KAMAZ (Камский автомобильный завод - Камаз / Kamskiy avtomobilny zavod - KamaAutomobile Zavod - Kamaz or KAMA Heavy-Duty Truck Production Plant) is a Russian truck manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. KAMAZ assembled their first truck model in February 1976 and now, 32 years later, the heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including Eastern Europe, China, the Middle East, and North Africa. Its trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record eight times. Today Kamaz is the largest truck producer in Russia, and the CIS. The factory produces 93,600 trucks a year (260 trucks a day).. All of the Kamaz trucks have a V8 engine. The Russian Army uses special reinforced Kamaz models as well.
In 1969 the Central Committee of the CPSU and Ministerial council of the USSR decided to begin construction of factories for the manufacture of supersized cars in the city of Naberezhnye Chelny. Construction actually began on December 13, 1969, but the first Kamaz rolled off the main assembly conveyor on February 16, 1976.
In 1987 the line for the manufacture of Oka midget cars (VAZ-1111) was created. The first car rolled out on December 21, 1987.
On June 25, 1990 the production association was transformed into an open joint-stock company.
On April 14, 1993 a fire destroyed the Kamaz engine factory.
Until 2005, Kamaz had a major share in ZMA (Factory of Micro-displacement Cars) that produces the Oka microcar. It was sold to the Severstal group.
In 2009, Kamaz and India's Vectra announced a new joint venture, called Kamaz Vectra Motors Limited to manufacture Kamaz trucks in India.
Also in 2009, Daimler and Kamaz announced two joint ventures in Russia. It stems from a 2008 agreement in which Daimler Trucks acquired 10% of Kamaz. The first is Fuso Kamaz Trucks Rus, with 50% owned each by Daimler and Kamaz, importing CKD Mitsubishi Fuso trucks from Japan and assembling for the Russian market. The second j.v. is Mercedes-Benz Trucks Vostok, again with each party owning 50%. The company will be manufacturing Mercedes-Benz trucks and buses and Setra buses (coaches).
In 2007, Kamaz bought the tooling and machinery from McCormick International Tractors's Doncaster, England facility, and in addition, 200 McCormick tractors to brand as Kamaz and sell in Russia. In 2010, Kamaz and CNH formed a 50-50 joint venture in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia to build construction equipment (backhoes) and agricultural equipment, to be called CNH-KAMAZ Industrial BV. The JV will focus on New Holland technologies.