Ford Ranger (North American)
2011 Ford Ranger XLT -- NHTSA
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Assembly St. Paul, Minnesota, United States
Edison, New Jersey, United States
Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Predecessor Ford Courier
Class Compact pickup truck
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive

Ford Ranger is a pickup truck produced by the Ford Motor Company. The "Ranger" name had previously been used for a premium styling package on the F-Series full-sized pickup trucks since 1965. The name was moved to this line of North American compact trucks for the 1983 model year.

In North America, the Ranger is Ford's compact pickup truck. The Ranger replaced the Ford Courier, an American version of the Mazda B-Series, in a segment largely defined by the Toyota and Datsun pickup trucks. The Ranger was the best-selling compact pickup in America from 1987 to 2004.

The Ranger and related Mazda B-Series are manufactured at Ford's Twin Cities Assembly Plant in St. Paul, Minnesota, which is now scheduled to close in 2011. They were also assembled in Louisville, Kentucky until 1999 and in Edison, New Jersey until the plant's closing in 2004. It was reported in 2005 that an all-new Ranger, codenamed P273, was in the works to be introduced by 2010.[1] The P273 was slated to be world pickup, presumably to be merged with the Mazda world pickups. A 2007 Ranger for the Thai market based on the Asian 4Trac concept was unveiled, but it is not scheduled to replace the North American truck. According to a recent article in the Car and Driver, there are three alternatives for Ford: 1) to redesign and continue to build the next generation in North America; 2) to import the new Ford Australian developed midsize 35+ mpg diesel version ute from the plant in Thailand;[2] and 3) to discontinue the Ranger line and exit the compact pickup market in North America.[3] There are rumors that Ford's future product plans in the compact pickup market segment will be announced closer to the end of Ford Ranger production at the St. Paul, Minnesota plant in 2010–2011. There are reports that the plant will be sold and redeveloped once the production is ceased.[4][5]

Second generation models were also sold as the Mazda B-Series. Mazda has used the engine displacement to determine the name. Thus, the B2500 had a 2.5 L I4 engine, and the B4000 has a 4.0 L V6. For 2002, the name was changed to simply Mazda Truck in the United States. Mazda's partnership with Ford has resulted in the sharing of this vehicle—the Mazda B-Series and Ford Ranger are essentially the same after 1994.

First generationEdit


Production 1983–1988
Engine(s) 2.0 L OHC I4
2.2 L Perkins 4.135 Diesel I4
2.3 L OHC I4
2.3 L Mitsubishi 4D55 Turbodiesel I4
2.8 L Cologne V6
2.9 L Cologne V6
Transmission(s) Manual
4-speed Toyo Kogyo TK4
5-speed Toyo Kogyo TK5
5-speed Mitsubishi FM132
5-speed Mitsubishi FM145
5-speed Mitsubishi FM146
5-speed Mazda M5OD-R1
3-speed C3
3-speed C5
4-speed A4LD
Wheelbase 107.9 in (2741 mm)
113.9 in (2893 mm)
125 in (3175 mm)
Length 175.6 in (4460 mm)
187.6 in (4765 mm)
192.7 in (4895 mm)
Width 66.9 in (1699 mm)
Related Ford Bronco II

Ford began development of the Ranger in 1976, focusing on quality and fuel efficiency. The intent was to build a truck that was as capable as the full-size F-Series, but in a more economical package. The compact Ranger had a similar styling to the full-size Ford F-Series, used a similar architecture, and was offered with a four-wheel drive capability. This ability allowed the Ford Ranger to haul a four-foot-wide (1.2 m) sheet of plywood, which is a common standard for a pickup truck. In the compact Ranger, however, the space between the wheel wells was less than four feet; Ford designed the box with provisions to allow hauling of a standard sheet of plywood.[6]

