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Fire motorcycle at tokyo fire museum

A fire bike in the Tokyo Fire Museum, Japan

A fire bike is a motorcycle used by a fire department. Several countries around the world use fire bikes, often to beat traffic congestion, and the equipment carried ranges from simple extinguishers to jet guns with hose rigs. Firefighters can also use fire bikes to offer medical treatment, and in the United Kingdom, fire bikes are used by some fire services in road safety awareness campaigns.

Worldwide usersEdit

MOB-100 Corpo de Bombeiros SP

A São Paulo Fire Department bike

Ichikawa-akabai

Ichikawa Fire Department Ambulance / Fire Honda XR motorcycle

Honda TLM220R red

A Honda TLM220R at Yokohama Fire station

Merseyside Fire and Rescue Motorbike

The Merseyside fire alarm response bike


BrazilEdit

The São Paulo Fire Department of Brazil use teams of two fire bikes to bring down first response times to fire or medical emergencies in the congested streets of São Paulo from 10–15 minutes to just 5 minutes. Their bikes are 400cc machines, and carry basic emergency medical services (EMS) equipment, tools, signalling devices, and other accessories, such as hand lights and elevator keys.[1]

BruneiEdit

Fire bikes are used in Brunei.

DenmarkEdit

Fire bikes are used in Denmark.[2]

Hong KongEdit

Fire bikes are used in Hong Kong.[2] According to the Hong Kong Fire Services Department's website, "Fire Motorcycles (F.M.C.) are special fire appliances developed by Firexpress ApS in Denmark to provide rapid response and to carry out fire fighting operation". They are using BMWR1100RT as the base vehicle for their fire bikes.

ItalyEdit

Fire bikes are used in Italy.[2]

JapanEdit

In Japan, the Tokyo Fire Department uses pairs of motorcycle units nicknamed "Quick Attackers" for fire-fighting, rescue and medical first aid treatment. The units comprise two 200cc bikes operating - a 'type T' unit is equipped with a portable impulse fire extinguishing system, while a 'type U' unit carries simple rescue equipment and fire extinguishers. As of 2001, 20 Quick Attacker teams were in service. With Japan having a long history of earthquakes, Quick Attacker units are capable of off-road response and are also used for rapid fact-finding in earthquake and other disaster zones.[1]

MalaysiaEdit

Fire bikes are used in Malaysia.

SingaporeEdit

The Singapore Civil Defence Force introduced fire bikes in 1998, in order to combat increasing traffic congestion which delays ordinary fire appliances, with response time being a critical factor in preventing the spread of fires in the high-rise residential blocks of the urban island state.[3] The force operates two man fire bike teams manned by junior officers. They are usually the first to arrive at the scene of a fire, and if necessary, will enter a premises to fight or prevent the spread of a fire.[4] The riders are equipped with impulse guns, which can fire powerful bursts of water mist at speeds of up to 200 metres per second.[3]

SwedenEdit

Fire bikes are used in Sweden.[2]

TurkeyEdit

Fire bikes are used in Turkey.[2]

United KingdomEdit

Main article: Motorcycles in the United Kingdom fire services
Bombardier Outlander ATV - Fire rescue bike -Bill targett rally 2011 - IMG 4904

Quad bike based rapid fire response vehicle

In the United Kingdom, the Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service has operated a number of fire bikes in different roles since 2005. In July 2010 they became the first service in the UK to deploy fire bikes specially equipped to fight fires.[2][5][6] The two BMW R1200RT trial bikes are fitted with two 25-litre (6.6 USgal) canisters filled with water and foam and a high powered 30-metre (98 ft) long jet hose. They are to be used to combat small fires to free up main fire appliances.[2][5][6] They are to undergo a six-month trial, with the prospect of being adopted by other forces if found to be effective.[2] Since 2005, Merseyside had been using a fire bike to attend automated fire alarm calls in Liverpool to assess situations ahead of the arrival of main appliances, due to rising traffic congestion and because most of these automated calls are false alarms.[7] In 2007, Merseyside also introduced two Honda quad-bikes for fire safety awareness campaigns, and possibly for operational use to fight woodland or grass fires.[8]

A number of UK fire services also operate fire bikes not to fight fires or aid fire response times, but instead to promote safe motorcycle riding. Bikes are operated in this role by the fire services of West Sussex,[9] North Wales,[10] Kent[11][12] and Northumberland.[13][14] The Northumberland fire bike was later fitted with an external automatic defibrillator and trauma care kit allowing it to also be used as a response vehicle for road traffic accidents.[15]

Private event fire cover support providers use specially equiped quad bikes to providerapid response cover at events such as festival and steam rallies, were closely paced camping areas and large numbers of visitos can hinder the movement of full size fire engines. The snaller vehicle can in most cases bring minor firessuch as barbaques and hedge fires under control before they spread out of control.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named FireGovNewsLetterSummer2001
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Independent23Jul2010
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named SCDFFireBikes2Sep2008
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named SingaporeMHAJune2007
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BBCNews23Jul2010
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Merseyside23Jul2010
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BBCNews23Jun2005
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named MerseysideFRS19Oct2007
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named WestSussexCountyTimes17Apr2009
  10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NorthWalesPoliceOpFocus
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named MedwayCSP5Jan2010
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named KentFRSFireBike
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named EveningChronicle4Jul2007
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BerwickAdvertiser8Feb2007
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named MorpethHerald15Jul2008

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External linksEdit

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