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Mercedes-Benz G-Class
Mercedes-Benz 300GD
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Parent company Daimler-Benz (1979–1998)
DaimlerChrysler (1998–2007)
Daimler AG (2008–present)
Production 1979–present
Assembly Graz, Austria
Class Mid-size sport utility vehicle
Puch G

Puch G

The Mercedes-Benz G-Class or G-Wagen, short for Geländewagen (or cross-country vehicle), is a four-wheel drive vehicle / sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by German automaker Mercedes-Benz. Designed to be a durable, reliable, and rugged off-roader, the G-wagen is characterized by its boxy styling and body-on-frame construction. It utilizes three fully locking differentials, one of the few vehicles to have such a feature.

Mercedes-Benz secured military contracts for the vehicle in the late 1970s and offered a civilian version in 1979. A major reason to start development was the need of the German Army for a light military vehicle. Without any joint test the cheaper Volkswagen Iltis were chosen, but since 1990 it is replaced by the G-Class "Wolf" and LAPV Enok. After a design change to a civilian cross-country vehicle in co-operation with the Austrian car manufacturer Steyr-Daimler-Puch,[1] production of the G-Class began in 1979 with the 460 Series models.[2] The G-Class has been sold under the Puch name in certain markets, and the Peugeot P4 is a variant made under license, with a Peugeot engine and different parts.

Despite the introduction of an intended replacement, the unibody crossover SUV Mercedes-Benz GL-Class in 2006, the G-Class is still produced and is expected to continue in production until 2015.

History Edit

The G-Wagen was developed by Steyr-Daimler-Puch and first offered for sale in 1979 and redesigned in 1990/1991. A new version was expected for 2007, but the new GL-Class will not replace the G-Wagen, and it will continue to be hand-built in Graz, Austria at an annual production of 4,000 to 6,000 units. In February 2009, Magna Steyr, an operating unit of Magna International, announced that it signed an agreement with Daimler AG to extend the production of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class at Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria until 2015. Besides the production, the further development of the G-Class by Mercedes-Benz is also located in Graz since 1992.[3]

A G CLASS RETROSPECTIVE 1972 - 2011 29-year history - the longest produced MB in Daimler's history

1972 Development of a new type of off-road vehicle — one that will excel both in the toughest terrain and yet provide the comfort and safety engineering for which Mercedes-Benz is known — begins in a cooperative agreement between Daimler-Benz and Steyr-Daimler-Puch in Graz, Austria. Mercedes-Benz engineers in Stuttgart focus on the design and testing of the new vehicle, while the team in Graz develops the production plans.

1973 The first wooden model is presented to Daimler-Benz management.

1974 The first driveable prototype vehicle begins testing around the globe — from the coalfields of Germany, to the Sahara Desert, to the Arctic Circle.

1975 Construction commences on a new production facility in Graz, where the new cross-country vehicle will be assembled nearly entirely by hand.

1979 Production of the “G Model” begins in Graz.

1980 The Vatican takes delivery of a specially made G Model outfitted with a clear thermoplastic top. After serving the Pope for years, the “Papa G” or “Popemobile” will take up permanent residence at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

1981 The first major refinements include an automatic transmission, air conditioning, an auxiliary fuel tank, protective headlamp grilles and a cable winch.

1982 Fuel injection becomes available, along with more comfortable and supportive front seats, auxiliary heating, wider tires and fender flares.

1983 A rally-prepared and modified 280 GE wins the torturous Paris–Dakar Rally.

1985 Differential locks, central door locking and a tachometer become standard.

1986 The 50,000th G Model is handcrafted at the Graz facility.

1987 Power windows, a power antenna and a combined partition net and luggage cover join the optional equipment roster.

1989 At the10th anniversary of the G Model, a new model variant with permanent 4 wheel drive, a luxurious wood-trimmed interior and optional Antilock Braking System (ABS) debuts at the Frankfurt International Motor Show. Production begins the following April.

1992 A new sub-series for professional users — from landscapers and foresters to fire and rescue operations — begins production. The civilian model offers cruise control, a stainless-steel spare-tire cover, running boards and Burl Walnut wood interior trim. And the 100,000th G Model is built in Graz.

1994 The model line is officially renamed the G-Class. Ventilated front disc brakes and a driver’s air bag become standard.