1983 Ranger production began January 18, 1982 at the Louisville Assembly Plant,[7] hitting showrooms in March.[8] Available engines were the 72 hp (54 kW) 2.0 L and 86 hp (64 kW) 2.3 L OHC four-cylinders, a four-cylinder 59 hp (44 kW) 2.2 L Mazda/Perkins diesel, and a 115 hp (86 kW) 2.8 L Cologne V6. In 1985, a Mitsubishi-built 2.3 L turbodiesel with 86 hp (64 kW) replaced the Mazda diesel engine, and in 1986, the 2.8 L engine was replaced with a 140 hp (104 kW) 2.9 L Cologne V6. The Super-cab was introduced in 1986, offering an extra 17 inches (432 mm) of storage space behind the front seats, with a pair of jump seats available as an option. A lot of the parts of the interior such as the steering wheel and the window cranks were similar to those in other Ford vehicles like the Bronco, Escort, and the F-Series.

Mid-year 1986 saw the introduction of the Ranger GT. Available only as a standard cab with a short bed, it had a 2.9 L Cologne V6 with either a 5-speed Toyo Kogyo manual transmission or an optional A4LD automatic transmission putting power to a Traction-Lok differential with a 3.73 gear ratio. Inside, the pickup was equipped with special bucket seats, full instrument cluster, and an optional center console. Front and rear sway bars were installed, and 14x6 aluminum wheels completed the package. A long bed option was added for 1987, and a new ground effects package was introduced in 1988.[9]


Production 1989–1992
Engine(s) 2.3 L OHC I4
2.9 L Cologne V6
3.0 L Vulcan V6
4.0 L Cologne V6
Transmission(s) Manual
5-speed Mitsubishi FM132
5-speed Mitsubishi FM146
5-speed Mazda M5OD-R1
4-speed A4LD
Wheelbase 107.9 in (2741 mm)
113.9 in (2893 mm)
125 in (3175 mm)
Length 176.5 in (4483 mm)
188.5 in (4788 mm)
193.6 in (4917 mm)
Width 66.8 in (1697 mm)
Related Ford Bronco II
Ford Explorer
Mazda Navajo

The truck received a facelift in 1989, which included flush composite headlamps, new front fenders, hood, and grille, along with some upgrades to the frame. Inside, there was a modern new dashboard and steering column.

The new steering column included, on automatic transmission-equipped models, a column-mounted gear shift, and key removal on manual transmission models became a simpler, one-handed operation. Manual-equipped 1983–88 models had the key release button beneath the column on the left-hand side, requiring drivers to use both hands to remove the key.

Rear-wheel antilock brakes were added, and a 21 US gal (79 L/17 imp gal) fuel tank was now optional on extended-cab models.

The 2.0 L engine was discontinued, and the 2.3 L now had a distributorless ignition system with two spark plugs per cylinder, giving it a 14 hp (10 kW) boost. The three-speed automatics were dropped, leaving only the A4LD. The new 160 hp (119 kW) 4.0 L Cologne V6 was added to the option list for all models in 1990. The 145 hp (108 kW) 3.0 L Vulcan V6 was introduced to replace the 2.9 L Cologne in rear-wheel drive trucks later in 1990. With the new engines, the only manual transmission available was the 5-speed M5OD-R1.

The Ranger GT was discontinued, although the Ford Truck Public Affairs office did build a prototype for 1990 powered by a 3.0 L SHO V6.[10][11]

Second generation Edit

1993–1997 Edit

Production 1993–1997
Assembly Argentina: General Pacheco
United States: St. Paul, Minnesota; Edison, New Jersey
Body style(s) 2-door compact
2-door extended
Engine(s) 2.3 L OHC I4
3.0 L Vulcan V6
4.0 L Cologne V6
Transmission(s) Manual
5-speed Mazda M5OD-R1
4-speed A4LD
4-speed 4R44E
4-speed 4R55E
5-speed 5R55E
Wheelbase 107.9 in (2741 mm)
113.9 in (2893 mm)
125.2 in (3180 mm)
Length 184.3 in (4681 mm)
196.3 in (4986 mm)
198.2 in (5034 mm)
Width 69.4 in (1763 mm)
Related Ford Explorer
Mazda Navajo
Mercury Mountaineer

