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Dolly trailer

European type dolly trailer

A dolly is an unpowered vehicle design (small trailer) that can be coupled to a tractor unit, truck or prime mover vehicle or another trailer so as to support a semi-trailer. The dolly is equipped with a fifth wheel to which the semi-trailer is coupled.

A tow dolly is little more than two wheels, an axle and a tow-hitch, used to suspended tow a Front-wheel drive car behind a recreational vehicle or other larger vehicle.

Dolly typesEdit

There are two basic types of dolly:

  • Converter dolly, equipped with between one and three axles and designed to connect to a towbar on the rear of the truck or trailer in front. There are two variants of this:
    • An A-dolly has a single drawbar with a centred coupling.
    • A C-dolly has two separate couplings side-by-side.
  • Low loader dolly, equipped with a gooseneck type drawbar that attaches to the fifth-wheel coupling on the rear of a prime mover to distribute the mass on the fifth wheel on the dolly between the prime mover and the wheels of the dolly. These are predominantly fitted with two axles. (also known as a Jeep Dolly in the UK)

Dolly Classification by Axle Configuration

There are two types of dolly bogie:

Full trailer - 2 axle (4 wheels), with a draw bar which also controls the trailer's front axle steering. The draw bar does not take load of the full trailer. Heavy full trailer needs to have its own brakes remotely controlled by the prime mover vehicle.

Semi-trailer - 1 axle (2 wheels), without the front axle but have a landing gear. Large semi-trailer of truck size is designed for connection via the fifth wheel on the tractor unit or the semi-trailer truck. Small semi-trailer such as travel trailer and boat trailer is design for connection via a tow hitch of a passenger vehicle. Either the fifth wheel or the tow hitch takes up to half to load of the semi-trailer.

Road Train

Special large dolly bogie is equipped with a fifth wheel for further connection by the gooseneck type drawbar of another similar dolly and form a road train. The last dolly in a road train needs its own rear lights, brakes remotely controlled by the prime mover vehicle, and registration plate.

Tow Dolly

A semi-trailer designed as automobile rescue equipment. It is designed to couple to the concerned automobile's powered wheel, i.e. the front wheel of a Front-wheel drive automobile, or the rear wheel of a rear-wheel drive automobile, by locking the powered wheels onto the tow dolly's tray. The tow dolly is tow hitch connected to a tractor or truck. Tow dollies are legal in all 50 US states and Canada. In the U.S. and Canada brakes are required on any loaded car tow dolly.

Dolly Classification by Coupling Configuration

There are two basic types:

  • Converter dolly, equipped with between one and three axles and designed to connect to a towbar on the rear of the truck or trailer in front. There are two variants of this:
    • A A-dolly has a single drawbar with a centred coupling.
    • A C-dolly has two separate couplings side-by-side.
  • Low loader dolly, equipped with a gooseneck type drawbar that attaches to the fifth wheel coupling on the rear of a prime mover to distribute the mass on the fifth wheel of the dolly between the prime mover and the wheels of the dolly. These are predominantly fitted with two axles.

Regional variationsEdit

AustraliaEdit

Converter dollies are used in road trains in Australia, most commonly with two or three axles and a hinged drawbar. They are also frequently referred to as road train dollies.

The C-dolly design is not allowed in Australia, as it prevents articulation between the dolly wheels and the axles of the truck or trailer in front of the dolly. Australian rules require articulation between axle groups.

Low-loader dollies - which present a kingpin rather than a drawbar coupling- are used with many low loaders to allow heavy cargo to be carried without overloading the wheels of the prime mover or the low loader, as they add an extra axle line or two..

EuropeEdit

add details of regional variations.

ScandinaviaEdit

Dollies are popular in Finland and Sweden, where the law allows longer vehicle combinations than in the rest of the European Union. By using a dolly, a semi-trailer can be attached as a regular trailer to the towing truck.

UKEdit

Chris Bennett low loader with Demo rig load

Model of a low loader with single axle dolly and Chris Bennett tractor unit

Low-loader dollies are used with many low loaders to allow very heavy cargo to be carried without overloading the wheels of the prime mover or the low loader, as they add an extra axle line or two.

USAEdit

add details of American usage which varies by state.

Low-loader dollies are used in some states to help reduce axle loadings on heavy haulage units.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External links Edit

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