|Manufacturer||Sevel Nord (for PSA/Fiat)|
|Production||March 1994–November 2010|
Lancia Phedra II
|Body style(s)||5-door MPV|
|Related||Sevel Nord delivery vans|
- Not to be confused with the Volkswagen Eurovan sold in North America.
"Eurovans" is a common name applied to nearly identical large MPVs resulting from Sevel, a joint-venture of PSA and Fiat, and manufactured at Sevel Nord factory in France, near Valenciennes. The first eurovans were sold as Citroën Evasion (Synergie), Fiat Ulysse, Lancia Zeta and Peugeot 806. The present, second generation, saw the renaming of all but the Ulysse to Citroën C8, Lancia Phedra and Peugeot 807 respectively.
The eurovans differ little technically and visually, being a prime example of badge engineering. The eurovans share mechanicals and body structure with Sevel light commercial vans, Citroën Jumpy (Dispatch), Fiat Scudo and Peugeot Expert. They are more technically related to PSA than Fiat vehicles, as PSA governs the Sevel Nord part of the joint-venture.
First generation (1994-2002)[edit | edit source]
Citroën Evasion (Synergie)|
|Production||March 1994-February 2002|
|Platform||Sevel Nord van|
The first generation eurovans were introduced in 1994. They were similar in dimensions to their main competitor, Volkswagen Sharan, although they had a longer wheelbase. They were thus smaller than American vans, like the Chrysler Voyager, which is also a popular model in Europe. In contrast to the Espace and like American minivans they had sliding rear side doors, a trait they share with their commercial siblings. In spite of the fact that the Voyager also came in the "Grand" versions with elongated body and wheelbase (and the Espace followed suit in 1997), the eurovans only came in one size.
The Eurovans were almost identical, the differences consisting in different grilles, lower tailgates/taillights, wheel covers/alloy wheels and exterior and interior badging, as well as different trim levels. In October 1998, the eurovans were mildly facelifted.
Inside, the gear lever was mounted on the dashboard rather than on the floor, and the handbrake is on the door side of the driver's seat, which allowed for the elimination of central console and opened up a passage between the front seats. The seating configurations included two fixed seats in front and three individual removable seats in the middle row, along with optional two individual removable seats or a three-seater bench in the third row.
Model peculiarities[edit | edit source]
Citroën Evasion (Synergie)[edit | edit source]
The Evasion was badged Synergie in the right hand drive markets of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, presumably due to the existence of the English word "evasion" which is pronounced differently from the French and has different connotations (the word means 'getting away from it all' in French but 'escaping' or 'avoiding' (esp. by subterfuge) in English). However, the car retained the Evasion name in New Zealand.
Fiat Ulysse[edit | edit source]
The Fiat was named after Ulysses, the Roman name for Odysseus, the hero of Homer's Odyssey. However, the Honda Odyssey was only sold in in Europe in its first generation and then named Honda Shuttle. The Fiat Ulysse is the only Eurovan which has retained the same name in the second generation.
Lancia Zeta[edit | edit source]
Following the traditional naming theme, Lancia named its variant with the, previously unused, Greek letter Zeta. With its big chrome grille, the Lancia served as the "premium" Eurovan, not available with base engines and exceptionally well equipped, with prices up to 20% higher than corresponding versions of other eurovans.
Peugeot 806[edit | edit source]
The 806 was named according to Peugeot's trademarked "x0x" system, where the first digit indicates model series (vehicle size/class), while the last indicates the generation, with a central zero. The biggest Peugeot series to date was the executive sedan line "60x", so Peugeot chose 8, leaving room for potential other model. The eurovans were launched when Peugeot was replacing the "x05" with "x06" models, so it was appropriately labeled "806".
Belgian racing team Kronos Racing unveiled a highly modified racing version of Peugeot 806 with internals of Peugeot 405 Mi16 touring car in 1995 season. 806 even raced in the Spa 24 Hours competition at Spa-Francorchamps, but did not finish due to engine failure.
Engines[edit | edit source]
The first-generation eurovans utilized PSA's XU/XUD engines, regardless of brand. They were later replaced by the PSA EW/DW engine. All were mated to 5-speed manual transmissions, except for the 2.0 16v petroleum engine, which had an option of a 4-speed automatic.
|1.8 8v||Petrol||1,761 cc (1.761 L/107.5 cu in)||99 PS (73 kW/98 hp) @5750 rpm||147 N·m (108 lb·ft) @2600 rpm||XU7||Not available for Lancia Zeta, phased out in 2000|
|2.0 8v||Petrol||1,998 cc (1.998 L/121.9 cu in)||121 PS (89 kW/119 hp) @5750 rpm||170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @2650 rpm||XU10 2C||Not available for Lancia Zeta, phased out in 2000|
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,998 cc (1.998 L/121.9 cu in)||132 PS (97 kW/130 hp) @5500 rpm||180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4200 rpm||XU10 J4||Optional automatic transmission; replaced all previous petroleum engines in July 2000|
|2.0 8v Turbo||Petrol||1,998 cc (1.998 L/121.9 cu in)||147 PS (108 kW/145 hp) @5300 rpm||235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @2500 rpm||XU10 J2TE||Phased out in 2000|
|1.9 8v TD||Diesel||1,905 cc (1.905 L/116.3 cu in)||90 PS (66 kW/89 hp) @4000 rpm||196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @2250 rpm||XUD9||Phased out in 2000, not available for Lancia Zeta|
|2.1 12v TD||Diesel||2,088 cc (2.088 L/127.4 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW/108 hp) @4300 rpm||250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||XUD11||Phased out in 2000|
|2.0 8v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW/108 hp) @4000 rpm||250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @1750 rpm||DW10AETD||PSA's new HDI engine, billed JTD by Fiat in spite of that; introduced in January 2000 to replace both previous diesels|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW/108 hp) @4000 rpm||270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1750 rpm||DW10AETD4||16-valve version of previous engine, introduced in 2001|
Second generation (2002-2010 exception:Peugeot 807 and Citroën C8)[edit | edit source]
|Production||February 2002-November 2010|
|Platform||Sevel Nord van|
|Wheelbase||2,823 mm (111.1 in)|
|Length||4,727 mm (186.1 in) (Peugeot 807)|
|Width||1,854 mm (73.0 in) (Peugeot 807)|
|Height||1,752 mm (69.0 in) (Peugeot 807)|
The first-generation eurovans were superseded by a new model in 2002. The floorpan, wheelbase and suspension setup were not altered, but all exterior dimensions as well as front and rear tracks were increased. In particular, the increase in length by almost 30 cm greatly enhanced interior capacity. The new eurovans were afforded a much more bubbly, contemporary look, along with a modern-looking dashboard with centrally mounted gauges. The differences are now more pronounced, encompassing entire front fascias and rear sections (including head- and taillights), as well as different interior colour themes. The Fiat and the Lancia are slightly wider than PSA vans, and the Phedra is also longer than other eurovans.
Names[edit | edit source]
Except for the Fiat Ulysse, all the models have been renamed. The 806 was, as expected, replaced by 807, while Citroën chose to put the minivan in line with its new naming theme, where models were called Cx (x being a number roughly corresponding to the relative size of a given model), hence the Citroën C8. As the new Lancias didn't use Greek letters in the 2000s (until the revival of the Lancia Delta in 2008), the new minivan was called Lancia Phedra, in honor of the Greek mythological figure Phaedra. According to Automotive News online edition of December 27, 2010, the production of the Fiat Ulysse and Lancia Phedra ended in November 2010.
807 GT[edit | edit source]
To highlight the launch of the V6 engine, Peugeot presented a design study called Peugeot 807 Grand Tourisme at the 2003 Geneva Motor Show. Apart from the fancier 4-passenger interior and some mechanical and visual tuning, the car was essentially a top-of-the-line 807 in a peculiar purple color.
