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FAW Group Corporation
Type State-owned enterprise
Founded July 15, 1953
Headquarters Changchun, Jilin, People's Republic of China
Industry Automotive
Products Automobiles
Employees 132,000 (2007)
Subsidiaries Hongqi
Besturn
FAW Tianjin
Website FAW.com
FAW Group Corporation (
中文:
) is a state-owned enterprise] with publicly traded subsidiaries: FAW Car Company (SZSE: 000800

), Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co Ltd (SZSE: 000927 ), Changchun FAWAY Automobile Components Co Ltd (SSE: 600742).

A maker of automobiles; buses; light, medium, and heavy-duty trucks;[1] and auto parts;[2] FAW became China's first automobile manufacturer when it unveiled the nation's first domestically produced passenger car, the Hong Qi, in 1958.[3]

Selling 2.56 million units in 2010 made it the third-most productive vehicle maker in China that year, and one of its offerings, the FAW Xiali, was the 7th most-purchased car in China in 2010.[4]

FAW has its headquarters in Changchun, Jilin Province, a tree-lined city on the Northeastern Songliao Plain.[5]

HistoryEdit

In 1953, the first year of the first five-year plan,[6] First Automobile Works broke ground for its first factory,[1] but it wouldn't produce its first product, the 4-ton Jie Fang CA-10 truck (based on the Russian ZIS-150), for three more years.[7] Soviet Russia lent assistance during these early years, providing technical support, tooling, and production machinery.[6]

Before its first factory opened, 39 Chinese FAW employees traveled to the Stalin Truck Factory for instruction in truck production.[7]

In 1992, the name First Automobile Works was changed to China FAW Group Corporation.[8]

First domestic autoEdit

First Automobile Works initially made only commercial trucks[1] but started producing passenger cars in 1958.[7] These vehicles, the Hong Qi luxury sedans, were the first domestically produced Chinese automobiles.[7] Only for party elite, the design changed little over their thirty-year production run.[9] Following this tradition, FAW's Audi products are the historically favored choice for ranking Chinese state officials.[10]

Sino-western joint venturesEdit

Though FAW was the fourth Chinese automaker to take on Western partners, its early joint venture with Volkswagen in 1990 saw it become the second Chinese auto company to develop a strong cooperative relationship with a foreign counterpart. SAIC was the first, in 1984 and also with VW.[11] Other, failed foreign-Chinese joint ventures preceding FAW-VW were what is now Beijing Benz and the failed Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company.[12]

While Volkswagen was its first foreign partner, others soon followed. FAW acquired a 50.98% stake in Tianjin Automotive Xiali in September, 2002, and renamed the brand FAW Tianjin.[13] As a result, FAW ended up with Toyota as a foreign joint venture partner in 2003.[14] FAW established a joint venture with General Motors in 2009[15] and has joint ventures with a handful of other foreign companies as well.[citation needed]

Recent eventsEdit

As if an example of the company's wide product line, FAW will sell the first Chinese designed fire trucks in 2011.

FAW plans to produce an electric vehicle in cooperation with VW, perhaps as soon as 2013.

FAW produced more than 1.5 million vehicles in 2008, and by 2009 it was the largest machinery corporation and the second largest auto manufacturer in China.[16]

BadgeEdit

The FAW "winged 1" badge is derived from the Chinese 一汽 ("一" meaning "one" and "汽", from "汽車" meaning "automotive") and depicts a hawk spreading its wings.[8] The logo was introduced in 1964.[17]

BrandsEdit

FAW sells products under at least ten different brands, including its own. The following is an incomplete list.

