|Founded||July 15, 1953|
|Headquarters||Changchun, Jilin, People's Republic of China|
FAW Group Corporation (
A maker of automobiles; buses; light, medium, and heavy-duty trucks; and auto parts; FAW became China's first automobile manufacturer when it unveiled the nation's first domestically produced passenger car, the Hong Qi, in 1958.
FAW has its headquarters in Changchun, Jilin Province, a tree-lined city on the Northeastern Songliao Plain.
- 1 History
- 2 Export countries
- 3 Subsidiaries and joint ventures
- 4 Production bases and facilities
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
In 1953, the first year of the first five-year plan, First Automobile Works broke ground for its first factory, but it wouldn't produce its first product, the 4-ton Jie Fang CA-10 truck (based on the Russian ZIS-150), for three more years. Soviet Russia lent assistance during these early years, providing technical support, tooling, and production machinery.
Before its first factory opened, 39 Chinese FAW employees traveled to the Stalin Truck Factory for instruction in truck production.
In 1992, the name First Automobile Works was changed to China FAW Group Corporation.
First domestic auto
First Automobile Works initially made only commercial trucks but started producing passenger cars in 1958. These vehicles, the Hong Qi luxury sedans, were the first domestically produced Chinese automobiles. Only for party elite, the design changed little over their thirty-year production run. Following this tradition, FAW's Audi products are the historically favored choice for ranking Chinese state officials.
Sino-western joint ventures
Though FAW was the fourth Chinese automaker to take on Western partners, its early joint venture with Volkswagen in 1990 saw it become the second Chinese auto company to develop a strong cooperative relationship with a foreign counterpart. SAIC was the first, in 1984 and also with VW. Other, failed foreign-Chinese joint ventures preceding FAW-VW were what is now Beijing Benz and the failed Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company.
While Volkswagen was its first foreign partner, others soon followed. FAW acquired a 50.98% stake in Tianjin Automotive Xiali in September, 2002, and renamed the brand FAW Tianjin. As a result, FAW ended up with Toyota as a foreign joint venture partner in 2003. FAW established a joint venture with General Motors in 2009 and has joint ventures with a handful of other foreign companies as well.
As if an example of the company's wide product line, FAW will sell the first Chinese designed fire trucks in 2011.
FAW produced more than 1.5 million vehicles in 2008, and by 2009 it was the largest machinery corporation and the second largest auto manufacturer in China.
FAW sells products under at least ten different brands, including its own. The following is an incomplete list.
- Besturn, established on August 18, 2006, It may also be known as Ben Tung.
- Haima, a brand for Mazda-based vehicles built in Hainan
- Hong Qi (meaning "Red Flag")
- Jiaxing Huali, a brand of Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Company, a car manufacturing subsidiary of FAW
- Jie Fang
- Jilin, makes pickups and small vans in Jilin
- Oley, a new brand that will sell youth-oriented cars beginning in March 2012
- Tianjin Xiali
- Yuan Zheng
Its foreign joint ventures also manufacture the following brands for sale in the Chinese market:
- General Motors
- Mazda (while FAW does not have a fully-fledged joint venture with this Japanese automaker, it has manufactured some of the Mazda-branded autos sold in China)
While primarily manufacturing products for sale in its home market, FAW has exported products to many countries beginning in 1957 with the sale of three commercial trucks to a businessperson in Jordan.
FAW has had customers in more than 80 countries throughout the life of the company. Nations it has exported products to include Egypt, Iraq, Kenya, Mexico, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, and Uruguay.
Subsidiaries and joint ventures
FAW has 28 wholly owned subsidiaries and controlling shares in 18 partially owned subsidiaries. These include the wholly owned FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd and FAW Bus and Coach Co Ltd, the foreign joint venture FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co Ltd, and the publicly traded FAW Car Co Ltd, Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co Ltd, and Changchun FAWAY Automobile Components Co Ltd.
The following is an incomplete list.
- The 9th Industrial Machinery Design and Research Institute
A wholly owned subsidiary since 1958, it is responsible for production base design.
- Chengdu Araco Automobile Trim Part Co Ltd
A joint venture with Japan's ARACO, it produces interior trim parts.
- Chengdu FAW Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: Chengdu FAW
Becoming a partially owned subsidiary in 2002 after the acquisition of the Sichuan Bus Company, FAW was able to retain its cooperation effort with Toyota, and as of 2003 Chengdu FAW Automobile Co Ltd produces Huaxi brand light and medium buses, spare parts and the Toyota Landcruiser Prado. In 2009, Chengdu FAW was sold to FAW-VW.
- Chengdu FAW Co Ltd
A subsidiary of FAW's joint venture with VW, FAW-Volkswagen, this company controls production bases in Chengdu, Sichuan province. This subsidiary took over Chengdu FAW Automobile Co Ltd in 2009.
- Dalian Diesel Engine Co
- Main article: Dalian Diesel Engine
- FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW-VW Automobile Established in 1991, it is a large-scale joint venture automobile manufacturer between FAW Group and Volkswagen AG with share investments, as of 2003, of 60% and 40%, respectively. It manufactures Audi and Volkswagen-branded automobiles for sale in China.
- FAW Bharat Forging Co Ltd
A joint venture with India's Bharat Forge Ltd, it manufactures forged automotive components for passenger cars, buses, and commercial vehicles as well as forged products for the railway, mining, steel, and petroleum industries.
- FAW Bus and Coach
- Main article: FAW Bus and Coach
- FAW Car Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Car Company A publicly listed subsidiary created in 1997 from the merger of Changchun Gear Factory, the FAW No.2 Engine Factory, the FAW No.2 Car Factory, and the former FAW No.1 Car Factory; it, as of 2003, produced a Hong Qi luxury sedan, other car models, transmissions, and engines. It has an assembly line in western Changchun, Jilin province.
- FAW Forging Co Ltd
Established as a subsidiary on 31 May 2000, it produces die and hand-forged auto parts.
- FAW Foundry Co Ltd
It is a wholly owned subsidiary that produces cast auto part including engine blocks.
- FAW Hainan Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Hainan
- FAW Huali (Tianjin) Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Huali
- FAW Hongta Yunnan Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Hongta Yunnan
Created in 1997 when FAW purchased a controlling interest in Hongta Yunnan Automobile Co Ltd, it, as of 2003, produces 1/2-3 ton pickups and light trucks as well as license-built Daihatsu models. This factory was included in the FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle joint venture.
- FAW Import and Export Corporation (FAWIE)
Established as a subsidiary in 1984, FAWIE is the international sales and marketing division of FAW Group. Overseas joint ventures and technical cooperation with foreign countries are also within its remit. This subsidiary has established overseas production facilities in Pakistan, South Africa, Tanzania, Ukraine, Vietnam, and Russia.
- FAW Jilin Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Jilin
Founded in 1980, this company became a wholly owned subsidiary of FAW Group since either 1987 or March 1991. It manufactures very compact trucks and buses originally based on Suzukis. More recently, Jilin was in a five-year long joint venture with Daihatsu.
- FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Jie Fang
Established as a subsidiary on 18 January 2003, it is a producer of medium and heavy trucks. It has two subsidiaries of its own; Qingdao Truck Division and FAW Trading Company. It is one producer of Jie Fang brand trucks and as of 2003 utilizes production lines dating from 1956.
- FAW Jiaxin Heat Treatment and Electroplate Technology Co Ltd
A wholly owned subsidiary that designs and manufactures complete heat treatment and electroplating systems.
- FAW Sihuan Automotive Co Ltd
A part-owned subsidiary established in 1997 that designs, produces, and markets a complete range of medium and heavy truck bodies, wheels, and components for both FAW and other manufacturers. Its joint venture with Johnson Controls, Changchun Fawer-Johnson Controls Automotive Systems Co Ltd, produces a wide range of interior components including automotive seats and trim.
- FAW Tool Co Ltd
This is a wholly-owned subsidiary that specializes in development and production of non-standard tools for automotive manufacture.
- FAW Tool and Die Co Ltd
This wholly-owned subsidiary manufactures automotive dies.
- FAW Toyota Motor Sales Co Ltd
It, as of 2007, sells products made by joint venture Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd in China through a network of 260 dealerships and is also responsible for after sales service of FAW-built Toyota and Daihatsu vehicles produced in China.
- FAW Tianjin Xiali Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Tianjin
- FAW Qiming Information Technology Co Ltd
Established in 2000, the company is responsible for business development, sales and marketing, after sales support, system integration, and GPS research and development. A vehicle-monitoring division of its GPS research & development arm used a system purchased from Avaya to, "monitor over 3,000 vehicles throughout China."
- FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle
- GS Motors SA de CV
A possible joint venture with Grupo Salinas, it may manufacture and distribute cars in México and Latin America.
- Guangzhou Toyota Motor Co
- Main article: Guangzhou Toyota
- The Harbin Light Vehicle Factory
- Main article: Harbin Light Vehicle
Established in 1965 this FAW Group subsidiary made military vehicles until partnering with FAW in the 1990s. It has since produced pickups, Jie Fang trucks, and mini-vans. This factory was included in the FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle joint venture.
- Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor Co
- Main article: Sichuan FAW Toyota
- Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd
- Main article: FAW Tianjin
An equally owned joint venture with Toyota created in 2003, it, as of 2007, has one passenger vehicle production base in the Xiqing District of Tianjin and two in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area.
- Wuhu FAW Yangzi Automobile Co Ltd
- Main article: Wuhu FAW Yangzi
A joint venture with Yangzi Group and Wuhu Automotive Industry Company, it manufactures trucks, custom bus chassis, and medium-size buses.
Production bases and facilities
FAW has production bases located in 14 provinces throughout China; including the provinces of Guangdong, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong,ichuan]] and Yunnan. Non-provincial locales include Pudong and Tianjin.
FAW headquarters are located in Changchun, Jilin province. An R&D and test center is also located there. Additionally, FAW has two production bases here; one produces for the FAW-Volkswagen joint venture and the other makes self-branded autos.
An unfinished production base in the Longquan Economic Development Zone in Chengdu, ichuan province], replaces an older Sichuan base and will produce passenger cars for the FAW-Toyota joint venture, Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd, when it is completed in 2010. FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd has a production base here. Another site in Chengdu produces cars for FAW-Volkswagen, and a second VW production base is, as of 2009, scheduled to be built in the city.
The Dalian division of FAW Bus and Coach Co Ltd manufactures Jie Fang and Yuan Zheng brand medium and large-size buses in a 186,300 square meter factory in Dalian, Liaoning province. Another Dalian base produces engines for commercial trucks, construction equipment and agricultural machinery. An unfinished bus production base in at the Dalian Economic & Technological Development Zone is expected to be complete in mid-2010 and will produce hybrid buses.
A 150,000 units/year production capacity FAW-VW production base will be built in this Guangdong province city.
Located in the sunny, Southern vacation spot of Hainan island and built in 1958, Hainan Island Test Grounds is an auto testing site that includes a test track. FAW Hainan Automobile Co Ltd operates FAW's southernmost production facility here. It manufactures license-built Mazdas.
A planned production base at the Aviation & Automobile Development Zone (Pingfang Development Zone) in the city of Harbin, Heilongjiang province, will see completion in December, 2010, and produce light trucks.
FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd has a production base in Pudong New Area.
Plants No.1, 2, and 3 in the provincial-level city of Tianjin produce automobiles for the FAW-Toyota joint venture Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd. Plant No.1 is in Yangliuqing Town, Xiqing District, and plants No.2 and 3 are located in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone and began production in 2007.
Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd has an engine plant in Tianjin.
A FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd medium, heavy, and severe-duty truck production base is located in Qingdao, Shangdong province.
- About FAW Profile FAW Official Site
- Products Components & Parts FAW Official Site
- Key Events, May 21, 1958/Aug. 1, 1958 FAW Official site
- For 2010 sales figures, see China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
- For 2010 ranking as 3rd largest Chinese vehicle manufacturer, see Sales surge, but congestion concerns rise people.com.cn, November 15, 2010
- For FAW Xiali as 7th most-popular car in 2010, see Top 10 Best-Selling Sedans and SUVs in 2010 chinaautoweb.com, January 14, 2011
- FAW Today FAW's 50th Anniversary Brochure
- FAW Group Steps up Global Expansion FAW Official Site, Mar 27, 2007
- About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
- About FAW > Corporate Trademark FAW Official Site
- The home team economist.com, Nov 13th 2008
- Chinese public revved up over BMW, Benz on gov't car list xinhuanet.com, 2009-06-13
- Theme and variations economist.com, Nov 13th 2008
- For Beijing Benz, see JV renamed Beijing Benz-DaimlerChrysler chinadaily.com.cn, 2004-12-07
- For Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company, see Changing lanes in China: foreign direct investment, local government, and auto sector development (page 137) Eric Thun. Cambridge University Press, 2006. 326 pages.