In 1993 there was another redesign, with a shape more aerodynamic than before. Overall the truck had smoother lines, and other changes included flush-mounted door glass, wider doors, and slight fender flares. The 1989-style dashboard remained, but the seats and door panels were new. The 2.9-liter engine was discontinued. The engines offered were offered in displacements of 2.3-, 3.0- and a 4.0 liters. The Mazda M5OD-R1 was now the sole manual transmission option. A new "Splash" model was introduced, which had a flare side bed, unique chrome wheels, 1 inch (25 mm) lowered rear suspension and a 2 inch lowered front suspension (on 4x2 models), and special vinyl "Splash" decals on the sides and the tailgate. The 1993 Splash models were only available as a regular cab, and were offered in arctic white, gloss black, red orange, and sky blue. The Mazda B-Series became a rebadged Ranger for the 1994 model year, but the Mazda B-Series did not offer an equivalent to the Splash model. For the 1995 model year, the Splash trim had options which all included; a 1 in (25 mm) lowered rear suspension and 2 inch lowered front suspension (on 4x2 models), flare side bed, an extended cab, and unique chrome wheels. The decals also underwent subtle changes. While the 1993 – 1994 models donned red, yellow and blue stripes, the 1995 – 1996 models had lime green stripes with more emphasis on the "scatter" design. Additionally, the available colors for the Splash model changed from the 1993 – 1994 models to the 1995 – 1997 models. The latter were offered in Maroon Red, Gloss black, White, and Canary Yellow. The Splash model was the first Ranger to offer power mirrors, and throughout the 3rd generation's production run, power mirrors remained exclusive to the Splash models. For the 1997 and final model of the Splash, only the name "Splash" was used, without the stripes.

A number of changes were made for 1995. The steering wheel was modified to include a driver's side airbag and the dashboard was completely redesigned in a similar way to the new-for-1995 Explorer, except that the passenger air bag was optional and not available until 1996. The A4LD transmission was updated. 2.3 L and 3.0 L models got the 4R44E, while 4.0 L trucks got the 4R55E. The front brakes were changed to use the same 2-piston brake calipers as the second generation Explorer, and four-wheel anti-lock brakes were added as standard on 4x4 and 4.0 L models.

South America Edit

In 1995 Ford started importing the two-door Ranger SuperCab from the US to South America with the 4.0-liter Cologne V6 gasoline engine. As demad incresed, Ford decided to build it locally in Buenos Aires Argentina at the Ford General Pacheco Assembly Plant for the Argentinian, Chilean, Brazilian,[12] Peruvian,[13] and Mexican markets. Ford started local production in 1996 with a single cab, gasoline engine version, but by November 1997 the supply is increased with diesel and gasoline engines, two-wheel, four-wheel drive and different levels of equipment.

Mazda B-Series Edit

Mazda B2300 extended cab

Mazda B2300 extended cab (US)

The North American 1994 Proceed/B-Series was new, the design having been merged with the Ford Ranger.Mazda continued to manufacture its own trucks in Japan and elsewhere, but for the North American market, the design was shared, as were the engines.The new B3000 and B4000 boasted large Ford V6 engines, and the M5OD-R1 manual transmission returning to the options sheet.Extended cab models were available, as was all wheel drive, and two trim lines, LE and SE.The 3.0 L B3000 was dropped for 1997, and the entire line was refreshed after that year.

Engine options:

  • B2300
    • 1994 – 2.3 L (2311 cc) OHC I4, 98 hp (73 kW)
    • 1995–1997 – 2.3 L (2311 cc) OHC I4, 112 hp (84 kW)
  • B3000
    • 1994 – 3.0 L (2983 cc) Vulcan V6, 140 hp (104 kW)
    • 1995–1996 – 3.0 L (2983 cc) Vulcan V6, 145 hp (108 kW)
  • B4000
    • 1994–1997 – 4.0 L (4016 cc) Cologne V6, 160 hp (119 kW)


[[File:98-00 Ford Ranger|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Production 1998–present
Assembly Argentina: General Pacheco
United States: St. Paul, Minnesota; Edison, New Jersey
Body style(s) 2-door compact
2-door extended
4-door extended
Engine(s) 2.3 L Duratec I4
2.5 L OHC I4
3.0 L Vulcan V6 (1998–08)
4.0 L Cologne V6
Transmission(s) Manual
5-speed Mazda M5OD-R1
4-speed 4R44E
5-speed 5R55E
Wheelbase 111.6 in (2835 mm)
117.6 in (2987 mm)
125.9 in (3198 mm)
Length 188.5 in (4788 mm)
200.5 in (5093 mm)
202.9 in (5154 mm)
Width 70.3 in (1786 mm)
Height 68.3 in (1735 mm)
69.4 in (1763 mm)
Related Ford Explorer
Mazda B-Series
Mercury Mountaineer

In 1998 the Ranger got another redesign, giving it a longer wheelbase and a three-inch (76 mm) longer cab for the regular cab models (part of which provided more room in the interior. The 1995–97 interior look was retained. The twin I-beam front suspension was replaced by the wishbone-style system found on the Explorer and the front half of the frame was of "boxed", rather than C-channel construction. Rack and pinion steering was also added. The four-cylinder engine was bumped up to a 2.5 L SOHC I4 giving it a 6% increase in power over the old 2.3 L. It put out 120 hp (89 kW) and 149 lb·ft (202 N·m) of torque. That engine was replaced by a new DOHC 2.3 L Duratec I4 in mid-2001. 2001 also saw the pushrod 4.0 L V6 replaced by the SOHC version from the Explorer, bringing with it a beefier M5OD-R1HD manual transmission. Also in 2001, the five-speed automatic transmission that was introduced in 1997 for the 4.0 V6, was now also available with the 2.3 I4 and 3.0 V6. The Ranger received a facelift, including a new grille, hood, and front bumper, as well as updated headlights and taillights. SLP produced a version of the Ranger called "thunderbolt". This model included different options such as a unique front and rear bumper, air intake, exhaust and even a spoiler. In 2004 the Ranger received minor updates to the grille, hood, and front bumper. New front bucket seats were also added in 2004 to meet the new U.S. Federal safety requirements. In 2006 the Ranger received more minor updates to the grille, front turn signals and taillights, along with a bigger rear Ford logo that was now centered in the middle of the tailgate.

The current Ranger is offered with a 143 hp (107 kW) 2.3-liter I4 and a 207 hp (154 kW) 4.0-liter V6. The 3.0 Vulcan V6 was discontinued as of the 2009 model year. The FX4 Level II version comes with a special 31-spline 8.8-inch (223.5 mm) rear axle equipped with a Zexel-Torsen limited-slip differential, three skid plates, upgraded tow hooks, 31" BFGoodrich All Terrains, 15-inch Alcoa wheels, and Bilstein shocks. Inside, the Level II package added leather front bucket seats and rubber floors along with a six-CD MP3 headunit as standard options. The truck uses code R1 (for two-door) and R4 (for four-door) in the 5th and 6th positions of the VIN.

In December 2009, Ford announced that specialty-designed custom graphics would be applied to the Ranger beginning with the 2010 models. The feature will be exclusive to Ford Dealers and will allow customers to pick a design that they want customized for their Ranger trims.[14]

As of 2010 in the US, the Ranger is no longer offered with the FX4 trim level. The FX4 is still available in Canada; however, it is a $2500 option on top of the Sport trim level. The FX4 package cannot be applied to an XLT. The FX4 for the 2010–2011 model years in Canada come with a 4.10 limited slip rear end.

