|This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2008)|
Dutton Cars, based in Worthing, Sussex, England, was a maker of kit cars between 1970 and 1989. In terms of numbers of kits produced, it was for a time the largest kit car manufacturer in the world.
The company was founded by Tim Dutton Wooley and ran from a small workshop where a series of cars based on the P1 prototype were built, no two being the same. Things stabilised in October 1971 when a production model, the B-Type appeared with a more or less standard specification and based on Triumph Herald components. A move was also made to a larger factory in Tangmere, Chichester.
The B-Type eventually evolved into the Dutton Phaeton. Later versions of the Phaeton were based on Ford Escort components and were produced until 1989.
In 1979 Dutton announced the Dutton Sierra, an Escort-based estate car with off-road looks. In 1982, the Ford Motor Company decided to use the Sierra name for a new model, and claimed sole rights. A court case resulted and Dutton won the right to continue with the name on kit cars as the judge ruled that these were a separate category from assembled cars. Dutton was awarded costs against Ford and gained immense publicity. The Sierra is claimed to be the biggest selling kit car ever. A further move to larger premises back in Worthing was made in the same year with glass fibre body making at a separate works in Lancing, West Sussex.
By 1984, 70 people were employed and production topped 1000. In 1989 the company was closed down and the designs sold. A new model had been developed called the Maroc, a heavily modified Ford Fiesta with convertible body, and this was made by Hacker Engineering in Littlehampton. Initially it was available as a factory finished car but prices became too high and from 1993 kit versions were made available. The design has been sold on to Novus of Bolney, Sussex and a modified version is still available (2006).
After leaving the kit car business and closing down the company Tim Dutton Wooley operated as a consultant but returned to the automobile making business in 1995 with the Dutton Amphibian and Dutton Commando, amphibious cars based on the Ford Fiesta and Suzuki Samurai. One has been driven across the English Channel.
Dutton kits are now hard to come by. Most Duttons have already been assembled and are only available to purchase as second hand cars, usually in need of some restoration. When a Dutton is purchased in 'kit form' the person building it will require a donor car. The donor car is used to provide the engine, gearbox and many other essential components for the car. Fords usually make perfect donor cars. Most people use donor cars that would no longer be road worthy (usually due to body rot) and use the mechanic parts to create a new car using a kit–car chassis and body.
In August 2008, Tim Dutton Wooley was convicted of selling an amphibious vehicle unfit for carrying fare-paying passengers, contrary to the Trade Descriptions Act 1968.
|Dutton P1||1970–1971||Lotus 7 like car based on MG Midget mechanical parts. Aluminium body panels, glass fibre wings.|
|Dutton B Type||1971–1974||Triumph Herald based. Body mainly made from glass fibre. Ford engine optional.|
|Dutton B Plus||1974–1977||Rear axle now Ford Cortina but with coil springs.|
|Dutton Malaga||1974–1977.||Front wings moulded in with body.|
|Dutton Malaga B+||1975–1977||Malaga front and B+ rear.|
|Dutton Cantera||1976–1977||Coupé version of Malaga B+.|
|Dutton Phaeton Series 1||1977–1981||Updated Malaga B+.|
|Dutton Phaeton Series 2||1980–1982||Rear suspension modified to use Cortina springs.|
|Dutton Phaeton Series 3||1981–1986||Modified chassis to use Ford Escort components.|
|Dutton Phaeton Series 4||1986–1989||Modified body with integral bumpers.|
|Dutton B Plus Series 2||1989||B+ with Phaeton body style.|
|Dutton Melos||1982–1989||Phaeton chassis with new body with more rounded styling. 2+2 seat configuration|
|Dutton Legerra||1988–1989||The first Dutton sports car with opening doors.|
|Dutton Sierra Series 1||1980–1984||Ford Escort based four seater. Estate car/off road styling. An early 2 wheel drive SUV.|
|Dutton Sierra Series 2||1984–1986||Improved body with some double skinned panels.|
|Dutton Sierra Series 3||1986–1989||New body but very similar in styling to Series 2.|
|Dutton Sierra Drop Head||1983–1989||No roof. Pick up version also made.|
|Dutton Rico||1984–1989||Ford Escort-based four seat saloon.|
|Dutton Rico Shuttle||1986–1989||Estate car version of the Rico.|
|Dutton Beneto||1989||"SUV" styled version of the Rico.|
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Dutton Cars. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia|