|M25 Tank Transporter|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Wars||World War II|
|Designer||Knuckey Truck Company|
|Manufacturer||Pacific Car & Foundry Co.|
|Armor||front 3/4 inch|
sides, rear 1/4 inch
|.50 cal M2 machine gun|
|Engine||Type 440 6-cylinder gasoline engine|
The M25 Tank Transporter was a heavy tank transporter and tank recovery vehicle used in World War II and beyond by the US Army.
Nicknamed the Dragon Wagon, the M25 was composed of a 6x6 armored tractor (M26) and 40-ton trailer (M15).
In 1942 a new 40 ton semi-trailer tank transporter was required. This was to offer better off-road performance than the M9 24-small-wheel trailer, and greater capacity than the 30 ton 8-large-wheel Shelvoke and Drewry semi-trailers, then in use with the Diamond T tractor unit. This new trailer was designed by the Fruehauf Trailer Company (based in Detroit, MI). A new tractor unit was required, as this heavier trailer was more than the Diamond T could cope with.
The M26 tractor was designed by the San Francisco-based Knuckey Truck Company. When Knuckey's production capacity proved insufficient the army awarded production to the Pacific Car & Foundry Co. of Seattle, Washington.
Designated TR-1 by Pacific Car, the 12-ton 6x6 M26 tractor was powered by a Type 440 240 bhp 6-cylinder gasoline engine developed exclusively for it by Hall-Scott (although also used to uprate the Diamond T). Some 2,100 Type 440s were built.[clarification needed] Baxter notes "over 1,300" M26 and M26A1 being built.
Unusually, the tractor unit was fitted with both an armoured cab and two winches with a combined pull of 60 tons. The intention was that as well as hauling the tank transporter semi-trailer, the tractor unit could itself be used for battlefield light recovery work.
The M26 entered service with the US Army in Europe in 1944-45.
In the nomeclature system used by the U.S Army Ordnance Corps Supply Catalog this vehicle is referred as the G160.
- Armament 1-.50 cal. machine gun
- Armor, front-3/4", sides, rear, 1/4".
- top speed-26 MPH
- fuel cap, 120 GAL.
- US Army
- British Army
- Diamond T tank transporter
- Scammell Pioneer Semi-trailer
- G160, "G" designation
- List of U.S. military vehicles by model number#Pre consecutive truck numbers
- Baxter, Brian S. (1989). Breakdown: A History of Recovery Vehicles in the British Army. HMSO, for REME Museum, 51. ISBN 0-11-290456-4.
- War Department Technical Manuals (Reprints by Portrayal Press, P.O. Box 1190, Andover, NJ 07821)
- TM 9-767 (40 Ton Tank Transporter/Truck-Trailer M25)
- TM 9-1767B (Power Train for Tractor Truck M26, Component of 40-Ton Tank Transporter Trailer, Truck M25)
- TM 9-1767C (Body/Chassis/Winches for Tractor Truck M26, Component of 40-Ton Tank Transporter Trailer Truck M25)
- SNL G160
- TM 9-2800 Military vehicles 1947
- Military Vehicle Journal #8 (Photos of the M26 and M26A1)
- Classic Plant & Machinery Magazine vol.9 number 6 & 7
- Short story of the M26 and pictures of a restored vehicle in 2004
- Article and photo at milweb.net
- Scratchbuilt M25 model step-by-step, with pictures and references used
- http://www.realmilitaryflix.com/public/378.cfm training film
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