FANDOM


This is a list of sovereign states giving an overview of states around the world with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty.

The list contains 204 entries, as of 2011. The states are divided using two distinct methods:

  1. The membership within the United Nations system column divides the states into three categories: 193 member states of the United Nations,[1][2] two states that are not UN member states but are either a UN observer state or a member state of a UN specialised agency, and nine other states.
  2. The sovereignty disputes column divides the states into two categories: 13 states whose sovereignty is disputed and 191 other states.

Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood. For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the "criteria for inclusion" section below.

List of statesEdit

Name in English, and the official, national, and other important languages of the state [Note 1] Membership within the UN System [Note 2] Sovereignty dispute [Note 3] Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty [Note 5]
A AAA A AAA A AAA
ZZZ UN member states A AAA ZZZ
ZZZAbkhazia → Abkhazia A UN member state A None
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan – Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • Persian: افغانستان – جمهوری اسلامی افغانستانAfgānestān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afgānestān
  • Pashto: افغانستان – د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریتAfghānistān – Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūrīyat
A UN member state A None
Flag of Albania.svg Albania – Republic of Albania
  • Albanian: Shqipëria – Republika e Shqipërisë
A UN member state A None
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria – People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Arabic: الجزائر – الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبيةAl Jazā'ir – Al Jumhūrīyah al Jazā'irīyah ad Dīmuqrāţīyah ash Sha‘bīyah
A UN member state A None
Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra – Principality of Andorra
  • Catalan: Andorra – Principat d’Andorra
A UN member state A None Andorra is a co-principality in which the office of head of state is jointly held ex officio by the French president and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell, who himself is appointed by the Holy See.
Flag of Angola.svg Angola – Republic of Angola A UN member state A None
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda A UN member state A None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.[Note 7][4]
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina – Argentine Republic [Note 8]
  • Spanish: Argentina – República Argentina
A UN member state A None Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city. Argentina claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom.[5] Argentina claims Argentine Antarctica as part of its national territory, officially a department of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands, which overlaps with the claims of the UK and Chile.[Note 9][6]
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia – Republic of Armenia
  • Armenian: Հայաստան – Հայաստանի ՀանրապետությունHayastan – Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
A UN member state A None Armenia is not recognised by one UN member: Pakistan.[7][8]
Flag of Australia.svg Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
  • English: Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
A UN member state A None Australia is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] and a federation of 6 states and 10 territories. The external territories of Australia are:
Flag of Austria.svg Austria – Republic of Austria
  • German: Österreich – Republik Österreich
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Austria is a federation of 9 states (Bundesländer).
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan – Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan – Azərbaycan Respublikası
A UN member state A None Azerbaijan contains 2 autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ).[Note 7] In Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto state has been established (see Nagorno-Karabakh).
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas
  • English: The Bahamas – Commonwealth of The Bahamas
A UN member state A None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain – Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Arabic: البحرين – مملكة البحرينAl Baḩrayn – Mamlakat al Baḩrayn
A UN member state A None
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh – People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • Bengali: বাংলাদেশ – গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশBāṁlādesh – Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṁlādesh
A UN member state A None
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados A UN member state A None Barbados is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus – Republic of Belarus
  • Belarusian: Беларусь – Рэспубліка БеларусьBielarus' – Respublika Bielarus'
  • Russian: Беларусь  – Республика БеларусьBelarus' – Respublika Belarus'
A UN member state A None
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
  • Dutch: België – Koninkrijk België
  • French: Belgique – Royaume de Belgique
  • German: Belgien – Königreich Belgien
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Belgium is a federation divided into linguistic communities and regions.
Flag of Belize.svg Belize A UN member state A None Belize is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Benin.svg Benin – Republic of Benin [Note 10]
  • French: Bénin – République du Bénin
A UN member state A None
Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan – Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ – འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ Druk Yul – Druk Gyalkhap
A UN member state A None
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia – Plurinational State of Bolivia
  • Spanish: Bolivia – Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
  • Aymara: Wuliwya – Wuliwya Suyu
  • Guaraní: Volívia – Tetã Volívia
  • Quechua: Buliwya – Buliwya Mama Llaqta[10]
A UN member state A None
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bosnian: Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Serbian: Босна и ХерцеговинаBosna i Hercegovina
  • Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
A UN member state A None Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federation of 2 constituent units: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska.[Note 11]
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana – Republic of Botswana
  • Tswana: Botswana – Lefatshe la Botswana
  • English: Botswana – Republic of Botswana
A UN member state A None
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil – Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Portuguese: Brasil – República Federativa do Brasil
A UN member state A None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district.
Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei – State of Brunei, Abode of Peace
  • Malay: Brunei – Negara Brunei Darussalam
  • Jawi: برني دارالسلام
A UN member state A None Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 12]
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria – Republic of Bulgaria
  • Bulgarian: България – Република БългарияBǎlgarija – Republika Bǎlgarija
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso [Note 13] A UN member state A None
Flag of Myanmar.svg Burma – Republic of the Union of Myanmar [Note 14][11]
  • Burmese: မြန်မာပြည် – ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌Myanma – Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw
A UN member state A None
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi – Republic of Burundi
  • Kirundi: Uburundi – Republika y'Uburundi
  • French: Burundi – République du Burundi
A UN member state A None
Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia – Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Khmer: កម្ពុជា – ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជាKâmpŭchéa – Preăhréachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchéa
A UN member state A None
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon
  • French: Cameroun – République du Cameroun
  • English: Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon
A UN member state A None
Flag of Canada.svg {{{name}}} [Note 15] A UN member state A None Canada is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] and a federation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde – Republic of Cape Verde
  • Portuguese: Cabo Verde – República de Cabo Verde
A UN member state A None
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic
  • French: République centrafricaine
  • Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
A UN member state A None
Flag of Chad.svg Chad – Republic of Chad
  • French: Tchad – République du Tchad
  • Arabic: تشاد – جمهوريّة تشادTshād – Jumhūrīyat Tshād
A UN member state A None
Flag of Chile.svg Chile – Republic of Chile
  • Spanish: Chile – República de Chile
A UN member state A None Easter Island and the Juan Fernández Islands are "special territories" of Chile in the Valparaíso Region. Chile claims part of Antarctica as a commune in its Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region. Its claim overlaps with those of the UK and Argentina.[Note 9]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China – People's Republic of China[Note 16]
  • Chinese: 中国 – 中华人民共和国Zhōnggúo – Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
  • Mongolian: Mongolian-PRC2 [Note 17]Bügüde Nayiramdaqu Dumdadu Arad Ulus
  • Tibetan: རྒྱ་ནག – ཀྲུང་ ཧྭ་ མི་ དམངས་ སྤྱི་ མཐུན་ རྒྱལ་ ཁབ།Zhunghua Mimang Jitun Gyalkab
  • Kazakh: جۇڭگو – جۇڭحۋا حالىق رەسپۋبليكاسىJuñgo – Juñxwa Xalıq Respwblïkası
  • Korean: 중국 – 중화인민공화국Jungguk – Junghwa Inmin Gonghwaguk
  • Uyghur: جۇڭگو – جۇڭخۇا خەلق جۇمھۇرىيىتJunggo – Jungxua Xelq Jumhuriyiti
  • Zhuang: Cunghgoz – Cunghvaz Yinzminz Gunghozgoz[12][13]
A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[Note 7] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

It also claims:

Aksai Chin, controlled by the PRC, is claimed by India as a part of Jammu and Kashmir.[Note 20] As of 2011, the PRC was not recognised by 22 UN member states and the Holy See, which instead recognise the ROC.[Note 21]

China, Republic of (Taiwan) → Taiwan A UN member state A None
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia – Republic of Colombia
  • Spanish: Colombia – República de Colombia
A UN member state A None Colombia's department of the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina is the subject of a territorial dispute with Nicaragua.[5]
Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros – Union of the Comoros
  • Comorian: Komori – Udzima wa Komori
  • French: Comores – Union des Comores
  • Arabic: جمهورية القمر المتحدة – جزر القمرJuzur al Qamar – Jumhūrīyat al Qamar al Muttaḩidah
A UN member state A None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands, and claims Mayotte, currently part of France, as a fourth.[Note 22][14] Comoros also disputes French sovereignty over the Glorioso Islands and Banc du Geyser.[5]
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Congo-Kinshasa) [Note 23]
  • French: République démocratique du Congo
A UN member state A None
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo, Republic of the (Congo-Brazzaville)
  • French: République du Congo
A UN member state A None
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
  • Spanish: Costa Rica – República de Costa Rica
A UN member state A None
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire – Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
  • French: Côte d'Ivoire – République de Côte d'Ivoire
A UN member state A None
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia – Republic of Croatia
  • Croatian: Hrvatska – Republika Hrvatska
A UN member state A None
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba – Republic of Cuba
  • Spanish: Cuba – República de Cuba
A UN member state A None
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus – Republic of Cyprus
  • Greek: Κύπρος – Κυπριακή ΔημοκρατίαKýpros – Kypriakí Dimokratía
  • Turkish: Kıbrıs – Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. Cyprus is not recognised by one UN member: Turkey.[Note 24]
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic [Note 25]
  • Czech: Česko – Česká republika
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
  • Danish: Danmark – Kongeriget Danmark
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]

The Kingdom of Denmark also includes two self-governing countries.[Note 26]

Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti – Republic of Djibouti
  • French: Djibouti – République de Djibouti
  • Arabic: جيبوتي –جمهورية جيبوتيJībūtī – Jumhūrīyat Jībūtī
A UN member state A None
Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica
  • English: Dominica – Commonwealth of Dominica
A UN member state A None
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic A UN member state A None
Flag of East Timor.svg East Timor – Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste [Note 27]
  • Portuguese: Timor-Leste – República Democrática de Timor-Leste
  • Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e – Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
A UN member state A None
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
  • Spanish: Ecuador – República del Ecuador
A UN member state A None
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt – Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Arabic: مصر –جمهوريّة مصرالعربيّةMişr – Jumhūrīyat Mişr al ‘Arabīyah
A UN member state A None
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador
  • Spanish: El Salvador – República de El Salvador
A UN member state A None
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea – Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  • Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial – República de Guinea Ecuatorial
  • French: Guinée Équatoriale – République de Guinée équatoriale
  • Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial – República da Guiné Equatorial
A UN member state A None
Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea – State of Eritrea
  • Tigrinya: ኤርትራ – ሃግሬ ኤርትራIertra – Hagere Iertra
  • Arabic: إريتريا –دولة إرترياIrītrīyā – Dawlat Irītrīyā
A UN member state A None
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia – Republic of Estonia A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia – Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ – የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክItyop'iya – Ityop'iya Fe̱de̱ralawi Dimokrasiyawi Ripe̱blik
A UN member state A None Ethiopia is a federation of 9 regions and 2 chartered cities.
Flag of Fiji.svg Fiji – Republic of Fiji
  • Fijian: Viti – Matanitu ko Viti
  • English: Fiji – Republic of Fiji
  • Hindustani: फ़िजी / فیجی – फ़िजी गणराज्य / فیجی رپبلکFijī – Fijī dvip samooh ganarajya [15]
A UN member state A None Fiji contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma.[Note 7][16][17]
Flag of Finland.svg Finland – Republic of Finland
  • Finnish: Suomi – Suomen tasavalta
  • Swedish: Finland – Republiken Finland
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of France.svg France – French Republic
  • French: France – République française
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) are full, integral parts of France.

The French Republic also includes the overseas territories of:

Clipperton Island is a possession of the government. French sovereignty over Banc du Geyser, Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, Mayotte, and Tromelin Island is disputed in part by Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and the Comoros.[5]

Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon – Gabonese Republic
  • French: Gabon – République gabonaise
A UN member state A None
Gambia Flag of The Gambia.svg The Gambia – Republic of The Gambia
  • English: The Gambia – Republic of The Gambia
  • French: La Gambie – République de Gambie
A UN member state A None
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia
  • Georgian: საქართველოSak’art’velo
A UN member state A None Georgia contains 2 autonomous regions, Adjara and Abkhazia.[Note 7] In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
Flag of Germany.svg Germany – Federal Republic of Germany
  • German: Deutschland – Bundesrepublik Deutschland
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Germany is a federation of 16 federated states (Länder).
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana – Republic of Ghana
  • English: Ghana – Republic of Ghana
A UN member state A None
Flag of Greece.svg Greece – Hellenic Republic
  • Greek: Ελλάδα – Ελληνική ΔημοκρατίαElláda – Ellinikí Dimokratía
  • Katharevousa: Ελλάς – Ελληνική ΔημοκρατίαEllás – Ellinikí Dimokratía
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain and a civil governor appointed by the Greek government.[18]
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada A UN member state A None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala
  • Spanish: Guatemala – República de Guatemala
A UN member state A None
Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea – Republic of Guinea
  • French: Guinée – République de Guinée
A UN member state A None
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau – Republic of Guinea-Bissau
  • Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau – República da Guiné-Bissau
A UN member state A None
Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
  • English: Guyana – Co-operative Republic of Guyana
A UN member state A None A substantial part of Guyana, from the west of the Essequibo River, is claimed by Venezuela.
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti – Republic of Haiti A UN member state A None Haiti claims the uninhabited United States possession of Navassa Island.[5]
Holy See → Vatican City A UN member state A None
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras – Republic of Honduras
  • Spanish: Honduras – República de Honduras
A UN member state A None
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary – Republic of Hungary
  • Hungarian: Magyarország – Magyar Köztársaság
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland – Republic of Iceland
  • Icelandic: Ísland – Lýðveldið Ísland
A UN member state A None
Flag of India.svg India – Republic of India
  • Hindi: भारत – भारत गणराज्यBhārat – Bhāratīya Gaṇarājya
  • English: India – Republic of India
  • Assamese: ভাৰত – ভাৰত গণৰাজ্যBhārôt – Bhārôt Gôṇrājẏô
  • Bengali: ভারত – ভারতীয় প্রজাতন্ত্রBhārôt – Bhārôtīyô Prôjātôntrô
  • Bhojpuri: भारत – भारत गणराज्यBhārat – Bhārat Gaṇrādzya
  • Gujarati: ભારત – ભારત ગણરાજ્યBhārat – Bhārat Gaṇrājya
  • Kannada: ಭಾರತ – ಭಾರತ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯBhārata – Bhārata Gaṇarājya
  • Kashmiri: ہِندوستانHindustān
  • Konkani: भारत – भारोत गोणराजBhārot – Bhārot Goṇrāj
  • Maithili: भारत – भारत गणराज्यBhārat – Bhārat Ganarājya
  • Malayalam: ഭാരതം – ഭാരത ഗണരാജ്യംBhārataṃ – Bhārata Gaṇarājyaṃ
  • Marathi: भारत – भारतीय प्रजासत्ताकBhārat – Bhāratīy Pradzāsattāk
  • Meitei: ভারত – ভারত গণরাজ্যBhārata – Bhārata Gaṇarājya
  • Nepali: भारत – भारत गणराज्यBhārat – Bhārat Gaṇrādzya
  • Oriya: ଭାରତ – ଭାରତ ଗଣରାଜ୍ଯBhārôt – Bhārôt Gôṇrājẏô
  • Punjabi: ਭਾਰਤ – ਭਾਰਤ ਗਣਤੰਤਰBhārat – Bhārat Gaṇtãtar
  • Sanskrit: भारतम् – भारत गणराज्यम्Bhārat – Bhāratam Gaṇarājyam
  • Sindhi: भारत गणराज्य, هندستانڀارت – भारत, ڀارتBhāratu – Bhārat Ganarājya
  • Tamil: இந்தியா – இந்தியக் குடியரசுIntiyā – Intiyak Kuṭiyaracu
  • Telugu: భారత్ – భారత గణతంత్ర రాజ్యముBhārata – Bhārata Gaṇataṃtra Rājyamu
  • Urdu: جمہوریہ بھارت – جمہوریہ بھارتBhārat – Jumhūrīyâ-e Bhārat [19]
A UN member state A None India is a federation of 28 states and 7 union territories. Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People's Republic of China.[5] India claims sovereignty over the whole of Kashmir, but administers only part of it as the federated state of Jammu and Kashmir.[Note 20]
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia – Republic of Indonesia A UN member state A None Indonesia has 3 provinces with official special autonomy status: Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Papua, and West Papua.[Note 7]
Flag of Iran.svg Iran – Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Persian: ایران – جمهوری اسلامی ایرانĪrān – Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān
A UN member state A None
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq – Republic of Iraq
  • Arabic: العراق – جمهورية العراقAl ʿIrāq – Jumhūrīyat al ʿIrāq
  • Kurdish: عێراق – كۆماری عێراقʿÎraq – Komara Îraqę [20]
A UN member state A None Iraq is a federation[Note 22][21] of 18 governorates, 3 of which make up the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan.[Note 7]
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland [Note 29] A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]

The Constitution of the Republic of Ireland asserts the aspiration towards creating a United Ireland by peaceful means.

Flag of Israel.svg Israel – State of Israel
  • Hebrew: ישראל – מדינת ישראלYisra'el – Medinat Yisra'el
  • Arabic: إسرائيل – دولة إسرائيلIsrā'īl – Dawlat Isrā'īl
A UN member state A None Israel annexed East Jerusalem, and occupies the Golan Heights[22] and parts of the West Bank. These areas are not internationally-recognised as being part of Israel.[5] Israel no longer has a permanent military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, but is still arguably considered the occupying power under international law.[23][24][25][26][27] As of 2011 Israel was not recognised as a state by 20 members of the UN.[Note 30]
Flag of Italy.svg Italy – Italian Republic
  • Italian: Italia – Repubblica Italiana
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Italy has 5 autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[Note 7]
Ivory Coast → Côte d'Ivoire A UN member state A None
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica A UN member state A None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Japan.svg Japan
  • Japanese: 日本 – 日本国Nihon/Nippon – Nihon-koku/Nippon-koku[Note 31]
A UN member state A None Japan disputes Russian administration of the Kuril Islands.
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Arabic: الأردن – المملكة الأردنّيّة الهاشميّةAl Urdun – Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyah
A UN member state A None
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan – Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Kazakh: Қазақстан – Қазақстан РеспубликасыQazaqstan – Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy
  • Russian: Казахстан – Республика КазахстанKazahstan – Respublika Kazahstan
A UN member state A None
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya – Republic of Kenya
  • English: Kenya – Republic of Kenya
  • Swahili: Kenya – Jamhuri ya Kenya
A UN member state A None
Flag of Kiribati.svg Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
  • Gilbertese: Kiribati – Ribaberiki Kiribati
  • English: Kiribati – Republic of Kiribati
A UN member state A None
Flag of North Korea.svg Korea, North – Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Korean: 조선 – 조선민주주의인민공화국 → Chosŏn – Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk
A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.[Note 32][28]
Flag of South Korea.svg Korea, South – Republic of Korea
  • Korean: 한국 – 대한민국 → Han’guk – Taehan Min’guk
A UN member state B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do.[Note 7][29] South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.[Note 32]
ZZZKosovo → Kosovo A UN member state A None
Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait – State of Kuwait
  • Arabic: الكويت – دولة الكويتAl Kuwayt – Dawlat al Kuwayt
A UN member state A None
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Republic
  • Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан – Кыргыз РеспубликасыKyrgyzstan – Kyrgyz Respublikasy
  • Russian: Кыргызстан – Кыргызская РеспубликаKyrgyzstan – Kyrgyzskaya Respublika
A UN member state A None
Flag of Laos.svg Laos – Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Lao: ລາວ – ສາທາລະນະລັດປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວLao – Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao
A UN member state A None
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia – Republic of Latvia
  • Latvian: Latvija – Latvijas Republika
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon – Lebanese Republic
  • Arabic: لبنان –الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّةLubnān – Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyah
  • French: Liban – République libanaise
A UN member state A None
Flag of Lesotho.svg Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho
  • English: Lesotho – Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Sotho: Lesotho – Mmuso wa Lesotho
A UN member state A None
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia – Republic of Liberia
  • English: Liberia – Republic of Liberia
A UN member state A None
Libya (disputed between two governments)
  • Libya Libya (National Transitional Council)
    • Arabic: ليبيا → Lībyā (المجلس الوطني الإنتقالي → al-Majlis al-Waṭanī al-Intiqālī)
  • Libya Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
    • Arabic: الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية العظمى → Al Jamāhīrīyah al ‘Arabīyah al Lībīyah ash Sha‘bīyah al Ishtirākīyah al ‘Uz̧má
A UN member state A None The National Transitional Council controls most of the country but is not yet recognized by a majority of states. (see Foreign relations of the National Transitional Council)
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
  • German: Liechtenstein – Fürstentum Liechtenstein
A UN member state A None
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg – Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg
  • French: Luxembourg – Grand-Duché du Luxembourg
  • German: Luxemburg – Großherzogtum Luxemburg
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Macedonia.svg Macedonia – Republic of Macedonia
  • Macedonian: Македонија – Република МакедонијаMakedonija – Republika Makedonija
  • Albanian: Maqedonia - Republika e Maqedonisë
A UN member state A None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar – Republic of Madagascar
  • Malagasy: Madagasikara – Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
  • French: Madagascar – Republique de Madagascar
A UN member state A None Madagascar claims the French territories of Banc du Geyser, Juan de Nova Island, and the Glorioso Islands.[5]
Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi – Republic of Malawi
  • English: Malawi – Republic of Malawi
  • Chewa: Malaŵi – Dziko la Malaŵi
A UN member state A None
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia A UN member state A None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and 3 federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[Note 12]
Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives – Republic of Maldives
  • Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ – ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާDhivehi Raajje – Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
A UN member state A None
Flag of Mali.svg Mali – Republic of Mali
  • French: Mali – République du Mali
A UN member state A None
Flag of Malta.svg Malta – Republic of Malta
  • Maltese: Malta – Repubblika ta' Malta
  • English: Malta – Republic of Malta
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • Marshallese: Aelōn̄ in M̧ajeļ – Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ[31]
  • English: Marshall Islands – Republic of the Marshall Islands
A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Marshall Islands claim the U.S. territory of Wake Island.[5]
Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania – Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Arabic: موريتانيا – الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانيةMūrītāniyā – Al Jumhūrīyah al Islāmīyah al Mūrītānīyah
  • French: Mauritanie – République Islamique de la Mauritanie
A UN member state A None
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius – Republic of Mauritius A UN member state A None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[Note 7] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[5]
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico – United Mexican States
  • Spanish: México – Estados Unidos Mexicanos
A UN member state A None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and 1 federal district.
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg Micronesia, Federated States of
  • English: Federated States of Micronesia
A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of 4 states.
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova – Republic of Moldova A UN member state A None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco – Principality of Monaco
  • French: Monaco – Principauté de Monaco
  • Monegasque: Múnegu – Principatu de Múnegu
  • Italian: Monaco – Principato di Monaco
A UN member state A None
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
  • Mongolian: Монгол улсMongol uls
A UN member state A None
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro A UN member state A None
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco – Kingdom of Morocco
  • Arabic: المغرب – المملكة المغربيةAl Maghrib – Al Mamlakah al Maghribīyah
A UN member state A None Morocco claims sovereignty over the Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas.[5]
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique – Republic of Mozambique
  • Portuguese: Moçambique – República de Moçambique
A UN member state A None
Myanmar → Burma A UN member state A None
ZZZNagorno-Karabakh → Nagorno-Karabakh A UN member state A None
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia – Republic of Namibia
  • English: Namibia – Republic of Namibia
A UN member state A None
Flag of Nauru.svg Nauru – Republic of Nauru
  • Nauruan: Naoero – Ripublik Naoero
  • English: Nauru – Republic of Nauru
A UN member state A None
Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal – Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • Nepali: नेपाल – संघिय लोकतन्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपालNepāl – Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl
A UN member state A None Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Dutch: Nederland – Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
  • Papiamentu: Hulanda (or Ulanda) – Reino di Hulanda
  • English: Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Frisian: Nederlân – Keninkryk fan de Nederlannen
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four constituent countries:

The monarch and her ministers form the government of the kingdom as well as the government of the country the Netherlands. Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have become constituent countries, which, alongside Aruba, enjoy considerable autonomy. The other three islands (Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius) became special municipalities of the Netherlands.

The designation "Netherlands" can refer to either one of the Kingdom's constituent countries or to the short name for the Kingdom (e.g., in international organizations). The Kingdom of the Netherlands as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law applies only to the Netherlands proper.

Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand A UN member state A None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] and has responsibilities for (but has no sovereignty over) two freely associated states:

Cook Islands and Niue are recognized by number of states. They established diplomatic relatations with 31 and 6 UN members respectively.[32][33][34]

Cook Islands and Niue are sovereign subjects of international law. UN recognized the full treaty-making capacity of the Cook Islands in 1992 and that of Niue in 1994.[35]

Cook Islands and Niue are members of UN specialized agencies without any specifications or limitations. Cook Islands is member of FAO, ICAO, IFAD, IMO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO and Niue is member of FAO, IFAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO.

New Zealand also has the dependent territories of:

The Tokelauan government claims sovereignty over Swains Island, part of American Samoa, a territory of the United States.[36] New Zealand does not recognize the Tokelauan claim.[37]

Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
  • Spanish: Nicaragua – República de Nicaragua
A UN member state A None Nicaragua contains 2 autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.[Note 7]
Flag of Niger.svg Niger – Republic of Niger
  • French: Niger – République du Niger
  • Hausa: Nijar – Jamhuriyar Nijar
A UN member state A None
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • English: Nigeria – Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • Hausa: Nijeriya – Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya
  • Igbo: Naigeria – Njíkötá Óchíchìiwù Naíjíríà
  • Yoruba: Naìjírìà – Àpapọ̀ Olómìnira ilẹ̀ Nàìjíríà
A UN member state A None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
ZZZNorthern Cyprus → Northern Cyprus A UN member state A None
North Korea → Korea, Democratic People's Republic of A UN member state A None
Flag of Norway.svg Norway – Kingdom of Norway
  • Bokmål: Norge – Kongeriket Norge
  • Nynorsk: Noreg – Kongeriket Noreg
A UN member state A None Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Spitsbergen Treaty.

Bouvet Island is a dependent territory of Norway. Norway also claims Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land as dependent territories of Norway, as part of the Norwegian Antarctic Territory.[Note 9]

