Geopolitical Oceania in green. Smaller islands are not visible

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania. Although it is mostly ocean and spans many continental plates, Oceania is often defined as a continent. This list follows the boundaries of geopolitical Oceania, which includes Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Australasia. The main continental landmass of Oceania is Australia,[1] with the second largest being Zealandia.

The division between Asia and Oceania is disputed. The Malay Archipelago is sometimes included in a wider geographical definition. By two other common divisions, due to the cultural Melanesian line and the ecological Wallace Line, the eastern half of Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes considered to be part of Oceania. For political reasons, the United Nations considers the border is between the two regions to be the Indonesian–Papua New Guineaian border.[2] Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian due to its virtue of neighbouring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Oceania. If the entire Malay archipelago is included as part of Oceania, then Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, and East Timor are also included.

Sovereign states[edit | edit source]

The following is a list of sovereign states which are usually considered to be Oceanian, and whom all have their capital city in Oceania. Of these, only Australia and New Zealand have territory outside of Oceania. All of these states are members of the Pacific Islands Forum except Fiji, which is suspended.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name Domestic long name Capital Location
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia [note 1] Commonwealth of Australia N/A (no official language) Canberra Australia (orthographic projection).svg
Flag of Fiji.svg
Fiji Republic of the Fiji Islands Fijian: Matanitu ko Viti
Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी Fijī
Fijian: Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य Fijī Dvīpa Samūha Gaṇarājya
Suva Fiji and oceania.jpg
Flag of Kiribati.svg
Kiribati Republic of Kiribati English: Kiribati
Gilbertese: Kiribati
English: Republic of Kiribati
Gilbertese: Ribaberiki Kiribati
South Tarawa LocationKiribati.png
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg
Marshall Islands Republic of the Marshall Islands Marshallese: M̧ajeļ
English: Marshall Islands
Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ
English: Republic of the Marshall Islands
Majuro LocationMarshallIslands.png
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg
Federated States of Micronesia English: Federated States of Micronesia Palikir LocationMicronesia.png
Flag of Nauru.svg
Nauru Republic of Nauru English: Nauru
Nauruan: Naoero
English: Republic of Nauru
Nauruan: Ripublik Naoero
Yaren (de facto) LocationNauru.png
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand [note 2] English: New Zealand
Māori: Aotearoa
Wellington New Zealand (orthographic projection).svg
Flag of Palau.svg
Palau Republic of Palau English: Palau
Palauan: Belau
English: Republic of Palau
Palauan: Beluu er a Belau
Ngerulmud Palau.png
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Papua New Guinea Independent State of Papua New Guinea English: Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini
Hiri Motu: ?
English: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin: Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Hiri Motu: ?
Port Moresby Papua New Guinea (orthographic projection).svg
Flag of Samoa.svg
Samoa Independent State of Samoa Samoan: Samoa
English: Samoa
Samoan: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
English: Independent State of Samoa
Apia LocationSamoa.png
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg
Solomon Islands English: Solomon Islands Honiara LocationSolomonIslands.png
Flag of Tonga.svg
Tonga Kingdom of Tonga Tongan: Tonga
English: Tonga
Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
English: Kingdom of Tonga
Nukuʻalofa LocationTonga.png
Flag of Tuvalu.svg
Tuvalu Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
English: Tuvalu
Funafuti LocationTuvalu.png
Flag of Vanuatu.svg
Vanuatu Republic of Vanuatu Bislama: Vanuatu
English: Vanuatu
French: Vanuatu
Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
English: Republic of Vanuatu
French: République de Vanuatu
Port Vila Map OC-Melanesia Revised by Tom Emphasizing Vanuatu.PNG

Non-sovereign territories[edit | edit source]

The following are external territories considered to be within Oceania but are not considered sovereign states. It includes various political and administrative divisions, as well as dependencies.

Dependent territories[edit | edit source]

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name Domestic long name Legal status Capital
Flag of American Samoa.svg
American Samoa English: American Samoa
Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa
Insular area of the United States Fagatogo (de jure), Pago Pago (de facto)
Flag of Australia.svg
Ashmore and Cartier Islands English: Ashmore and Cartier Islands External territory of Australia N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the United States.svg
Baker Island English: Baker Island United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of France.svg
Clipperton Island [note 3] French: Île de Clipperton French state private property N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg
Cook Islands English: Cook Islands
Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani
Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand Avarua
Flag of Australia.svg
Coral Sea Islands Territory English: Coral Sea Islands Territory External territory of Australia N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of French Polynesia.svg
French Polynesia French: Polynésie française Overseas country of France Papeete
Flag of Guam.svg
Guam English: Guam
Chamorro: Guåhan
Insular area of the United States Hagåtña
Flag of the United States.svg
Howland Island English: Howland Island United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the United States.svg
Jarvis Island English: Jarvis Island United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the United States.svg
Johnston Atoll English: Johnston Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the United States.svg
Kingman Reef English: Kingman Reef United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the United States.svg
Midway Atoll English: Midway Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of France.svg
New Caledonia French: Nouvelle-Calédonie Sui generis collectivity of France Nouméa
Flag of Niue.svg
Niue Niuean: Niuē
English: Niue
Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand Alofi
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg
Norfolk Island English: Norfolk Island
Norfuk: Norfuk Ailen
Self-governing integral external territory of Australia Kingston
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg
Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands English: Northern Mariana Islands
Chamorro: Islas Mariånas
Carolinian: ?
English: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Chamorro: Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas
Carolinian: ?
Insular area of the United States Saipan
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands English: Pitcairn Islands English: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands British overseas territory Adamstown
Flag of Tokelau.svg
Tokelau Tokelauan: Tokelau
English: Tokelau
Territory of New Zealand Nukunonu
Flag of the United States.svg
Wake Island English: Wake Island United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of France.svg
Wallis and Futuna Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands French: Wallis et Futuna French: Territoire des îles Wallis et Futuna Overseas collectivity of France Mata-Utu

Other territories[edit | edit source]

The following are incorporated parts of a non-Oceanian state.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short name Domestic long name Legal status Capital
Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg
Easter Island Spanish: Isla de Pascua
Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui
Special territory of Chile Hanga Roa
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii State of Hawaii English: Hawaii
Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi
English: State of Hawaii
Hawaiian: Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
State of the USA Honolulu
Flag of Chile.svg
Juan Fernández Islands Spanish: Archipiélago Juan Fernández Special territory of Chile San Juan Bautista
Flag of Japan.svg
Marcus Island Japanese: 南鳥島 Minamitorishima Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of Japan.svg
Okinotori Islands Japanese: 沖ノ鳥島 Okinotorishima Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of the United States.svg
Palmyra Atoll English: Palmyra Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island N/A (uninhabited)
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Papua Indonesian: Papua Province of Indonesia Jayapura
Flag of Indonesia.svg
West Papua Indonesian: Papua Barat Province of Indonesia Manokwari

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Australia contains 4 external territories not associated with Oceania, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in Asia, and the Heard and McDonald Islands and the claimed Australian Antarctic Territory in the Antarctic.
  2. New Zealand also claims territory in the Antarctic as the Ross Dependency.
  3. Most often associated with North America.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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