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(created from WP article as bacgoround to ERF and Heavy haulage (part re linked), Man commerials require expanding)
 
 
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<!-- {{Infobox Company
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{{Infobox Company
 
| company_name = MAN AG
 
| company_name = MAN AG
| company_logo = [[Image:MAN Brand Logo.png|center|200px]]
+
| company_logo = [[Image:MAN logo.svg|200px]]
| company_type = [[Public company]]: [[Aktiengesellschaft|AG]]<br>({{ISIN|DE0005937007}}, {{FWB|EDF1}})
+
| company_type = Public company: AG
 
| foundation = 1897
 
| foundation = 1897
 
| founder = Rudolf Diesel
 
| founder = Rudolf Diesel
| location = {{flagicon|GER}} [[Munich]], [[Germany]]
+
| location = Munich, [[Germany]]
| locations = manufacturing facilities in the [[Ruhr area]], [[Augsburg]], and outside Germany
+
| locations = manufacturing facilities in the Ruhr area, Augsburg, and outside Germany
 
| area_served =
 
| area_served =
| key_people = [[Håkan Samuelsson]], President and [[CEO]]
+
| key_people = Håkan Samuelsson, President and CEO
 
| industry = [[Manufacturing]]
 
| industry = [[Manufacturing]]
 
| products = Trucks,<br>buses,<br>diesel and other engines,<br>turbo machines
 
| products = Trucks,<br>buses,<br>diesel and other engines,<br>turbo machines
 
| services = industrial services
 
| services = industrial services
 
| market cap =
 
| market cap =
| revenue = {{profit}} [[Euro|]] 15,5 [[1000000000 (number)|billion]] (2007)<ref name='2007financials'>{{cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=2007, the most successful year ever in the Group's history | date=2008-02-05 | publisher=[[MAN AG]] | url =http://www.man.eu/MAN/en/Investor_Relations/Finanznachrichten/Ad-hoc-Mitteilungen/index.html? | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-06-07 | language = }}</ref>
+
| revenue = € 15,5 [[billion]] (2007)<ref name='2007financials'>{{cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=2007, the most successful year ever in the Group's history | date=2008-02-05 | publisher=[[MAN AG]] | url =http://www.man.eu/MAN/en/Investor_Relations/Finanznachrichten/Ad-hoc-Mitteilungen/index.html? | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-06-07 | language = }}</ref>
| operating_income = {{profit}} [[Euro|]] 1,913 [[1000000 (number)|million]] (2007)<ref name='2007financials' />
+
| operating_income = € 1,913 [[million]] (2007)<ref name='2007financials' />
| net_income = profit [[Euro|]] 1,225 [[1000000 (number)|million]] (2007)<ref name='2007financials' />
+
| net_income = profit € 1,225 million (2007)<ref name='2007financials' />
 
| assets =
 
| assets =
 
| equity =
 
| equity =
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| footnotes =
 
| footnotes =
 
| intl = yes
 
| intl = yes
}} --><!-- Info template needs recoding to display correctly -->
+
}}
   
'''MAN [[Aktiengesellschaft|AG]]''' is a German engineering company based in Munich, Germany.
+
'''MAN AG''' is a German engineering company based in Munich, [[Germany]]. The company goes back to 1758, and incorporates several well known names including [[ERF]] (UK), [[Steyr]] (Austria) and shares in Volkswagen and [[Scania]].
   
 
MAN is one of Europe's leading manufacturers of engineering equipment and [[commercial vehicles]]. MAN supplies [[trucks]], buses, [[diesel engines]], turbine machinery, as well as industrial services and holds leading market positions in all its business areas. MAN AG is one of the top 30 companies listed on the German stock exchange (DAX). It is also the oldest company within the DAX. The company celebrates its 250th anniversary in 2008.<ref>[http://www.250-years-man.eu MAN AG]</ref> In 2007, its 55,000 employees generated annual sales of around €15.5 billion in 120 different countries. The company has joint ventures and other joint venture with local companies in India, Poland, Turkey, and the United States.
 
MAN is one of Europe's leading manufacturers of engineering equipment and [[commercial vehicles]]. MAN supplies [[trucks]], buses, [[diesel engines]], turbine machinery, as well as industrial services and holds leading market positions in all its business areas. MAN AG is one of the top 30 companies listed on the German stock exchange (DAX). It is also the oldest company within the DAX. The company celebrates its 250th anniversary in 2008.<ref>[http://www.250-years-man.eu MAN AG]</ref> In 2007, its 55,000 employees generated annual sales of around €15.5 billion in 120 different countries. The company has joint ventures and other joint venture with local companies in India, Poland, Turkey, and the United States.
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==History==
 
==History==
  +
[[Image:MAN logo.JPG|thumb|200px|This logo is on the front of all MAN trucks and buses. The lion comes from [[Büssing]] AG, a company that MAN acquired in 1971.]]
 