For the 2011 model year, the level trims have adjusted. The XL trim will be the standard level, followed by the XLT and Sport trims. The latter two will include Sirius radio as a optional feature.[15]

The Ford Ranger was the first small pickup to introduce dual air bags as safety features.[citation (source) needed] It received an "acceptable" frontal crash test rating from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety when they were first tested in 1998, while many of its competitors received "marginal" or "poor" ratings at that time. The exception was the Toyota Tacoma, which also got an "acceptable" rating.[16][17]

The 2010 model year brought the addition of front seat combination head and torso airbags to improve passenger safety in a side-impact collision and earned Good rating through the Insurance Institute For Highway Safety's Side Impact Test. Also Electronic Stability Control was added for the 2010 Models as Standard Equipment.[18]

In the Roof Strength Test conducted by Insurance Institute For Highway Safety, the Ford Ranger earned an Acceptable rating.[19]

South America Edit

In 1998 the updated Ford Ranger production started in Argentina with a unique-to-South America double cab body variant.[20]

There is a choice of two powerplant options including a 3.0-liter Power Stroke turbocharged four-cylinder diesel with 163 horsepower and 280 lb-ft of torque mated to a Eaton FSO-2405-A five-speed manual transmission.

In 2007 Ford invested US$156.5 million in Pacheco facility[21] and by 2008 the Ford Ranger gets a makeover with new grill andheadlights similar to the 2006 North American Ranger and bed extenders available for all boxes.[22]

The 2010 Ranger got refreshened with new sheet metal giving. Departing from the original North American model, the South American model received redesigned outer door skins with pull-out door handles, wider wheel arches, and a redesigned front-end, though the 2008 interior look was retained as well as the two engine choices. In 2010 Ford also introduced a new optional engine to run exclusively on compressed natural gas, which makes it the first pick up of Argentina to offer a factory-built natural gas vehicle (NGV) commercially available in Argentina.[23][24]

The other Ford Ranger available for the rest of the Latin American market is based on the Mazda BT-50 and is being assembled in Ecuador and Colombia.

Wheelbases and bed lengths:

  • 1998–present – 111.6 inch(2,831mm) – 6 ft. bed(1,732mm) Single Cab
  • 1998–present – 111.6 inch(2,831mm) – 7 ft. bed(2,129mm) Single Cab
  • 1998–present – 125.6 inch(3,192mm) – 5 ft. bed(1,467mm) Double Cab


Engine Years Power Torque
2.3 L Duratec HE Gasoline I4 2004–2011 148 hp (110 kW) 159 lb·ft (216 N·m)
3.0 L Power Stroke Diesel I4 2004–2011 163 hp (122 kW) 280 lb·ft (380 N·m)

Electric RangerEdit

Main article: Ford Ranger EV

The Ford Ranger EV was a battery electric vehicle produced by Ford Motor Company. It was produced starting in 1998 through 2002 and was built on the four-wheel drive Ranger's chassis, however, it was RWD only and employed an independent rear suspension unique to the Electric Ranger.

Mazda B-SeriesEdit

Mazda B3000 regular cab

Mazda B3000 regular cab (US)

'98-'01 Mazda B4000 V6 Extended Cab

1998–2001 Mazda B4000 extended cab (North America)

North America saw a redesigned new Ranger/Proceed/B-Series again for 1998, with a larger base engine.A five-speed automatic transmission was available.The 1999 B-Series added four doors, a first in the extended-cab pickup truck market.In 2001 a more powerful SOHC version of the 4.0 L V6 replaced the old OHV engine, while Ford's Duratec engine replaced the ancient Lima engine in four-cylinder models the following year.2008 was the last year for 3.0 L B-series trucks.For 2009, the B4000 Cab Plus SE model was discontinued in the United States market.The full B-Series lineup was discontinued, in the United States, at the end of the 2009 model year, while the Ford Ranger remains in production.[25]As of 2010, the B-Series lineup continues to be sold in Canada.

