul. "Nissan Navara with 174 PS launched in Malaysia". Retrieved on 2010-11-08.
  11. "2011 Nissan Frontier | Awards & Reviews". Nissan USA. Retrieved on 2010-11-08.

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