1996 The automatic transmission is now an electronically controlled 5-speed unit. Headlamp washers, cruise control and a front passenger’s air bag are added.

1998 The range-topping G 500 with a 296 hp V 8 is introduced for series production.

1999 A limited run of V 8 powered “G 500 Classic” special editions marks the 20th anniversary. A multifunction steering wheel is added to all models. Later in the year, the new G 55 AMG debuts as the most powerful G-Class yet, with 354 hp.

2001 The new millennium welcomes a series of refinements coinciding with the U.S. market launch of the G-Class. New alloy wheels, a chrome grille and body-color bumpers surround a more luxurious cabin. New dynamic control systems include the Electronic Stability Program (ESP®), Brake Assist and the 4 wheel Electronic Traction System (4 ETS).

2004 The G 55 AMG is upgraded with a supercharged V 8 engine developing 476 hp, as the G-Class celebrates its 25th anniversary.

2006 In Siberia, a documentary filmmaker is the first foreigner to reach the world’s coldest region with a passenger vehicle in winter, driving a stock G 500 nearly 19,000 km without a single breakdown, in temperatures as frigid as –63˚F.

2007 The output of the G 55 AMG is raised to an even 500 hp. Bi Xenon headlamps, corner-illuminating front foglamps and new scratch-resistant nano-particle paint finishes are offered for the first time.

2008 More-refined instrumentation and controls grace the G-Class cabin, along with such new-generation technology as the COMAND system with hard-drive-based navigation, a rear view camera, voice control, Bluetooth® and a Tire Pressure Monitoring System. The Vatican receives a new white “Popemobile” based on a G 500.

2009 The G-Class celebrates its 30th birthday as it enters model-year 2010, with over 200,000 units having been handcrafted in Graz since the start of production.

2011 Even through countless evolutionary changes, the G-Class remains unwaveringly true not just to its original design ethic and handcrafted construction, but to its original promise: a seemingly limitless, and clearly timeless, vehicle for the world.

460 Edit

460
Production 1979–1991 (460), -present (461 G300 CDI)
Body style(s) 2-door SWB convertible
2-door SWB SUV/Van
2-door LWB Van
4-door LWB SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Platform Mercedes-Benz 460
Engine(s) 2.0L I4
2.3L I4
2.8L I6 Petrol
2.4L I4
2.5L I5
3.0L I5 Diesel
Transmission(s) 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2400 mm) or 112.2 in (2850 mm)

The original 460 G-Wagen went on sale for civilian buyers in the model year 1979. It was offered with two wheelbases, a short wheel base (SWB) of 2400 mm and a long one (LWB) of 2850 mm. One could choose between three body styles: A 2-door SWB convertible, a 2-door SWB wagon and a LWB 4-door wagon. The two wagons were also available as windowless 2-door Van (or 'Kastenwagen' in German).

During the G-wagen's impressive life span many a different body style was made for army and public-service clients, like the Popemobile, the pickup or the chassis/cab with a wheel base of 2850, 3120 or 3400 mm, the chassis/cab being the base vehicle for army-ambulances or communication vehicles. Because of the sheer variety of military versions, this article focuses on the more standardized civilian G-Wagen.

The 460 was popular with military and off-road enthusiasts, with more than 50,000 built in the first decade. Mercedes-Benz initially did not sell the model in the United States, but by means of "casual importation" grey-market in the mid-1980s, importers sold some G-Wagens which had been modified to meet the specifications by the US DOT, at about $135,000.

461 Edit

The production of the 460 ended in August 1991. It was replaced by the all but identical 461. Initially, choices of engine were limited to the four-cylinder 230GE petrol and five-cylinder 290GD diesel engine. The 460 'cabrio' version was omitted. In 1997, the 461 sported a slightly updated interior with better seats, changed door panels, and an updated dash. The 461 became available only as 290GD turbo diesel with four-speed automatic transmission. The petrol engine was dropped. Disc brakes all around became standard, and the bell-housing of the front axle was changed to accommodate larger reduction gears. The exterior and other mechanics changed little, not even the model badge which kept indicating 290GD.

The main technical difference between the 460/461 and 463 model, apart from the choice of engines, gearboxes and heavy-duty suspension, is the layout of the drive train. While the 463 offers full-time 4WD, the 460/461 is basically rear wheel drive with manual 4WD(ie part time 4WD). These models did not have a center differential and thus no center differential locks. Only front and rear locking differentials are needed to obtain a fully locked drive train. The front lockers were not fitted as standard, but as a factory-fitted option. The differential locks are manually operated with hydraulic levers next to the transfer case selector handle.
Other differences between 460/461 and 463 models are mainly cosmetic.

From the front, the 460/461 is easily recognized by its grille and headlight covers, which differ slightly from the 463 and are always black (on a factory standard car), even if the rest of the bodywork is not. If fitted, wheel arch extenders are made of unfinished plastic and are black. The rear view mirrors are mounted on the front doors instead of at the base of the A-pillar. The model badge is integrated at the base of the mirror. From the behind, the biggest differences are the fuel cap, which is not covered on the 460/461, and the arrangement of the taillights and bumpers.

Inside, whereas the 463 is very luxurious in the use of materials such as wood and leather and the layouts of electronics, the simpler model is basic, with a dash and trim which closely resemble the original vehicles in the late 1970s. Apart from the choice of rugged materials, features like automatic transmission (standard on the 290GD TD), power steering (standard on 461), ABS, drivers airbag, central locking, engine pre-heater, air conditioning (rare), heated seats and electric windows were available for the 460/461.

The G280 CDI «EDITIONPUR» is the latest 461 available for civilian buyers. This version is essentially a civilian version of the military 461 and will come with a 24V starter motor and a walk-on bonnet.

463 Edit

463
[[File:Mercedes-Benz G500|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Production 1990–present
Body style(s) 2-door SWB convertible
2-door SWB SUV
4-door LWB SUV
Layout Front engine / Four-wheel drive
Platform Mercedes-Benz 463
Engine(s)

5.0L 296 hp (221 kW) V8
5.4L 469 hp (350 kW) supercharged V8
2.9L V6 Diesel

4.0L V8 Diesel
Transmission(s) 5-speed/7-speed automatic
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2400 mm) or 112.2 in (2850 mm)
Length Pre-2003: 183.5 in (4661 mm)
2004–09: 185.6 in (4714 mm) (LWB)
2010-: 184.5 in (4686 mm)
Width Pre-2003: 69.3 in (1760 mm)
2004–09: 71.3 in (1811 mm)
2004-09 AMG: 73.4 in (1864 mm)
2010-: 71.8 in (1824 mm)
2010- AMG: 73.1 in (1857 mm)
Height 2004–09: 77.8 in (1976 mm)
Pre-2003: 72.3 in (1836 mm)
2010-: 76.0 in (1930 mm)
Related KSU Gazal-1

The chassis was revised for 1990 as the 463 with anti-lock brakes, full-time 4WD and a full trio of electronically-locking differentials. The interior was totally upgraded, finished with wooden accents and optional leather upholstery.

The range was refreshed again in 1997, including the introduction of a power-topped convertible and two new engines, the 2.9 L Turbo Diesel and the V6-powered (M112 motor) G320 — previous years' G320s were outfitted with the M104 I6. The V8 G-wagen returned with a new engine in 1998 as the G500, with official sales beginning in the United States in 2002 at $75,000. The 349 hp (260 kW) G55 AMG cemented the vehicle in the American market with many snapped up by celebrities. The most powerful V8, the 476 hp (355 kW) (later 500 hp (370 kW)) G55 AMG Kompressor, introduced in 2004 as model year 2005, is able to hit 60 mph (100 km/h) in just 5.4 seconds. In 2005 M-B was considering that it would be the last year they would export the Geländewagen to the USA market. They even launched a "Grand Edition" (something they like to do to sell off the last of a particular model)[dubious ]. One reason it was supposedly continued in the US market was because of an order placed for some 160+ diesel units for the US Marine Corp (H1 HumVees don't fit well in the V-22 Osprey). 2005 was the first year the G55 AMG model boasted 469 HP, a 120 HP increase over the '03 and '04 AMG models.

The new G550 has a 32-valve 382-horsepower 5.5-liter V8 engine, while the G55 AMG has a 500-horsepower 5.4-liter V8 engine. The G550 goes from 0 to 60 mph in 6.0 seconds, while it takes the G55 AMG 4.8 seconds.

The 463 client had a larger choice of engines, the preliminary apex being the V8-powered 500 GE in 1993. They catered more of a luxury than off-road crowd with front/center/rear differential locks and an even more luxurious cabin. The 500GE was produced in limited numbers for just two years. All 463 G-Wagens began using Mercedes-Benz's new letter-first naming scheme in 1994.

Various automobile tuners such as AMG, BRABUS, LORINSER, Carlsson, German tuner A.R.T. and RENNtech have modified the engine, interior and exterior.

It was rumored that, with military contracts for the G-Class completed, production of the old G-wagen in Graz, Austria would cease in 2006. However, reports state that production of the current G-wagen will continue for the foreseable future, alongside its once-intended replacement, the GL-Class (X164). An outcry among enthusiasts who admired the G-Class for its tremendous off-road potential showed that a market still existed for such a vehicle. Mercedes-Benz elected to continue G-Class production for the hardcore off-road market, while the larger 3-row GL-Class would be marketed as a competitor for the likes of the Cadillac Escalade and Lincoln Navigator.

2006 Mercedes-Benz G-Class. In July 2006, Mercedes-Benz announced a late-availability 2006 model year G-Class on its website.[4]

2007 Mercedes-Benz G-Class. The company showed a facelifted 2007 model at the Paris Auto Show in September 2006[5] and increased the power of the G55 AMG version from 476 to 500 hp (370 kW). Mercedes-Benz at the same time also announced that it will continue to manufacture the G-Class through 2015 on the continuing demand worldwide for the model by military and civilian buyers.

2008 Mercedes-Benz G-Class. Minor upgrades.

2009 Mercedes-Benz G-Class The 2009 G500 and G55 AMG are offered for sale at the 30-year anniversary of the G-Class. Both models with cosmetic upgrades most noticeable with the new grill, rims and telematics. The G-Class available with two different engines: a new-for 2009 382-hp (an increase of 90-hp) 5.5-liter V8 with a seven-speed automatic transmission in the G500, and a 500-hp (an increase of 7-hp) 5.5-liter supercharged V8 with five-speed automatic transmission in the AMG-tuned G55. Loaded with standard luxury features such as a leather interior, premium wood trim, rear parking assistance with camera, rapid HDD navigation system with aerial view, bi-xenon headlights, rain-sensing wipers, dual zone climate control, heated/cooled power driver and passenger seats with memory, to name a few. Standard safety equipment includes Mercedes' Tele Aid system, anti-lock brakes, brake assist, electronic stability control and side-curtain airbags. In addition to engine upgrades, the Mercedes-Benz G-Class has been given a fresh look incorporating a new front grille design and grille guards. The new COMAND infotainment system includes a 40-gigabyte hard drive, in-dash 6-disc CD/DVD player, GPS navigation, Bluetooth wireless connectivity, harmon/kardon surround-sound system, in-dash memory card reader, high-definition digital radio, and satellite radio with real-time traffic service. The G55 features new 19-inch AMG light-alloy wheels, a new Alcantara headliner and a redesigned wood/leather selector lever.

2010 Mercedes-Benz G-Class Minor updates, added newly developed front seats and a new rear bench, and a choice of black or gray fabric upholstery or leather seats in either black, gray or chestnut as well as new ‘climatised’ multicontour seats. Other interior changes include the addition of an Aux-in socket in the glove compartment and a new ignition key and outside the new G-Class gets a modified spare wheel cover and two new paint options: “palladium silver metallic” and the “designo platinum magno” matte finish. The 2010 G-Class is offered with either a 224HP V6 diesel (G 350 CDI) or two gasoline V8 engines producing 388HP in the G500 and 507HP in the G55 AMG model. The G-Class is scheduled to remain in production until 2015.

The Ultimate G - The 2009 Mercedes-Benz G55 G V12 S Biturbo The world’s most powerful G off-roader is modified by the tuner BRABUS. It is built on the latest Mercedes G-Class. The SUV is powered by a BRABUS SV12 S displacement engine. Like all special models of BRABUS - recognized by the German Vehicle Registration Agency as a vehicle manufacturer - the BRABUS G V12 S Biturbo comes with a comprehensive luxury package. The ultra-powerful 4×4 starts at 379,000 Euros.

The BRABUS SV12 S engine is based on the V12 Bi-turbo engine from Mercedes S 600. Before being implanted in the engine bay of the G-Class, displacement of the three-valve per cylinder engine is increased from 5.5 to 6.3 liters (336 to 384 cubic inches) using a special crankshaft with longer stroke, larger cylinders and larger bore. In addition, the cylinder heads are re-machined and fitted with revised camshafts.

Manufacturing contracts with Daimler AG have been renewed for the continued production of Mercedes-Benz's G-Class at Magna Steyr's facilities in Graz, Austria, until 2015. The G-Class is produced in three, five-door, convertible and in custom versions. The Magna International division in Graz has made about 200,000 vehicles over 30 years.

Military operators Edit

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina: The Argentine Army uses the MB-230G (short and long chassis) since the 1980s, in different roles; some 900 remained in service.[6]
Puch G Bundesheer

A Puch G of the Austrian Army.

Bulgarian army Mercedes G-Class

Bulgarian army G-class with HELBROC insignia

Two Canadian Forces G-Wagons

Canadian Army G-Wagens

Flag of Australia.svg Australia: In 2007, Mercedes-Benz won a contract to provide 1,200 G-Class vehicles to the Australian Defence Force.[7] The vehicles will include 4x4 and 6x6 models, with Australia being the first military customer to receive 6x6 vehicles.
Flag of Austria.svg Austria: The Austrian Army has been a long time user of various Puch G models.
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Army operates 600+ vehicles in various configurations, most of them armed.
Flag of Canada.svg {{{name}}}: A total of 1,159 vehicles have been ordered by the Canadian Army beginning in late 2003.[8] An armoured kit can be fitted (or removed) in 8 hours by three soldiers. Their light armour has been criticised for leading to loss of life in Afghanistan, however it is considerably better than the Iltis predecessor.[9]
Delivery of these vehicles to Reserve units has also begun. They will be deployed in armoured reconnaissance units. It is in the final stages of fully replacing the Iltis in most units as the armoured reconnaissance vehicle in use LFCA. Other units will replace the Iltis with a militarized Chevrolet Silverado known as the MILCOTS (or colloquially as the "Milverado".) For the most exposed missions in Afghanistan 75 RG-31 Nyala built by BAE Land Systems OMC, South Africa, will be used.[10]
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia: Croatia bought 300 to 320 vehicles for needs of Croatian army and for operations in Afghanistan additional 30 RG-31 vehicles were delivered. Croatia uses mix of 4x4 vehicles in peacekeepings operations and the G-Class is a very popular choice within the Croatian Army. G-Class is supplemented by Land Rover Wolf and Iveco LMV.
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark: The Danish military bought the 240 GD (/24, /28 and /34 variants) to supersede the M151A1, the Volkswagen 181 ("Jagdwagen") and the Land Rover 88.[11] First deliveries of the 240 GD were in 1985 and later the 290 GD (/24 and /28 variants) where also introduced. More than 1.300 have been put in service. A few 300 GE's have also been used — mainly by the Danish army EOD-services.[12] Currently the Danes are taking delivery of over 2.000 270CDIs in several variants, starting in 2003.[13]
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia: The Estonian Defence Forces have a small number of various G-Class vehicles, which were recently purchased to replace the outdated UAZ and Volkswagen Iltis jeeps.
Flag of Finland.svg Finland: The Finnish Army uses the Geländewagen mostly as armored vehicles and ambulances, but other versions are also in service.
Flag of France.svg France: The French Army have the Peugeot P4 which is a derivative from the G-Class equipped with Peugeot engine and equipment.
Serval 2

AGF (Light infantry vehicle) of the German special forces

Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle ENOK

A LAPV Enok, the latest armored model of the German Army

Bundeswehr MB Wolf

A Wolf of the German Army

Flag of Germany.svg Germany: The German Armed Forces uses the G-Class under the name "Wolf". Over 12,000 vehicles have been delivered in over 50 versions, ranging from ambulance vehicles to armored vehicles used by the German special forces. In the 1970s the cheaper Volkswagen Iltis was preferred; now the Iltis is replaced by the "Wolf" and the armoured variant LAPV Enok.
Hellenic Army - Mercedes-Benz G-Class - 7211

A Greek Army vehicle in Military Police colours

Flag of Greece.svg Greece: The Greek Army as well as Air Force, Navy and Police use several versions of the Geländewagen, manufactured by ELBO the Hellenic Vehicles Industry.[14]
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary: The Hungarian Ground Forces are using 233 of G-270 CDI BA 10, which is mounted with UMF light-machine gun platform, and 5 of G-280 CDI BA6 C+R SSA FB6. More will be purchased between 2010–2013.
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia: Paspampres (Indonesian Secret Service) are using G-270 CDI for their fleet with SIRINA lights, Gunner Roof Mount, Bullbar, Black Grill, Roof and Rear View Mirror Handles.
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg: The Military of Luxembourg uses the 300D variant of the Geländewagen.
Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen Norwegian military fq

Norwegian military MB240GD

Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia: Locally build by DEFTECH as G-Wagon, acquired in 2001 in the Malaysian military with an initial batch of 32 G-Wagons mounted with Browning M2 machine guns for a total of 10.8 million Malaysian ringgit with another batch of 34 G-Wagons mounted with AGL weapons for 11.5 million Malaysian ringgit and 18 G-Wagons with ATGM weapons for 6.1 million Malaysian ringgit,[15] and used along with Land Rover Defender as light transport of Malaysian Army.
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico: The Mexican naval defense secretary (SEMAR) announced in 2008, a contract to purchase large numbers of Mercedes-Benz military vehicles for the Mexican Marine corps. As of May 16, 2009 The SEMAR has received 20 of the 84 G-Class vehicles in order.[16][17]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands: The Royal Netherlands Army uses various versions of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class, mostly 461 290GD and 290GD TD models with manual gearbox. The Dutch police and Koninklijke Marechaussee also use the G-Class. Most of the police versions are armored 463 models.
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea: The Korean People's Army appears to have acquired G-class jeeps, some of which were seen on the Korean Worker's Party 65th anniversary military parade.[2]
Flag of Norway.svg Norway: The Norwegian Army bought 240 GD to replace Volvo and Land Rover 4x4 vehicles in the mid-1980s, and 300 GD to use as ambulances. The 300GD is also used to transport the launch control station and optical sensors for the NASAMS Air-defense system. During the 90's 290 GD's where bought, and in the first half of the 00's a small number of armoured 270 CDI's were put into service. Today the Defence Forces operates a total of 3000 vehicles.
The escort company of the Norwegian Royal Guard employs a black G500 AMG with police lights on the roof.
Flag of Poland.svg Poland: 96 GD 290 and 25 MB290GD WD in service with Polish Army. 13 GD 290 in service with the Military Police[18]
Flag of Russia.svg Russia: Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia: The Serbian Military currently uses Puch 300GD model. They also uses the following models in 300GD33, 300GD6 and 300GD10 variants, for transport of VIP persons in 300GD3-LUX and 300GD6-LUX and Special Forces Brigade is use modified version designed for access to combat zone.
Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore: The Singapore Army bought the 270 and 290 versions as secondary military transport. It is used in soft-top truck configuration and is known as a 1.5-tonner or simply "MB" to its users. And also some were used also for patrolling in a jeep form. The Army also deploys the extremely short-wheelbase, soft-top version for its Colonels, Battalion COs, Brigade and Division Commanders as personal field transports.
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia: The Military of Slovenia uses Mercedes-Benz G-Class vehicles mainly for transport.
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia: The Armed Forces of Slovak republik uses Mercedes Benz G-280 CDI in 5th Special Forces Regiment.
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden: The Swedish Army uses MB 290/T (1994)MB 290GD (2000)MB 270 CDI(2005) Geländewagen primarily on international deployments.[19][20]
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland: The Swiss Army uses the 230 with soft top as the primary general purpose carrier, and a hardtop version as mobile radio access point. It is in service since 1985 and gradually replaced Willys Jeeps, Haflinger light transports and Pinzgauer medium transports in the liaison and transport role. All versions in Swiss Army use are unarmed.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom: The British Army used a number of these vehicles in Iraq during operation Telic, particularly around the Baghdad and Rustamiyah areas.
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine: Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
Flag of the United States.svg United States:
USMC Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV).1