Its foreign joint ventures also manufacture the following brands for sale in the Chinese market:

Export countriesEdit

While primarily manufacturing products for sale in its home market,[citation needed] FAW has exported products to many countries beginning in 1957 with the sale of three commercial trucks to a businessperson in Jordan.[7]

FAW has had customers in more than 80 countries throughout the life of the company.[5] Nations it has exported products to include Egypt,[26] Iraq,[27] Kenya,[27] Mexico,[28] Pakistan,[27] Russia,[29] South Africa,[30] and Uruguay.[31]

Subsidiaries and joint venturesEdit

FAW has 28 wholly owned subsidiaries and controlling shares in 18 partially owned subsidiaries. These include the wholly owned FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd and FAW Bus and Coach Co Ltd, the foreign joint venture FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co Ltd, and the publicly traded FAW Car Co Ltd, Tianjin FAW Xiali Automobile Co Ltd, and Changchun FAWAY Automobile Components Co Ltd.[1]

The following is an incomplete list.

  • The 9th Industrial Machinery Design and Research Institute

A wholly owned subsidiary since 1958, it is responsible for production base design.[32]

  • Chengdu Araco Automobile Trim Part Co Ltd

A joint venture with Japan's ARACO, it produces interior trim parts.[33]

  • Chengdu FAW Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: Chengdu FAW

Becoming a partially owned subsidiary in 2002 after the acquisition of the Sichuan Bus Company,[33] FAW was able to retain its cooperation effort with Toyota, and as of 2003 Chengdu FAW Automobile Co Ltd produces Huaxi brand light and medium buses, spare parts and the Toyota Landcruiser Prado.[33] In 2009, Chengdu FAW was sold to FAW-VW.[34]

  • Chengdu FAW Co Ltd

A subsidiary of FAW's joint venture with VW, FAW-Volkswagen, this company controls production bases in Chengdu, Sichuan province.[35] This subsidiary took over Chengdu FAW Automobile Co Ltd in 2009.[36]

  • Dalian Diesel Engine Co
Main article: Dalian Diesel Engine

Becoming a wholly owned subsidiary in 1986, 35 years after its inception[37] this subsidiary produces engines for commercial trucks, construction equipment, and agricultural machinery.[38]

  • FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: FAW-VW Automobile Established in 1991, it is a large-scale joint venture automobile manufacturer between FAW Group and Volkswagen AG with share investments, as of 2003, of 60% and 40%, respectively.[39] It manufactures Audi and Volkswagen-branded automobiles for sale in China.[40]
  • FAW Bharat Forging Co Ltd

A joint venture with India's Bharat Forge Ltd, it manufactures forged automotive components for passenger cars, buses, and commercial vehicles as well as forged products for the railway, mining, steel, and petroleum industries.[41]

  • FAW Bus and Coach
Main article: FAW Bus and Coach
  • FAW Car Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Car Company A publicly listed subsidiary created in 1997 from the merger of Changchun Gear Factory, the FAW No.2 Engine Factory, the FAW No.2 Car Factory, and the former FAW No.1 Car Factory;[42] it, as of 2003, produced a Hong Qi luxury sedan, other car models, transmissions,[42] and engines.[43] It has an assembly line in western Changchun, Jilin province.[44]
  • FAW Forging Co Ltd

Established as a subsidiary on 31 May 2000, it produces die and hand-forged auto parts.[45]

  • FAW Foundry Co Ltd

It is a wholly owned subsidiary that produces cast auto part including engine blocks.[46]

  • FAW Hainan Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Hainan

Operating the southernmost FAW production base,[23] it manufactures license-built Mazdas since 1990.[13]

  • FAW Huali (Tianjin) Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Huali

A joint venture with Tianjin Automotive Industry (Group) Co Ltd that, as of 2003, manufactures re-badged Daihatsu models sold under the brand name Dario.[20]

  • FAW Hongta Yunnan Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Hongta Yunnan

Created in 1997 when FAW purchased a controlling interest in Hongta Yunnan Automobile Co Ltd, it, as of 2003, produces 1/2-3 ton pickups and light trucks as well as license-built Daihatsu models.[47] This factory was included in the FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle joint venture.[48]

  • FAW Import and Export Corporation (FAWIE)

Established as a subsidiary in 1984, FAWIE is the international sales and marketing division of FAW Group.[49] Overseas joint ventures and technical cooperation with foreign countries are also within its remit.[49] This subsidiary has established overseas production facilities in Pakistan, South Africa, Tanzania, Ukraine, Vietnam, and Russia.[29]

