This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania. Although it is mostly ocean and spans many continental plates, Oceania is often defined as a continent. This list follows the boundaries of geopolitical Oceania, which includes Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Australasia. The main continental landmass of Oceania is Australia, with the second largest being Zealandia.
The division between Asia and Oceania is disputed. The Malay Archipelago is sometimes included in a wider geographical definition. By two other common divisions, due to the cultural Melanesian line and the ecological Wallace Line, the eastern half of Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes considered to be part of Oceania. For political reasons, the United Nations considers the border is between the two regions to be the Indonesian–Papua New Guineaian border. Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian due to its virtue of neighbouring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Oceania. If the entire Malay archipelago is included as part of Oceania, then Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, and East Timor are also included.
Sovereign states[edit | edit source]
The following is a list of sovereign states which are usually considered to be Oceanian, and whom all have their capital city in Oceania. Of these, only Australia and New Zealand have territory outside of Oceania. All of these states are members of the Pacific Islands Forum except Fiji, which is suspended.
|Flag||English short name||English long name||Domestic short name||Domestic long name||Capital||Location|
|Australia [note 1]||Commonwealth of Australia||N/A (no official language)||Canberra|
|Fiji||Republic of the Fiji Islands||Fijian: Matanitu ko Viti
Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी Fijī
|Fijian: Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य Fijī Dvīpa Samūha Gaṇarājya
|Kiribati||Republic of Kiribati||English: Kiribati
|English: Republic of Kiribati
Gilbertese: Ribaberiki Kiribati
|Marshall Islands||Republic of the Marshall Islands||Marshallese: M̧ajeļ
English: Marshall Islands
|Marshallese: Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ
English: Republic of the Marshall Islands
|Federated States of Micronesia||English: Federated States of Micronesia||Palikir|
|Nauru||Republic of Nauru||English: Nauru
|English: Republic of Nauru
Nauruan: Ripublik Naoero
|Yaren (de facto)|
|New Zealand [note 2]||English: New Zealand
|Palau||Republic of Palau||English: Palau
|English: Republic of Palau
Palauan: Beluu er a Belau
|Papua New Guinea||Independent State of Papua New Guinea||English: Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini
Hiri Motu: ?
|English: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin: Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Hiri Motu: ?
|Samoa||Independent State of Samoa||Samoan: Samoa
|Samoan: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
English: Independent State of Samoa
|Solomon Islands||English: Solomon Islands||Honiara|
|Tonga||Kingdom of Tonga||Tongan: Tonga
|Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
English: Kingdom of Tonga
|Vanuatu||Republic of Vanuatu||Bislama: Vanuatu
|Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
English: Republic of Vanuatu
French: République de Vanuatu
Non-sovereign territories[edit | edit source]
Dependent territories[edit | edit source]
Other territories[edit | edit source]
The following are incorporated parts of a non-Oceanian state.
|Flag||English short name||English long name||Domestic short name||Domestic long name||Legal status||Capital|
|Easter Island||Spanish: Isla de Pascua
Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui
|Special territory of Chile||Hanga Roa|
|Hawaii||State of Hawaii||English: Hawaii
|English: State of Hawaii
Hawaiian: Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
|State of the USA||Honolulu|
|Juan Fernández Islands||Spanish: Archipiélago Juan Fernández||Special territory of Chile||San Juan Bautista|
|Marcus Island||Japanese: 南鳥島 Minamitorishima||Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan||N/A (uninhabited)|
|Okinotori Islands||Japanese: 沖ノ鳥島 Okinotorishima||Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan||N/A (uninhabited)|
|Palmyra Atoll||English: Palmyra Atoll||United States Minor Outlying Island||N/A (uninhabited)|
|Papua||Indonesian: Papua||Province of Indonesia||Jayapura|
|West Papua||Indonesian: Papua Barat||Province of Indonesia||Manokwari|
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Australia contains 4 external territories not associated with Oceania, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in Asia, and the Heard and McDonald Islands and the claimed Australian Antarctic Territory in the Antarctic.
- New Zealand also claims territory in the Antarctic as the Ross Dependency.
- Most often associated with North America.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
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