Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki

This is a list of General Motors factories currently or formerly used to produce automobiles and automobile components.[1] The factories are occasionally idled for re-tooling.

Current GM factories

VIN Name City/State Country Products Opened Idled Comments
  6th of October City 6th of October City Egypt Astra
R Arlington Assembly Arlington, Texas USA Escalade
Yukon XL
1953   Past models: GM A platform (RWD), GM G platform, and GM B platform
  Baltimore Transmission Baltimore, Maryland USA 1000 Series transmissions: Silverado, Sierra
Hybrid 2-mode transmissions: Tahoe, Escalade, Silverado, Sierra 
2000   Originally part of Allison Transmission. Became a GM Powertrain facility in 2004.
  Barcelona Barcelona Spain Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro
Renault Trafic
Nissan Primastar
    Nissan plant
  Batilly Batilly, Meurthe-et-Moselle France Opel/Vauxhall Movano
Renault Master/Mascott
Nissan Interstar
    Renault-SOVAB plant
  Bay City Powertrain Bay City, Michigan USA Engine components 1916    
  Bedford Foundry Bedford, Indiana USA Transmission casings 1942    
  Bochum Bochum Germany Opel/Vauxhall Zafira 1962   Adam Opel AG
Opel plant
  Bogotá Bogotá Colombia Alto, Bus, Corsa, Esteem, Jimny, Kodiak, LUV, D-MAX, N-Series, Sprint (not the same one as sold in the US and Canada), Super Carry, Swift, Aveo, Optra, Spark, Astra, Zafira, Wagon R+, Vitara      
5 Bowling Green Assembly Plant Bowling Green, Kentucky USA Corvette 1981   Past models: XLR
6 CAMI Automotive Ingersoll, Ontario Canada Chevrolet Equinox
GMC Terrain
1988   Past models:Tracker, Sidekick, Asuna/Pontiac Sunrunner (Canada only), Suzuki Vitara, Chevrolet/Geo Metro, Pontiac Firefly (Canada only), Suzuki Swift, Suzuki XL-7, Pontiac Torrent.
  Changwon Gyeongsang South Korea Damas
B Daewoo Incheon Motor Company Bupyung, Incheon South Korea Kalos
    Suzuki Verona
  Dandenong Victoria Australia Holden 1956 Manufacturing ceased in 1988, minor assembly until 1996, now parts distribution warehouse
  Defiance Foundry Defiance, Ohio USA Aluminum/iron engine blocks 1948  
  Delco Moraine NDH Moraine, Ohio (Wisconsin Blvd.) USA Engine Bearings/Master Cylinders/Brake Pads/Brake Calipers/ABS Assemblies    
  Delco Moraine NDH Dayton, Ohio (Needmore Rd.) USA Master Cylinders/Brake Pads/Brake Calipers/ABS Assemblies    
  Delco Moraine NDH Sandusky, Ohio USA Wheel Bearings & Wheel Bearing Assemblies    
  Delco Moraine NDH Fredericksburg, Virginia USA components    
  Delco Products Kettering, Ohio USA Shock Absorbers,Struts,Impact Absorbers, Electric Motors,Windshield Wiper Assemblies   Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999. Sold to Tenneco Corporation in 2008
  Delco Remy Anderson, Indiana USA Starters, Generators, HEI Ignition, DIS Ignition, Switches 2006 Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999
  Delco Remy Muncie, Indiana USA Batteries     Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999.
U Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Hamtramck, Michigan & Detroit, Michigan USA DTS
1985   aka "Poletown"
Past models: Deville, Seville
  Eisenach Eisenach Germany Opel/Vauxhall Corsa 1990   Adam Opel AG
Opel plant
L Elizabeth Elizabeth, South Australia Australia Adventra
Crewman Cross 8
Monaro (Pontiac GTO)
Pontiac G8
One Tonner
1960   Holden
Holden Motor Company
  Ellesmere Port Ellesmere Port United Kingdom Opel/Vauxhall Astra 1962   Vauxhall Motors plant
F Fairfax II Fairfax, Kansas USA Chevrolet Malibu
Buick LaCrosse
1987 Past models: Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1995 & 1996), Pontiac Grand Prix (1988–2003), Saturn Aura, Chevrolet Equinox.
  Flint Engine South Flint, Michigan USA 3.6 High Feature engine, 1.4 (Cruze, Volt generator) 2000  
Past engines: Atlas I6
  Flint East Flint, Michigan USA components     Now part of Delphi Corporation, returned to GM in 2009
  Flint Metal Center Flint, Michigan USA   1954   Metal fabricating
  Flint Tool & Die Flint, Michigan USA   1967   Metal fabricating
F Flint Truck Assembly Flint, Michigan USA Silverado/Sierra (light and heavy duty) 1947   Past models: Kodiak/Topkick
Z Fort Wayne Assembly Roanoke, Indiana USA Silverado/Sierra 1986    
7 Fujisawa Fujisawa, Kanagawa Japan Chevrolet LUV     Isuzu manufacturing facility
  Gliwice Gliwice Poland Opel/Vauxhall Astra
Opel/Vauxhall Astra Classic
1998   Adam Opel AG
Opel plant
  GM Daewoo Vietnam Auto & Technology Hanoi Vietnam Lanos
  GMM Luton Vehicles[2] Luton United Kingdom Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro
Renault Trafic
Nissan Primastar
1905   Vauxhall Motors plant
  Grand Blanc Metal Center Grand Blanc, Michigan USA   1942   Metal casting
  Gravatai Automotive Industrial Complex Gravatai, Rio Grande do Sul Brazil Chevrolet Celta 2000   [1] [2]
  Guide Headlamp Division Anderson, Indiana USA Headlamp, Taillamp assemblies      
  Gunsan Jeolla South Korea Lacetti
  Halol Halol,Gujrat India Chevrolet Cruze
Chevrolet Aveo
    Past models: Opel Corsa
Opel Astra
  Indianapolis Metal Center Indianapolis, Indiana USA   1930   Metal fabricating
Scheduled to close 12/2011
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant Euclid, Ohio USA Seat Covers & Backs    
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant Vandalia, Ohio USA Door Panel Assemblies
Seat Pads
Instrument Panels
1941 Originally a GM Aeroproducts facility, absorbed by Inland division in 1955, spun off to Inland Fisher Guide division in 1991, became part of Delphi in 1996 and transferred to Delphi Thermal Division in 2007.
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant Tecumseh, Michigan USA Seat Pads & Backs    
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant Livonia, Michigan USA Seat Cushions, Seat Pads, Seat Backs, Door Panel Trim]] 1954    
4 Iwata Iwata, Shizuoka Japan        
3 Kawasaki Kawasaki, Kanagawa Japan        
K Kosai Assembly Kosai, Shizuoka Japan        
Lansing Service Parts Operation Delta Township, Michigan USA   1959 SPO
J Lansing Delta Township Assembly Delta Township, Michigan USA Chevrolet Traverse
GMC Acadia
Buick Enclave
  Lansing Regional Stamping Delta Township, Michigan USA   2003 LRS
0 Lansing Grand River Assembly Lansing, Michigan USA CTS
5 London London, Ontario Canada        
7 Lordstown Assembly Lordstown, Ohio USA Cruze 1966   Past models: Cobalt/G5, Cavalier/Sunbird/Sunfire
7 Magyar Suzuki Corporation Esztergom Hungary Opel/Vauxhall Agila
Suzuki Splash
Suzuki Swift
Suzuki SX4
Fiat Sedici
1991   Suzuki plant
  Marion Metal Center Marion, Indiana USA   1956   Metal fabricating
  Norwich Norwich United Kingdom Speedster
  General Motors del Ecuador - Omnibus BB Quito Ecuador Bus
D-Max 2011
Tahoe 2011 Hybrid
Captiva 2010
Vitara 2011
Aveo GT 2011
Spark GT 2011
Optra 2011 Limited
4 Orion Assembly Orion Township, Michigan USA   1983   Idled in 2009. Will reopen in 2011 to produce the Chevrolet Sonic and Buick Verano.
