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IAME Rastrojero
Manufacturer IAME (Industrias Aeronáutica y Mecánicas del Estado)
Production 1952–1979
Assembly Córdoba, Argentina
Class One-ton Pickup truck
RD 1962 3

1962 Rastrojero

Publicidad Rastrojero

1954 advertisement

The Rastrojero was a small diesel utility pickup truck with a capacity of half-ton (taxis were also developed) designed by Raúl Gómez and built by the Argentine government-owned airplane (and vehicle) manufacturer IAME (Industrias Aeronáutica y Mecánicas del Estado) from 1952 to 1980. It owes its name to its purpose of hauling crops (rastrojos). Over 33,000 of these trucks were manufactured.

First Generation
Rastrojero (1952-1967) 02
Production 1952–1969
Body style(s) 2-door pickup truck
2-door flat bed with wooden drop-side
2-door cab chassis
2-door crew cab
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive
Engine(s) 2.2 L (134 cu in) I4 Willys petrol
1.8 L (110 cu in) I4 Borgward Diesel
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
Wheelbase 105.5 in (2680 mm)
Length 183.08 in (4650 mm)
Width 66.53 in (1690 mm)
Height 65.4 in (1661 mm)
Curb weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg)
4,233 lb (1,920 kg) Max. GWV

First generation (1952-1969)Edit

The Rastrojero was born as a product driven by the state company, during the epoch of stimulus to the local work force and support to domestic industry, during the presidency of General Juan Domingo Perón. For the production of this vehicle, they used parts of Empire Tractors, which had been purchased by the United States government a few years after end of World War 2. These tractors had a problem in their design, and were discontinued. Finally, these tractors were converted by a group of technicians and engineers who worked on making the new truck. The original Rastrojero pickup truck, rolled off the assembly line in 1952. From 1952 to 1954, a Willys-Overland 2,199 cm3 (134 cu in) gasoline engine from the tractors was used and starting in 1954, a 42 hp (31 kW) Borgward D4M diesel engine of 1758 cm3 with indirect injection.[1]

Particular attention was given to the front fender design, bearing in mind that it would be a vehicle for the outback, and for that reason the fender lines where deigned similar in shape to the ones used at the time for Turismo Carretera road racing, so as not to collect too much mud under the fenders.

Second Generation
Production 1969–1979
Body style(s) 2-door pickup truck
2-door flat bed with wooden drop-side
2-door cab chassis
2 or 4-door crew cab
4-door panel van
4-door wagon
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 1.8 L (110 cu in) I4 Borgward Diesel
2.0 L (122 cu in) I4 Indenor Diesel
Transmission(s) 4-speed manual

Second generation (1968-1979)Edit

Finally, in 1968 its body got a complete redesign. The new model now looked more like a car with the aspect of a tougher vehicle. Its design featured a bodywork made entirely of steel with fully floating cab and separate cargo section for the two door models while the cab and box were built into an integrated assembly for the four doors models. However, there were also models that still had flat beds with wooden boxes and drop-sides. In addition to its aesthetics, its powertrain had been modified as well. The new model came equipped with an Indenor XD 4.88 52 hp (39 kW) gas engine sourced by Peugeot, with a 4-speed gear box. Despite this motor change, Borgward continued to provide transmissions.

In 1974 it minor redesign changes were made on the front and rear of to the body.

Despite several attempts by the Ministry of Aeronautics and Defense to stop their production, the Rastrojero assembly line continued. The engineers, technicians and employees of the factory, fearing production would be shut down, were guaranteed its production until 1979. During this time, the evolution of the body was nil because of these attempts to cut its production. In spite of that, there was still significant evolution of its power plant, beginning with gas engines getting 65 hp (48 kW), passing up the Borgward diesel with 42HP and ending with the Indenor XD2 diesel with 68HP.[2]

Also, the factory at the time had offered different models based on the Rastrojero, highlighted among those is a truck similar to the standard front IKA, a van based on this truck, and the Rastrojero Conosur, a car based on the second generation Rastrojero that was designed exclusively to be used in taxi fleets.

Finally, by direction from the government's National Reorganization Process prevailing in Argentina, the production of the Rastrojero and all derivatives was ended on 1980.

Rastrojero project: continued by other companies Edit

When I.M.E. dissappeared, a brand called Lo Giudice-Pace bought the rights and the tooling of I.M.E. and continued few years until 1987.

See alsoEdit

References Edit

Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at IAME Rastrojero. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

  1. Rastrojero Diesel IME - (in Spanish) - Accessed 03/23/2011
  2. IME Rastrojero, p. 17 - Accessed 03/23/2011

External links Edit

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