  • FAW Jilin Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Jilin

Founded in 1980, this company became a wholly owned subsidiary of FAW Group since either 1987[31] or March 1991.[13] It manufactures very compact trucks and buses originally based on Suzukis. More recently, Jilin was in a five-year long joint venture with Daihatsu.[50]

  • FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Jie Fang

Established as a subsidiary on 18 January 2003, it is a producer of medium and heavy trucks. It has two subsidiaries of its own; Qingdao Truck Division and FAW Trading Company.[51] It is one producer of Jie Fang brand trucks and as of 2003 utilizes production lines dating from 1956.[51]

  • FAW Jiaxin Heat Treatment and Electroplate Technology Co Ltd

A wholly owned subsidiary that designs and manufactures complete heat treatment and electroplating systems.[52]

  • FAW Sihuan Automotive Co Ltd

A part-owned subsidiary established in 1997 that designs, produces, and markets a complete range of medium and heavy truck bodies, wheels, and components for both FAW and other manufacturers.[53] Its joint venture with Johnson Controls, Changchun Fawer-Johnson Controls Automotive Systems Co Ltd, produces a wide range of interior components including automotive seats and trim.[53]

  • FAW Tool Co Ltd

This is a wholly-owned subsidiary that specializes in development and production of non-standard tools for automotive manufacture.[54]

  • FAW Tool and Die Co Ltd

This wholly-owned subsidiary manufactures automotive dies.[54]

  • FAW Toyota Motor Sales Co Ltd

It, as of 2007, sells products made by joint venture Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd in China through a network of 260 dealerships and is also responsible for after sales service of FAW-built Toyota and Daihatsu vehicles produced in China.[55]

  • FAW Tianjin Xiali Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Tianjin

Founded in 1968, it manufactures compact cars and since 2002 has had a joint venture with Toyota Motor Corporation, Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd.[14]

  • FAW Qiming Information Technology Co Ltd

Established in 2000, the company is responsible for business development, sales and marketing, after sales support, system integration, and GPS research and development.[56] A vehicle-monitoring division of its GPS research & development arm used a system purchased from Avaya to, "monitor over 3,000 vehicles throughout China."[56]

  • FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle Co Ltd
Main article: FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle

It is a joint venture with General Motors that mainly produces Jie Fang light-duty trucks.[57] This j.v. includes the Harbin Light Vehicle and FAW Hongta Yunnan factories.[58]

  • GS Motors SA de CV

A possible joint venture with Grupo Salinas, it may manufacture and distribute cars in México and Latin America.

  • Guangzhou Toyota Motor Co
Main article: Guangzhou Toyota

A joint venture with Toyota, it, as of 2007, has a passenger car production base in the Nansha Economic Development District of Guangzhou, Guangdong province.[59]

  • The Harbin Light Vehicle Factory
Main article: Harbin Light Vehicle

Established in 1965 this FAW Group subsidiary made military vehicles until partnering with FAW in the 1990s.[60] It has since produced pickups, Jie Fang trucks, and mini-vans.[60] This factory was included in the FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle joint venture.[61]

  • Sichuan FAW Toyota Motor Co
Main article: Sichuan FAW Toyota

A joint venture with Toyota, it, as of 2007, has a passenger car production base in the Chenghua District of Sichuan province and another in Changchun, Jilin province.[59]

  • Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd
Main article: FAW Tianjin

An equally owned[14] joint venture with Toyota created in 2003,[14] it, as of 2007, has one passenger vehicle production base in the Xiqing District of Tianjin[59] and two in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area.[14]

  • Wuhu FAW Yangzi Automobile Co Ltd
Main article: Wuhu FAW Yangzi

A joint venture with Yangzi Group and Wuhu Automotive Industry Company, it manufactures trucks, custom bus chassis, and medium-size buses.[62]

