Horwood Bagshaw
Predecessor Bagshaw & Son
J.H. Horwood & Co.
Founded 1924
Headquarters Mannum, Australia
Products agriculture machinery tractor, combine harvesters, tillage

Horwood Bagshaw Acremaster 2000 series 4WD brochure Horwood Bagshaw was an Australian tractor and implement manufacturer. Bagshaw & Son was founded in 1838 by John Stokes Bagshaw, while J.H. Horwood & Co. was founded in the early 1900s. In 1924, Horwood and Bagshaw merged, and was based in Mannum, Australia.[1] In 1985, the company took on the Big Bud franchise in Australia, importing the Big Bud 650/50. In 1985, they purchased the assets of the Acremaster 4-wheel drive articulated tractor company, becoming a tractor manufacturer. They also produced combine harvesters for a time.

The company today is a manufacturer of air seeders, scrapers and tillage equipment.

Horwood and SonsEdit

Joel Horwood (ca. 1800 – 18 May 1864) was a mechanical engineer who arrived in Adelaide, South Australia on the Baboo in 1848 and the following year founded the Colonial Iron Works in Hindley Street, Adelaide. At least three of his four sons were educated at J. L. Young's Adelaide Educational Institution; all followed in the same line of business, initially with him, then in different parts of Australia. As Horwood and Son, then Horwood & Sons, he was able to supply the burgeoning mining industry with urgently required parts, some of substantial size.[2] With his death and changes in ownership, it became successively Horwood, Ellis & Stevens, Horwood & Ellis in 1866[3] then Ellis & Chittleborough in 1868. That firm failed and the business was taken over by James A Whitfield in 1869.[4] Informative accounts of Adelaide's iron foundries and heavy engineering workshops of the period may be found here.

In 1856 his first son, also named Joel Horwood, opened a branch of Horwood & Sons in Vine Street, Bendigo (then called Sandhurst).[5] He was a successful breeder of Shorthorn cattle and Cleveland and Clydesdale horses at his property "Bridgewater Park" on the River Loddon. He died on 4 May 1900 aged 68 or 70 at his home "Glendure" on Myrtle Street Bendigo, survived by his second wife Rachelle. The foundry was taken over by the foreman Frank M. Brown in 1902 [6] Joel (jnr)'s son Edward James Horwood was notable in Broken Hill, New South Wales as manager of BHP's mine works.[7] He married Carrie, youngest daughter of Gilbert Wood on 9 April 1890.

Joel Horwood's second son, Thomas Horwood (ca. 1829 – 12 August 1898), ran a Horwood and Son foundry at Wallaroo, ownership of which was taken over in 1869 by T. R. Heath.[8] He continued to manage the business, then moved to Bendigo.

His fourth son, John William Horwood (ca. 1834 – 23 September 1915) returned to England in 1865 to study engineering and subsequently purchased the Albion Foundry in Castlemaine, Victoria.[9]

J. H. Horwood and Co.Edit

His third son, Joseph Henry Horwood (1841 – 17 April 1913) worked at the Bendigo Iron Works constructing mining equipment. He returned to Adelaide in 1867 to supply the Montacute goldmine with a ten head stamp battery, which he bought back the following year and installed at the Echunga goldmine. He then spent some time with his mining engineer brother John William Horwood in Castlemaine, Victoria before returning to Adelaide in 1872. He built a crushing plant in the Barossa Valley, then moved to Moonta to work on the copper mines, but withdrew in 1874 after being singled out for retribution for his part in suppressing the miners' strike.[10] On 18 March 1875 he married Maria Brooks, and in the same year started work for Francis Clark & Sons, managing their machinery dealership on Grenfell Street then Blyth Street which they sold in 1882. He then joined Samuel Strapps to form a machinery manufacturing and sales business in Currie Street, bringing foreman Thomas Ward with him.[11] Horwood's specialty was well-drilling and he built the first steam-powered rock drilling machine, as well as being a pioneer in tube-lined bores. His fence-wire tensioning device and windmills won several prizes at the Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society shows. The business moved to Franklin Street in 1906 and became J. H. Horwood and Co. Ltd. in 1912.[12]

Horwood Bagshaw Ltd.Edit

Joseph Henry's son, Horace R. Horwood (1885?–) was apprenticed to his father's company in 1903, and on completion became a salesman, selling farm machinery from the new Currie Street showrooms. In 1924, after acquiring J. S. Bagshaw & Sons Ltd, he was appointed General Sales Manager and director in the firm newly formed Horwood Bagshaw Ltd[12][13] and retired in 1953.[14]

Around 1960 the company acquired David Shearer Ltd of Mannum, South Australia.


HB HB168 pull-type combine brochure

Horwood Bagshaw HB168 pull-type combine

HB Disc Drill brochure

Horwood Bagshaw Disc Drills

Horwood Bagshaw Tractor Models
Model Year(s) Produced Horsepower Engine Type Misc Notes Photo
Horwood Bagshaw Acremaster
Horwood Bagshaw C2160 Acremaster 180 hp (130 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2190 Acremaster 213 hp (159 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2220 Acremaster 238 hp (177 kW) Cummins Horwood Bagshaw C2220 Acremaster 4WD - 1985
Horwood Bagshaw C2250 Acremaster 254 hp (189 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2280 Acremaster 284 hp (212 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2310 Acremaster 314 hp (234 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2360 Acremaster 366 hp (273 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2400 Acremaster 405 hp (302 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw C2470 Acremaster 477 hp (356 kW) Cummins
Horwood Bagshaw M2280 Acremaster 275 hp (205 kW) Mercedes-Benz
Horwood Bagshaw M2340 Acremaster 343 hp (256 kW) Mercedes-Benz
Horwood Bagshaw M2400M Acremaster 404 hp (301 kW) Mercedes-Benz
Horwood Bagshaw M2520 Acremaster 528 hp (394 kW) Mercedes-Benz

Horwood Bagshaw Combine Harvester Models
Model Year(s) Produced Horsepower Engine Type Misc Notes Photo
Horwood Bagshaw OH combine HB OH combine brochure
Horwood Bagshaw XP88 combine Horwood Bagshaw XP88 combine
Horwood Bagshaw 2140 combine Horwood Bagshaw 2140 combine (yellow & green)
Horwood Bagshaw 2140 SP combine


  2. "Large Spur Wheel", National Library of Australia (11 February 1863), p. 2. Retrieved on 29 January 2012. 
  3. Advertisement South Australian Register 6 November 1866 p.1 accessed 19 June 2011
  4. Colonial Iron Works South Australian Register 15 May 1869 p.2 accessed 19 June 2011
  5. Miscellaneous South Australian Advertiser 27 May 1864 p.6 accessed 19 June 2011
  7. Sudden Death of Mr. E. J. Horwood Barrier Miner (Broken Hill) 14 November 1940 p.3 accessed 19 June 2011
  8. Topics of the Day South Australian Advertiser 20 May 1869 p.2 accessed 19 June 2011
  9. Personal The Argus (Melbourne) 28 September 1915 p.6 accessed 19 June 2011
  10. "Intimidation at Moonta", National Library of Australia (7 May 1874), p. 4. Retrieved on 21 January 2012. 
  11. Obituary The Advertiser 10 September 1927 p.16 accessed 16 June 2011
  12. 12.0 12.1 Cumming, D. A, Moxham, G They Built South Australia Published by the authors February 1986 ISBN 0-9589111-0-X
  14. Horwood Bagshaw Limited The Advertiser 30 June 1954 accessed 17 January 2011
  • Horwood Bagshaw : 125 years progress, 1838-1963 Horwood Bagshaw Ltd, Adelaide, 1963

External linksEdit

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