|Products||construction equipment, engines, tractors,steam locomotives, trucks|
Massey Ferguson (former)
Hanomag (Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG)"(Hanover Machine Works)" was a German producer of steam locomotives, tractors, trucks, construction machinery, and military vehicles. Hanomag first achieved international fame by delivering a large number of steam locomotives to Romania and Bulgaria before WW I.
- 1 History
- 2 Automotive parts
- 3 Products
- 4 UK Preserved Machines
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
History[edit | edit source]
The company dates back to 1835 when Georg Egestorff founded a company called Eisen-Giesserei und Maschinenfabrik Hannover to build small steam engines. They soon started making farm machinery and in 1846 built their first railway locomotive for the Hannover State Railways. By 1870 they had made 500 locomotives and in 1871 changed their name to Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG.
Industrial/Agricultural Vehicles[edit | edit source]
Road vehicles followed when in 1905 they received a contract for steam wagons for the German army.
Petrol engined vehicles were followed in 1912 with a line of farm tractors.
By the 1920s, the market for steam road vehicles was in terminal decline and Hanomag looked to cars as the future, particularly economy models. Although the cars were made in large numbers, (15,775 in total), production of them did not make much money for the company, resulting in the late 1920s with the sale of the railway locomotive division to Henschel & Son of Kassel.
The companies first diesel engined tractors were made in 1928, although claims as to who was the first company to produce a diesel tractor are disputed.
During World War Two, the car plant made military vehicle engines, a military version of their heavy tractor renamed the SS-100, and SdKfz 251 half track troop carriers. Post war production resumed making trailer units followed by tractors, and in 1949 a 1.5 ton truck.
In 1960, Hanomag established Rheinstahl Hanomag Cura SA in Rosario Santa Fe, Argentina. They first imported tractors, then assembled and built Hanomag tractors.
A new range of tractors was launched in 1967, with the new engine from Rhienstahl. In 1969 the truck making division of Hanomag-Henschel was sold to Daimler-Benz, leaving the Hannover works making earth-moving machinery. Also in 1969, the joint venture in Argentina, Rheinstahl Hanomag Cura SA, was purchased by the Massey Ferguson licensee there (Massey Ferguson Argentina), and manufactured there until 1990s, while the German tractor works were purchased by Massey Ferguson, also in 1969.
Tractor production was stopped in 1971, after producing 250,000 tractors. The construction division was sold to Massey Ferguson in 1974, and renamed Massey Ferguson Hanomag. Massey Ferguson Hanomag was then taken over by the German IBH Group in 1980. When the German Bank failed in 1984, IBH Group collapsed in bankruptcy, and Hanomag was eventually re-financed with Komatsu taking a stake in 1989. Hanomag started production of Wheeled Loaders for the European market for Komatsu. In 2002, Komatsu Limited the world's second largest construction machine manufacturer, bought out Hanomag AG, and since then Komatsu Hanomag GmbH has been a 100% owned subsidiary of the globally company.
In Hanover, the company is producing wheel loaders ranging from 54 to 353 kW and since 2005 also has been producing wheeled excavators from 14 to 22 tons. Thanks to the European Technical Center (EUTC), these correspond to the latest state of technology. In Hanover, the company develops construction machines designed to meet the varied requirements of customers all over Europe, also some products for worldwide markets. During recent years the company has grown with production increasing from 2500 to 3900 units in 2006. Turnover amounted to 356 million Euros, 62% over the year before. Resulting in around 1,170 people being employed at Komatsu Hanomag at the end of 2006 fiscal year.
Automotive Vehicles[edit | edit source]
By the 1920s, the market for steam road vehicles was in terminal decline and Hanomag looked to cars as the future, particularly economy models.
In 1925, they launched the Hanomag 2/10, a 370 kg (816 lb) open two seater with a rear-mounted 500cc single-cylinder water cooled engine. Named Zweisitzer Limousine (two-seat limousine) by the company, its rounded front and rear gained it the nickname Kommissbrot for its resemblance to a loaf of Army bread. Although made in large numbers, 15,775 in total, it did not make much money for the company.
A more conventional car, the 3/16PS, came in 1928, along with the tractors, taking the company back into profit. Hanomag were badly hurt by the drop in trade in 1929 and built a large stock of unsold vehicles. Things improved in 1930 and the company got 14 per cent of the domestic car market, second place behind Opel, but in 1931 a new crisis came when the banks called in a loan. The factory was mortgaged to Hannover City and the Vereinigte Stahlwerke trust and the company relaunched as Hanomag Automobil und Schlepperbau GmbH.
For 1932, a new small car, the 1.1 Litre, renamed the Garant in 1934, was announced and sold well allowing two shift working to be introduced and it was joined by the larger 1.5 litre Rekord (a name later used by Opel) in 1933 with independent front suspension. A diesel Rekord was shown at the 1936 Berlin Motor Show.
Although prototypes were made, no cars were produced postwar.
Military vehicles[edit | edit source]
During World War II , the car plant made military vehicle engines, a military version of their heavy tractor renamed the SS-100, and half track troop carriers. Hanomag 20 B, a 4-wheel-drive Small Unit-Personell Carrier was produced 1937-1940 (ca. 2000) under the parentage of Stoewer. Capacity problems by Stoewer resulted in co-production by both BMW and Hanomag. Together the three manufacturers made ca. 10.000 units. The special 4-wheel-steering system was fitted on most models. Operating a "lock-level" between the front seats made the steerable rear axle turn sideways to a certain angle. Post war production resumed making trailer units followed by tractors and in 1949 a 1.5 ton truck. Rudolph Hiller, who had been president of Phänomen trucks, joined the board and restructured the company by arranging for it to join the Rheinstahl consortium in 1952.
Merger & Split[edit | edit source]
In 1964, Rheinstahl took over Henschel & Son and in a reverse of history the company was merged with Hanomag.
In 1969, the farm tractor operations in Germany were sold to Massey Ferguson, the tractor operations joint venture in Argentina (Rheinstahl Hanomag Cura SA) were sold to Massey Ferguson Argentina, and the truck making division of Hanomag-Henschel was sold to Daimler Benz, leaving the Hannover works making earth-moving machinery for Massey Ferguson.
Construction machinery[edit | edit source]
In 1989, the world's second largest construction machine manufacturer, Komatsu, bought a share of Hanomag AG, and since 2002, Komatsu Hanomag GmbH has been a 100% subsidiary of the global company.
In Hanover, the company is producing wheel loaders ranging from 54 to 353 PS (260 kW) and since 2005 also has been producing wheeled excavators from 14 to 22 tons. Thanks to the European Technical Center (EUTC), these correspond to the latest state of technology. In Hanover, the company develops construction machines which meet varied requirements of customers all over Europe as well as for certain products also worldwide.
Engines[edit | edit source]
Hanomag built a range of engines that were used in their own machines. Later after the Massey Ferguson take over, they were used in most of the Hanomag products built as Hanomag / MF. A few lines used Perkins engines, which Massey Ferguson also owned at this time.
Hanomag diesel engines were fitted in some French built tractors from the 1950s.
Automotive parts[edit | edit source]
In 1990, Daimler-Benz AG sold the remaining parts and accessories business to a small private company in Hannover, which remains as the the last source for original Hanomag parts and accessories worldwide.
Products[edit | edit source]
Tractor model range[edit | edit source]
Construction models[edit | edit source]
|Model||Year(s) Produced||Horsepower||Engine Type||Misc Notes||Photo|
|Hanomag HD60 backhoe||designed with Hymac under IBH control|
|Hanomag HD60C backhoe||75 hp (56 kW)|
|Hanomag K4 crawler||1961-1968||34 hp (25 kW)|
|Hanomag K5 crawler||1962-1970||50 hp (37 kW)|
|Hanomag K5B crawler||1970-1975||with Backhoe|
|Hanomag K5EM crawler||with Meiller Dozer equipment|
|Hanomag K7 crawler|
|Hanomag K7B crawler||1964-1975||75/90 hp (0.62 kW)|
|Hanomag K8 crawler||1967-1975||85 hp (63 kW)|
|Hanomag K10 crawler||1961-1963||90 hp (67 kW)|
|Hanomag K10B crawler||1963-1975||100 hp (75 kW)|
|Hanomag K11 crawler||1964-1970||105 hp (78 kW)|
|Hanomag K12C crawler||1970-1972||125 hp (93 kW)|
|Hanomag K12C MkII crawler||1972-1974||135 hp (101 kW)|
|Hanomag K12D crawler||1974-1975||92 hp (69 kW)|
|Hanomag K15 crawler||1962-1967||150 hp (110 kW)|
|Hanomag K16 crawler||1967-1972|
|Hanomag K16B crawler||1972-1975||195 hp (145 kW)|
|Hanomag K18 crawler||1974-1975||180 hp (130 kW)|
|Hanomag K18C crawler||1975-||175 hp (130 kW)|
|Hanomag K50 crawler|
|Hanomag K50E crawler|
|Hanomag K55 crawler||52 hp (39 kW)|
|Hanomag K55E crawler||45 hp (34 kW)|
|Hanomag K60 crawler||1956-1958||60 hp (45 kW)|
|Hanomag K65 crawler||1958-196?||65 hp (48 kW)|
|Hanomag K90 crawler||1952-1961||90 hp (67 kW)|
|Hanomag K320 crawler|
|Hanomag KV50 crawler||built in Argentina|
|Hanomag L600D crawler|
Massey Ferguson /Hanomag range[edit | edit source]
|Model||Year(s) Produced||Horsepower||Engine Type||Misc Notes||Photo|
|Hanomag D400C crawler||92 hp (69 kW)||Perkins||same as Massey Ferguson 400C|
|Hanomag D400D crawler||1981-1984||92 hp (69 kW)||Perkins||same as Massey Ferguson 400D|
|Hanomag D500E crawler||1984-1986||115 hp (86 kW)|
|Hanomag D504E crawler|
|Hanomag D540E crawler||1986-1992||127 hp (95 kW)|
|Hanomag D570E crawler||1992-1996||132 hp (98 kW)|
|Hanomag D580E crawler||1992-1996||132 hp (98 kW)|
|Hanomag D600C crawler||147 hp (110 kW)||same as Massey Ferguson 600C|
|Hanomag D600D crawler||1981-1987||147 hp (110 kW)||same as Massey Ferguson 600D|
|Hanomag D600DS crawler||1987-1996|
|Hanomag D670E crawler||1989-1996||180 hp (130 kW)|
|Hanomag D680E crawler||1989-1996||180 hp (130 kW)|
|Hanomag D700C crawler||184 hp (137 kW)||same as Massey Ferguson 700C|
|Hanomag D700D crawler||1981-1989||184 hp (137 kW)||same as Massey Ferguson 700D|
|Hanomag D700DS crawler||1989-1996||240 hp (180 kW)|
Other Construction Plant Models[edit | edit source]
- Wheeled loaders
- Hanomag 22 / Massey Ferguson 22 - 62 hp (46 kW) 4-cylinder Hanomag D142B engine
- Hanomag 22C / Massey Ferguson 22C - 62 hp (46 kW) 4-cylinder Perkins engine
- Hanomag 35D
- Hanomag 44C / Massey Ferguson 44C - 113 hp (84 kW) 4-cylinder Hanomag D393B engine
- Hanomag 55C / Massey Ferguson 55C - 144 hp (107 kW) 6-cylinder Hanomag D962B engine
- Hanomag 66C / Massey Ferguson 66C - 210 hp (160 kW) 6-cylinder Hanomag D963A engine
- Hanomag 77C / Massey Ferguson 77C - 258 hp (192 kW) 6-cylinder Hanomag D963/A2 turbocharged engine
- Massey Ferguson 911 - 43 hp (32 kW) 3-cylinder Perkins D3.152 2.5 litre engine
- Wheeled (refuse) Compactors
- Wheeled Dozer's
- Hydraulic Excavators
- Tracked loaders
- Towed Scraper (model number unknown)
Hanomag engines[edit | edit source]
- Hanomag D142B 62 hp 4-cylinder
Hanomag Trucks[edit | edit source]
- Hanomag AL-28
- Hanomag F55
- Hanomag Kurier
UK Preserved Machines[edit | edit source]
These are a rare tractors in the UK, most that are here have been imported by preservationists, looking for something different, or who are Hot Bulb engine enthusiasts.
A few Hanomag Bulldozers were imported, and some MF machines were Hanomag-built machines badged up.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- World Wide Guide to Massey Ferguson Industrial & Construction Equipment, by John Farnworth.
- Classic Plant & Machinery Magazine - various articles on Hanomag
- Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
[edit | edit source]
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