Engine options:

  • B2500
    • 1998–2001 – 2.5 L (2507 cc) OHC I4, 119 hp (89 kW)
  • B2300
    • 2002–2010 – 2.3 L (2300 cc) Duratec I4, 143 hp (107 kW)
  • B3000
    • 1998–2001 – 3.0 L (2957 cc) Vulcan V6, 150 hp (112 kW)
    • 2002–2003 – 3.0 L (2957 cc) Vulcan V6, 147 hp (110 kW)
    • 2004–2008 – 3.0 L (2957 cc) Vulcan V6, 154 hp (115 kW)
  • B4000
    • 1998–2000 – 4.0 L (4025 cc) Cologne V6, 160 hp (119 kW)
    • 2001–2010 – 4.0 L (4025 cc) Cologne V6, 207 hp (154 kW)

Discontinuation Edit

Ford chose to invest improvements in the Ford Explorer SUV which was branched to a more advanced platform than the Ranger, letting Ranger's sales decline. However as a result of the shift toward smaller and more fuel efficient vehicles in North America, Ford has said it will continue to produce the current Ford Ranger through 2011 at its Twin Cities, Minn. plant, which was previously scheduled to close in 2009.[26]

This production extension has led to speculation that the next generation ASEAN Ranger, codenamed T6, already at an advanced stage of development by Ford Australia,[27] will be sold in North America despite being designed for global markets outside of North America. The T6 Ranger is expected to enter production in 2011.

As of May 2010, T6 engineering prototypes are being tested in various countries including the U.S.[28] It is expected that the new truck will come with at least two engine choices: a 2.0 L EcoBoost four-cylinder, and the 3.0 L Duratorq diesel for models sold outside the U.S.[28]

In recent years, Ranger's competitors, from the Nissan Frontier to the Toyota Tacoma have been redesigned and enlarged towards the mid-size market, leaving the Ranger the only compact truck on the market. The Ranger remains a decent seller for Ford,[29] with companies like Auto Zone buying them regularly as well as those individuals seeking good fuel mileage in a compact truck (Ranger gets better MPG than any other pickup with its Mazda-derived 4cyl engine).

Ford initially considered a smaller-than-F-150 pickup truck, one based on the F-Series (following the older F-100 offering). This proposal was cancelled in favor of offering an EcoBoost engine in the F-150 product line.[30]

Ford has confirmed that they will end production on the Ranger in 2011, and have no plans to offer the next generation in the United States, which means that the T6 version will only be available outside North America. The decision as to why the Ranger will no longer be available in America is that the new global platform is simply too close in size to the F-150. Another factor is due to declining sales, as Ford's Vice President of Global Product Development, Derrick Kuzak, notes that the compact pickup market in America has been declining for the past 15 years, dropping from eight percent of the industry in 1994 to around two percent in 2010. The ending of the Ranger in the United States also marks a departure for Ford from the compact truck segment after 30 years.[31]

Yearly American salesEdit

Calendar Year Total American sales
1999[32] 348,358
2000 330,125
2001[33] 272,460
2002[34] 226,094
2003 209,117
2004[35] 156,322
2005 120,958
2006[36] 92,420
2007 72,711
2008[37] 65,872
2009[38] 55,600
2010[39] 55,364

See also Edit


Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Ford Ranger (North America). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

