International 8-16 1921
|Preceded by||Mogul 8-16|
|Power hp||19 belt, 11 drawbar|
|Displacement cu in /(litre)||284 ci|
|No. of Cylinders||4|
|Bore in (mm)||4.25 in|
|Stroke in (mm)||5 in|
|Naturally aspirated, Turbo or Supercharged||NA|
|Transmission type||spur gear|
|Clutch||Foot operated multi-disc (7 plate)|
|Tyre Sizes (std/options)|
|Length (inches/metres)||132 in|
|Width (inches/meters)||54 in|
|Height (inches/meters)||66 in|
|Weight (nominal) lb/kg||3300 lb|
|Factories||Tractor Works, Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|Nebraska Tests No.||25|
|Approximate Cost new in (year)||
£310 (1921 UK price)
The International 8-16 Junior tractor was built from 1918 to 1922 in the International Harvester Tractor Works, Chicago, Illinois, USA. It was called the 8-16 or 8-16 Kerosene in the USA and called the Junior in England.
When it was introduced in 1918, the new International 8-16 was built in the style of International’s trucks of the day, with a sloping hood and the radiator behind the engine. The original VB-series had a 251 ci ohv 4-cylinder 3-main-bearing engine borrowed from the truck line and the tractor used a 3-speed transmission, like the smaller trucks.
In mid-1919 the upgraded Series HC International 8-16 had a redesigned engine with the three regular main bearings replaced by two roller bearings. The revised tractor also was given a water bath air cleaner.
The International 8-16 was revised again with a larger engine for 1921. The new Series IC had a ¼" larger bore for a displacement of 284 ci. When tested at Nebraska it developed 19 belt and 11 drawbar hp.
The price war with Ford lead to the 1921 price of $1150 being cut by February 1922 to $670, with a 2 furrow plow included.
It is believed about 2,500 were imported into the UK.
- 1918: International 8-16 (Series VB) with 251 ci 3-main-bearing engine.
- mid-1919: Series HC with roller-bearing engine, longer exhaust and water bath air cleaner
- 1921: Series IC with 284 ci engine
- 1922: production ended
- Tractor Works, Chicago, Illinois
See Infobox for main details
- The engine was developed for the International Model L truck.
- Radiator behind the engine, exhasting to each side
- No water pump, used thermosythonic cooling
- Dixie magneto
- Contracting band brakes
- A basic suspension on the front and rear axels
- Ackerman steering
- Integral gearbox and differential
- Chain final drive
- side mounted belt pulley, with hand clutch
- Sprung drivers seat
Serial Numbers Information
|Year||Serial run||Number Built||Notes (Total built 33,138).|
The works engineers built several specials based on the 8-16 unit, with 4-wheel drive and 6-wheell skid steer units been built.
- Please add any known examples that survive to the table below with a photo.
- (or list them here & they can be added for you)
|Make + Model No.||Reg No.
|Photo||Were seen/Featured in||Other info|
|International 8-16 Junior||-||sn ?||19 ?||International||Owner ?||Belvoir Castle Steam Festival 2008||excellent restored example|
|International 8-16 Junior||-||sn ?||1921||International||Heidrick Ag History Center collection||On display at Heidrick Ag History Center, california||restored example|
|International 8-16 Junior||-||International 8-16 Junior sn IC-16615||1922||International||Owner ?||Onslow Park Rally 2009||undergoing restoration|
|International 8-16||reg no. ?||Serial no||1918||International||Joan Hollenitsch, Garden Grove, California||
||Leffingwell book||misc notes|
|International 8-16||reg no. ?||Serial no||1919||International||Loren & Elain Peterson, Sparta, Michigan||
||Leffingwell book||misc notes|
|make + model||reg no. ?||Serial no||build date||Engine||Owner||
||were seen||misc notes|
|Please add any tractor with known reg or serial no. with Photo if possible.|
|Create a page (link) for an individual tractor by linking the reg or serial number using [[Tractor make-model-reg no.|reg number]] or [[Tractor make-model-serial no.|serial number]] in the relevant column. Then once saved click the red link to start the new page and add more detailed info and photos for that tractor.|
<references> 8-16 International Junior serial no. 11349 owner- Carlyle Lee Durand, Illinois
- List of International Harvester vehicles
- List of Tractor Manufacturers
- Clubs Listing - various collectors & preservation groups.
References / sources
Originaly based on the article at The Science museum Object Wiki web site
- Old Tractor Magazine, October 2003
- Wendel, C. H. 1981. 150 Years of International Harvester, Crestline Publishing Co., Sarasota, Florida. (serial numbers p.411)
- Klancher, Lee 1996. International Harvester Photographic History, Motorbooks International, Osceola, Wisconsin, p.34
- Old Tractor Magazine, october 2003, page 9
- Leffingwell, Randy 1999. International Harvester Tractors, MBI Publishing Co., Osceola, Wisconsin. pp.42,44,190
- Leffingwell, Randy 1999. International Harvester Tractors, MBI Publishing Co., Osceola, Wisconsin. pp.45,190