Past models: Malibu, G6
1 Oshawa Car Assembly Oshawa, Ontario Canada Impala
1953   Past models: LaCrosse/Allure
  Oshawa Metal Oshawa, Ontario Canada        
  Parma Metal Center Parma, Ohio USA   1948   Metal fabricating
  Pontiac Metal Center Pontiac, Michigan USA   1929   Metal fabricating
  Port Melbourne (Fishermans Bend) Victoria Australia Holden 1936   Headquarters of GM Holden Ltd
Holden Engine Company
S Ramos Arizpe Ramos Arizpe Mexico Chevrolet C2
Chevrolet HHR
Cadillac SRX
  Rayong Rayong Thailand Colorado
1999   Past Models: Zafira, Alfa Romeo 156 [3]
  Romulus Engine Romulus, Michigan USA 4.3L V6
Gen IV V8
1976   Engines
  Romulus Transmission Romulus, Michigan USA   1995   Transmissions
  Rosario Rosario Argentina Corsa
Chevrolet Corsa Combo
1997   Past Models: Grand Blazer, Silverado, Chevrolet Corsa II and Grand Vitara
R Rüsselsheim Rüsselsheim Germany Opel/Vauxhall Insignia 1898   Adam Opel AG
Opel plant
  Saginaw Metal Casting Operations Saginaw, Michigan USA   1919   Metal casting for powertrains. Engine Blocks. Crankshafts
  Saginaw Transmission Saginaw, Michigan USA Manual Transmissions, Brakes     Originally made the "Saginaw" 3 and 4-Speed manual transmissions. The plant currently produces brake components. It was spun off as part of Delphi in 1999. The plant is currently owned by TRW Automotive.
  Saginaw Steering Gear - Plant 1 Saginaw, Michigan USA Steering Gears, ring gears 1906   The original Saginaw Steering Division plant. Built in 1906, the Division predated General Motors itself. The plant was sold in the late 1980's, and production shifted to nearby Plant 2 and Division H.Q. complex. Today, Plant 1 continues to operate as "Thompson Ball Screw", a separate company from the Steering operations.
  San Luis Potosí Assembly San Luis Potosí Mexico Chevrolet Aveo
Pontiac G3
Pontiac Wave
  São Caetano do Sul São Caetano do Sul, São Paulo Brazil Astra
Corsa Classic
  São José dos Campos São José dos Campos, São Paulo Brazil Blazer
Corsa C
8 Shreveport Operations Shreveport, Louisiana USA Colorado
1981   Past models: GMT325 and 330 pickup trucks (S and T-series), H3
G Silao Assembly Silao Mexico Escalade ESV
Escalade EXT
Yukon XL
Z/S Spring Hill Manufacturing Spring Hill, Tennessee USA Ecotec 2.0 Turbo
Ecotec 2.4
Components (Traverse)
1990 Vue production moved to Mexico for 2008 model year
Assembly idled in 2009. Past models: Ion, Vue, S-Series, Traverse
  St. Catharines Engine St. Catharines, Ontario Canada   1954    
3 St. Eustache Saint-Eustache, Quebec Canada        
  Struandale Port Elizabeth South Africa Astra
T Tarrytown Truck Assembly Tarrytown, New York USA       Truck and Bus. Also home to these past models:
Trans Sport van
9 Tillonsburg Assembly Tillsonburg, Ontario Canada        
  GM-AvtoVAZ Tolyatti Russia Niva
  Toledo Transmission Toledo, Ohio USA 6L80 RWD 6-speed
Global FWD 6-speed
1956   Future product: GF6 6T30/6T45/BAS Hybrid
  Tonawanda Engine Tonawanda, New York USA Ecotec 2.2
Ecotec 2.4
Vortec 2.9 I4
Vortec 3.7 I5
  Valencia Valencia Venezuela Astra
Grand Vitara
Wagon R
  Warren Transmission Warren, Michigan USA 6T70, 6T75 1941   Past transmissions: Hydramatic
1 Wentzville Assembly Wentzville, Missouri USA Express
1983   Past models: Buick Electra/Park Avenue, Oldsmobile 98, Pontiac Bonneville, (1992-93)
  Willow Run Transmission Ypsilanti, Michigan USA 4L80-E transmission
4T80-E transmission
  Wixom Performance Build Center Wixom, Michigan USA 6.2L V8 LS3
7.0L V8 LS7
6.2L V8 LS9
2004    ;
  Zaragoza Figueruelas Spain Opel/Vauxhall Corsa
Opel/Vauxhall Meriva
1982   Adam Opel AG
Opel plant

Closed or sold GM factories

VIN Name City/State Country Products Opened Idled Comments
  AC Rochester Wichita Falls, Texas USA AC Air Filters 1972 2008 Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999. Closed by Delphi in 2008
  AC Rochester Sioux City, Iowa USA Throttle Body Fuel Injection Systems 1981 1993 Formerly a Zenith Radio Factory[3]
  Acacia Ridge Acacia Ridge, Queensland Australia Holden 1967 1985  
  Allison Transmission Indianapolis, Indiana USA Allison transmissions 1915   Sold in 2007 to private equity firm
  Antwerp Antwerp Belgium Opel/Vauxhall/Saturn Astra
Opel/Vauxhall Astra TwinTop
1924 2011  
  Arica Arica Chile LUV D-Max 1974 2008 Past models: Canadian C-10 and C-30, Brazilian Chevette, Japanese Aska and LUV
  Azambuja Azambuja Portugal Opel/Vauxhall Combo 1959 2006  
B Baltimore Assembly Baltimore, Maryland USA Astro
1935 2005 Truck and Bus
H Buick City Flint, Michigan USA   1904 1999 Past models: Bonneville, LeSabre
9 Detroit Assembly Detroit, Michigan USA Cadillacs 1921 1987 Redeveloped in to Clark Street Technology Park in 1997
C Diesel Division London, Ontario Canada New Look (1961–1974)
1950   Transit bus production moved to Saint-Eustache factory in 1974. Sold in 2005, renamed Electro-Motive Diesel.
M Diesel Division Saint-Eustache Saint-Eustache, Quebec Canada New Look
1974   Manufactures transit buses. Sold to Motor Coach Industries, along with the designs for the bus models this factory produced, in 1987; currently owned by Nova Bus.
D Doraville Assembly Doraville, Georgia USA Terraza
1947 2008 Past models: Venture, Silhouette
X Fairfax Assembly Fairfax, Kansas USA   1947 1987 Production moved to new building on adjacent site 
  Flint North Components Flint, Michigan USA 3800   2010
G Framingham Assembly Framingham, Massachusetts USA A-bodies 1947 1989
  GMPT Fredericksburg Fredericksburg, Virginia USA Torque converter clutches for automatic transmissions 1979 2010
Z Fremont Assembly Fremont, California USA Vibe
Prizm (1990-2002)
Nova (1985-88)
Toyota vehicles
1960 1984 1982 1960-1982 as GM factory. From 1984 as New United Motor Manufacturing Inc. (NUMMI), which assembled GM and Toyota vehicles. Sold 7/2009.
  Grand Rapids Metal Center Grand Rapids, Michigan USA   1936 2009 Metal fabricating
7 Graz Graz Austria Saab 9-3 Convertible     Magna Steyr plant
  Inland Plant Dayton & Vandalia, Ohio USA Engine Mounts
Transmission Mounts
Strut Mounts
Steering Wheels
Liteflex Springs
Brake Linings
Brake Hose
Brake Pads
Ball Joints
Ice Cube Trays
1921 2008 Factory was started as the Dayton Wright Brothers Aeroplane Company in 1912, Bought as the Inland Corporation by GM in 1923. Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999.
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant Ewing Township, New Jersey USA door handles
seat adjusters
body moldings. Plant was known as the Turnstedt Plant
1938 1998 brief article about the plant's closing and displaced workers, 1993 Plant closing date delayed until Summer of 1998 : [4] Ternstedt Division and Photo
  Inland Fisher Guide Plant Columbus, Ohio USA Door Panel Assemblies & Small Components 1946 2007 Originally opened as a plant for the Ternstedt Division of General Motors; Transferred to Delphi Automotive Systems in 1999
J Janesville Assembly Janesville, Wisconsin USA Suburban
Yukon XL
1919 2008 Oldest GM assembly plant; largest under one roof in the U.S.; Idled Dec 23, 2008.
A Lakewood Assembly Lakewood, Georgia USA   1927 1990 Production ended with Chevrolet Caprice Classic, Buick Estate Wagon, and Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser
Lansing Engine Delta Township, Michigan USA   1981 2001 Built to produce experimental diesel engine; part of Ryder Logistics since 2005
  Lansing Car Assembly - Body Lansing, Michigan USA   1920 2005 Body
M Lansing Car Assembly - Chassis Lansing, Michigan USA   1902 2005 M
B Lansing Craft Centre Lansing, Michigan USA SSR 1987 2006 Past models: Reatta, EV1
  Lansing Metal Center Lansing, Michigan USA   1952 2006 Metal fabricating
K Leeds Assembly Kansas City, Missouri USA     1988 Buick Skyhawk, Oldsmobile Firenza, Chevrolet Cavalier, Chevrolet El Camino
E Linden Assembly Linden, New Jersey USA     2005 Chevrolet Blazer, GMC Jimmy, Buick Riviera, Oldsmobile Toronado, Cadillac Eldorado
  Livonia Engine Livonia, Michigan USA Premium V engine 1971 2010
  Mansfield Metal Center Mansfield, Ohio USA   1955 2010 Metal fabricating
  Massena Castings Plant Massena, New York USA   1959 2009 Cylinder heads, Engine Blocks
Closed May 1, 2009
2 Moraine Assembly Moraine, Ohio USA S-10
1951 2008 Closed on December 23, 2008. Formerly site of truck and bus production. Began in 1951 as the Frigidaire Division of General Motors Corporation producing household appliances.