MAN traces its origins back to 1758, when the "St. Antony" ironworks commenced operation in Oberhausen, as the first heavy-industry enterprise in the Ruhr region. In 1808, the three ironworks "St. Antony", "Gute Hoffnung", and "Neue Essen" merged, to form the "Hüttengewerkschaft und Handlung Jacobi" (Iron Mining and Trading Company), Oberhausen, which is later renamed "Gute Hoffnungshütte" (GHH). In 1921, GHH bought up M.A.N., the South German predecessor of MAN.
 
MAN traces its origins back to 1758, when the "St. Antony" ironworks commenced operation in Oberhausen, as the first heavy-industry enterprise in the Ruhr region. In 1808, the three ironworks "St. Antony", "Gute Hoffnung", and "Neue Essen" merged, to form the "Hüttengewerkschaft und Handlung Jacobi" (Iron Mining and Trading Company), Oberhausen, which is later renamed "Gute Hoffnungshütte" (GHH). In 1921, GHH bought up M.A.N., the South German predecessor of MAN.
   
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In 1924, the company showed a diesel [[truck]] at the Berlin Motor Show, which was purchased in quantity by the Bavarian Post Office.<ref>''Great Trucks''</ref>
 
In 1924, the company showed a diesel [[truck]] at the Berlin Motor Show, which was purchased in quantity by the Bavarian Post Office.<ref>''Great Trucks''</ref>
   
During the 1930s, MAN marine diesels were produced under license in the U.S., and installed in [[fleet submarine]]s, where they proved troublesome and unpopular in the Pacific War.<ref>Blair, Clay, Jr. ''Silent Victory'' (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1975).</ref>
+
During the 1930s, MAN marine diesels were produced under license in the U.S., and installed in the US Navy fleet submarines, where they proved troublesome and unpopular in the Pacific War.<ref>Blair, Clay, Jr. ''Silent Victory'' (Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1975).</ref>
   
 
After the Second World War, M.A.N. GHH lost all its foreign operations and suffered heavy war damage. Allied Forces took control of all GHH companies and broke up the company, placing the steel production facilities into separate ownership. Thus the focus shifted towards the South German plants and commercial vehicles. In 1986, GHH was remerged into MAN with its headquarters in Munich.
 
After the Second World War, M.A.N. GHH lost all its foreign operations and suffered heavy war damage. Allied Forces took control of all GHH companies and broke up the company, placing the steel production facilities into separate ownership. Thus the focus shifted towards the South German plants and commercial vehicles. In 1986, GHH was remerged into MAN with its headquarters in Munich.
   
On 18 September 2006, MAN made a €10.3 billion offer for a takeover of [[Scania]] AB, one of the leading truck and bus companies in Sweden. MAN AG bought 15.6% of the voting shares in Scania AB. Volkswagen Group, Scania's largest shareholder, acquired a stake of 20% of MAN, and has since raised that stake to 29%. VW has a majority stake in Scania, owning over 51% of the company. It was widely expected that the two truck manufacturers would be combined, and that a combined MAN-Scania would also absorb Volkswagen's Brazilian heavy truck operations. A more recent interview with VW CEO Martin Winterkorn stated that VW has no immediate plans to attempt to merge Scania and MAN, but he would also not rule out a MAN takeover of VW's Brazilian heavy truck.<ref>[http://uk.reuters.com/article/basicIndustries/idUKL1825367120080519 Reuters.com - VW won't merge VW, Scania and MAN brands - paper]</ref> It was also originally speculated that Volkswagen intended to acquire MAN Truck and Bus division by the end of 2008.<ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/innovationNews/idUSWEB769220080305 Reuters.com - Volkswagen plans full MAN takeover in '08]</ref> This has not been officially confirmed and there has been no current action by VW in attempting to acquire MAN shares, or to buy the company's commercial vehicle division.
+
The MAN group took over the truck builder Steyr Nutzfahrzeuge AG of Vienna, [[Austria]] in 1991, Formerly Known as [[Steyr-Daimler-Puch]] AG, which also has truck building works in Turkey ([[MAN-A.S.]]) and [[India]] ([[Shakti-MAN]]).<ref>The World Encyclopedia of Trucks, by Peter J. Davies, pub by Select Editions, ISBN 1-84309-201-8</ref>
  +
  +
On 18 September 2006, MAN made a €10.3 billion offer for a takeover of [[Scania]] AB, one of the leading truck and bus companies in [[Sweden]]. MAN AG bought 15.6% of the voting shares in Scania AB. [[Volkswagen Group]], Scania's largest shareholder, acquired a stake of 20% of MAN, and has since raised that stake to 29%. VW has a majority stake in Scania, owning over 51% of the company. It was widely expected that the two truck manufacturers would be combined, and that a combined MAN-Scania would also absorb Volkswagen's [[Brazil]]ian heavy truck operations. A more recent interview with VW CEO Martin Winterkorn stated that VW has no immediate plans to attempt to merge Scania and MAN, but he would also not rule out a MAN takeover of VW's Brazilian heavy truck.<ref>[http://uk.reuters.com/article/basicIndustries/idUKL1825367120080519 Reuters.com - VW won't merge VW, Scania and MAN brands - paper]</ref> It was also originally speculated that Volkswagen intended to acquire MAN Truck and Bus division by the end of 2008.<ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/innovationNews/idUSWEB769220080305 Reuters.com - Volkswagen plans full MAN takeover in '08]</ref> This has not been officially confirmed and there has been no current action by VW in attempting to acquire MAN shares, or to buy the company's commercial vehicle division.
  +
[[Image:MANConstellation.jpg|thumb|right|MAN [[Volkswagen Trucks and Buses|VW]] [[Volkswagen Constellation|Constellation]] truck]]
   
