|Founded||August 18, 1925 as Ford Motor Company AG|
|Headquarters||Niehl, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany|
|Parent||Ford Deutschland Holding GmbH|
Ford Motor Co. AG
The earliest presence of the Ford Motor Company in Germany was a parts operation set up in Hamburg in 1912. It was not until 1925 that an assembly plant was constructed in Berlin where Model T trucks were made from imported parts. Cars followed in 1926.
In 1931 production moved to a new plant in Cologne on a site made available by the mayor of the city, Konrad Adenauer and an increasing proportion of the vehicles was made in Germany rather than imported. The first car off the new production line was the Model A joined in 1932 by the Model B.
Small car manufacture started in 1933 with the Ford Köln, a year after its British launch as the Model Y, but it did not have the same impact in Germany as it did in Britain as it was undercut in price by the small Opel.
The Ford Rheinland was a unique model for the German market made by fitting a 3285 cc engine into a Model B V-8 chassis but most products continued to be Detroit designs albeit with local names. The Eifel was the German version of the 10 hp sold in Britain as the Model C and this was joined in 1939 by the first of the long running Taunus range.
The company was re-organised in 1939 and changed its name to Ford-Werke. With the outbreak of war, car production continued at first with the Taunus being made until 1942 but increasingly military production took over, building trucks and armed personnel carriers for the German armed forces. Most notably was the V3000 V-8 truck series. In spite of the heavy bombing of Cologne, the factory got off relatively lightly and after the war production was able to restart in May 1945 with truck manufacture, the US government having paid $1.1 million in consideration of bombing damage. Car making restarted in late 1948 with the Taunus. Henry Ford II visited the factory in 1948 during his visit to Germany when he was considering a purchase of Volkswagen, with which he did not ultimately proceed.
In 1952 a new Taunus appeared and this had much in common with the British Ford products and was a great success enabling record production figures to be reached. The company was now being run by Ehrhart Vitger and he spent time recruiting new dealers to replace those lost in East Germany but the company continued to rank third in sales in Germany behind VW and Opel.
The launch of the Ford Escort in 1968 marked the end of unique models in European countries and followed the creation of Ford Europe in 1967 from the assets of the British and German operations but the corporate entities continued for some time.
Aston Martin Engine Plant
In October 2004, when Aston Martin was a wholly owned subsidiary of Ford, the company set up a dedicated 12,500 square metres (135,000 sq ft) engine production plant within the Ford Niehl plant, with capacity to produce up to 5000 engines a year by 100 especially trained personnel. Like traditional Aston Martin engine production in Newport Pagnell, assembly of each unit is entrusted to a single technician from a pool of 30, with V8 and V12 variants assembled in under 20 hours. By bringing engine production back to within the company, the promise was that Aston Martin would be able to produce small runs of higher performance variants engines.
|Ford car timeline, European market, 1960s–1980s — next »|
|Supermini||Fiesta I||Fiesta II|
|Small family car||Anglia 105E / Super Anglia 123E||Escort I||Escort II||Escort III|
|Large family car||Consul II||Cortina I||Cortina II||Cortina III / Taunus TC||Cortina IV / Taunus III||Cortina V / Taunus III||Sierra|
|Taunus G13||Taunus P4||Taunus P6|
|Executive car||Taunus P3||Taunus P5||Taunus P7||Taunus P7.2|
|Granada I||Granada II|
|Zephyr II||Zephyr 4/6 III||Zephyr 4/6 IV|
|Zodiac II||Zodiac III||Zodiac IV|
|Coupé||Consul Capri||Capri Mk1||Capri Mk2||Capri Mk3|
|« previous — Ford car timeline, European market, 1980s–present|
|City car||Ka I||Ka II|
|Supermini||Fiesta I||Fiesta II||Fiesta III||Fiesta IV||Fiesta V||Fiesta VI|
|Small family car||Escort Mk3 / Orion I||Escort Mk4 / Orion II||Escort Mk5 / Orion III||Escort Mk5b||Escort Mk6||Focus I||Focus II||Focus III|
|Large family car||Cortina V / Taunus III||Sierra I||Sierra II||Mondeo I||Mondeo II||Mondeo III||Mondeo IV|
|Executive car||Granada II||Scorpio I / Granada III||Scorpio II|
|Compact MPV||C-MAX I||C-MAX II|
|Galaxy I||Galaxy II||Galaxy III|
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Ford Germany. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia|