|Manufacturer||General Motors Corporation|
Moraine, Ohio, United States |
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia//
|Predecessor||Chevrolet Blazer (4-Door)|
|Body style(s)||5-door SUV|
|Layout||Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
4.2 L LL8 I6 |
5.3 L V8
6.0 L LS2 V8
SWB: 113.0 in (2870 mm) |
EXT: 129.0 in (3277 mm)
SWB: 191.8 in (4872 mm)|
EXT: 207.8 in (5278 mm)
|Width||74.7 in (1897 mm)|
2002–03 SWB: 74.5 in (1892 mm)|
2004–09 SWB: 72.5 in (1842 mm)
2002–03 EXT: 77.1 in (1958 mm)
2004–06 EXT: 75.5 in (1918 mm)
2007–09 2WD: 67.8 in (1722 mm)
Buick Rainier |
The Chevrolet TrailBlazer is an SUV that was produced by the Chevrolet division of American automaker General Motors. It was introduced in 1999 as an upscale trim line of the Blazer. In 2002, the TrailBlazer was upgraded to a new platform (GMT360 for 5 passenger models, GMT370 for 7 passenger, and GMT305 for the Envoy XUV). Production of the Blazer overlapped with the TrailBlazer until 2005, when the 2-door was sold at dealers while the 4-door was fleet only (until the 2004 model year). The 2-door Blazer was replaced by the Chevrolet Equinox after 2005. The TrailBlazer name was revived in 2020 for the 2021 model year, but this time for a subcompact, 5-door crossover on the VSS-F platform.
The TrailBlazer won the North American Truck of the Year award in 2002. The 4.2 L I6 Atlas LL8 appeared on the Ward's 10 Best Engines list from 2002-2005 with innovative features such as DOHC, Variable Valve Timing (VVT) on the exhaust camshaft, and GM's patented Lost-foam casting process.
The TrailBlazer is based on a truck platform called GMT360, with all models having four-wheel drive as an option with both automatic engagement and the more traditional "4 High" and "4 Low" gearings, except the SS model which features an All wheel drive system. The TrailBlazer features an independent front suspension, and a five-link rear suspension. A G80 locking rear differential is available as an option on all models except for the SS which has a G86 LSD standard. An 'LT' version, has up-graded interior features, better sound system, alloy wheels, 4-wheel disc brakes, and a towing package.
The TrailBlazer was facelifted for late 2005/early 2006. A new front fascia and interior trim were included with the refresh, but only apply to the upper-level LT models. The LS trim still has a similar front and rear fascia to the 02-05 models. The SS gets trim-specific front and rear fascias plus colormatched side skirts.
The TrailBlazer comes with a 291 hp (217 kW) 277 lb·ft (376 N·m) all-aluminum 4.2 L "Atlas" LL8 inline-six engine standard and an optional 302 hp (225 kW) 330 lb·ft (447 N·m) aluminum small-block 5.3 L V8 with Active Fuel Management. The inline-six makes the TrailBlazer the most powerful six-cylinder SUV in its class. The Active Fuel Management system on the V8 engine shuts off 4 of the 8 cylinders during highway travel and idle to save fuel. The 6-cylinder versions of the TrailBlazer get up to 20 miles per US gallon (12 L/100 km/24 mpg-imp) highway, according to refreshed United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates.
One unique element of the TrailBlazer line was the availability of a 3-row, 7-passenger EXT version. This vehicle was 16 in (406 mm) longer and had a higher roofline to allow easier access to the third row of seats. This roof was disguised by standard roof racks.
Production of the EXT model was handled by the Oklahoma City Assembly plant in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The last TrailBlazer EXT rolled off the assembly line on February 20, 2006, because GM had reportedly closed that plant, making 2006 the final year for the TrailBlazer EXT.
The EXT could be identified by its much straighter rear doors (which were not in-line with the rear wheel arches), as well as by the circular, metal cap on each of the quarter windows where the opening mechanism attaches.
