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Jaguar Mark X & 420G
'68 Jaguar 420G (Toronto Spring '12 Classic Car Auction)
1968 Jaguar 420G (North America)
Manufacturer Jaguar Cars
Production 1961–1970
13,382 3.8 Litre
5,137 4.2 Litre
5,763 420G
Assembly Coventry, England
Predecessor Jaguar Mark IX
Successor Jaguar XJ6
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style(s) 4-door saloon
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 3,781 cc (3.8 L) XK I6 to 1964
4,235 cc (4.2 L) XK I6
Transmission(s) 4-speed manual
Wheelbase 120 in (3,000 mm)[1]
Length 202 in (5,100 mm)
Width 76.3 in(1,938 mm)[2]
Height 54.5 in (1,380 mm)
Curb weight 4,200 lb (1,900 kg)

The Jaguar Mark X (pronounced mark ten) was the top-of-the-range saloon car built by the British manufacturer Jaguar, originally aimed at the United States market. The Mark X succeeded the Mark IX as the company's large saloon model.

BodyEdit

'63 Jaguar Mark X (Hudson)

'63 Jaguar Mark X

The modern Jaguar face, four headlamps set into rounded front fenders with a vaned grill, first appeared on the Mark X. The interior is the last Jaguar with abundant standard woodwork, including the dashboard, escutcheons, window trim, a pair of large bookmatched fold out rear picnic tables, and a front seat pull-out picnic table stowed beneath the instrument cluster. Over time, air conditioning and a sound-proof glass division between the front and rear seats were added as options.[3]

From its introduction until the arrival in 1992 of the low-slung XJ220, the Mark X stood as one of the widest production Jaguars ever built.[4] Asked in 1972 if he thought the Mark X had grown rather too large, Jaguar chairman William Lyons, agreed that it "definitely" had: he opined that the then recently introduced and notably more compact Jaguar XJ6 was, by contrast an "ideal size".[5]

The substantial doors required helical torsion springs inside the door pillars to enable them to be opened from the inside with an acceptably low level of effort.

Running gear and engineEdit

The Mark X was the first Jaguar saloon to feature independent rear suspension. It used a wider-track version of Jaguar's IRS unit first seen on the E Type, which was subsequently used on Jaguar vehicles until XJ-S production ended in 1996. Front suspension used double wishbones with coil springs and telescopic dampers. Initially Jaguar's XK in-line six-cylinder engine was featured, with 3781 cc. A 9:1 compression ratio was standard, but an alternative 8:1 compression ratio was available as an option.[3] For the London Motor Show in October 1964 the enlarged 4,235 cc unit took over, although the 3.8-litre unit could still be specified until October 1965.[3] Triple SU carburettors were fitted, fed from an AC Delco air filter mounted ahead of the right hand front wheel.

Transmission options were manual, manual with overdrive or automatic. The arrival of the 4.2-litre power unit coincided with the introduction of a newly developed all-synchromesh four-speed gear box replacing the venerable box inherited by the 3.8-litre six-cylinder Mark X from the Mark IX which had featured synchromesh only on the top three ratios.[3] Many domestic market cars and almost all cars destined for the important North American markets left the factory with a Borg Warner automatic gearbox. The 4.2-litre engine's introduction was also marked by a transmission upgrade for buyers of the automatic cars, who saw the Borg Warner transmission system switched from a DG to a Typ-8 unit.[3] The power train was completed by a Thornton Powr-Lok limited-slip differential.

Stopping power for this heavy car came from power-assisted disc-brakes on all four wheels.[3]

Power-assisted steering was standard, the later 4.2 cars receiving Adwest Varamatic variable ratio steering boxes.

420GEdit

Jaguar 420 G 1968

1968 Jaguar 420G

For the London Motor Show in October 1966 the Mark X was renamed the Jaguar 420G.[1] (This should not be confused with the smaller Jaguar 420.) Visually, the 420G was distinct from the Mark X only in the addition of a vertical central bar splitting the grille in two; side indicator repeaters on the front wings, and a chrome strip along the wing and door panels (Two tone paint schemes were also available, whereupon the chrome strip was omitted). Interior changes included the arrival of perforations in the central sections of the leather seats, padded dashboard sections for safety, the moving of the clock to a more central position, and the introduction of air conditioning as an option.

A "limousine" version was available, on the standard wheelbase, with a dividing glass screen partition and front bench seat replacing the separate seats of standard cars. The wheelbase was extended by 21" with the mechanical underpinnings of the car being subtly re-bodied for the 1968 Daimler DS420. This car was built until 1992 and used by many countries in official capacities, and frequently by funeral homes; either with a saloon body for carrying mourners or a hearse body.

Despite running for the same length of time as the Mark X (5 years) the 420G sold in less than a third of the numbers: this lack of popularity and the increasing production of the XJ6 resulted in the 420G being run out of production in 1970.

See alsoEdit

  • Jaguar 420 – the Jaguar S-Type (available as 3.4 L or 3.8 L) spawned the 4.2 L Jaguar 420 with its restyled nose in 1966; the same year the 4.2 L Mark X became the 420G.

ReferencesEdit

Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Jaguar Mark X. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cardew, Basil (1966). Daily Express Review of the 1966 Motor Show. London: Beaverbrook Newspapers Ltd. 
  2. Manwaring (ed), L.A. (1969). The Observer's Book of Automobiles. London: Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. Width given as 6 ft, 4 5⁄16 in. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "Used cars on Test: 1963 Jaguar Mk 10", Autocar 125 nbr 3680: pages 464–465. 26 August 1966. 
  4. (1980) Jaguar Saloon Cars. Yeovil: Haynes, 310. ISBN 0-85429-263-2. 
  5. "The Lyons share - interview with WL", Motor: pages 18–21. date 19 February 1972. 

External linksEdit

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