Production bases and facilitiesEdit

FAW has production bases located in 14 provinces throughout China;[5] including the provinces of Guangdong,[63] Hainan,[1] Heilongjiang,[1] Jilin,[1] Liaoning,[64] Shandong,[1]ichuan]][1] and Yunnan.[1] Non-provincial locales include Pudong[22] and Tianjin.[1]

ChangchunEdit

FAW headquarters are located in Changchun, Jilin province. An R&D and test center is also located there.[65] Additionally, FAW has two production bases here; one produces for the FAW-Volkswagen joint venture and the other makes self-branded autos.[66]

ChengduEdit

An unfinished production base in the Longquan Economic Development Zone in Chengdu, ichuan province], replaces an older Sichuan base and will produce passenger cars for the FAW-Toyota joint venture, Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd, when it is completed in 2010.[67] FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd has a production base here.[22] Another site in Chengdu produces cars for FAW-Volkswagen,[35] and a second VW production base is, as of 2009, scheduled to be built in the city.[68]

DalianEdit

The Dalian division of FAW Bus and Coach Co Ltd manufactures Jie Fang and Yuan Zheng brand medium and large-size buses in a 186,300 square meter factory in Dalian, Liaoning province.[24] Another Dalian base produces engines for commercial trucks, construction equipment and agricultural machinery.[38] An unfinished bus production base in at the Dalian Economic & Technological Development Zone is expected to be complete in mid-2010 and will produce hybrid buses.[64]

FoshanEdit

A 150,000 units/year production capacity FAW-VW production base will be built in this Guangdong province city.[63]

HainanEdit

Located in the sunny, Southern vacation spot of Hainan island and built in 1958, Hainan Island Test Grounds is an auto testing site that includes a test track.[23] FAW Hainan Automobile Co Ltd operates FAW's southernmost production facility here.[23] It manufactures license-built Mazdas.

HarbinEdit

A planned production base at the Aviation & Automobile Development Zone (Pingfang Development Zone) in the city of Harbin, Heilongjiang province, will see completion in December, 2010, and produce light trucks.[60]

PudongEdit

FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd has a production base in Pudong New Area.[22]

TianjinEdit

Plants No.1, 2, and 3 in the provincial-level city of Tianjin produce automobiles for the FAW-Toyota joint venture Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd.[69] Plant No.1 is in Yangliuqing Town, Xiqing District,[69] and plants No.2 and 3 are located in the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Zone and began production in 2007.[69]

Tianjin FAW Toyota Motor Co Ltd has an engine plant in Tianjin.[70]