 
In 2008, MAN celebrates the 250th anniversary of the company, with a gala event in Munich, exhibitions in the Deutsches Museum in Munich, the corporate museum in Augsburg, and the Rheinisches Industriemuseum in Oberhausen. One highlight should be an "Oldtimer Truck Convoy" on a historical route from Munich over Augsburg to Nuremberg in June.
 
In 2008, MAN celebrates the 250th anniversary of the company, with a gala event in Munich, exhibitions in the Deutsches Museum in Munich, the corporate museum in Augsburg, and the Rheinisches Industriemuseum in Oberhausen. One highlight should be an "Oldtimer Truck Convoy" on a historical route from Munich over Augsburg to Nuremberg in June.
{{Cleanup}}
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==Divisions==
+
[[Image:MAN logo.JPG|right|thumb|200px|This logo is on the front of all MAN trucks and buses. The lion comes from [[Büssing]] AG, a company that MAN acquired in 1971.]]
+
==Divisions/Subsidiaries/Joint Ventures==
* [[MAN Nutzfahrzeuge]] AG [http://www.man-mn.com/en/en.jsp MAN-mn.com] (roughly 50% of overall sales; 88% of division sales come from European market)
+
* [[GIAD Trucks]] - licensee in [[Sudan]]
  +
* [[Huanghai Bus]] - [[China|Chinese]] jv or licensee
  +
* [[MAN Auto-Uzbekistan]] - jv in [[Uzbekistan]]
  +
* [[MAN Diesel]] SE<ref>http://www.mandiesel.com MANdiesel.com</ref>
  +
::[[2-stroke]] and [[4-stroke]] [[diesel]] and [[gasoline]] [[engine]]s: large marine and stationary diesel engines, engines for vehicles, industrial applications, [[power station]]s, [[yacht]]s, [[passenger ship]]s, [[ship]]s, and work-boats (tankers, tugboats, icebreakers), railways.
  +
* [[MAN Ferrostaal AG]] (roughly 20% of sales)
  +
::Industrial services: projecting, delivery, assembly, including steel-based structures<ref>http://www.manferrostaal.com MANferrostaal.com</ref>
  +
* [[MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG]] ([[[MAN Truck & Bus]]]])(roughly 50% of overall sales; 88% of division sales come from European market)<ref>http://www.man-mn.com/en/en.jsp MAN-mn.com</ref>
 
::[[Commercial vehicle]]s: [[truck]]s (61% of group sales), aftermarket parts and service (18%), [[NEOMAN Bus|buses]] (14%), engines and components (7%)
 
::[[Commercial vehicle]]s: [[truck]]s (61% of group sales), aftermarket parts and service (18%), [[NEOMAN Bus|buses]] (14%), engines and components (7%)
* [[MAN B&W Diesel|MAN Diesel]] SE [http://www.mandiesel.com MANdiesel.com]
+
* [[MAN Turbo AG]]<ref>http://www.manturbo.com/en/index2.html MANturbo.com</ref>
::[[2-stroke]] and [[4-stroke]] [[diesel]] and [[gasoline]] [[engine]]s: large marine and stationary diesel engines, engines for vehicles, industrial applications, [[power station]]s, [[yacht]]s, [[passenger ship]]s, [[ship]]s, and work-boats ([[Tanker (ship)|tanker]]s, [[tugboat]]s, [[icebreaker]]s), railways.
+
::Turbomachines: [[compressors]] and [[turbine]]s for process industry and [[power generation]] worldwide; used in [[oil]] & natural gas, refinery, chemical & petrochemical, [[fertilizer]]s, industrial gases, iron & steel processing and [[mining]], power generation applications.
* [[MAN Turbo]] AG [http://www.manturbo.com/en/index2.html MANturbo.com]
+
* [[MAN Trucks India]] - formerly 50/50 jv [[MAN Force]]
::Turbomachines: [[Gas compressor|compressors]] and [[turbine]]s for process industry and [[power generation]] worldwide; used in [[Petroleum|oil]] & [[natural gas]], [[refinery]], [[chemical]] & [[petrochemical]], [[fertilizer]]s, [[industrial gas]]es, [[iron]] & [[steel]] processing and [[mining]], power generation applications.
+
* [[MANAŞ]] - jv in [[Turkey]]
* [[MAN Ferrostaal]] AG [http://www.manferrostaal.com MANferrostaal.com] (roughly 20% of sales)
+
* [[MAZ-MAN]] - 50/50 jv in [[Belarus]]
::[[Industry|Industrial]] [[Service (economics)|service]]s: projecting, delivery, assembly, including steel-based structures
+
* [[RENK AG]]
* [[RENK]] AG [http://www.renk.biz RENK.biz]
 
 
:: Vehicle Transmissions, Industrial Gear Units, Marine Gear Units, Slide Bearings, Couplings
 
:: Vehicle Transmissions, Industrial Gear Units, Marine Gear Units, Slide Bearings, Couplings
  +
<ref>http://www.renk.biz RENK.biz</ref>
  +
* [[Shaanxi Automobile Group]] - Chinese licensee
  +
*[[Sinotruk (Hong Kong)]] ("25% + 1 share" stake)
  +
::[[Hong Kong]]-based subsidiary of [[China National Heavy Duty Truck Group|Sinotruk]].
  +
* [[Volkswagen Trucks and Buses]] - purchased from [[Volkswagen Group]] in 2009
  +
*[[Youngman-MAN]] - [[China|Chinese]] jv, one each with MAN
  +
*[[Youngman-Neoplan]] - [[China|Chinese]] jv, one each with MAN's Neoplan
   
==Products - MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG division==
+
===Former Divisions===
[[Image:MAN TGA 28.350 rechts.jpg|right|thumb|200px|MAN low cabin waste collection truck]]
+
* [[Büssing]] in [[Germany]]
[[Image:MN PK06 Bus MAN Coach.jpg|right|thumb|200px|MAN Lion's coach]]
+
* [[ERF]] in [[England]]
[[Image:MAN CNG 503.jpg|thumb|right|200px|MAN CNG City bus in [[Bangkok]]]]
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* [[FSC Star]] in [[Poland]]
[[Image:MBD PK06 Schiff.jpg|thumb|right|200px|A container-ship with a MAN B&W Diesel engine]]
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* [[Gräf & Stift]] in [[Austria]]
[[Image:Patrick Port Botany.jpg|200px|right|thumb|A MAN AG [[Shipping container]] [[container crane|crane]] belonging to [[Patrick Corporation]] at [[Port Botany]], [[New South Wales]], [[Australia]].]]
+
* [[OAF]] in [[Austria]]
  +
* [[Saurer]] in [[Switzerland]]
   
  +
==Products - MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG division==
 
===Trucks and military vehicles===
 
===Trucks and military vehicles===
* LE Series
+
[[File:MAN_TGA_26.390_truck_-_BU05_LRN_at_Rushden_2010_-_IMG_9310.jpg|thumb|A Modern [[MAN TGA 26.390]] tractor unit used to haul one of the exhibit low loaders at the [[Rushden Steam Rally]] in 2010]]
* FE Series
+
[[File:MAN_TGX_26440_bls_XLX.jpg|thumb|A modern [[MAN TGX 26.440]]]]
* [http://www.militarytrucks.man-mn.com/en/Products/High_Mobility_Truck_System.jsp HX Series] - military
+
* [[MAN LE Series]]
* [http://www.militarytrucks.man-mn.com/en/Products/Extreme_Mobility_Truck_System/Extreme_Mobility_Truck_System.jsp SX Series] - military
+
* [[MAN FE Series]]
* [[MAN TGL Series|TGL Series]], with [[hybrid truck]]s ( MAN TGL OPTISTRANG and TGL [[EDA]]).
+
* [[MAN HX Series]] - military.<ref>http://www.militarytrucks.man-mn.com/en/Products/High_Mobility_Truck_System.jsp</ref>
* TGM Series
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* [[MAN SX Series]] - military.<ref>http://www.militarytrucks.man-mn.com/en/Products/Extreme_Mobility_Truck_System/Extreme_Mobility_Truck_System.jsp</ref>
* TGA Series
+
* [[MAN TGL Series]], with [[hybrid]] trucks ( MAN TGL OPTISTRANG and TGL EDA).
* TGX/S Series
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* [[MAN TGM Series]]
* [[ERF (lorry manufacturer)|ERF]] - a UK only brand, bought from [[Western Star]] (which soon after became part of [[Freightliner LLC]]) in 2000
+
* [[MAN TGA Series]]
* Hazmat tender
+
* [[MAN TGX/S Series]]
* Angloco foam tender
+
* [[ERF]] - a UK only brand, bought from [[Western Star]] (which soon after became part of [[Freightliner]] LLC) in 2000
* Command unit
+
;Specialist emergency service vehicle
  +
* [[MAN Hazmat tender]]
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* [[MAN Angloco foam tender]]
  +
* [[MAN Command unit]]
   
  +
[[Image:MAN_4-WD_tractor_-Driffield-_P8100528.JPG|thumb|250px|A MAN 4-wd tractor]]
 
===Buses===
 
===Buses===
;See [[Wikipedia:MAN AG Buses]] for details (outside scope of this wiki)
+
[[Image:MAN_tractor_4-WD_axle_detail-P8100529.JPG|thumb|250px|MAN front 4-wd axle showing suspension and Differential]]
  +
;See [[Wikipedia:MAN AG Buses]] for more details
   
* [[MAN Lion's City|Lion's City]] city/interurban bus
+
* MAN Lion's City|Lion's City city/interurban bus
* [[MAN Lion's Classic|Lion's Classic]] city/interurban bus
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* MAN Lion's Classic|Lion's Classic city/interurban bus
* [[MAN Lion's Regio|Lion's Regio]] interurban bus
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* MAN Lion's Regio|Lion's Regio interurban bus
 
* Americana city bus
 
* Americana city bus
 
* NM 223/283
 
* NM 223/283
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* 14.280 HOCL
 
* 14.280 HOCL
 
* 12.220 HOCL-NL
 
* 12.220 HOCL-NL
* [[MAN 14.220|14.220]] HOCL-NL
+
* MAN 14.220 HOCL-NL
 
* 16.200
 
* 16.200
 
* 18.220/ 260/ 280 HOCL-SL
 
* 18.220/ 260/ 280 HOCL-SL
 
* 18.220/ 260/ 280/ 310/ 360 HOCL-SÜ
 
* 18.220/ 260/ 280/ 310/ 360 HOCL-SÜ
* [[MAN 18.220|18.220]]/ 240/ 260/ 310 HOCL-NL (LF)
+
* MAN 18.220/ 240/ 260/ 310 HOCL-NL (LF)
 
* 18.260/ 310/ 360/ 410/ 460 HOCL
 
* 18.260/ 310/ 360/ 410/ 460 HOCL
* [[MAN 24.310|24.310]]/ 360/ 410/ 460 HOCLN
+
* MAN 24.310|24.310/ 360/ 410/ 460 HOCLN
 
* 28.310 HGOCL
 
* 28.310 HGOCL
   
==Electrodynamic moving-off element==
+
==MAN Tractors division==
MAN EDA concept is examining the stop-start automatic system, the requirement-specific electric drive for secondary units, the implementation of the [[clutch]] function, the synchronization of [[gear]] changes with the aid of an electrodynamic moving-off element (EDA) and the [[booster]] function for extra power.
+
[[Image:MAN_tractor_with_mid_mower_-_bath-_DSC01603.jpg|thumb|A small MAN tractor with mid mounted Mower, at the [[Bath and Southwest Tractor show]] 2009]]
  +
{|class="wikitable sortable collapsible collapsed"
  +
|+MAN Tractor Models
  +
! Model !! Year(s) Produced !! [[Horsepower]] !! Engine Type !! Misc Notes !! Photo
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN A 25]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN A 32]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN A 40]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN A 45]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN A 50]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 250]] || || {{convert|50|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 250 SH]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 325 A]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 325 H]] || || {{convert|25|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 330 A]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 420]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 430]] || || {{convert|32|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 440]] || || {{convert|40|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 440H]] || || {{convert|40|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 540]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 542]] || || {{convert|42|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 542 A]] || || {{convert|42|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN AS 718 A]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN B18]] || || {{convert|18|hp|abbr=on}} || [[Guldner]] || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN B18 A/0]] || || {{convert|18|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN B18 A/1]] || || {{convert|18|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN B45]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN C40]] || || {{convert|40|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN D40]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN Gespannschlepper]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN Motorpflug]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2F1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2F1S]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2K1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2K2]] || || {{convert|21|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2K3]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2L1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2L2]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2L3]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2L4]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2L5]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2N1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2N2]] || || {{convert|28|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2P1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2R1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2R2]] || || {{convert|40|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2R3]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2S1]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 2S2]] || || {{convert|50|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4K1 Allrad]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4L1 Allrad]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4L2 Allrad]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4N1 Allrad]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4N2 Allrad]] || || {{convert|28|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4P1 Allrad]] || || {{convert|35|hp|abbr=on}} || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4R1 Allrad]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4R2 Allrad]] || || || || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4R3 Allrad]] || || {{convert|45|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || || [[File:M.A.N_4R3_1961.jpg|150px]]
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4S1 Allrad]] || || {{convert|50|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || || [[File:MAN_4S1_50PS_1957.jpg|150px]]
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4S2 Allrad]] || || {{convert|50|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || || [[File:MAN_4S2_50PS_1959_-_wikimedia_commons.jpg|150px]]
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4S2B Allrad]] || || || MAN || ||
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4S3 Allrad]] || || {{convert|55|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || prototype || [[File:MAN_4S3_Prototyp.jpg|150px]]
  +
|-
  +
|[[MAN 4T1 Allrad]] || || {{convert|60|hp|abbr=on}} || MAN || || [[File:MAN_4T1_front.jpg|150px]]
  +
|-
  +
|}
   
Two distribution vehicles with parallel hybrid drives are currently being tested: one vehicle features a [[starter]]-[[alternator]] (MAN TGL OPTISTRANG) integrated in the clutch [[enclosure|housing]], the other vehicle, an MAN TGL EDA, is equipped with an electrodynamic moving-off element (EDA) developed together with [[ZF Friedrichshafen]].
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{{clr}}<!-- forces heading below image -->
 
The TGL EDA combines the fuel-saving potential of a hybrid drive with the advantages of a wear-free moving-off element. One of the main benefits of the EDA is its compactness; all components can be accommodated in the standard clutch housing. The diesel engine and the electric motor can either be used simultaneously or alternatively. On stopping both the diesel engine and the electric motor switch off thus the TGL EDA does not use any fuel nor does it produce any emissions or noise. As soon as the driver puts the vehicle in gear, the electric motor starts the diesel engine and simultaneously sets the vehicle in motion.
 
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
  +
* [[List of Tractor Manufacturers]]
 
* [[List of Truck Manufacturers]]
 
* [[List of Truck Manufacturers]]
 
* [[List of Engine Manufacturers]]
 
* [[List of Engine Manufacturers]]
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* [[ERF]] - UK manufacturer taken over by MAN
 
* [[ERF]] - UK manufacturer taken over by MAN
 
* [[Ultracap]]
 
* [[Ultracap]]
* [[ZF]]
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* [[ZF]] - Gearboxes and axles
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  +
==References / sources==
  +
{{reflist}}
   
==References==
 
<references/>
 
{{Reflist}}
 
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
  +
{{commonscat|MAN vehicles}}
 
* [http://www.man-mn.co.uk MAN UK Website]
 
* [http://www.man-mn.co.uk MAN UK Website]
 
* [http://www.man-mn.de/de/media/Pressemeldungen/show_press.jsp?id=86472 MAN Hybrid trucks and EDA - Electrodynamic moving-off element-].
 
* [http://www.man-mn.de/de/media/Pressemeldungen/show_press.jsp?id=86472 MAN Hybrid trucks and EDA - Electrodynamic moving-off element-].
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* [http://www.250-years-man.eu MAN 250th Anniversary]
 
* [http://www.250-years-man.eu MAN 250th Anniversary]
   
{{Truck maufacturers}}
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{{MAN tractor range}}
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{{MAN truck and bus range}}
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{{Truck manufacturers}}
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{{Tractor manufacturers}}
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{{Engine manufacturers}}
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{{Bus manufacturers}}
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{{Wikipedia|MAN AG}}
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  +
{{DEFAULTSORT:Man}}
   
 
[[Category:MAN]]
 
[[Category:MAN]]
[[Category:Companies of Germany]]
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[[Category:Motor vehicle manufacturers of Germany]]
 
[[Category:Mergers]]
 
[[Category:Mergers]]
[[Category:Truck manufacturers]]
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[[Category:Engine manufacturers of Germany]]
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[[Category:Truck manufacturers of Germany]]
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[[Category:Tractor manufacturers of Germany]]
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[[Category:Bus manufacturers of Germany]]
 
[[Category:Heavy Haulage]]
 
[[Category:Heavy Haulage]]
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[[Category:Companies founded in 1897]]
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[[Category:Companies of Germany]]

Latest revision as of 11:37, July 1, 2017

MAN AG
Type Public company: AG
Founded 1897
Founder(s) Rudolf Diesel
Headquarters Munich, Germany
Number of locations manufacturing facilities in the Ruhr area, Augsburg, and outside Germany
Key people Håkan Samuelsson, President and CEO
Industry Manufacturing
Products Trucks,
buses,
diesel and other engines,
turbo machines
Services industrial services
Revenue (turnover) € 15,5 billion (2007)[1]
Operating income € 1,913 million (2007)[1]
Profit profit € 1,225 million (2007)[1]
Employees 55,000 (Dec 2007)
Website www.MAN.eu

MAN AG is a German engineering company based in Munich, Germany. The company goes back to 1758, and incorporates several well known names including ERF (UK), Steyr (Austria) and shares in Volkswagen and Scania.

MAN is one of Europe's leading manufacturers of engineering equipment and commercial vehicles. MAN supplies trucks, buses, diesel engines, turbine machinery, as well as industrial services and holds leading market positions in all its business areas. MAN AG is one of the top 30 companies listed on the German stock exchange (DAX). It is also the oldest company within the DAX. The company celebrates its 250th anniversary in 2008.[2] In 2007, its 55,000 employees generated annual sales of around €15.5 billion in 120 different countries. The company has joint ventures and other joint venture with local companies in India, Poland, Turkey, and the United States.

MAN is securely positioned in the field of transport engineering, having won numerous prizes. Among those are the Truck of the Year award in 2006 as well as in 2008, the Bus of the Year award 2006, and recently, the German business Innovation Prize[3] (Innovationspreis der deutschen Wirtschaft) in the Major Enterprises category for its innovative 32/40PGI gas engine.[4]

HistoryEdit

MAN logo

This logo is on the front of all MAN trucks and buses. The lion comes from Büssing AG, a company that MAN acquired in 1971.

MAN traces its origins back to 1758, when the "St. Antony" ironworks commenced operation in Oberhausen, as the first heavy-industry enterprise in the Ruhr region. In 1808, the three ironworks "St. Antony", "Gute Hoffnung", and "Neue Essen" merged, to form the "Hüttengewerkschaft und Handlung Jacobi" (Iron Mining and Trading Company), Oberhausen, which is later renamed "Gute Hoffnungshütte" (GHH). In 1921, GHH bought up M.A.N., the South German predecessor of MAN.

In 1908, the "Vereinigte Maschinenfabrik Augsburg und Maschinenbaugesellschaft Nürnberg A.G.", Augsburg (United Machine Works Augsburg and Nuremberg Ltd.), which came into being through the 1898 merger of "Maschinenbau-AG Nürnberg" (founded 1841), and the "Maschinenfabrik Augsburg AG" (founded 1840) was renamed Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Nürnberg AG, Augsburg, or short M.A.N.

The early predecessors of MAN were responsible for numerous technological innovations, such as the first German rotary printing press for newspapers, the first refrigerating machine "System Linde" (1873), and co-operation in the development of the Diesel engine 1893-97. Rudolf Diesel’s ingenious invention was in those years realized with the help of the engineers at the Maschinenfabrik Augsburg.

In 1924, the company showed a diesel truck at the Berlin Motor Show, which was purchased in quantity by the Bavarian Post Office.[5]

During the 1930s, MAN marine diesels were produced under license in the U.S., and installed in the US Navy fleet submarines, where they proved troublesome and unpopular in the Pacific War.[6]

After the Second World War, M.A.N. GHH lost all its foreign operations and suffered heavy war damage. Allied Forces took control of all GHH companies and broke up the company, placing the steel production facilities into separate ownership. Thus the focus shifted towards the South German plants and commercial vehicles. In 1986, GHH was remerged into MAN with its headquarters in Munich.

The MAN group took over the truck builder Steyr Nutzfahrzeuge AG of Vienna, Austria in 1991, Formerly Known as Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG, which also has truck building works in Turkey (MAN-A.S.) and India (Shakti-MAN).[7]

On 18 September 2006, MAN made a €10.3 billion offer for a takeover of Scania AB, one of the leading truck and bus companies in Sweden. MAN AG bought 15.6% of the voting shares in Scania AB. Volkswagen Group, Scania's largest shareholder, acquired a stake of 20% of MAN, and has since raised that stake to 29%. VW has a majority stake in Scania, owning over 51% of the company. It was widely expected that the two truck manufacturers would be combined, and that a combined MAN-Scania would also absorb Volkswagen's Brazilian heavy truck operations. A more recent interview with VW CEO Martin Winterkorn stated that VW has no immediate plans to attempt to merge Scania and MAN, but he would also not rule out a MAN takeover of VW's Brazilian heavy truck.[8] It was also originally speculated that Volkswagen intended to acquire MAN Truck and Bus division by the end of 2008.[9] This has not been officially confirmed and there has been no current action by VW in attempting to acquire MAN shares, or to buy the company's commercial vehicle division.

MANConstellation

MAN VW Constellation truck

In 2008, MAN celebrates the 250th anniversary of the company, with a gala event in Munich, exhibitions in the Deutsches Museum in Munich, the corporate museum in Augsburg, and the Rheinisches Industriemuseum in Oberhausen. One highlight should be an "Oldtimer Truck Convoy" on a historical route from Munich over Augsburg to Nuremberg in June.


Divisions/Subsidiaries/Joint VenturesEdit

2-stroke and 4-stroke diesel and gasoline engines: large marine and stationary diesel engines, engines for vehicles, industrial applications, power stations, yachts, passenger ships, ships, and work-boats (tankers, tugboats, icebreakers), railways.
Industrial services: projecting, delivery, assembly, including steel-based structures[11]
  • MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG ([[[MAN Truck & Bus]]]])(roughly 50% of overall sales; 88% of division sales come from European market)[12]
Commercial vehicles: trucks (61% of group sales), aftermarket parts and service (18%), buses (14%), engines and components (7%)
Turbomachines: compressors and turbines for process industry and power generation worldwide; used in oil & natural gas, refinery, chemical & petrochemical, fertilizers, industrial gases, iron & steel processing and mining, power generation applications.
Vehicle Transmissions, Industrial Gear Units, Marine Gear Units, Slide Bearings, Couplings

[14]

Hong Kong-based subsidiary of Sinotruk.

Former DivisionsEdit

Products - MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG divisionEdit

Trucks and military vehiclesEdit

MAN TGA 26.390 truck - BU05 LRN at Rushden 2010 - IMG 9310

A Modern MAN TGA 26.390 tractor unit used to haul one of the exhibit low loaders at the Rushden Steam Rally in 2010

MAN TGX 26440 bls XLX

A modern MAN TGX 26.440

Specialist emergency service vehicle
MAN 4-WD tractor -Driffield- P8100528

A MAN 4-wd tractor

BusesEdit

MAN tractor 4-WD axle detail-P8100529

MAN front 4-wd axle showing suspension and Differential

See Wikipedia:MAN AG Buses for more details
  • MAN Lion's City|Lion's City city/interurban bus
  • MAN Lion's Classic|Lion's Classic city/interurban bus
  • MAN Lion's Regio|Lion's Regio interurban bus
  • Americana city bus
  • NM 223/283
  • NL/ÜL 313/363 F (LF)
  • NL 202/232 (LF)
  • NL 262 R
  • NG 263/313/363 F (LF)
  • ND 243 F
  • 10.225 FOCL midi coach
  • 11.190 HOCL midi (LF)
  • 12.220 HOCL
  • 14.280 HOCL
  • 12.220 HOCL-NL
  • MAN 14.220 HOCL-NL
  • 16.200
  • 18.220/ 260/ 280 HOCL-SL
  • 18.220/ 260/ 280/ 310/ 360 HOCL-SÜ
  • MAN 18.220/ 240/ 260/ 310 HOCL-NL (LF)
  • 18.260/ 310/ 360/ 410/ 460 HOCL
  • MAN 24.310|24.310/ 360/ 410/ 460 HOCLN
  • 28.310 HGOCL

MAN Tractors divisionEdit

MAN tractor with mid mower - bath- DSC01603

A small MAN tractor with mid mounted Mower, at the Bath and Southwest Tractor show 2009

See alsoEdit

References / sourcesEdit


External linksEdit

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