Engines[edit | edit source]
The engine range comprised again of different versions of the PSA EW/DW engine, paired with either 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmissions. Additionally, top-of-the-line versions came with the PSA ES V6.
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||136 PS (100 kW/134 hp) @6000 rpm||190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4100 rpm||EW10 J4||Later replaced by the new 140 PS version of the same engine|
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||140 PS (103 kW/138 hp) @6000 rpm||200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @4000 rpm||EW10 A||Replaced the 136 PS version; not available for Fiat or Lancia|
|2.2 16v||Petrol||2,230 cc (2.23 L/136 cu in)||158 PS (116 kW/156 hp) @5650 rpm||217 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3900 rpm||EW12 J4||Not available for Fiat or Lancia|
|3.0 24v||Petrol||2,946 cc (2.946 L/179.8 cu in)||204 PS (150 kW/201 hp) @6000 rpm||285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3750 rpm||ES9||Added in 2003, only available with automatic transmission|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW/108 hp) @4000 rpm||270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1750 rpm||DW10|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||120 PS (88 kW/118 hp) @4000 rpm||300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||DW10|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L/121.9 cu in)||136 PS (100 kW/134 hp) @4000 rpm||320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||DW10 BTED4|
|2.2 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||2,179 cc (2.179 L/133.0 cu in)||128 PS (94 kW/126 hp) @4000 rpm||314 N·m (232 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||DW12 TED4||Only available with manual transmission, in 2005 changed to 6-speed|
|2.2 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||2,179 cc (2.179 L/133.0 cu in)||170 PS (125 kW/168 hp) @4000 rpm||370 N·m (270 lb·ft) @1500 rpm||DW12||From 2008 new 2.2 bi-TURBO|
Sales numbers[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
- Eurovan2, a site devoted to eurovans
- - UK owners blog relevant for Synergie enthusiasts
- Citroen C8 at Citroenet
- Citroën C8 crash test
- C8 links Citroën World
|« previous — Automobiles Citroën, a subsidiary of the PSA Peugeot Citroën since 1976, car timeline, 1980s–present|
|Supermini||LN / LNA||AX|
|Dyane||Axel||Saxo I||Saxo II||C2||DS3|
|Visa||C3 I||C3 II|
|Small family car||GSA||ZX||Xsara I||Xsara II||C4 I||C4 II|
|Large family car||BX||Xantia||C5 I||C5 II|
|Xsara Picasso||C3 Picasso|
|C4 Grand Picasso|
|Van||H Van||C25||Jumpy I||Jumpy II|
|« previous — Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. car timeline, European market, 1980s–present|
|City cars||126||Cinquecento||Seicento (1998-2005) / 600 (2005-2010)|
|Panda I||Panda II|
|Supermini||127||Uno||Punto I||Punto II|
|Grande Punto||Punto Evo|
|Ritmo||Tipo||Bravo / Brava||Stilo||Bravo II|
|Large family car||132||Argenta||Croma I||Croma II|
|Panel van/Leisure activity vehicle||Fiorino I||Fiorino II||Fiorino III|
|Large MPV||Ulysse I||Ulysse II|
|Van||Daily*||Scudo I||Scudo II|
|Ducato I||Ducato II||Ducato III|
|*Rebadged Iveco model|
|Small family car||Delta I||Delta II||Delta III|
|Large family car||Beta||Prisma||Dedra||Lybra|
|Executive car||Gamma||Thema||Kappa||Thesis||Thema II|
|Large MPV||Zeta||Phedra||Grand Voyager|
|Beta Montecarlo Turbo||LC1||LC2|
|« previous — Peugeot, a brand owned by PSA Peugeot Citroën, road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present|
|Small family car||309||306||308|
|Large family car||504||405||406||407||508|
|Convertible||205 Cabriolet||206 CC||207 CC|
|306 Cabriolet||307 CC||308 CC|
|Leisure activity vehicle||Peugeot Bipper|
|Partner Combi||Partner Tepee|
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Eurovan (PSA/Fiat joint venture). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia|