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International 544 Gas 1968
International 544 utility tractor with gasoline engine, 1968
Model history
Model introduced 1968
Model discontinued 1973
Model status Discontinued Discontinued
No. produced 7,179
Preceded by International 504
Superseded by International 574
Engine Specification
Engine make International
Engine model C-200
Fuel type gasoline
Power hp 66 gross, 60 net, 53 pto, 46 drawbar
Governed rpm 2200
Displacement cu in /(litre) 200 ci
No. of Cylinders 4
Bore in (mm) 3.813"
Stroke in (mm) 4.3875"
Cooling system Water
Naturally aspirated, Turbo or Supercharged NA
Transmission Details
Transmission type 5-speed sliding gear plus 2-speed planetary
Gearbox make International
Forward 10
Reverse 2
Drive 2-WD
General Data
Linkage Category Category II 3-point hitch
Tyre Sizes (std/options)
Front 6.00-16 6-ply
Rear 14.9-28 6-ply
Tractor Dimensions
Length (inches/metres) 138"
Height (inches/meters) 62"
Weight (nominal) lb/kg 4980 lb
Wheelbase 73"
Other info
Factories USA
Plow rating 4
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The International 544 was a utility tractor built by International Harvester from 1968 to 1973 in the USA.

Model historyEdit

Main article: International Harvester

For hydrostatic transmission version see: International 544 Hydro. For row crop model see: Farmall 544. For industrial model see: International 2544.

The International 544 Utility was longer and taller than the 504 Utility it replaced and about 700 lb heavier (partly from larger standard rear tires). New engines moved it up from the 3-4 plow 45-hp class to the full 4-plow 55-hp class. A new 200 ci International C-200 gas engine, derived from the C-301 6-cylinder of the big 856 tractor, replaced the old C-153 4-cylinder. The available diesel engine was a new International D-239 4-cylinder built in Neuss, Germany, replacing the American-built D-188. As before, the main transmission was a 5-speed and a 2-speed Torque Amplifier was available.

Tractor Comparison, gasoline version Edit

Case didn't make a utility tractor in the same power class as the International 544 so its closest model was the 730CK Special, a larger and more powerful standard tractor. In 1968 Ford tractors bracketed the International, the 4000 All Purpose having several hp less and the 5000 All Purpose having several hp more. In 1969 the 4000 got a bigger engine, giving it almost as much power as the International. The Ford All Purpose tractors were built taller than traditional utility tractors so, in 1970, Ford brought out the 4000 SU, basically the 4000-series engine in the chassis of the smaller 3000 utility. The John Deere 2010 U was a close match for the International. In 1972 it was replaced by the more powerful 2030 RU. In 1968 the Massey-Ferguson MF165's 176 ci Continental 4-cylinder engine provided less power than the International's 200 ci four. In 1969 the MF165 got a larger Perkins 212 ci engine, making it equal to the International. The taller Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard and Oliver 1550 Wheatland were also in the same power class as the International 544.

Make & model Pto hp Displace. Speeds Weight (lb) Price-$ (year)
International 544 53 200 5-10 4980
Case 730CK Special 58 251 8 6400
Ford 4000 All Purpose 46 192 8 4090 4908 (1968)
Ford 5000 All Purpose 60 233 8 5140 5713 (1968) 8023 (1973)
Ford 4000 All Purpose 51 201 8 4504 5589 (1969) 6862 (1973)
Ford 4000 SU 52 201 8 4245
John Deere 2020 U 54 181 8 4565 4865 (1968)
John Deere 2030 RU 60 219 8-16 4845 6361 (1973)
Massey-Ferguson 165 47 176 6-12 4630 4670 (1968)
Massey-Ferguson 165 52 212 6-12 4630 4717 (1969) 6286 (1973)
Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard 56 221 10 5100 5730 (1968)
Oliver 1550 Wheatland 53 232 12 6650 5767 (1968)

Tractor Comparison, diesel version Edit

The diesel version of the International 544 competed in 1968 with the diesel BMC Nuffield 10/60, David Brown 990, Deutz D5506, Fiat 615, John Deere 2020 U, Massey-Ferguson MF165, Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard, and Oliver 1450. The Ford 4000 All Purpose was less powerful in 1968 and the Ford 5000 All Purpose was more powerful. In 1969 the improved Ford 4000 All Purpose more closely matched the International and the lower 1970 Ford 4000 SU was an even better match. The 1971 Fiat 600 and nearly identical Fiat-built Minneapolis-Moline G450 and Oliver 1365 also matched the International 544.

Make & model Pto hp Displace. Speeds Weight (lb) Price-$ (year)
International 544 53 239 5-10 5220
BMC Nuffield 10/60 55 230 10 5865
BMC Nuffield 4/65 62 230 10 6610
Case 730CK Special 57 267 8 6600
David Brown 990 52 186 6 4230 5292 (1968)
David Brown 990 54 195 6 4230 5616 (1969) 7615 (1973)
Deutz D5506 56 230 8-12 4730 7606 (1973)
Fiat 615 55 268 7 5997
Fiat 650 c.55 226 7 5650
Fiat 600 55 211 8 4961
Ford 4000 All Purpose 47 201 8 4090 5188 (1968)
Ford 5000 All Purpose 60 233 8 5140 6024 (1968)
Ford 4000 All Purpose 53 201 8 4770 5883 (1969) 7224 (1973)
Ford 4000 SU 53 201 8 4380
John Deere 2020 U 54 203 8 4645 5359 (1968)
John Deere 2030 RU 61 219 8-16 4845 6896 (1973)
Leyland 255 48 222 10 6300
Massey-Ferguson 165 52 204 6-12 4880 5080 (1968) 6651 (1973)
Minneapolis-Moline U302 Super Standard 52 236 10 5200 6405 (1970)
Minneapolis-Moline G450 Utility 55 211 8-12 4410 6196 (1973)
Oliver 1450 55 268 7-14 5520 5557 (1968)
Oliver 1355 Utility 51 190 8 4410 5210 (1969)
Oliver 1365 Utility 55 211 8-12 4410 6196 (1973)

Note: Most specifications and prices in comparison tables from The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010[1], Farm Tractors 1950-1975[2], and Farm Tractors 1975-1995[3]

Timeline Edit

Factory locations Edit

SpecificationEdit

For basic spec see Infobox on the right. Add details here.

  • C-200 4-cylinder gasoline engine
  • 5-speed transmission
  • Adjustable front axle
  • Hydrostatic power steering
  • Independent pto
  • Category II 3-point hitch with traction control
  • Standard tires
    • Front: 6.00-16 6-ply
    • Rear: 14.9-28 6-ply

OptionsEdit

  • D-239 4-cylinder diesel engine
  • Torque Amplifier 2-speed planetary gearbox
  • Forward-reverse shuttle (not available with Torque Amplifier)
  • Heavy-duty fixed tread front axle
  • Power adjusted rear wheels
  • "Hydra-Touch" hydraulic valves

Serial numbersEdit

Year Serial no. run
start[1]
Serial no. run
End
Number Built Notes
1968 10250 12698 2449 Production calculated from serial no. range
1969 12699 14588 1890
1970 14589 16017 1429
1971 16018 16837 820
1972 16838 17340 503
1973 17341 17428[4] 88 Last built
Total built 7179

PreservationEdit

Add details of known examples in preservation;

List of Preserved International 544 tractors
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Make + Model No. Reg No.
(if known)
Serial No. Build-Date Engine-Type/Make Owner
(if known)
Photo Were seen/Featured in Other info
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Gallery Edit

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See alsoEdit

Collection related info
  • Shows and Meets - events featuring tractors and other machinery
  • Clubs Listing - List of clubs including various tractor marques
  • Collections - list of private collections with tractors (add yours)
  • Museums - includes museums featuring tractors (please add missing ones)

References/sourcesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hall, Mike, Ed., The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010, Price Digests, Overland Park, Kansas, 2009
  2. Larsen, Lester, Farm Tractors 1950-1975, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1981
  3. Gay, Larry, Farm Tractors 1975-1995, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1995
  4. Baumheckel, Ralph and Borghoff, Kent, International Farm Equipment Product History, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1997

External linksEdit

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