N Norwood Assembly Norwood, Ohio USA Bel Air
1923 1987  
6 Oklahoma City Assembly Oklahoma City, Oklahoma USA TrailBlazer EXT
Envoy XL
1979 2006 Previously produced front wheel drive X platform and N platform vehicles. Idled February 20, 2006. 
  Oshawa Truck Assembly Oshawa, Ontario Canada Silverado
1965 2009
  Pagewood Pagewood, New South Wales Australia Holden 1939 1981  
  Petone Petone New Zealand   1926 1984
  Pittsburgh Metal Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania USA   1949 2007 Metal fabricating
P Pontiac Assembly Pontiac, Michigan USA Fiero
1927 1988  
V Pontiac Assembly Center Pontiac, Michigan USA Silverado/Sierra 1972 2009 Formerly part of the Truck and Bus group
  Saginaw Malleable Iron Saginaw, Michigan USA   1919 2007 Iron castings. HQ of Central Foundry Division.
  Saginaw Steering Gear - Plant 2 Saginaw, Michigan USA Steering Gears, pump hoses 1941 2001 Affectionately known as "The Gun Plant", it was built in 1941 when the division was contracted to build M1919 machine guns, and M1-Carbines for World War II. After the war, normal steering gear production continued until it's closure in 2001. It has been demolished
  Saginaw Division Saginaw, Michigan USA Complete Hydraulic and Electric Power Steering Systems, Halfshafts, Intermediate Drive Shafts 1957 2010 Former Saginaw Steering Division of GM. The sprawling Five-Plant complex, division Headquarters and large engineering center, were spun off with Delphi in 1999. GM re-purchased the Steering division from bankrupt Delphi in 2009, and then sold the division to Pacific Century Motors in 2010. The former GM Division now operates as "Nexteer Automotive", an independent company headquartered at the Saginaw site.
2 Sainte-Thérèse Assembly Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec Canada   1966 2002 Past models: Firebird, Camaro
4 Scarborough Van Assembly Scarborough, Ontario Canada G-series vans
GMC Vandura
Chevy Sportvan
GMC Handi-Van
1963 1993 Operations moved to Flint Truck Assembly
C South Gate Assembly South Gate, California USA   1936 1982 First GM plant to build multi-carline body/chassis (Buick/Olds/Pontiac)serially. Other models: Tanks (WWII); Unibody BOP "Y" series Special, F85, Tempest added to B&C mix 1961-63; replaced by Chevrolet B for 64; Vega; Monza; Deville; Cavalier and Cimarron
S St. Louis Truck Assembly St. Louis, Missouri USA     1987 Truck and Bus
M Toluca Assembly Toluca Mexico Medium Duty 1994 2008  
  Trentham Trentham New Zealand   1967 1990
3 Trollhättan Assembly Trollhättan Sweden Saab 9-3
Saab 9-5
1947   Saab Automobile sold to Spyker Cars in February, 2010.
L Van Nuys Assembly Van Nuys, California USA Camaro
1947 1992 Past models: Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Corvair, Pontiac GTO
W Willow Run Assembly Ypsilanti Twp, Michigan USA   1959 1992 Past models: Corvair, Nova, Caprice, Custom Cruiser
Y Wilmington Assembly Wilmington, Delaware USA Solstice
Opel GT
Daewoo GX2
1947 2009 Past models: Corsica, Beretta, Malibu, L-Series, Caprice/Impala
  Windsor Transmission Windsor, Ontario Canada 4T40/45E transmission 1920 2010 Previous 1920 -1928 axles and parts 1928 - 1963 engines
  Woodville Woodville, South Australia Australia Holden 1923 1990  

See also

  • List of former automotive manufacturing facilities
  • List of Ford factories
  • List of Chrysler factories