|Type||Private Limited Company|
Hethel, Norfolk, England,|
Michael J Kimberley
Syed Zainal Abidin
|Products||Automobiles, Automotive parts|
General Motors (1986-1993)|
|Parent||Group Lotus plc|
Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at the former site of RAF Hethel, a World War II airfield in Norfolk. The company designs and builds race and production automobiles of light weight and fine handling characteristics.
The company was formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. by engineer Colin Chapman, a graduate of University College, London, in 1952. The first factory was in old stables behind the Railway Hotel in Hornsey, North London. Team Lotus, which was split off from Lotus Engineering in 1954, was active and competitive in Formula One racing from 1958 to 1994. The Lotus Group of Companies was formed in 1959. This was made up of Lotus Cars Limited and Lotus Components Limited which focused on road cars and customer competition car production respectively. Lotus Components Limited became Lotus Racing Limited in 1971 but the newly renamed entity ceased operation in the same year.
The company moved to a purpose built factory at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire in 1959 and since 1966 the company has occupied a modern factory and road test facility at Hethel, near Wymondham, in Norfolk. This site is the former "RAF Hethel" base and the test track uses sections of the old runway.
Chapman died of a heart attack in 1982 at the age of 54, having begun life an innkeeper's son and ended a multi-millionaire industrialist in post-war Britain. The car maker built tens of thousands of successful racing and road cars and won the Formula One World Championship seven times. At the time of his death he was linked with the DeLorean scandal over the use of government subsidies for the production of the DeLorean DMC-12 for which Lotus had designed the chassis.
In 1986, the company was bought by General Motors. On 27 August 1993, GM sold the company, for £30 million, to A.C.B.N. Holdings S.A. of Luxembourg, a company controlled by Italian businessman Romano Artioli, who also owned Bugatti Automobili SpA. In 1996, a majority share in Lotus was sold to Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional Bhd (Proton), a Malaysian car company listed on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange.
The company also acts as an engineering consultancy, providing engineering development—particularly of suspension—for other car manufacturers. The lesser known Powertrain department is responsible for the design and development of the 4-cylinder Ecotec engine found in many of GM's Vauxhall, Opel, Saab, Chevrolet and Saturn cars. Today, the current Lotus Elise and Exige models use the 1.8L VVTL-i I4 from Toyota's late Celica GT-S and the Matrix XRS.
The company is organised as Group Lotus, which is divided into Lotus Cars and Lotus Engineering.
Michael Kimberley took over as Acting Chief Executive Officer of the Company and its Group from May 2006. He currently chairs the Executive Committee of Lotus Group International Limited ("LGIL") established in February 2006, with Syed Zainal Abidin (Managing Director of Proton Holdings Berhad) and Badrul Feisal (non-executive director of Proton Holdings Berhad). LGIL is the holding company of Lotus Group Plc.
Kimberley retired as CEO on 17 July 2009 and was replaced as CEO by Dany T Bahar on 1 October 2009. Bahar was formerly Senior Vice President, Commercial & Brand for Ferrari SpA where he was responsible for worldwide road car sales and after sales business, overall road car and F1 marketing activities, licensing, and merchandising business.
The four letters in the middle of the logo stand for the initials of Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman.
Formula One Edit
- Main article: Team Lotus
The company encouraged its customers to race its cars, and entered Formula One through its sister company Team Lotus in 1958. A Lotus Formula One car driven by Stirling Moss won the marque's first Grand Prix in 1960 at Monaco in a Lotus 18 entered by privateer Rob Walker. Major success came in 1963 with the Lotus 25, which — with Jim Clark driving — won Lotus its first F1 World Constructors Championship. Clark's untimely death — he crashed a Formula Two Lotus 48 in April 1968 after his rear tyre failed in a turn in Hockenheim — was a severe blow to the team and to Formula One. He was the dominant driver in the dominant car and remains an inseparable part of Lotus' early years. That year's championship was won by Clark's teammate, Graham Hill.
Lotus is credited with making the mid-engined layout popular for IndyCars, developing the first monocoque Formula One chassis, and the integration of the engine and transaxle as chassis components. Lotus was also among the pioneers in Formula One in adding wings and shaping the undersurface of the car to create downforce, as well as the first to move radiators to the sides in the car to aid in aerodynamic performance, and inventing active suspension.
Even after Chapman's death, until the late 1980s, Lotus continued to be a major player in Formula One. Ayrton Senna drove for the team from 1985 to 1987, winning twice in each year and achieving 17 pole positions. However, by the company's last Formula One race in 1994, the cars were no longer competitive. Lotus won a total of 79 Grand Prix races. During his lifetime Chapman saw Lotus beat Ferrari as the first team to achieve 50 Grand Prix victories, despite Ferrari having won their first nine years sooner.
- 1963 (Jim Clark)
- 1965 (Jim Clark)
- 1968 (Graham Hill)
- 1970 (Jochen Rindt)
- 1972 (Emerson Fittipaldi)
- 1978 (Mario Andretti)
Team Lotus established Classic Team Lotus in 1992, as the Works historic motorsport activity. Classic Team Lotus continues to maintain Lotus F1 cars and run them in the FIA Historic Formula One Championship and it preserves the Team Lotus archive and Works Collection of cars, under the management of Colin Chapman’s son, Clive.
Team Lotus' participation in Formula One ended at the end of the 1994 season.
The Lotus name returned to Formula One for the 2010 season, when a new Malaysian team called Lotus Racing, using the Lotus name on licence from Group Lotus, was awarded an entry. The new team was unrelated to the previous incarnation of Team Lotus when it was first founded, although it was funded by a Malaysian Consortium including Proton (the owner of Lotus Cars). After a dispute between the two parties (Lotus Racing and Proton), Group Lotus, with agreement from their parent company Proton, terminated the licence for future seasons as a result of what it called "flagrant and persistent breaches of the licence by the team". Lotus Racing then announced that they had acquired Team Lotus Ventures Ltd, the company led by David Hunt since 1994, during which Team Lotus had stopped competing in Formula One, and with it full ownership of the rights of the Team Lotus brand and heritage. The team confirmed that they would be known as Team Lotus from 2011 onwards.
In December 2010 Group Lotus (Proton) announced the creation of 'Lotus Renault GP', the successor to the Renault F1 Team that will contest the 2011 FIA Formula One World Championship, having purchased a title sponsorship deal with the team with the option to buy shares in the future. The team's cars will continue to be called 'Renaults', up against the Team Lotus cars which will be known as 'Lotus'.
Lotus car models Edit
Current Lotus models comprise:
- Lotus Elise: The Elise started in 1996 and weighed 725 kg. The current model starts at 901 kg and incorporates some engineering innovations, such as an aluminum extrusion frame and a composite body shell. The Elise has also spawned several racing variants, including a limited series called the 340R, which has an open-body design echoing the old Seven. The Elise was introduced into the U.S., with a Toyota engine, in order to pass strict U.S. emissions laws. The 1ZZ & 2ZZ Toyota engines used have a Lotus ECU with their own fuel mapping. The supercharged Lotus SC and limited edition Jim Clark Type 25 Elise editions add a new performance dimension to the Elise range. 0–60 mph acceleration is in 4.3 seconds and 0–100 km/h in 4.6 seconds.
- Lotus Exige: A version of the Elise with a redesigned body to provide additional downforce (100 lb at 100 mph). Additionally, the following Elise Sport Pack and Hardtop options are standard on the Exige. The car is street legal and the base 2006 model was available in the USA for $50,990. Lotus updated the Exige with the supercharged Exige S in 2007.
- Lotus Exige S: An Exige with a supercharged engine providing 220 hp. The non-S Exige and Elise have 190 hp (140 kW).
- Lotus Evora Launched 22 July 2008. Code named Project Eagle during development. A 2+2 sports car with a mid mounted, transverse 3.5 litre V6 engine.
- Lotus 2-Eleven Weighing just 670 kg (1,500 lb) and with 252 bhp (188 kW) the Lotus 2-Eleven can sprint from 0–60 in 3.8 seconds and has a top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h). Intended as a track day car it costs £39,995 but for an additional £1,100 Lotus will make the car fully road legal.
- Lotus T125 Exos Track-only Formula 1 inspired car. 3.5l Cosworth V8, 640 bhp; 25 will be built at $1 million each. To run in the 'Exos Experience by Lotus', a club, initiated and operated by Lotus Motorsport, in which a limited number of owner drivers can refine their driving skills and challenge themselves with expert one-to-one advice from former Grand Prix drivers and trainers.