Flag of Oman.svg Oman – Sultanate of Oman
  • Arabic: عُمان – سلطنة عُمانʿUmān – Salţanat ʿUmān
A UN member state A None
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان – جَمْهُورْيَة إِسْلامِی پَاکِسْتَانPākistān – Jamhūryat Islāmī Pākistān
  • English: Pakistan – Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Punjabi: پاکستان – اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان
  • Sindhi: پاکستان - پاکستان گنراجیۃPākistān – Pākistān Ganarājya
  • Persian: پاکستان - جمهوری اسلامی پاکستان
A UN member state A None Pakistan is a federation of 4 provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes Indian sovereignty over Kashmir. It exercises control over some areas, but does not explicitly claim any part of it,[38][39] instead regarding it as a disputed territory.[40][41] The portions that it controls are divided into two polities, administered separately from Pakistan proper:[Note 20]
Flag of Palau.svg Palau – Republic of Palau
  • Palauan: Belau – Beluu er a Belau
  • English: Palau – Republic of Palau
A UN member state A None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
ZZZPalestine → Palestine A UN member state A None
Flag of Panama.svg Panama – Republic of Panama
  • Spanish: Panamá – República de Panamá
A UN member state A None
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea – Independent State of Papua New Guinea A UN member state A None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.[Note 7]
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
  • Guarani: Paraguay – Tetã Paraguái
  • Spanish: Paraguay – República del Paraguay
A UN member state A None
Flag of Peru.svg Peru – Republic of Peru A UN member state A None
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines – Republic of the Philippines
  • Filipino and Tagalog: Pilipinas – Republika ng Pilipinas
  • English: Philippines – Republic of the Philippines
  • Spanish: Filipinas – República de Filipinas
A UN member state A None The Philippines contains two autonomous regions, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao[Note 7] and the Cordillera Administrative Region.[43] The Philippines administers Scarborough Shoal and some of the Spratly Islands,[Note 12] and claims sovereignty over the Macclesfield Bank and Sabah, which as of 2011 was part of Malaysia.[5]
Flag of Poland.svg Poland – Republic of Poland
  • Polish: Polska – Rzeczpospolita Polska
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal – Portuguese Republic A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Portugal contains 2 autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[Note 7] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga.[5]
Pridnestrovie → Transnistria A UN member state A None
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar – State of Qatar
  • Arabic: قطر – دولة قطرQaţar – Dawlat Qaţar
A UN member state A None
Flag of Romania.svg Romania A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Russia.svg Russia – Russian Federation
  • Russian: Россия – Российская ФедерацияRossiya – Rossiyskaya Federaciya
A UN member state A None Russia is officially a federation of 83 federal subjects (oblasts, republics, autonomous okrugs, krays, and federal cities). Several of the federal subjects are republics acting as ethnic autonomies.[Note 7] Sovereignty over the Kuril Islands is disputed by Japan.
Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda
  • Kinyarwanda: Rwanda – Republika y'u Rwanda
  • French: Rwanda – République du Rwanda
  • English: Rwanda – Republic of Rwanda
A UN member state A None
ZZZSahrawi Arab Democratic Republic → Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic A UN member state A None
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
  • English: Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
A UN member state A None Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] and is a federation [Note 22] of 14 parishes.
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia A UN member state A None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
A UN member state A None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Samoa.svg Samoa – Independent State of Samoa
  • Samoan: Sāmoa – Malo Sa‘oloto Tuto'atasi o Sāmoa
  • English: Samoa – Independent State of Samoa
A UN member state A None
Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino – Republic of San Marino
  • Italian: San Marino – Repubblica di San Marino
A UN member state A None
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe – Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe – República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
A UN member state A None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.[Note 7]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Arabic: السعودية – المملكة العربيّة السّعوديّةAs Su‘ūdīyah – Al Mamlakah al ‘Arabīyah as Su‘ūdīyah
A UN member state A None
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal – Republic of Senegal
  • French: Sénégal – République du Sénégal
A UN member state A None
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia – Republic of Serbia
  • Serbian: Србија – Република СрбијаSrbija – Republika Srbija
A UN member state A None Serbia contains 2 autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.[Note 7] Most of the latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
Flag of the Seychelles.svg Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles
  • English: Seychelles – Republic of Seychelles
  • French: Seychelles – République des Seychelles
  • Seselwa: Sesel – Repiblik Sesel
A UN member state A None Seychelles claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island.[5]
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
  • English: Sierra Leone – Republic of Sierra Leone
A UN member state A None
Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore – Republic of Singapore
  • English: Singapore – Republic of Singapore
  • Malay: Singapura – Republik Singapura
  • Chinese: 新加坡 – 新加坡共和国Xinjiapo – Xinjiapo Gongheguo
  • Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் – சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசுChiṅkappūr – Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu
A UN member state A None
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia – Slovak Republic
  • Slovak: Slovensko – Slovenská republika
  • Hungarian: Szlovákia – Szlovák Köztársaság
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia – Republic of Slovenia
  • Slovenian: Slovenija – Republika Slovenija
  • Italian: Slovenia – Repubblica slovena
  • Hungarian: Szlovénia – a Szlovén Köztársaság
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg Solomon Islands A UN member state A None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia – Somali Republic
  • Somali: Soomaaliya – Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya
  • Arabic: الصومال – جمهورية الصومالAş Şūmāl – Jumhūrīyat aş Şūmāl
A UN member state A None Somalia is presently divided with its official government (TFG) controlling only part of the country. Puntland and Galmudug have declared themselves as autonomous regions of Somalia (a claim that the TFG does not recognise),[45][Need quotation to verify] while Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
ZZZSomaliland → Somaliland A UN member state A None
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa – Republic of South Africa
  • Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika – Republiek van Suid-Afrika
  • English: South Africa – Republic of South Africa
  • Northern Sotho: Afrika-Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Afrika-Borwa
  • Sotho: Afrika Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa
  • Southern Ndebele: Sewula Afrika – iRiphabliki yeSewula Afrika
  • Swazi: Ningizimu Afrika – iRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika
  • Tsonga: Afrika Dzonga – Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga
  • Tswana: Aforika Borwa – Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa
  • Venda: Afurika Tshipembe – Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe
  • Xhosa: uMzantsi Afrika – iRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
  • Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika – iRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
A UN member state A None
South Korea → Korea, Republic of A UN member state A None
ZZZSouth Ossetia → South Ossetia A UN member state A None
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan
  • English: South Sudan – Republic of South Sudan
A UN member state A None Disputes Abyei with the Republic of the Sudan.
Flag of Spain.svg Spain – Kingdom of Spain A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] Spain is divided into autonomous communities and cities.[Note 7] Sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. Sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by Portugal. Spain calls for sovereignty over Gibraltar.[5]
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
  • Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා – ශ්රී ලංකා ප්රජාතාන්ත්රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජයShrī Laṁkā – Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya
  • Tamil: இலங்கை – இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசுIlaṅkai – Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu
A UN member state A None Formerly known as Ceylon.
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan – Republic of the Sudan
  • Arabic: السودان – جمهورية السودانAs Sūdān – Jumhūrīyat as Sūdān
  • English: Sudan – Republic of the Sudan
A UN member state A None Sudan is a federation of 15 states. Disputes Abyei with South Sudan.
ZZZSudan, South → South Sudan A UN member state A None
Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname – Republic of Suriname
  • Dutch: Suriname – Republiek Suriname
A UN member state A None
Flag of Swaziland.svg Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland
  • English: Swaziland – Kingdom of Swaziland
  • Swazi: eSwatini – Umbuso weSwatini
A UN member state A None
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
  • Swedish: Sverige – Konungariket Sverige
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4]
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
  • German: Schweiz – Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
  • French: Suisse – Confédération suisse
  • Italian: Svizzera – Confederazione Svizzera
  • Romansh: Svizra – Confederaziun Svizra
  • Latin: Helvetia – Confoederatio Helvetica
A UN member state A None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons.
Flag of Syria.svg Syria – Syrian Arab Republic
  • Arabic: سورية – الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّةSūrīyah – Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah
A UN member state A None Israel occupies the Golan Heights.[22] Syria disputed[clarification needed] the Turkish sovereignty over Hatay Province.[5]
ZZZTaiwan (Republic of China) → Taiwan A UN member state A None
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan – Republic of Tajikistan
  • Tajik: Тоҷикистон – Ҷумҳурии ТоҷикистонTojikiston – Jumhurii Tojikiston
A UN member state A None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.[Note 7]
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania
  • Swahili: Tanzania – Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
  • English: Tanzania – United Republic of Tanzania
A UN member state A None Tanzania contains 1 autonomous region, Zanzibar.[Note 7]
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand – Kingdom of Thailand
  • Thai: ประเทศไทย – ราชอาณาจักรไทยPrathet Thai – Ratcha Anachak Thai
A UN member state A None
Timor-Leste → East Timor A UN member state A None
Flag of Togo.svg Togo – Togolese Republic
  • French: Togo – République togolaise
A UN member state A None
Flag of Tonga.svg Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga
  • Tongan: Tonga – Pule'anga Tonga
  • English: Tonga – Kingdom of Tonga
A UN member state A None
ZZZTransnistria → Transnistria A UN member state A None
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • English: Trinidad and Tobago – Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
A UN member state A None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.[Note 7]
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia – Republic of Tunisia
  • Arabic: تونس – الجمهورية التونسيةTūnis – Al Jumhūrīyah at Tūnisīyah
  • French: Tunisie – République tunisienne
A UN member state A None
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey – Republic of Turkey
  • Turkish: Türkiye – Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
A UN member state A None
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan A UN member state A None
Flag of Tuvalu.svg Tuvalu A UN member state A None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm.[Note 6]
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda – Republic of Uganda
  • English: Uganda – Republic of Uganda
  • Swahili: Uganda – Jamhuri ya Uganda
  • Luganda: Uganda – Ensi ya Yuganda
A UN member state A None
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine A UN member state A None Ukraine contains 1 autonomous region, Crimea.[Note 7]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates
  • Arabic: اَلإمَارَات – اَلإمَارَات اَلْعَرَبِيَّة اَلْمُتَّحِدَةAl Imārāt – Al Imārāt al ‘Arabīyah al Muttaḩidah
A UN member state A None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 emirates.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • English: United Kingdom – United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Scots: Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Ireland
  • Scottish Gaelic: Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mòire agus Èireann a Tuath
  • Welsh: Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon[47]
A UN member state A None Member of the EU.[Note 4] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm[Note 6] consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British monarch has direct sovereignty over three self-governing Crown dependencies:

Flag of the United States.svg United States – United States of America
  • English: United States – United States of America
  • French: États-Unis – États-Unis d'Amérique
  • Hawaiian: ʻAmelika Hui – ‘Amelika Huipū‘ia[48]
  • Spanish: Estados Unidos – Estados Unidos de América
A UN member state A None The United States is a federation of 50 states, 1 federal district, and the incorporated territory of Palmyra Atoll. The United States has sovereignty over the following inhabited possessions and commonwealths:

In addition, there are uninhabited possessions of the United States in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Navassa Island (disputed by Haiti), and Wake Island (disputed by the Marshall Islands). According to some sources, the United States also claims Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank as territories.[5]

Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
  • Spanish: Uruguay – República Oriental del Uruguay
A UN member state A None
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan – Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Uzbek: Ўзбекистон – Ўзбекистон РеспубликасиO'zbekiston – O‘zbekiston Respublikasi [49]
A UN member state A None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.[Note 7]
Flag of Vanuatu.svg Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu
  • Bislama: Vanuatu – Ripablik blong Vanuatu
  • English: Vanuatu – Republic of Vanuatu
  • French: Vanuatu – République du Vanuatu
A UN member state A None
ZZZVatican City → Vatican City A UN member state ZZZ
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela – Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  • Spanish: Venezuela – República Bolivariana de Venezuela
A UN member state A None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam – Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Vietnamese: Việt Nam – Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam
A UN member state A None Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel[Note 19] and Spratly Islands.[Note 12]
Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen – Republic of Yemen
  • Arabic: اليمن – الجمهوريّة اليمنيةAl Yaman – Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyah
A UN member state A None
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia – Republic of Zambia
  • English: Zambia – Republic of Zambia
  • Bemba: Zambia – Ichalo Ca Zambia
  • Kaonde: Zambia – Kyalo Kya Zambia
  • Lozi: Zambia – Naha Zambia Ye Ipusa
  • Chewa: Zambia – Dziko La Zambia
  • Tonga: Zambia – Cisi Ca Zambia[12]
A UN member state A None
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe
  • English: Zimbabwe – Republic of Zimbabwe
  • Ndebele: Zimbabwe – iRiphabliki ye Zimbabwe
A UN member state A None
ZZZUN member statesA ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZUN observer states and member states of UN Specialized AgenciesB AAA ZZZ
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City – State of the Vatican City
  • Latin: Civitas Vaticana – Status Civitatis Vaticanæ
  • Italian: Città del Vaticano – Stato della Città del Vaticano
  • French: Cité du Vatican – État de la Cité du Vatican[12]
B UN observer state and member of one or more related agencies Not a UN member state, but member of one or more related agencies A None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 178 states. The Holy See is a permanent observer of the UN in the category of "Non-member State"[50] and a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Archdiocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City. The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy and in many other countries (Apostolic Nunciatures).
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo – Republic of Kosovo
  • Albanian: Kosova – Republika e Kosovës
  • Serbian: Косово / Kosovo – Република Косово / Republika Kosovo
B UN observer state and member of one or more related agencies Not a UN member state, but member of one or more related agencies B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus Kosovo unilaterally declared independence in 2008 and it has received diplomatic recognition from 84 UN member states and the Republic of China. Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo is formally under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no postion on the question. Kosovo is a member of the IMF and the WBG. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
ZZZUN observer states and member states of UN Specialized AgenciesB ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ CD B AAA
ZZZ↓ States with no membership to the UN or to UN specialized agencies ↓ D AAA ZZZ
Flag of Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia – Republic of Abkhazia
  • Abkhaz: Аҧсны – Аҧсны АҳәынҭқарраApsny – Apsny Akheyntkarra
  • Russian: Aбхазия – Республика АбхазияAbhaziya – Respublika Abhaziya
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Vanuatu, Venezuela,[51] South Ossetia and Transnistria.[52] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg Nagorno-Karabakh – Nagorno-Karabakh Republic
  • Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ – Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի ՀանրապետությունLeṙnalin Ġarabaġ – Leṙnayin Ġarabaġi Hanrapetut‘yun
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus A de facto independent state,[53][54] recognised only by Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.[55]
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus – Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
  • Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs – Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus Recognised only by Turkey. It has participated as an observer state of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation under the name "Turkish Cypriot State" since 1979. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan has not followed suit.[citation needed] Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[56]
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine
  • Arabic: فلسطينFilastīn
DNo membership. Observer entity at the UN General Assembly B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus Palestine,[57][58][59] categorised as a non-member entity by the United Nations,[50] has observer status at United Nations General Assembly and maintains a permanent observer mission at the UN Headquarters. The unilaterally-declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 127 states.[60][61] The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on the territory that it proclaimed. In foreign relations, the State of Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited autonomous jurisdiction within the Palestinian territories.
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  • Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطيةAl-Jumhūrīya al-`Arabīya as-Sahrāwīya ad-Dīmuqrātīya
  • Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus Recognised by 84 other states. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of the Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
Flag of Somaliland.svg Somaliland – Republic of Somaliland
  • Somali: Soomaaliland – Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland
  • Arabic: أرض الصومال – جمهورية أرض الصومالArd as-Sūmāl – Jumhūrīyat Ard as-Sūmāl
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus A de facto independent state,[62][63][64] not diplomatically recognised by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[65]
Flag of South Ossetia.svg South Ossetia – Republic of South Ossetia
  • Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон – Республикæ Хуссар ИрыстонKhussar Iryston – Respublikæ Khussar Iryston
  • Russian: Южная Осетия – Республика Южная ОсетияYuzhnaya Osetiya – Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus A de facto independent state,[66] recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela,[51] Abkhazia and Transnistria.[52] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[67]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan – Republic of China[Note 16] D Former UN Member (1945-1971);

Member or participant in some UN-related organizations as "Chinese Taipei" (see right)

B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note 12] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland.[68] The Republic of China is currently recognised by 23 states including the Holy See. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[Note 18] The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei".
Flag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria – Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester)
  • Russian: Приднестровье – Приднестровская Молдавская РеспубликаPridnestrovye – Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika
  • Ukrainian: Придністров'я – Придністровська Молдавська РеспублікаPridnistrov'ya – Pridnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika
  • Romanian: Транснистрия – Република Молдовеняскэ НистрянэTransnistria – Republica Moldovenească Nistreană
D No membership B Claimed by Georgia Claimed by North Korea Claimed by Serbia Claimed by Somalia Claimed by the People's Republic of China Claimed by the Republic of China Claimed by South Korea Claimed by Azerbaijan Claimed by the Republic of Cyprus Disputed by Israel Claimed by Morocco Claimed by Moldova Disputed by Northern Cyprus A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia.[52] Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[69]
ZZZ↑ States with no membership to the UN or to UN Specialized Agencies ↑ D ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZZ ZZZZ ZZZZ

Criteria for inclusionEdit

The dominant customary international law standard of statehood is the declarative theory of statehood that defines the state as a person of international law if it "possess[es] the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states." Debate exists on the degree to which recognition should be included as a criterion of statehood. The declarative theory of statehood, an example of which can be found in the Montevideo Convention, argues that statehood is purely objective and recognition of a state by other states is irrelevant. On the other end of the spectrum, the constitutive theory of statehood defines a state as a person under international law only if it is recognized as sovereign by other states. For the purposes of this list, included are all states that either:

  • (a) have declared independence and are often regarded as having control over a permanently populated territory

or

  • (b) are recognized as a sovereign state by at least one other sovereign state

Note that in some cases there is a divergence of opinion over the interpretation of the first point, and whether an entity satisfies it is disputed.

On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 204 entities:[70][Note 35]

  • 201 States recognized by at least one UN member state
  • Two states that control a permanently populated territory and are recognized only by non-UN member states: Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, Transnistria
  • One state that controls a permanently populated territory and is not recognized by any other state: Somaliland

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. The names of the items in the list are given in English, as well as in the official, national, major minority, and historically important languages of the state. Where applicable, names in other languages are included in their original script, along with a transliteration in Roman characters. Except where mentioned, the source for the names in their official languages is the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN, retrieved 24 February 2011), which uses romanisation systems approved by the United Nations. The sources for flags are the main articles on these states. When other sources are used, these sources are mentioned. For a gallery of flags, see Gallery of sovereign-state flags.
  2. This column indicates whether or not a state is a member of the United Nations.[3] It also indicates which non-member states participate in the United Nations System through membership in the International Atomic Energy Agency or one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. All United Nations members belong to at least one specialized agency and are parties to the statute of the International Court of Justice.
  3. This column indicates whether or not a state is the subject of a major sovereignty dispute. Only states that are claimed in whole by another sovereign state are mentioned. Minor territorial disputes are detailed in the Further information.. column.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 The member states of the European Union have transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU, which is an example of supranationalism. The EU as of 2011 had 27 member states.[9]
  5. Information is included on:
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 Commonwealth realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations in which the head of state is Queen Elizabeth II. The realms are sovereign states; see Relationship of the realms.
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 7.13 7.14 7.15 7.16 7.17 7.18 7.19 7.20 7.21 7.22 7.23 For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.
  8. The Argentine Constitution (Art. 35) recognises the following denominations for Argentina: "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation"; furthermore, it establishes the usage of "Argentine Nation" for purposes of legislation.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 The continent of Antarctica, including its outlying islands south of 60°S, are held in abeyance under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty System. Under this treaty, territorial claims in this region are neither recognised nor disputed. Claimant countries are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom, with all those save Argentina and Chile mutually recognising each others claims.
  10. Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975.
  11. For more information about the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina, see Dayton Agreement and the text of The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (14 December 1995). Office of the High Representative. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, and in part by Brunei, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Except for Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
  13. Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984.
  14. Burma's official short form name as used by the United Nations is "Myanmar". The government changed the state's official name in English from "Union of Myanmar" to "Republic of the Union of Myanmar" in October 2010.
  15. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion.
  16. 16.0 16.1 The People's Republic of China (PRC) is commonly referred to as "China", while the Republic of China (ROC) is commonly referred to as "Taiwan". The ROC is also occasionally known diplomatically as Chinese Taipei, along with other names.
  17. Rendered in unicode as ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠳᠡ ᠨᠠᠶᠢᠷᠠᠮᠳᠠᠬᠤ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠠᠷᠠᠳ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
  18. 18.0 18.1 In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC and the ROC withdrew from the UN. Most states recognise the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.
  19. 19.0 19.1 The Chinese sovereignty over the Paracel Islands is disputed by Vietnam and the Republic of China (see List of territorial disputes);
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Sovereignty over Kashmir is disputed between India and Pakistan; smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China. As of 2011 Kashmir was divided between India, Pakistan and the PRC. See the List of territorial disputes.
  21. See also Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations.
  23. Abbreviated as DRC, and also known as Congo-Kinshasa. Formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
  24. See Foreign relations of Cyprus and Cyprus dispute.
  25. A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Name of the Czech Republic
  26. For more information, see Rigsfællesskabet.
  27. The government of East Timor uses "Timor-Leste" as the English translation.
  28. Åland was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the European Union in 1995.
  29. The Irish state is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish the state from the island of Ireland as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious.
  30. See Foreign relations of Israel and Recognition of Israel.
  31. See Names of Japan for more detail.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Both North Korea and South Korea claim to be the sole legitimate government of Korea. See also Foreign relations of North Korea and Foreign relations of South Korea.
  33. Moldovan is often considered to be the same language as Romanian, see Moldovan language.
  34. Romanization in Pinyin.
  35. The non-state sovereign entity Order of Malta is not included. It claims neither statehood nor any territory. Entities considered to be micronations are not included. It is often up to debate whether a micronation truly controls its claimed territory. Also omitted from this list are all uncontacted peoples, either who live in societies that cannot be defined as states or whose statuses as such are not definitively known.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "United Nations Member States". United Nations (3 July 2006). Retrieved on 30 August 2010.
  2. "South Sudan admitted to U.N. as 193rd member". Reuters.
  3. Press Release ORG/1469 (3 July 2006), retrieved 28 February 2011)
  4. Government of Antigua and Barbuda. "Chapter 44: The Barbuda Local Government Act". Laws of Antigua and Barbuda. Retrieved on 2010-11-10.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 More information on territorial disputes can be found at the List of territorial disputes and the main articles.
  6. Government of the United States, Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1989). Polar prospects: a minerals treaty for Antarctica. United States Government Printing Office, 43. ISBN 9781428922327.  "Mutual recognition of claims has been limited to Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom ... Chile and Argentina do not recognize each other's claims ..."
  7. Pakistan Worldview - Report 21 - Visit to Azerbaijan Senate of Pakistan — Senate foreign relations committee, 2008
  8. Nilufer Bakhtiyar: "For Azerbaijan Pakistan does not recognise Armenia as a country" 13 September 2006 [14:03] - Today.Az
  9. Europa, retrieved 28 February 2011
  10. Source for the Aymara, Guaraní, and Quechua is the Consulate General of Brazil in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. "Datos de Bolivia". Government of Brazil. Retrieved on 2010-07-15.
  11. "Myanmar gets new flag, official name, anthem", Reuters (21 October 2010). Retrieved on 22 October 2010. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Source for names in regional and minority languages is the Federal Foreign Office of Germany (see Bibliography)
  13. Names in additional regional and minority languages are taken from Geonames. "China". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  14. Constitution of Comoros, Art. 1.
  15. Source for the Hindustani, which uses both the Hindi and Urdu script, is Geonames. "Fiji". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  16. (1927) "Rotuma Act", Laws of Fiji, 1978, Government of Fiji. Retrieved on 2010-07-10. [dead link]
  17. Government of Fiji, Office of the Prime Minister (1978). "Chapter 122: Rotuma Act". Laws of Fiji. University of the South Pacific. Retrieved on 2010-11-10.
  18. Constitution of Greece, Art. 105.
  19. Source for the names in recognised regional and national languages is Geonames. "India". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  20. Source for the official name in Kurdish is the Kurdistan Regional Government. "Official website". Retrieved on 2010-07-15.
  21. Source: Iraqi constitution
  22. 22.0 22.1 Occupied territory:
  23. Gold, Dore; Institute for Contemporary Affairs (26 August 2005). "Legal Acrobatics: The Palestinian Claim that Gaza is Still "Occupied" Even After Israel Withdraws". Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 5, No. 3. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  24. Bell, Abraham (28 January 2008). "International Law and Gaza: The Assault on Israel's Right to Self-Defense". Jerusalem Issue Brief, Vol. 7, No. 29. Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  25. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel (22 January 2008). "Address by Foreign Minister Livni to the 8th Herzliya Conference", http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Government/Speeches+by+Israeli+leaders/2008/Address+by+FM+Livni+to+the+8th+Herzliya+Conference+22-Jan-2008.htm?DisplayMode=print. Retrieved on <time class="dtstart" datetime="2010-07-16">2010-07-16</time>. 
  26. Salih, Zak M. (17 November 2005). "Panelists Disagree Over Gaza’s Occupation Status". University of Virginia School of Law. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  27. "Israel: 'Disengagement' Will Not End Gaza Occupation". Human Rights Watch (29 October 2004). Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  28. "Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea". Retrieved on 2008-10-27.
  29. Keun Min. "Greetings". Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Retrieved on 2010-11-10.
  30. Source for the Jawi script and Tamil and Chinese romanisations is Geonames. "Malaysia". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  31. Source for the formal native version is Geonames. "Marshall Islands". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  32. Federal Foreign Office of Germany (November 2009). "Beziehungen zu Deutschland". Government of Germany. Retrieved on 2010-07-16. For more information, see Foreign relations of the Cook Islands.
  33. China Internet Information Centre (13 December 2007). "Full text of joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Niue". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  34. Republic of Nauru Permanent Mission to the United Nations. "Foreign Affairs". United Nations. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  35. http://untreaty.un.org/cod/repertory/art102/english/rep_supp8_vol6-art102_e_advance.pdf
  36. Radio New Zealand International (26 March 2007). "American Samoa governor ready to resist Tokelau’s claim to Swains Island". Radio New Zealand Ltd. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  37. Government of New Zealand; Government of Tokelau (8 October 2007). "Draft Constitution of Tokelau – English". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade. Retrieved on 2010-07-16.
  38. Constitution of Pakistan, Art. 1.
  39. Aslam, Tasnim (11 December 2006). "'Pakistan Does Not Claim Kashmir As An Integral Part...'", The Outlook Group. 
  40. Williams, Kristen P. (2001). Despite nationalist conflicts: theory and practice of maintaining world peace. Greenwood Publishing Group, 154–155. ISBN 9780275969349. 
  41. Pruthi, R.K. (2001). An Encyclopaedic Survey Of Global Terrorism In 21St Century. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd., 120–121. ISBN 9788126110919. 
  42. Source for the Ayamara and Quechua is Geonames. "Peru". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  43. "EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 220 July 15, 1987". Retrieved on 2011-07-29.
  44. Hungarian foreign ministry information sheet
  45. Weller, Marc; Nobbs, Katherine (2010). Asymmetric Autonomy and the Settlement of Ethnic Conflicts. Philadelphia, United States: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812242300. 
  46. Names in additional regional and minority languages are taken from Geonames. "Spain". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  47. Source for the Irish, Scottish, and Welsh is Geonames. "United Kingdom". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  48. Source for the Hawaiian is Geonames. "United States". Fröhlich, Werner. Retrieved on 2010-07-14.
  49. Source for the Cyrillic is the Federal Foreign Office of Germany (see Bibliography)
  50. 50.0 50.1 "Non-member States and Entities". United Nations (29 February 2008). Retrieved on 30 August 2010.
  51. 51.0 51.1 "Chavez Backs Abkhazia, South Ossetia", The Associated Press (27 July 2010). Retrieved on 5 June 2011. 
  52. 52.0 52.1 52.2 "Абхазия, Южная Осетия и Приднестровье признали независимость друг друга и призвали всех к этому же" (in Russian). newsru.com (2006-11-17). Retrieved on 2011-06-05.
  53. Krüger, Heiko (2010). The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Springer, 55. ISBN 9783642117879. 
  54. Nikoghosyan, Hovhannes. "Kosovo ruling implications for Armenia and Azerbaijan", Hareyan Publishing, LLC. Retrieved on 2011-04-17. 
  55. See Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  56. See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  57. "...the Palestinian State also meets the traditional criteria under the Montevideo Convention..."; "...the fact that a majority of states have recognized Palestine as a State should easily fulfill the requisite state practice".
  58. "It is possible, however, to argue for Palestinian statehood based on the constitutive theory".
  59. "Whether one applies the criteria of statehood set out in the Montevideo Convention or the more widely accepted constitutive theory of statehood, Palestine might be considered a state."
  60. Palestine Liberation Organization. "Road For Palestinian Statehood: Recognition and Admission". Negotiations Affairs Department. Retrieved on 2011-07-28.
  61. "El Salvador reconoce a Palestina como Estado libre, soberano e independiente" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador (2011-08-25). Retrieved on 2011-08-26.
  62. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  63. "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions", Cable News Network (2008-08-26). Retrieved on 2008-08-26. 
  64. "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview", Taipei Times (2008-10-08). 
  65. 'See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  66. The following bullets are grouped according to the availability of sources for the two criteria ((a) and/or (b)). This arrangement is not intended to reflect the relative importance of the two theories. Additional details are discussed in the state's individual entries.

BibliographyEdit

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