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Leyland Victory Mk2
Manufacturer Leyland Vehicles/Leyland Bus
Built at Wolverhampton, England
(Guy Motors factory)
Specifications
Length 9.7m
Floor type Step entrance
Doors 2 doors
Engine(s) Gardner 6LXB
Transmission Voith DIWA 851
SCG GB350
Options Various customer options


Leyland Victory Mk2 is a front-engine double-decker bus chassis built by Leyland between 1978 and 1981. Like its competitor Dennis Jubilant, Volvo Ailsa B55, it was specifically designed for contemporary operating environment (hilly roads and "one-man-operation" with a farebox) in Hong Kong.

The chassis was developed from the Guy Victory J, which was also chosen by Bus Bodies (South Africa) Limited for the development of its own double decker (four examples had been delivered to Kowloon Motor Bus for evaluation). It could be fitted with Gardner 6LXB engine and Voith D851 gearbox, but one Victory Mk2 for China Motor Bus had been experimentally fitted with SCG GB350 gearbox.

Almost all Leyland Victory Mk2s built for Hong Kong were fitted with Alexander bodywork, only the last 20 buses built for China Motor Bus were fitted with Duple Metsec bodywork.

The ordersEdit

Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) introduced 540 Victory Mk2s between 1979 and 1983, including one air-conditioned coach which was unsuccessful and had the air-conditioning unit removed. China Motor Bus (CMB) purchased 167 Victory Mk2s between 1979 and 1982. New Lantao Bus (NLB) also purchased nine between 1980 and 1983, with a further six buses acquired from KMB in later years. In 1993 NLB sold 10 of its Victory Mk2s to Citybus which took over 26 routes from CMB since 1 September 1993.

This model of double-decker bus had served nearly all regions in Hong Kong, including New Territories, Kowloon, Hong Kong Island, and even Lantau Island.

All NLB and Citybus's Victory Mk2s were withdrawn in mid-1990s. KMB gave up its last Victory Mk2 in early 1998. CMB operated Victory Mk2s until the takeover of its routes, as well as these buses, by New World First Bus on 1 September 1998, the ex-CMB Victory Mk2s were gradually replaced by new low-floor buses, the last Victory Mk2s were withdrawn after the last day of service on 31 August 2000.

Four Citybus's Victory Mk2s became service vehicles after withdrawal. On the other hand, some withdrawn KMB/CMB Victory Mk2s were sold for use on rescue training.

AccidentsEdit

Leyland Victory Mk2 has a notorious reputation as an unsafe bus, mainly due to its soft suspension and high centre of gravity, which makes it prone to overturning.

Major accidents involving Victory Mk2
DateCompanyRouteFleet NumberAccident typeLocation
29 August 1980CMB4LV11rolloverPok Fu Lam Road near Pok Fu Lam Tsuen
1 December 1980KMB70G217rollover[Junction between Nathan Road and Waterloo Road, Kowloon
23 August 1981KMB66MG94collision and fireTuen Mun Road near Sham Tseng
24 November 1981KMB45G58rolloverJunction between Fat Kwong Street and Chung Hau Street
25 January 1982KMB36MUnknownrolloverJunction between Castle Peak Road and Wo Yi Hop Road
17 August 1982KMB85UnknownrolloverLion Rock Tunnel Road
12 October 1982KMB48G442rolloverJunction between Tai Wai Road and Lion Rock Tunnel Road
14 November 1982KMB60MG440rolloverTuen Mun Road near Siu Lam
2 February 1985KMB82MG208rolloverJunction between Lion Rock Tunnel Road and Tai Chung Kiu Road
10 April 1985KMB72G224rolloverTai Po Road near Caldecott Road
5 November 1986KMB61AG470rolloverJunction between Ming Kum Road and Shek Pai Tau Road, Tuen Mun
17 March 1990CMB94LV21rolloverAp Lei Chau Bridge (Exit at Aberdeen side)
9 October 1991KMB43XG493rolloverEntrance of Tsuen Wan Ferry Pier bus terminus
25 July 1993KMB69MG305rolloverJunction between Hung Tin Road and Ping Ha Road

TriviaEdit

  • Leyland Victory Mk2 was also known as "chicken" in Hong Kong because its soft suspension made it look like chicken during acceleration and deceleration.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Lee Tin Yau (2001). 'Leyland Victory 2'. Northcord International Limited. ISBN 962-920-034-1
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