- Lotus Mark I (1948): Austin 7 based car
- Lotus Mark II (1949–1950): Ford-powered trials car
- Lotus Mark III (1951): 750 cc formula car
- Lotus Mark IV (1952): Trials car
- Lotus Mark V (1952 2): 750 cc formula car—never built
- Lotus Mark VI (1953–1955): The first "production" racer—about 100 built
- Lotus Seven (1957–1970): Classic open sports car, a minimalist machine designed to manoeuvre a racing circuit and nothing else. The rights to the Seven were sold in 1973 to Caterham Cars, who continue to produce it today. Updated versions of this 1957 design are also produced by other specialty firms, including Westfield Sportscars and Donkervoort. Originally the number seven was applied to a Riley-powered Formula 2 car, but the vehicle was never completed in its original form, finally emerging instead as the Clairmonte Special, a two-seat sports car powered by a Lea-Francis engine.
- Lotus Mark VIII (1954): sports racer
- Lotus Mark IX (1955): sports racer, based on Eight
- Lotus Mark X (1955): sports racer, a more powerful Eight
- Lotus Eleven (1956–1957): sports racer
- Lotus 12 (1956–1957): Formula Two and Formula One racecar
- Lotus 13: Designation not used
- Lotus 14 (1957–1963): First production street car—the Elite
- Lotus 15 (1958): Sports racer—successor to the Eleven
- Lotus 16 (1958–1959): F1/F2 car based on the Twelve
- Lotus 17 (1959): Sports racer update of the 15—not successful
- Lotus 18 (1960–1961): First mid-engined Lotus single seater—Formula Junior/F2/F1
- Lotus 19 (1960–1962): Mid-engined sports racer—"Monte Carlo"
- Lotus 20 (1961): Formula Junior
- Lotus 21 (1961): Formula One
- Lotus 22 (1962–1965): Formula Junior/F3
- Lotus 23 (1962–1966): Small displacement mid-engined sports racer
- Lotus 24 (1962): Formula One
- Lotus 25 (1962–1964): Formula One World Champion
- Lotus 26 (1962–1971): Production street sports car—the original Elan.
- Lotus 27 (1963): Formula Junior
- Lotus 28 (1963–1966): Lotus version of the Ford Cortina street/racer
- Lotus 29 (1963): Indy car—Ford stock block
- Lotus 30 (1964): Large displacement sports racer (Ford V8)
- Lotus 31 (1964–1966): Formula Three space frame racer
- Lotus 32 (1964–1965): Monocoque F2 and Tasman Cup racer
- Lotus 33 (1964–1965): Formula One World Champion
- Lotus 34 (1964): Indy car—DOHC Ford
- Lotus 35 (1965): F2/F3/FB
- Lotus 36 (1965–1968): Fixed Head Coupe version of the original Elan, so called perhaps to distinguish it from the Type 26 Elan which could be fitted with a removable hard top)
- Lotus 38 (1965): Indy winning mid-engined car
- Lotus 39 (1965–1966): Tasman Cup formula car
- Lotus 40 (1965): Improved(?) version of the 30
- Lotus 41 (1965–1968): Formula Three, Formula Two, Formula B
- Lotus 42 (1967): Indy car—raced with Ford V8
- Lotus 43 (1966): Formula One
- Lotus 44 (1967): Formula Two
- Lotus 45 (1966–1974): Convertible (Drop Head Coupe), a version of the original Elan with a revised body style, most notable for its permanent side window frames.
- Lotus 46 (1966–1968): Original Renault-engined Europa
- Lotus 47 (1966–1970): Racing version of Europa
- Lotus 48 (1967): Formula Two
- Lotus 49 (1967–1969): Formula One World Champion
- Lotus 50 (1967–1974): Four-seat "Elan +2" production car
- Lotus 51 (1967–1969): Formula Ford
- Lotus 52 (1968): Prototype "Europa" twincam
- Lotus 53 (1968): Small displacement sports racer—never built
- Lotus 54 (1968–1970): Series 2 "Europa" production car.
- Lotus 55 (1968): F3
- Lotus 56 (1968–1971): Indy turbine wedge/F1 turbine (56B)
- Lotus 57 (1968): F2 design study
- Lotus 58 (1968): F1 design study
- Lotus 59 (1969–1970): F2/F3/Formula Ford
- Lotus 60 (1970–1973): Greatly modified version of the Seven—AKA Seven S4
- Lotus 61 (1969): Formula Ford wedge
- Lotus 62 (1969): prototype Europa racer
- Lotus 63 (1969): 4-wheel drive F1
- Lotus 64 (1969): 4-wheel drive Indy cars—did not compete
- Lotus 65 (1969–1971): "Federalized" Europa S2
- Lotus 66: designation not used
- Lotus 67 (1970): Proposed Tasman Cup car—never built
- Lotus 68 (1969): F5000 prototype
- Lotus 69 (1970): F2/F3/Formula Ford
- Lotus 70 (1970): F5000/Formula A
- Lotus 71: Undisclosed design study
- Lotus 72 (1970–1972): Formula One World Champion
- Lotus 73 (1972–1973): F3
- Lotus 74 (1971–1975): Europa Twin Cam production cars
- Lotus 75 (1974–1982): Luxury 4 seat GT—"Elite II"
- Lotus 76 (1975–1982): Fastback version of Elite II—"Éclat S1"—also 1974 F1
- Lotus 77 (1976): F1
- Lotus 78 (1977–1978): F1 ground effects car
- Lotus 79 (1978–1979): Formula One World Champion—also street GT "Esprit" (1975–1980)
- Lotus 80 (1979): F1
- Lotus 81 (1980–1981): F1—designation also used for Sunbeam Talbot rally car
- Lotus 82 (1982–1987): Turbo Esprit street GT car
- Lotus 83 (1980): Elite series 2
- Lotus 84 (1980–1982): Éclat series 2
- Lotus 85 (1980–1987): Esprit series 3
- Lotus 86 (1980–1983): F1 dual chassis—never raced
- Lotus 87 (1980–1982): F1
- Lotus 88 (1981): F1 dual chassis car—banned
- Lotus 89 (1982–1992): Lotus Excel GT—re-engineered Éclat
- Lotus 90: Unreleased Elan/Toyota
- Lotus 91 (1982): F1
- Lotus 92 (1983): F1
- Lotus 93T (1983): F1 Turbo
- Lotus 94T (1983): F1 Turbo
- Lotus 95T (1984): F1 Turbo
- Lotus 96T (1984): Indy car project—abandoned
- Lotus 97T (1985–1986): F1 Turbo
- Lotus 98T (1986–1987): F1 Turbo
- Lotus 99T (1987): F1 Turbo—last Lotus F1 winner
- Lotus 100T (1988): F1 Turbo
- Lotus Elan (Type M100) (1989–1995): Front-drive convertible Elan.
- Lotus 101 (1989): F1
- Lotus 102 (1990–1991): F1
- Lotus 103 (1990): F1—not produced
- Lotus 104 (1990–1992): Lotus Carlton: tuned version of the standard Vauxhall saloon.
- Lotus 105 (1990): Racing X180R IMSA Supercars Drivers Champ Doc Bundy
- Lotus 106 (1991): X180R roadgoing homologation special
- Lotus 107 (1992–1994): F1
- Lotus 108 (1992): a bicycle ridden by Chris Boardman to win a gold medal at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, also known as the "LotusSport Pursuit Bicycle".
- Lotus 109 (1994): F1—Last Lotus F1 car.
- Lotus 110: Production version of type 108 bicycle
- Lotus 111: The Lotus Elise
- Lotus 112: Final partial F1 design, got as far as the monocoque buck
- Lotus 113: Number not allocated
- Lotus 114 (1996): Lotus Esprit GT1
- Lotus 115 (1997–1998): Lotus GT Race Car, AKA Lotus Elise GT1
- Lotus 116: The Vauxhall VX220 / Opel Speedster, a collaboration with GM
- Lotus 117: Lotus Elise Mk2
- Lotus 118: Lotus M250. Two-seater concept car. Unveiled in Autumn of 1999 as a mid-range sports car, project was cancelled in 2001.
- Lotus 119: Soapbox derby car Light vehicle out of carbon and aluminium, brakes discs, without engine, built for the race of the festival of speed of Goodwood
- Lotus 120 (1998): Elise V6 code named M120—was never produced
- Lotus 121 (2006): Europa S
- Lotus 122: Lotus Evora
- Lotus 123: Lotus 2-Eleven
- Lotus 124: Evora Race Car
- Lotus 125: Exos—Ultimate track Car 
- Lotus Excel (1985–1992): Updated Eclat with Toyota running gear. 2,159 Excels were made.