- (2006) World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o., 232. Cite error: Invalid
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- Home > About Us > Company Introduction > TOYOTA Motor Co., LTD. Tianjin Xiali Official Site
- GM, China FAW Set Up Commercial-Vehicle Joint Venture Bloomberg.com, August 30, 2009
- For 2008 sales figures, see 2008 Annual Report FAW Official Site
- For 2009 ranking as largest Chinese machinery company, see FAW Ranks 1st among Top 500 Chinese Machinery Corporations FAW Official Site, Aug 7, 2009
- For 2009 ranking as 2nd largest Chinese automaker, see SAIC expects rosy FY profit figures China Daily, Jan 7, 2010
- About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
- About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
- Besturn B90 Sedan spotted out testing chinacartimes.com, October 27, 2010
- Page 33 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- "Short Torque", China Daily (2011-11-28).
- Page 34 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 40 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 32 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Strife between FAW and Changan intensifies as Mazda 8 rolls off assembly line globaltimes.cn, December 02 2010
- New China-made Cars Launch at Egypt Market FAW Official Site, Jul 3, 2009
- FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- FAW Exports 920 Xiali cars to Mexico FAW Official Site, Jun 25, 2009
- FAW Group Tapping Russian Market FAW Official Site, Mar 28, 2007
- FAW¡¯s Jiefang Brand Cement Mixers Popular in South Africa FAW Official Site, Jun 14, 2007
- FAW Exported Mini Vans to Uruguay FAW Official Site, Jan 22, 2008
- Page 26 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 38 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- FAW-Volkswagen Takes over Chengdu FAW FAW Official Site, Mar 30, 2009
- Page 31 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Deutz (Dalian) Engine Starts Operation FAW Official Site, Sep 18, 2007
- Page 21 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 23 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
- Page 17 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 19 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 18 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 12 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 13 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 39 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- FAW's Xiali Division Launches New C1 Hatchback in Russia FAW Official Site, Jun 11, 2007
- "Daihatsu to Dissolve its Joint Business for Body Parts Manufacturer in Jilin City, China". Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd (2010-01-07). Retrieved on 2011-01-12.
- Page 9 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 14 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 16 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Page 15 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Tianjin FAW Toyota Launches New Plant and Corolla FAW Official Site, May 30, 2007
- Page 25 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- "FAW-GM Increases Capacity, Having No Plan to Introduce GMC Yet", ChinaAutoWeb.com.
- Toyota Motor China Investment Co. By: Treece, James B. Automotive News, 5/14/2007 Supplement, Vol. 81
- FAW Initiates 100,000-unit Light Truck Engineering Project in Harbin FAW Official Site, Jun 4, 2009
- Page 37 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
- Ready consumer cash fueling robust sales chinadaily.com.cn, 2010-10-25
- FAW Builds up Dalian New-energy Bus Plant FAW Official Site, Jun 24, 2009
- Innovation FAW Official Site
- For FAW-VW production base, see FAW-Volkswagen Launches Second Jetta Production Location FAW Official Site, Jul 30, 2007
- For self-branded production base, see FAW Car's Second Plant Starts Operation FAW Official Site, Jul 21, 2010
- Sichuan FAW-Toyota Relocates Chengdu Plant FAW Official Site, Jul 16, 2008
- FAW Group and VW AG Joint to Build up New Chengdu Plant FAW Official Site, May 12, 2009
- Home > About Us > Company Introduction > TOYOTA Motor Co., LTD. Tianjin FAW Toyota Official Site
- Tianjin FAW Toyota to Launch New Engine Plant FAW Official Site, Apr 20, 2007
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