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This is a list of cars with non-standard door designs, sorted by door type. These car models use passenger door designs other than the standard design, which is hinged at the front edge of the door, and swings away from the car horizontally and towards the front of the car.

The main types of non-standard door designs are:

  • Butterfly - hinged at the top of the door; open up and outward.
  • Canopy - roof and sides are one unit hinged at the front (usually); entire assembly opens vertically.
  • Suicide - hinged on the back end of the doorframe; open horizontally toward the rear.
  • Gullwing - hinged to the roof at the top of the door; open upward.
  • Scissors - hinged at the top front corner of the door; open by rotating vertically upwards.
  • Sliding - mounted or suspended from a track; open by sliding horizontally alongside or into the vehicle sidewall.

Scissor doors Edit

Lamborghini Murciélago Concours

Lamborghini Murciélago

Butterfly doors Edit

1996 McLaren F1

McLaren F1

Road carsEdit

Racing carsEdit

A common door design on Group C, IMSA GTP cars of the 1980s and early 1990s and recently on Daytona Prototype and Le Mans Prototype cars, this list does not include cars categorized as such.

Concept carsEdit

Gullwing doors Edit

1955 Mercedes-Benz 300SL Gullwing Coupe 34

Mercedes-Benz 300SL

Production carsEdit

Kit carsEdit

Eagle SS kit car

Late Eagle SS

  • AMT Piranha
  • Bradley GTII
  • Dare DZ
  • Eagle SS Mk1
  • Fiberfab Aztec 7
  • Foers Ibex
  • GP Talon
  • Innes Lee Scorpion K19
  • RPB GT
  • Replicar Cursor
  • Sterling Sports Cars Sterling Car also known as Nova in UK
  • Cimbria and Neria (US versions of same car, made in diff years - later became the Eagle SS in the UK)
  • Manta Cars Mirage, which has two-part split doors where the top half is a removable gullwing door and the lower half is a scissor door

RacecarsEdit

Concept carsEdit

Suicide doors Edit

1948 Delahaye 135MS Cabriolet Chapron

Delahaye Type 135

Models of automobile that featured suicide doors (i.e., doors hinged at the rear) include (but are not limited to):

Canopy doors Edit

3-4Nose

Lifting canopy on a Sterling Nova

SAAB AERO X open

Canopy doors on a Saab Aero-X

Sliding doors Edit

A common door design on minivans and commercial vehicles, this list exclude all vehicles categorized as such.

  • BMW Z1 (the Z1 used unhinged doors that lowered into the chassis)
  • Kaiser Darrin (Used "pocket doors" that slide forward into the front fender.)
  • Lincoln Mark VIII Concept (Doors "rolled" into underbody of frame and disappeared from view, much like a blind. Prototype)
  • Mercedes-Benz NAFA Researchvehicle (A very small car similar to the Smart Fortwo with 2 doors sliding forward (at the front).
  • Peugeot 1007
  • Toyota Porte

Other door types Edit

  • AMC Pacer (1975–1980) - Aircraft-style doors hinged to open out and up at an angle (upward arc allowing for easier entry when door can not be fully opened) with the passenger door four-inches (101 mm) longer than the driver's (facilitating access, particularly for the rear seats on the safer curb-side in countries that drive on the right), as well as rain gutters hidden inside the door's roof cut outs.[2][3][4][5]
  • Aston Martin uses a "swan door" design on their Vantage, DB9, Virage, DBS, Rapide and One-77 models. They open outward like a conventional door, but hinge slightly upward as well for better ground clearance.
  • The Jaguar C-X75 and Honda HSC also feature swan doors.
  • Alfa Romeo Disco Volante - similar to the swan doors.[6]
  • Alfa Romeo Pandion - large rear-hinged scissor doors
  • Ford GT, Ford GT40 and Ford GT90 - Panels extend from the top of the doors, which fill gaps on both sides of the roof
  • Honda CR-V (1995-2007) - Side doors conventional, but featured a two-part rear opening with the glass top hinged and the lower door side hinged. The design was later continued on Toyota RAV4 (1994-2012).
  • Hudson Italia (1953–1954) - Doors cut 14 inches (356 mm) into the roof (also called aircraft doors) for easier entry and exit.[7][8]
  • Isetta - Single front-mounted door was hinged on one side
  • Smyk - Single front-mounted door was hinged on the bottom.
  • Koenigsegg uses a "dihedral synchro-helix" system for their vehicles (named raptor doors by a company which makes a door conversion kit for regular cars) which are similar to scissor doors but are much more mechanically complex. This is used in their CC8S, CCR, CCX, Agera, and Agera R models.
  • Mitsubishi Toppo and Hyundai Veloster - Single door on the one side and front and rear door on the other side.
  • Peugeot EX1 Concept - Each of the two "suicide doors" is adjoined with a corresponding seat, so opening a door out moves the seat out for easier seating.
  • Zündapp Janus - Front and rear mounted side-hinged doors
  • BMW-Mini Clubman - Has 3-doors, with the rear door available on the (N.A.) passenger side, has no exterior handle, and is less than half the width of the front door.
  • Smart Crossblade - Has a minimal "sword-like" door.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Lancia Stratos Prototipo". videodigitalpixel. youtube.com. Retrieved on 22 October 2012.
  2. "Test driving the new Honda and Pacer", Kiplinger's Personal Finance 29(7): 29-30. July 1975, http://books.google.com/books?id=qQcEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA30&dq=The+hinges+swing+the+doors+on+a+slightly+upward+arc+to+give+more+of+an+opening+when+you+can't+open+the+door+fully. Retrieved on <time class="dtstart" datetime="2 May 2013">2 May 2013</time>. 
  3. autoplaybook (28 January 2013). "Design Notes: 1975 AMC Pacer". GM Inside News. Retrieved on 2 May 2013.
  4. Montgomery, Andrew (2003). Illustrated Directory of American Automobiles. Salamander Books, 311. ISBN 9781840655346. Retrieved on 2 May 2013. 
  5. Koch, Jeff (March 2012), "1975-'80 AMC Pacer: The Pacer pointed the way toward modern car-design priorities", Hemmings Motor News, http://www.hemmings.com/hmn/stories/2012/03/01/hmn_feature23.html. Retrieved on <time class="dtstart" datetime="2 May 2013">2 May 2013</time>. 
  6. Photograph
  7. Lyons, Dan (2005). Cars of the Fantastic '50s. Krause Publications, 58-61. ISBN 9780873499262. Retrieved on 2 May 2013. 
  8. Vance, Bill (29 January 2010). "Motoring Memories: Hudson Italia, 1954". Autos Canada. Retrieved on 2 May 2013.


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