USMC IFAV

The USMC Interim Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV) is a modified version of the Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen 290. It replaces the modified M-151A2 1/4 ton truck (MUTT jeep) used by the Marines as an FAV in the 1990s. The U.S. Marine Corps acquired 157 of the IFAVs distributed as follows:
  • (I) Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) Camp Pendleton, CA (33);
  • (II) MEF Camp Lejeune, NC (25);
  • (III) MEF on Okinawa, Japan (27);
  • (IV) 17 Force Recon, Afghanistan (22);
  • (V) 3 Force Recon Bn, Iraq (23);
  • (VI) 1st Provisional DMZ Police Company, Korea (15); and
  • (VII) various miscellaneous (12)
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City: The government of the Vatican City owned two converted Mercedes-Benz G-Class, which are known as the "Popemobile". One is on display at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

Models Edit

460 Edit

Mercedes G-Klasse Edition Pur 20090808 front

Mercedes G-Casse Edition Pur

Black G 55 AMG fr

G 55 AMG

Brabus G V12 Biturbo

Brabus G V12 Biturbo

Brabus G V12 Biturbo rear

Brabus G V12 Biturbo

  • 200 GE — M102E20 2.0 L I4 118 hp (87 kW), (only sold in Italy)
  • 230 G — M115 2.3 L I4, 102 hp (75 kW), 127 ft·lbf (172 N·m/3000 rpm)
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 hp (92 kW), 141 ft·lbf (192 N·m/4000 rpm)
  • 280 GE — M110E 2.8 L I6, 156 hp (115 kW), 166 ft·lbf (226 N·m/4250 rpm)
  • 240 GDOM616 2.4 L Diesel I4, 72 hp (53 kW), 101 ft·lbf (137 N·m/2400 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 84 hp (62 kW), 113 ft·lbf (154 N·m/2800 rpm)
  • 300 GD — OM617 3.0 L Diesel I5, 88 hp (65 kW), 126 ft·lbf (172 N·m/2400 rpm)

461 Edit

  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 hp (92 kW), 140 ft·lbf (192 N·m/4000 rpm)
  • 290 GD — OM602D29 2.9 L Diesel I5, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 290 GD TD — OM602DLA29 2.9 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 92 kW (123 hp)

Worker/Professional/Greenline Edit

  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm)
  • G 280 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm) (manufactured in both 4x4 and 6x6)
  • G 300 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm)

463 Edit

  • 200 GE — M102E20 2.0 L I4 (only sold in Italy)- later rebadged G 200
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 hp (92 kW), 140 ft·lbf (192 N·m/4000 rpm)- later rebadged G 230
  • 300 GE — M103 3.0 L I6 - later rebadged G 300, 168 hp (125 kW/5000 rpm), 173 ft·lbf (235 N·m/4500 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 94 hp (69 kW), 116 ft·lbf (158 N·m/2600 rpm)
  • 300 GD — OM603 3.0 L Diesel I6 - later rebadged G 300 Diesel, 111 hp (83 kW/4600 rpm), 141 ft·lbf (191 N·m/2700-2900 rpm)
  • 350 GD Turbodiesel — OM603D35A 3.5 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 136 hp (100 kW), 244 ft·lbf (330 N·m)- later rebadged G 350 Turbodiesel
  • 500 GE — M117 5.0 L V8, 236 hp (174 kW)
  • 500 GE 6.0 AMG — M117E60 6.0 L V8, 331 hp (243 kW)
  • G 320 — M104 3.2 L I6, 217 hp (161 kW), 229 ft·lbf (310 N·m)
  • G 36 AMG — M104E36 3.6 L I6, 272 hp (200 kW)
  • G 300 Turbodiesel — OM606D30LA 3.0 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 177 hp (130 kW/4400rpm), 244 ft·lbf (330 N·m/1600-3600rpm)
  • G 320 — M112 3.2 L V6, 215 hp (158 kW), 221 ft·lbf (300 N·m/2800-4800rpm)
  • G 500 — M113E50 5.0 L V8, 296 hp (218 kW), 336 ft·lbf (456 Nm)
  • G 55 AMG 1998–2004 — 32V 5.5 L V8, 382 hp (285 kW)
  • G 63 AMGV12 N/A, 444 hp (326 kW), (620 N·m/4400 rpm) (only 12 ever built)
  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 ft·lbf (400 Nm)
  • G 400 CDI — OM628 4.0 L Diesel V8 (turbocharged), 250 hp (184 kW), 411 ft·lbf (560 N·m)
  • G 320 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 224 hp (165 kW), 397 ft·lbf (540 Nm)
  • G 55 Kompressor AMG 2005–today — M113E55 5.5 L V8 supercharged, 507 hp (373 kW), 514 ft·lbf (700 N·m)

