|Detroit Army Arsenal|
|Part of U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command|
|Warren, Michigan, USA|
*Research, Development and Engineering Center
*Life Cycle Management Command.
|Controlled by||US Army Installation Management Command|
|Garrison||US Army Garrison - Detroit Army Arsenal|
The Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant (DATP) was the first manufacturing plant ever built for the mass production of tanks in the United States. Established in 1940 under Chrysler, this plant was owned by the U.S. government until 1996. It was designed by architect Albert Kahn. The building was designed originally as a "dual production facility, so that it could make armaments and be turned into peaceful production at war's end. Notwithstanding its name, the 113-acre (0.46 km²
Chrysler's construction effort at the plant in 1941 was one of the fastest on record.
During World War II, the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant built a quarter of the 89,568 tanks produced in the U.S. overall. The Korean War boosted production for the first time since World War II had ended; the government would suspend tank production after each war. In May 1952, Chrysler resumed control from the army, which had been unable to ramp up production.
As a Government-Owned, Contractor Operated (GOCO) facility, Chrysler retained operational control of the production facility until March 1982, when Chrysler sold its Chrysler Defense division to General Dynamics Land Systems. General Dynamics produced the M1 Abrams tank at the facility (and at another plant in Lima, Ohio) until 1996, when the plant was closed and tank assembly and maintenance operations were consolidated at the Lima plant. The plant and some of the adjoining property were transferred to the City of Warren in 2001. The site of the original tank plant has been parcelled up and is now dedicated to civilian uses.
The structure of the plant was designed to survive bombardment by the weapons of the day. It included 3-foot-thick (0.91 m) concrete walls in some areas and a reinforced roof with slats to direct bombs away from vulnerable windows and exhaust fans.
The base's fire station has a Thunderbolt siren on top. It is a model 1000.
The portion of the property not sold to the city remains an active Army facility as the headquarters of the United States Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) and the United States Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command. TACOM continues to function at the location, is in fact in a major building boom as of 2010.
The Ground Systems Power and Energy Lab (GSPEL) was recently opened as part of the TARDEC complex. GSPEL is the only facility in the world that will be able to simulate the weather and terrain conditions of almost any locale in the world for the purposes of testing fuel cells and hybrid systems in ground combat vehicles. The Power and Energy Vehicle Environmental Lab (PEVEL) is one of the eight laboratories that make up GSPEL and it can simulate conditions from -60F up to 160F, wind speeds up to 60 MPH and humidity of 95%. It can also simulate any road condition or off-road terrain found anywhere in the world.
- Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, Local Legacies. Library of Congress
- Bos, Ann M. and Talbot, Randy, Enough and On Time, The Story of the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant, Michigan History Magazine. June, 2001.[dead link]
- Meredith, Robyn, Vast Plant for Tanks Has Closed. 21 December 1996. New York Times.
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Monday, 26 May. 1952 (26 May 1952). "Time Magazine, ',Upheaval at the Arsenal',, May 1952". TIME. Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ "Pure Michigan, Arsenal of Democracy". Ref.michigan.org (28 July 2010). Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ Adler, Dennis. "Chrysler Goes to War" Chrysler, (MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company, 2000), 192 pages. ISBN 0-7603-0695-8, ISBN 978-0-7603-0695-6
- ↑ Press Release, Closing of Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant.
- ↑ "Land Use Distribution". Ludb.clui.org. Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ "U.S. Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command History". Tacom.army.mil. Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ "City of Warren Community, Economic and Downtown Development". Cityofwarren.org (23 August 2005). Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ "Michigan Historical Marker". Michmarkers.com. Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ "TACOM public website". Tacom.army.mil. Retrieved on 21 May 2011.
- ↑ "Ground Systems Power and Energy Lab (GSPEL) Opens in Warren". MichiganStandard.com. Retrieved on 15 April 2012.
- "Tanks Are Mighty Fine Things," a booklet about the WW2 History of the Detroit Tank Arsenal.
- Congressional Record , remarks on the dedication of the Michigan Historical Marker concerning the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant by U.S. Senator Carl Levin.
- Description of Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant at globalsecurity.org.
- Detroit Tank Arsenal in Warren Township, 1941.
- U.S. Army Tank Automotive Command history.
- Wikimapia, Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant.