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CCKW
GMC 2 Half-ton 6x6 Truck
Long Wheel Base CCKW
Place of origin Flag of the United States.svg United States
Specifications
Weight 10.100 Lbs.
Crew 2

Armor none
Primary
armament
Provision for machine gun mount.
Engine GMC 6-cylinder 269 cid
91.5 hp
Suspension wheels, 6x6
Speed 45 MPH

The GMC CCKW is a 2½ ton 6X6 U.S. Army cargo truck that saw service in World War II and the Korean War, often referred to as a "Deuce and a Half" or "Jimmy". The CCKW came in many variants, the simplest being open or closed cab, and Long Wheel Base (LWB 353) or Short Wheel Base (SWB 352).

HistoryEdit

Convoy Red Ball Express

CCKWs in Red Ball Express convoy, 1944

Built to 812,262 copies, CCKWs were employed in large numbers for the Red Ball Express, an enormous convoy system created by Allied forces to supply their forces moving through Europe following the breakout from the D-Day beaches in Normandy, from August 25 to November 16, 1944, when the port facilities at Antwerp were opened.[1] At its peak the Red Ball operated 5,958 vehicles, and carried about 12,500 tons of supplies a day.[2]

The designation CCKW comes from model nomenclature used by GMC; the first C indicated a vehicle designed in 1941, the second C signified a conventional cab, the K indicated all-wheel drive and the W indicated winch for the version with the winch on the front. The term "Deuce and a Half" is not a post war term and was applied to all 2½ ton cargo trucks.

VersionsEdit

GMC CCKW SWB 6x6 Truck

CCKW short-wheelbase version

GMC CCKW 750 Gal Tanker

The CCKW 750 gallon tanker version

    • Truck, cargo, 2½-Ton, 6X6, long-wheelbase / short-wheelbase
    • Water tanker 700 Gal.
    • Fuel tanker 750 Gal
    • Dump
    • Flatbed
    • Ordnance Maintenance Truck, Van
    • K-53 truck Van
    • K-60 truck Van
    • M27 Bomb Service Truck
    • M27B1 Bomb Service Truck
    • M1 chemical Service Truck
    • Dental Operating Truck, Van
    • Surgical Truck, Van
    • Water purification truck
    • Fire Engine
    • Tractor cab

Initially all versions were of closed cab design (having a metal roof and doors) with all steel cargo beds. But as the war progressed an open cab version was designed that had fixed 'half doors' and a canvas top/sides and the steel bed was replaced by a wooden one to conserve steel.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. David P. Colley (2000). The Road to Victory: The Untold Story of World War II's Red Ball Express. Potomac Books. ISBN 1-57488-173-6. 
  2. [1] The Real History of World War II: A New Look at the Past by Alan Axelrod, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2008, ISBN 1402740905, 9781402740909

External linksEdit

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