- Lotus Eclat (1975–1982): Fastback version of the Elite. The rear roof line of the Elite was sloped down into a sporty fastback.
- Lotus Elite: Describes two cars, one an ultra-light two-seater coupé produced from 1957 to 1962, one an angular 3-door hatch with a back bone chassis produced from 1974 to 1982.
- Lotus Europa (1966–1975): mid-engine sports car.
- Lotus Esprit: A mid-engined sports car, launched in the early 1970s. It was styled by Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. The Esprit started with a light, 4-cylinder design, which went through several iterations of turbo-charging and electronic upgrades, before finally being replaced by a highly advanced V8. The last Lotus Esprit rolled off the production line on 20 February 2004, after 28 years in production. A total of 10,675 Esprits were built since production began in 1976.
- Lotus M250 (2000): Concept car that never reached production
- Lotus Europa S: The Grand Tourer (GT)-inspired two-seater is claimed to offer a more upmarket sportscar experience, although it is based on the same chassis as the Elise and Exige, limiting accommodation and practicality. Power comes from a Lotus-tuned variant of the turbocharged four-cylinder engine which powers the VX220. The Europa has been criticised in the motoring press for being expensive and for lacking equipment and practicality compared to rivals like the Porsche Cayman.
- New Lotus Esprit. Due to be released in 2013, the Esprit will be powered by a 5.0 litre Lexus V8 pressure charged engine delivering up to 620 PS, capable of 0–100 km/h in approximately 3.4 seconds.
- New Lotus Elan. Set for release during the second half of 2013, the Elan will feature a 4.0 litre V6 pressure charged engine capable of delivering up to 450 PS with a weight of 1,295 kg.
- New Lotus Elite. A 2+2 GT with a front-mid positioned 5.0 litre V8 engine delivering up to 620 PS, capable of 0–100 km/h in approximately 3.7 seconds. Set for release in spring 2014,
- New Lotus Elise. The replacement for the Lotus Elise is due in 2015 with a 2.0 litre inline 4 pressure charged engine delivering up to 320 PS, the Elise 2015 is stated to be capable of 0–100 km/h in under 4.5 seconds.
- New Lotus Eterne. A four door, four seater sports GT. With a 5.0 litre pressure charged V8. Designed as a competitor to the Porsche Panamera and the Aston Martin Rapide.
Lotus engines Edit
- Lotus-Ford Twin Cam
- Lotus 900 series
- Range Extender Engine. This all aluminium, monoblock, 1200cc, four-stroke, engine is specifically designed to turn only a directly driven from the crank-shaft alternator for electricity generation for series-hybrid cars. The engine is small and light at 56 kg, having three cylinders and no detachable cylinder head. The cylinder head and engine block are all one casting to reduce size, weight and production costs. As the engine does not turn belt driven ancillaries such as an: alternator, power steering pump or an air conditioning compressor, the block requires no strong points to accommodate ancillaries, giving a simple and light block. The engine has a reduced parts count for lightness and cheaper production.
Lotus Engineering Edit
Lotus Engineering Limited, is an offshoot of Lotus Cars, which provides engineering consultancy third party companies primarily in the automotive industry. As well as Hethel in the United Kingdom Lotus has engineering centres in Ann Arbor, USA, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Shanghai, China. In 2000, Lotus Engineering, Inc. was established with an office in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
- Lotus Eco Elise is an engineering demonstrator of its classic sports car that incorporates solar panels into a roof made from hemp, while also employing natural materials in the body and interior of the car.
- Lotus Exige 265E Bio-fuel
- Lotus Exige 270E Tri-fuel
- Lotus Evora 414E Hybrid. Shown at the 2010 Geneva Motor show
- Lotus Concept City Car. Shown at the 2010 Paris motor show.
APX and VVAEdit
- Main article: Lotus APX
Whereas the VVA technology will be used in the creation of a new mid-engined sportscar for Lotus cars, the APX is in fact a high performance 7 seat MPV with four-wheel drive and a front mounted V6 engine from Lotus Engineering's Powertrain division. The engine was designed and developed to be available as a 2.2 litre N/A and 3.0 litre supercharged. A number of prototypes of both engines exist in full working order in a number of mule cars.
Versatile Vehicle Architecture (VVA) is an effort by the Lotus car manufacturing company to reduce the investment needed for producing unique, niche-market cars by sharing a number of common components.
Cars produced using VVA:
Projects undertaken by Lotus Engineering Edit
Examples of work undertaken by Lotus Engineering include:
- Lotus Talbot Sunbeam—Talbot's hot-hatch rally car of the early '80s.
- DeLorean DMC-12. Changes to the original concept led to considerable schedule pressures. The car was deemed to require almost complete re-engineering, which was turned over to engineer Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus. Lotus replaced most of the unproven material and manufacturing techniques with those then employed by Lotus in the Lotus Esprit.
- Vauxhall Lotus Carlton (also Opel Lotus Omega, internal name Lotus Type 104) - At the time (early 1990s) this was the fastest saloon car available, with a top speed of over 175 mph (280 km/h).
- The 1991 Dodge Spirit R/T with a version of the 2.2 L K-car engine with a 16-valve DOHC head designed by Lotus with over 220 hp (160 kW).
- Vauxhall VX220 (also Opel Speedster) - Lotus produced and based upon the same aluminium chassis design as the Lotus Elise. Production of these models ended in 2005.
- Lotus styled and assisted with the engineering of the Tesla Roadster, an electric sports car based on the Elise, as well as licensing some technologies to Tesla Motors and constructing the Roadster at their plant in Hethel.
- The Aston Martin DB9 chassis was developed with the help of Lotus Engineering.
- Lotus was responsible for most of the design, development, and testing, of the LT5 DOHC V8 powerplant for the Chevrolet Corvette ZR-1.
- Lotus designed, developed and tested the GM Ecotec engine and its variants.
- Lotus was responsible for various aspects of the Sinclair C5 electric tricycle.
- Lotus was responsible for the suspension calibration of the Toyota MR2 Mk. I, the Toyota Supra Mk. II and Mk. III, the Isuzu Piazza, the Isuzu Impulse as well as newer Proton models.
- Lotus was responsible for the development of the Campro engine together with Proton, as well as its variable valve timing system, the Cam Profile Switching (CPS). Currently available in the 1.6-litre and 1.3-litre variants, the Campro engine now powers most of Proton's newer models.
- Lotus has worked on the suspension of the Mahindra Scorpio to make it more stable at high speeds.
- Lotus produced the revised Chassis of the Isuzu Piazza
- The Dodge EV concept electric vehicle from Chrysler is based on a Lotus Europa S.
- Lotus has worked on the suspension and handling of the Nissan GT-R
- The Hennessey Venom GT a soon to be released hypercar is to be based on the Lotus Exige.
- 2009: Range Extender engine. This all aluminium, monoblock, 1200cc, four-stroke engine is specifically designed to turn an alternator for series-hybrid cars. The engine is small and light having three cylinders and no detachable cylinder head.
- 2010: Limo-Green project with Jaguar Cars. Lotus provided the Range Extender engine for a prototype XJ series-hybrid car. The car returned 58 mpg (imperial) running off the range extender alone.
Electric vehicles Edit
Lotus Engineering has established a group dedicated to hybrid and electric vehicles.
Lotus plans to enter the electric vehicle race, CEO Michael Kimberley told the Financial Times . "Don’t be surprised to see an electric Lotus shortly,” he said, adding that a concept version could debut as early as March 2009, at Geneva Motor Show. Lotus is now front and center in the electric-car arena.
Lotus did not reveal details about the car or the engine but discloses that it will go for 300 to 400 miles (640 km) and it will really live up to the expectations of being one of the best electric cars in the world.
Lotus joined Jaguar Cars, MIRA Ltd and Caparo on a luxury hybrid executive sedan project called "Limo-Green"--funded by the UK Government Technology Strategy Board. The vehicle will be a series plug-in hybrid.
Tesla Motors, a likely rival for Lotus if its plans go through, has also turned to contractors for parts of the all-electric Roadster. Of note however, is the fact that Tesla currently obtains the chassis for their Roadster from Lotus as do Dodge for their EV because of the heavy weight of the batteries in an EV and Lotus's widely known low weight and sharp handling characteristics. While only 10% of the parts of the Tesla Roadster are shared with the Lotus Elise, Lotus is responsible for approximately 40% of the overall content of the car.
Queen's Award for EnterpriseEdit
Lotus Cars were awarded the Queen's Award for Enterprise for contribution to International Trade, one of 85 companies receiving the recognition in that category in 2002. Lotus cars wore the badge of the award for a number of years.
See also Edit
References / sourcesEdit
- ↑ Golden Gate Lotus Club Retrieved 1 May 2008
- ↑ Lotus cars Cheshunt. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
- ↑ "Lotus CEO Mike Kimberley to step down". Motortorque.askaprice.com. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ Constructors' championship only; drivers' title went to Jackie Stewart of Tyrrell
- ↑ Chris Walton, Chief Road Test Editor (2006-06-28). "Shade Runner: Do racecars dream of electric windows?", Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved on 2008-07-22.
- ↑ http://web.archive.org/web/20060305005148/http://www.lotuscars.com/Exige_Spec_Sheet.pdf
- ↑ "Supercharged 2007 Lotus Exige S bound for U.S. - Car News/Sports Car Central/High Performance/Hot Lists/Reviews/Car and Driver". Car And Driver. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ "2006 Lotus Exige - First Drive Review/The Coupe Coop/Car Shopping/Hot Lists/Reviews/Car and Driver". Car And Driver. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ "Elise Performance". Caranddriver.com. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ "Lotus 125 ‘Ultimate Track Car’ to Debut at Pebble Beach Alongside Elise SC RGB Edition | AutoGuide.com News". Autoguide.com (2010-08-05). Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ , retrieved 04 Oct 2010.
- ↑ Abuelsamid, Sam (2010-06-22). "Lotus and Fagor Ederlan Group to produce range-extender engine — Autoblog Green". Green.autoblog.com. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ "» Home - Lotus Engineering". lotuscars.com. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ Lotus Engineering Centres, retrieved 18 Jube 2010.
- ↑ Tesla Motors - Leadership[dead link]
- ↑ About Proton Engineering - Proton Cars UK
- ↑  Range Extender Fagor Ederlan
- ↑ "Jaguar UK - Jaguar International". Jaguar.com. Retrieved on 2010-09-30.
- ↑ Lotus Engineering establishes group dedicated to hybrid electric and all-electric vehicles - AutoblogGreen
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 Garthwaite, Josie (2009-01-05). "Lotus to Build Electric Vehicles". Earth2tech.com. Retrieved on 2009-06-22.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 "Lotus Electric Sports Vehicle Coming! | Lotus Sphere". Lotusphere2007.com (2009-01-10). Retrieved on 2009-06-22.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 "Future Jaguar XJ May Cut CO2 Via Lotus 'LimoGreen' Project". GreenCarReports.com (2009-02-20). Retrieved on 2009-06-22.
- ↑ "UK Technology Strategy Board (TSB) to Award $45M to 16 Low-Carbon Vehicle Projects". Green Car Congress (2008-05-08). Retrieved on 2008-05-08.
- ↑ "The Queen's Awards for Enterprise 2002: international trade - Focus: Queen's Awards" (NewsBank), Times Newspapers Limited (2002-04-22). Retrieved on 2011-02-14.
Further reading Edit
- Gérard ('Jabby') Crombac, Colin Chapman: The Man and His Cars (Patrick Stephens, Wellingborough, 1986)
- Mike Lawrence, Colin Chapman: The Wayward Genius (Breedon Books, Derby, 2002)
- Ian H. Smith, The Story of Lotus: 1947-1960 Birth of a Legend (republished Motor Racing Publications, Chiswick, 1972)
- Doug Nye, The Story of Lotus: 1961-1971 Growth of a Legend (Motor Racing Publications, Chiswick, 1972)
- Robin Read, Colin Chapman's Lotus: The early years, the Elite and the origins of the Elan (Haynes, Sparkford, 1989)
- Anthony Pritchard, Lotus: All The Cars (Aston Publications, Bourne End, 1990)
- Doug Nye, Theme Lotus: 1956-1986 (Motor Racing Publications, Croydon, 1986)
- William Taylor The Lotus Book (Coterie Press, Luton, 1998, 1999, 2005)
- William Taylor The Lotus Book Collectibles (Coterie Press, Luton, 2000)
- Peter Ross, Lotus - The Early Years 1951-54 (Coterie Press, Luton, 2004)
- Rémy Solnon, Lotus Esprit - le grand tourisme à l'anglaise (Editions Les Presses Littéraires, 2007)
- Andrew Ferguson, Team Lotus: The Indianapolis Years (Haynes Publishing 1996) no longer available