An SS model was introduced for the 2006 model year. This was the first time a production SUV wore the Super Sport badge. This TrailBlazer came standard with a 6.0 L LS2 V8 based on the same engine that comes standard in the 2005-2006 Pontiac GTO. The LS2 is rated at 395 hp (295 kW) with 400 lb·ft (540 N·m) of torque and can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in an estimated 5.8 seconds with quarter mile times around 14.2 seconds at 100.0 mph (160.9 km/h). Other differences entail the use of a 4-speed automatic transmission, a cold air intake package, a 4.10 ratio limited slip rear differential, a ZQ8 sport suspension, specially designed front brakes with brake pads similar to those found on the Corvette, and optional all-wheel drive (via a Torsen T-3 center differential).
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety tests give early Trailblazers a Marginal overall rating in the frontal offset test while 2005-2009 models get an Acceptable rating. For 2008 models side curtain airbags became standard but the Trailblazer gets a Marginal overall side impact rating regardless of airbag configuration. Torso type side airbags were unavailable.
2007 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Crash Test Ratings:
Side Rear Passenger:
Yearly American sales
|Calendar Year||Total American sales|
The next generation TrailBlazer was to be built on an upgraded version of the current GMT360 platform called the GMT361. It was scheduled to be launched in spring 2007, but in January 2006, GM decided to just refresh the current platform and call the vehicle a GMT360NG. However, in June 2006, GM announced that the GMT360NG program was also canceled due to the large investment. GM decided to keep the current TrailBlazer until the 2009 model year (2008 in Mexico), although it is still available in Russia as of 2010. Buick instead got the Enclave, a GM Lambda platform-based crossover SUV to replace the Rainier (along with the Rendezvous and the Terraza minivan), while GMC got the GM Lambda platform-based crossover SUV Acadia to replace the Envoy. Also, Saab will replace the 9-7X with the 9-4X. The Trailblazer, along with the Chevrolet Uplander minivan, were replaced by the Chevrolet Traverse. GM had closed the Moraine plant on December 23, 2008, ending production of all GMT360 products. The last Chevrolet TrailBlazer rolled off the Moraine line on December 16, 2008, a week before the plant's closure. The closing of the last factory that manufactured the trucks was the subject of a 2009 HBO documentary “The Last Truck: Closing of a G.M. Plant”.
Second generation (2012)
The second-generation TrailBlazer was unveiled as a concept at the 2011 Dubai Motor Show, and as a production model at the Bangkok Motor Show on March 21, 2012. . The TrailBlazer returns to the roots of General Motors' classic body-on-frame SUV's that the first-generation TrailBlazer abandoned. As is the case with the original Chevrolet Blazer (pre-1994), Tahoe (1995-), Suburban (1973-present), S10-based Blazer (1983-2003), the TrailBlazer will be based on a pickup truck chassis, in this case the 2012 Chevrolet Colorado.
This TrailBlazer will be built in Thailand and possibly in Brazil as well. Although management is opposed to bringing it to the North American market because of fuel economy regulations and the push to crossovers[citation (source) needed], dealers and many Chevrolet truck fans on the Internet are pushing for the TrailBlazer to come to North America[citation (source) needed], likely in the Wentzville, Missouri plant where other GMT700 trucks are being produced.
The 2012 Trailblazer comes with two engine options, both diesel, one featuring a Duramax 2.5 L, 150 hp (110 kW) 350 Nm (258 lb-ft) standard, and an optional Duramax 2.8 L, 180 hp (132 kW) 470 Nm (346 lb-ft).http://www.chevrolet.co.th/content/dam/Chevrolet/asia/thailand/en/02_Vehicles/01_PassengerCars/Trailblazer/Photogallery/Exterior/Trailblazer.pdf
|This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Chevrolet TrailBlazer. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia|
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- "IIHS-HLDI: Chevrolet TrailBlazer". Iihs.org. Retrieved on 2009-05-07.
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- GM to shut Ohio SUV plant 2 years ahead of plan
- The Days the Plant Died
- Holden tackles Achilles heel with Colorado 7 SUV
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