  1. "Future Cars: Ford/PAG/Mazda". The (March 30, 2005).
  2. 2012 Ford Ranger - Accessed 03/08/2011
  3. Priddle, Alisa (July 2007). "Ford Ranger Endangered?". Car and Driver.
  4. Estrada, Herón Márquez (May 8, 2007). "Ford says it's close to selling hydroelectric plant in St. Paul". Retrieved on 2008-04-26. 
  5. Meersman, Tom (September 1, 2007). "Is game over for Ford plant's ball fields?". Retrieved on 2008-04-26. 
  6. Clark, Jim (December 1981), "Development of the Ranger" (PDF), Mini-Truck: 26–31, 
  7. (1983) in Stark, Harry A: Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1983. Ward's Communications, Inc, 69. 
  8. (1982) in Stark, Harry A: Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1982. Ward's Communications, Inc, 22. 
  9. "Ranger GT History". The Ranger Station. Retrieved on 2008-04-26.
  10. Hamilton, Frank, "SHO Down. Have you stomped in a Ford lately?", Minitruckin' (Spring 1990): 28–31. 
  11. "SHO Ranger article copy". Retrieved on 2010-08-08.
  12. Ford Ranger- Accessed 03/11/2011
  13. Ford Ranger Peru (in Spanish) - Accessed 03/11/2011
  14. "Fancy a camouflage F-150? Graphics for entire Ford lineup coming soon" from (December 18, 2009)
  15. 2011 Ford Ranger from (July 2010)
  16. "IIHS-HLDI: Ford Ranger regular cab". (2009-11-18). Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  17. "IIHS-HLDI: Small pickups – Earlier Models". Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  18. "IIHS-HLDI: Ford Ranger extended cab". (2010-02-04). Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  19. "Roof strength evaluations: Small pickups". Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  20. Ford Pick up history in Argentina (in Spanish) - Accessed 03/11/2011
  21. Ford to invest US$156.5m in Pacheco facility- Accessed 03/08/2011
  22. Ranger 2008 (in Spanish) - Accessed 03/08/2011
  23. presentó la nueva Ford Ranger 2010 (in Spanish) - Accessed 03/08/2011
  24. Ford Ranger 2010 (Mercosur), primeras imágenes y datos (in Spanish) - Accessed 03/10/2011
  25. Bengt Halvorson (2009-09-21). "B-Series, B-Seeing You: Mazda Leaves U.S. Pickup Market". The Car Connection. Retrieved on 2009-10-09.
  26. "Ford accelerates transformation plan with small car offensive, manufacturing realignment". Ford Fleet (July 24, 2008).
  27. "No foundation to T6 rumours". (August 13, 2008).
  28. 28.0 28.1 Johnson, Drew (May 18, 2009). "2012 Ford Ranger Spied again". Left Lane News. Leftlane. Retrieved on 2009-07-30.
  29. "NEWS" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2009-10-07. Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  30. "Ford tables plans for F-100 pickup". Edmunds Inside Line. Edmunds, Inc (August 8, 2008).
  31. Bowman, Zach (September 20, 2010). "U.S.-spec Ford Ranger to officially end production in 2011, Ford explains why". Autoblog. Retrieved on October 9, 2010.
  32. "Ford Motor Company Sets New Full Year U.S. Sales Record". Retrieved on 2009-04-28.
  33. "Ford Motor Company's December U.S. Sales Climb 8.2 Percent". Ford Motor Company. Archived from the original on 2011-04-30.
  34. "Ford's F-Series Truck Caps 22nd Year in a Row as America's Best-Selling Vehicle With a December Sales Record". (2004-11-17). Retrieved on 2009-04-28.
  35. "Ford Achieves First Car Sales Increase Since 1999". (2004-11-17). Retrieved on 2009-04-28.
  36. "Ford Motor Company 2007 sales" (January 3, 2008).
  37. "F-Series drives ford to higher market share for third consecutive month". Ford Motor Company (January 5, 2009). Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. Retrieved on 2009-05-14.
  38. "FORD CAPS 2009 WITH 33 PERCENT SALES INCREASE, FIRST FULL-YEAR MARKET SHARE GAIN SINCE 1995". Ford Motor Company (January 5, 2010). Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved on 2010-01-05.
  39. "FORD’S 2010 SALES UP 19 PERCENT – LARGEST INCREASE OF ANY FULL-LINE AUTOMAKER; FOUNDATION SET FOR GROWTH IN 2011". Ford Motor Company (January 4, 2011). Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved on 2011-01-05.

External linksEdit

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