Body Styles Edit

Code Bodywork Wheelbase Note
1 Convertible with fixed windshield 2400 Only civilian types: 460 & 463
2 Van 2400 Only 460/461 and military types
3 Station Wagon 2400 All types except Professional and Greenline military types
4 Van 2850 Only 460/461/Professional/Worker and military types
5 Pick-up 2850 Only 460/461 types
6 Station Wagon 2850 All types
7 Convertible with folding windshield 2400 Only military types
8 Code unused N/A N/A
9 Chassis Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
9,1 Chassis Cab 3400 Only 460/461/Professional and military types
10 Convertible with folding windshield 2850 Only military types
11 Chassis Double Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
11,1 Chassis Double Cab 3400 Only 460/461 and military types
11,2 Chassis Double Cab 6x6 3400 Only Greenline military types

Mercedes-AMG Chairman Volker Mornhinweg claims that one third of all G-Class vehicles sold to civilians are the G55 AMG model. The largest markets for G 55s are California, USA (in black and silver color mostly), and the United Arab Emirates with Dubai (in white color mostly) [21]

Notable ownersEdit

  • The Pope use a new 463 G500 with the Vaticanmystic color since 2008. [3]
  • U.S. Army Captain James Văn Thạch, owns a G320 and BRABUS G36.[4][5]

References Edit

  1. Mortinson (1979-02-10). "Mercedes G - Puch G". Mercedesgwagen.galeon.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  2. "Mercedes G Wagen Heritage – Benz Type 463 G-Class – Luxury SUV Travel & Adventure Road Test – Truck Trend". Trucktrend.com (2007-02-26). Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  3. "Mercedes-Benz Consult Graz - Services - Success story". Mercedes-benz-consult-graz.at. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  4. The 2006 G-Class
  5. "Mercedes to show face-lifted G-Class ute at upcoming Paris auto show (''AutoWeek Magazine'')". Autoweek.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  6. "ORBAT del Ejército Argentino". Saorbats.com.ar. Retrieved on 2009-05-13.
  7. [1][dead link]
  8. Armoured Vehicles – Mercedes G-Wagon – Blast Resistant Vehicles – Nyala APV – IED – MND Gordon O'Connor – Afghan Mission – Procurement Priorities – CASR – Canadian American Strategic Review[dead link]
  9. Mercedes G-Wagon – Kandahar – Afghanistan – Gumbad IED – Media Response – Canadian Forces – CASR – Canadian American Strategic Review[dead link]
  10. The Canadian Army — Equipment[dead link]
  11. "Danish army Mercedes 240 GD/24". Armyvehicles.dk. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  12. "Danish army Mercedes 300 GE/28". Armyvehicles.dk. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  13. "Danish army Mercedes G270CDI/28". Armyvehicles.dk. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  14. "Cross country 1/4 ton military jeeps". ELBO. Retrieved on 2010-10-06.
  15. "Ahmad Zahid: 84 G-WAGON Masih Beroperasi" (in Bahasa Malaysia). KL Security Review. Retrieved on 2010-10-04.
  16. "Secretaria de Marina - Armada de México". Semar.gob.mx. Retrieved on 2009-07-26.
  17. "Recibe Semar vehículos para incrementar capacidad operativa :: El Informador". Informador.com.mx. Retrieved on 2009-07-26.
  18. "Zestawienie pojazdów użytkowych Wojska Polskiego - Militarypedia (note: it does provide its own sources)" (in (Polish)). Militarypedia.corran.pl. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  19. Henrik Svensk. "Personterrängbil 5 -MB 290/T Geländewagen". SoldF.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  20. Henrik Svensk. "Personterrängbil 5 Geländewagen". Soldf.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-01.
  21. "AMG's new chief has big plans for 2006 (''AutoWeek Magazine'')". Autoweek.com (2005-09-01). Retrieved on 2010-10-01.


External links Edit

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