QingdaoEdit

A FAW Jie Fang Truck Co Ltd medium, heavy, and severe-duty truck production base is located in Qingdao, Shangdong province.[22]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 About FAW Profile FAW Official Site
  2. Products Components & Parts FAW Official Site
  3. Key Events, May 21, 1958/Aug. 1, 1958 FAW Official site
  4. 5.0 5.1 5.2 FAW Today FAW's 50th Anniversary Brochure
  5. 6.0 6.1 FAW Group Steps up Global Expansion FAW Official Site, Mar 27, 2007
  6. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
  7. 8.0 8.1 About FAW > Corporate Trademark FAW Official Site
  8. 9.0 9.1 The home team economist.com, Nov 13th 2008
  9. Chinese public revved up over BMW, Benz on gov't car list xinhuanet.com, 2009-06-13
  10. Theme and variations economist.com, Nov 13th 2008
  11. 13.0 13.1 13.2 (2006) World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o., 232. 
  12. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 Home > About Us > Company Introduction > TOYOTA Motor Co., LTD. Tianjin Xiali Official Site
  13. GM, China FAW Set Up Commercial-Vehicle Joint Venture Bloomberg.com, August 30, 2009
  14. About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
  15. About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
  16. Besturn B90 Sedan spotted out testing chinacartimes.com, October 27, 2010
  17. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 Page 33 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  18. "Short Torque", China Daily (2011-11-28). 
  19. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 Page 34 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  20. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 Page 40 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  21. 24.0 24.1 Page 32 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  22. Strife between FAW and Changan intensifies as Mazda 8 rolls off assembly line globaltimes.cn, December 02 2010
  23. New China-made Cars Launch at Egypt Market FAW Official Site, Jul 3, 2009
  24. 27.0 27.1 27.2 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  25. FAW Exports 920 Xiali cars to Mexico FAW Official Site, Jun 25, 2009
  26. 29.0 29.1 FAW Group Tapping Russian Market FAW Official Site, Mar 28, 2007
  27. FAW¡¯s Jiefang Brand Cement Mixers Popular in South Africa FAW Official Site, Jun 14, 2007
  28. 31.0 31.1 FAW Exported Mini Vans to Uruguay FAW Official Site, Jan 22, 2008
  29. Page 26 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  30. 33.0 33.1 33.2 Page 38 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  31. http://autonews.gasgoo.com/china-news/faw-vw-to-buy-chengdu-faw-as-3rd-vw-plant-090310.shtml
  32. 35.0 35.1 FAW-Volkswagen Takes over Chengdu FAW FAW Official Site, Mar 30, 2009
  33. http://autonews.gasgoo.com/china-news/faw-vw-to-buy-chengdu-faw-as-3rd-vw-plant-090310.shtml
  34. Page 31 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  35. 38.0 38.1 Deutz (Dalian) Engine Starts Operation FAW Official Site, Sep 18, 2007
  36. Page 21 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  37. Page 23 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  38. About FAW > Key Events FAW Official Site
  39. 42.0 42.1 Page 17 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  40. Page 19 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  41. Page 18 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  42. Page 12 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  43. Page 13 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  44. Page 39 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  45. http://articles.marketwatch.com/2009-08-30/industries/30685255_1_joint-venture-commercial-vehicles-general-motors-china
  46. 49.0 49.1 FAW's Xiali Division Launches New C1 Hatchback in Russia FAW Official Site, Jun 11, 2007
  47. "Daihatsu to Dissolve its Joint Business for Body Parts Manufacturer in Jilin City, China". Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd (2010-01-07). Retrieved on 2011-01-12.
  48. 51.0 51.1 Page 9 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  49. Page 14 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  50. 53.0 53.1 Page 16 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  51. 54.0 54.1 Page 15 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  52. Tianjin FAW Toyota Launches New Plant and Corolla FAW Official Site, May 30, 2007
  53. 56.0 56.1 Page 25 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  54. "FAW-GM Increases Capacity, Having No Plan to Introduce GMC Yet", ChinaAutoWeb.com. 
  55. http://articles.marketwatch.com/2009-08-30/industries/30685255_1_joint-venture-commercial-vehicles-general-motors-china
  56. 59.0 59.1 59.2 Toyota Motor China Investment Co. By: Treece, James B. Automotive News, 5/14/2007 Supplement, Vol. 81
  57. 60.0 60.1 60.2 FAW Initiates 100,000-unit Light Truck Engineering Project in Harbin FAW Official Site, Jun 4, 2009
  58. http://articles.marketwatch.com/2009-08-30/industries/30685255_1_joint-venture-commercial-vehicles-general-motors-china
  59. Page 37 FAW 50th Anniversary Brochure
  60. 63.0 63.1 Ready consumer cash fueling robust sales chinadaily.com.cn, 2010-10-25
  61. 64.0 64.1 FAW Builds up Dalian New-energy Bus Plant FAW Official Site, Jun 24, 2009
  62. Innovation FAW Official Site
  63. Sichuan FAW-Toyota Relocates Chengdu Plant FAW Official Site, Jul 16, 2008
  64. FAW Group and VW AG Joint to Build up New Chengdu Plant FAW Official Site, May 12, 2009
  65. 69.0 69.1 69.2 Home > About Us > Company Introduction > TOYOTA Motor Co., LTD. Tianjin FAW Toyota Official Site
  66. Tianjin FAW Toyota to Launch New Engine Plant FAW Official Site, Apr 20, 2007

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