Cockshutt Plow Company
Founded 1877
Founder(s) James G. Cockshutt
Headquarters Brantford, Ontario, Canada
Products Agriculture machinery tractor, combine harvester, implements
Parent White Motor Company
Cockshutt 30 DCAPC August 2008 show

A Cockshutt 30 at the Antique Power Show
(Image from Commons)

Cockshutt Combine

Cockshutt combine harvester(model ?)

Cockshutt was a large tractor and machinery manufacturer based in Brantford, Ontario, Canada.

Originally founded as the Brantford Plow Works by James G. Cockshutt in 1877, the name was changed to the Cockshutt Plow Company when it was incorporated in 1882. After James died shortly thereafter, his brother William Foster Cockshutt took over as president. He remained until 1888, when another brother Frank Cockshutt became president of the company. In 1910, Henry Cockshutt, the youngest of the brothers, took over the leadership of the company. Under his direction, the company was able to obtain financing for acquisitions and expansion.

Known for quality designs, the company became the leader in the tillage tools sector by the 1920s.

History Edit

Since Cockshutt did not have a tractor design of its own yet, in 1929 an arrangement was made to distribute Allis-Chalmers model 20-35 and United tractors. In 1935 Cockshutt took on the Oliver tractor line, distributing then in Canada. some Hart-Parr tractors were also sold in Canada under the Cockshutt Hart-Parr brand.

During the war years, Cockshutt was able to design its own tractor. It was the Cockshutt 30 tractor and was the first modern production tractor built in Canada.

After the model 30, Cockshutt added the smaller model 20, and the larger 40 and 50.

In 1958, Cockshutt introduced a complete new line of tractors at the same time: the 540, 550, 560, and 570. The sheet metal of the 500 series was designed by Raymond Lowey, an automobile designer of the era, who also designed some Farmall tractor models. The design set a new standard in modern styling.

Also in 1958, the company was taken over by outside interests and the farm equipment division was sold to White Motor Company in 1962. White had previously acquired Oliver in 1960 and subsequently bought Minneapolis-Moline in 1963.

Starting in 1962, White opted to re-brand the Oliver tractors as Cockshutts. Thus, a Cockshutt 1650 was the same tractor as the Oliver 1650, but painted red instead of green.

In 1971, White sold two diesel imports made by Fiat as Cockshutts: the 1265 (41 PTO horsepower, 3-cylinder) and the 1355 (54 PTO horsepower, 4-cylinder). The same tractors were also sold as Minneapolis-Moline and Oliver.

White continued to use the popular Cockshutt brand name until the mid-1970s, when it was phased out. By 1977 the Cockshutt name was no longer used.

Model RangeEdit

Tractor ModelsEdit

Cockshutt Hart-ParrEdit

Cockshutt Hart-Parr Tractor Models
Model Year(s) Produced Horsepower Engine Type Misc Notes Photo
Cockshutt Hart-Parr 18-24 24 hp (18 kW) Hart-Parr built in USA Cockshutt Hart-Parr 18-24
Cockshutt Hart-Parr 28-44 44 hp (33 kW) Hart-Parr built by Oliver in the USA Cockshutt Hart-Parr 28-44
Cockshutt Hart-Parr 70 30 hp (22 kW) Oliver built in USA Cockshutt Hart-Parr 70
Cockshutt Hart-Parr 99 62 hp (46 kW) Waukesha-Oliver built in USA Cockshutt Hart-Parr 99 - 1938

Built by Cockshutt for other CompaniesEdit

Tractor Models built by Cockshutt for other Companies
Model Year(s) Produced Horsepower Engine Type Misc Notes Photo
Co-op E2 a Cockshutt 20
Co-op E3 a Cockshutt Co-op E3 (Medium)
Co-op E4 a Cockshutt 40 Harvard-Milk Days Co-Op tractor1
Co-op E4 LPG a Cockshutt 40
Co-op E5 Buda a Cockshutt 50 Co-op E-5
Co-op Implements 570 Super 61 hp (45 kW) Hercules CCIL (Co-op Implements) 570 Super WF
Gambles Farmcrest 30 a Cockshutt 30 Harvard-Milk Days Cockshutt tractor1

Harvester ModelsEdit


See alsoEdit


External linksEdit

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