Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki
Chevrolet Suburban/GMC Yukon XL
2007 Chevrolet Suburban LT
Manufacturer General Motors Company
Also called GMC Carryall
GMC Suburban
GMC Yukon XL
Holden Suburban (Australia)
Cadillac Escalade ESV
Chevrolet Grand Blazer (Brazil)
Chevrolet Veraneio (Brazil)
Production 1935–present
Class Full-size SUV, Station wagon
Related Chevrolet Silverado
Chevrolet Tahoe

The Chevrolet Suburban is a large sport utility vehicle from Chevrolet. It is the longest-lived continuous automobile nameplate still in production, dating from 1935. The Suburban has been produced under the Chevrolet, Holden, and GMC marques until the GMC version was rebranded as the GMC Yukon XL. For most of its recent history, the Suburban has been a station wagon-bodied version of the Chevrolet pickup truck, including the Chevrolet C/K and Silverado series of truck-based vehicles. Cadillac offers a version called the Escalade ESV. The Suburban has traditionally been one of General Motors' most profitable vehicles.

The Suburban is sold in the United States (including the insular territories), Canada, Mexico, The Philippines, and the Middle East (Except Israel) as a Left-hand drive vehicle, while The Yukon XL is sold only in North America (United States and Canada) and The Middle East territories (Except Israel).


Many automotive companies in the United States used the "Suburban" name to indicate a windowed, station wagon type body on a commercial frame including Dodge, Plymouth, Studebaker, Nash, Chevrolet, and GMC. Chevrolet began production of its all-steel "carryall-suburban" in 1935. GMC brought out its version in 1937. These vehicles were also known as the "Suburban Carryall" until GM cut the name to simply "Suburban."

With the end of production of the Dodge Town Wagon in 1966 and the Plymouth Suburban station wagon in 1978, only General Motors continued to manufacture a vehicle branded as a "Suburban", and they were awarded an exclusive trademark on the name in 1988. The Chevrolet Suburban is one of the largest SUVs on the market today. It has outlasted many competitive vehicles such as the International Harvester Travelall, Jeep Wagoneer, and the Ford Excursion. The latest competitor is the extended Ford Expedition EL, which replaced the Excursion.

The Suburban of today is a full-size SUV with three rows of seating, a full pickup truck frame, and V8 engine. It is one of the few station wagons available with all bench rows. The Suburban retains the same height and width dimensions as the Chevrolet Tahoe, with an additional 20 inches added on to the length of the vehicle. The extra length provides a full-sized cargo area behind the up to 9 passengers to carry their luggage for an extended trip, and tow a sizeable trailer. This class of truck remains much more popular than full-sized vans which can carry even more passengers and tow trailers.

In recent years, the Suburban has been popular as a police car, fire chief's vehicle, or Emergency Medical Services fly-car. Suburbans are also popular when converted for duty as a limousine. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas operates a fleet of purple Suburbans to serve VIP patrons and high rollers. The United States Secret Service mainly uses black Suburbans, and operates fully armoured versions for the President of the United States when he attends less formal engagements.

In the late 1990s, GM also introduced a RHD version of the Suburban, badged as a Holden, for the Australian consumer. It proved to be a failure, however, and GM withdrew the Suburban in 2000 from Holden's lineup. It continues to be exported to Australia with the Chevrolet badge.


Production 1933–1934
Body style(s) 2-door wagon
Layout FR layout

Chevrolet offered a station wagon body, built on the 1/2 ton truck frame. This model was specifically built for United States National Guard units and Civilian Conservation Corps units. Much of the body was constructed from wood, and could seat up to eight occupants.



1937 Carryall Suburban

Production 1935–1940
Body style(s) 2-door wagon
Layout FR layout

Chevrolet offered the body style as a "Carryall Suburban". These share the front sheetmetal and frames of the 1/2 ton pickup models of the same year, but featured all-metal wagon bodies differing very little in shape from contemporary "woodie" wagons. Seating for up to eight occupants was provided, with three in front row, two in the middle row, and three in the rear row. Either rear panel doors or a rear tailgate/lift window were provided for easy loading and unloading of luggage.



1941 Chevrolet Carryall Suburban advertisement

Production 1941–1947
Body style(s) 2-door wagon
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 216 cu in (3.5 L) I6
228 cu in (3.7 L) I6

Suburbans were built in model years 1941, 1942, and 1946. Seating for up to eight occupants was provided. Models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116." The Chevrolet versions were equipped a 216 cubic inch 6 cylinder engine. The GMC version was equipped with a 228 cubic inch 6 cylinder engine.


Production 1947–1955
Body style(s) 2-door carryall
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 216 cu in (3.5 L) L6
235 cu in (3.9 L) I6 after 1954
Transmission(s) 3 speed manual
4 speed manual,
4 speed Hydra-Matic automatic

Beginning in 1954, the Hydra-Matic 4-forward-speed automatic transmission is available in the Chevrolet Suburban (GMC offered this transmission in 1953). As with the Art Deco series, models with rear panel doors were designated "3106," while those with tailgates were designated "3116."

This was the last series to feature "Canopy Express" models.

The design of the 1949 Suburban would go on to inspire the design of the Chevrolet HHR over half a century later.


1955 Chevy Suburban
Production 1955–1959
Body style(s) 2-door carryall
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 265 cu in (4.3 L) V8
283 cu in (4.6 L) V8

Engines included I-6 and the small block V-8s. Chevrolet used its 265 V-8 engine, later evolving it to a 283-cubic-inch version. GMC based their V-8 on a Pontiac design. Standard Suburban model numbers continued from the previous series, but the introduction of four-wheel-drive models in 1957 added the numbers "3156" for 4WD Suburbans with panel doors, and "3166" for 4WD Suburbans with tailgates.


1966 GMC Carryall
Also called GMC Carryall
Production 1960–1966
Body style(s) 2-door SUV
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 305 cu in (5.0 L) V6

The styling of the 1960 - 1961 model year took cues from the late 1950s Chevrolet cars and had large oval ports above the grille. The cab featured a "wrap around" windshield. Both tailgate and "barn door" rear openings were available. From 1962 onwards, the hood styling was 'toned down' a bit, with a more modern looking hood that eliminated the large ports. In 1964, the front glass area was updated to a flatter windshield, and larger door glass.

This model series introduced a factory-equipped 4WD ("K") option for the first time. The 2WD "C" models introduced a torsion bar-based independent front suspension and trailing arm and coil spring rear. But by 1963, returned to a more conventional coil-spring approach.

Engines included both I-6 and small-block V-8s.

One ton (C-30), 10-foot (3 m) panel truck models were no longer available after 1966.


Chevrolet Suburban Custom Deluxe
Also called GMC Carryall
Chevrolet Veraneio (Brazil)
Chevrolet Grand Blazer (Brazil)
Production 1967–1972
Body style(s) 3-door station wagon (North America)
5-door SUV (Brazil)
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 305 cu in (5.0 L) V6
292 cu in (4.8 L) I6
283 cu in (4.6 L) V8
307 cu in (5.0 L) V8
350 cu in (5.7 L) V8

1972 customized GMC Suburban

Suburban C10 badge

Suburban C10

The second generation C/K Suburbans are easily recognised by having only a single drivers side door and two passenger-side doors. They were available in both 2WD and 4WD models. Engines included the V6 (e.g., Chevrolet 292-cubic-inch I6, and GMC 305 cubic inch V-6), and small-block V-8s of the current model year (e.g., 283, 307, 327, 350, 400-cubic-inch V-8s.) For the first time, a three-quarter ton version was available.

1971 saw the introduction of disc brakes on the front wheels, and 1972 was the last year for coil spring rear suspension on 2WD models.

This series would also be the last to offer C-10 & C-20 Panel truck models for commercial purposes.

Brazilian version

A 1974 Veraneio

In 1964, Chevrolet in Brazil introduced a SUV version of the Suburban called Veraneio (also known as C-14/16). It was based on the 1960-66 US C/K series. The Veraneio used the instrument cluster from the C/K series although the exterior sheet metal layout is exclusive to Brazil. They were initially powered with a Chevrolet 4.2-liter inline six based on the pre-1962 "Stovebolt" engines. Later they used the 250-cid 4.1-liter engine from Chevrolet's Brazilian mid-size sedan - the Opala. The original version of the Veraneio was kept in production, with a another grill and interior, until 1988 (model year 1989), but it was eventually replaced with an updated version based on the C-20 family.

In 1997 GM introduced in Brazil the Silverado pickup, replacing the "C Series". The Brazilian version of the Suburban, which was made in the same style of the 1992 American Tahoe until 2001, was called the Chevrolet Grand Blazer, a successor to the Veraneio. The 4.1-liter inline six engine with 138 hp was offered on both models with option for a MWM 4.2-liter turbodiesel unit with 168 hp.


GMC Suburban
Also called GMC Suburban
Chevrolet Veraneio (Brazilian version)
Production 1973–1991 (1989–1996 in Brazil)
Assembly Flint, Michigan
Janesville, Wisconsin
São Caetano do Sul, Brazil
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
2-door SWB SUV (Brazil)
4-door Pickup Truck (Brazil)
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) Diesel:
4.0L straight-4 Maxion S4/S4T (brazilian version only)
5.7 L (350 cu in) V8
6.2 L (379 cu in) V8
4.1L straight-six (brazilian version only)
5.7 L (350 cu in) V8
6.6 L (400 cu in) V8
7.4 L (454 cu in) V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
3-speed +low range manual
5-speed manual (brazilian versions)
Wheelbase 129.5 in (3289 mm)
Length 219.1 in (5565 mm)
Width 79.6 in (2022 mm)
Height R10: 72.0 in (1829 mm)
V10: 73.8 in (1875 mm)
R20: 74.3 in (1887 mm)
V20: 76.1 in (1933 mm)
Related Chevrolet K-Blazer/GMC K-Jimmy
Chevrolet/GMC C/K

With the third generation C/K models, the Suburban became a 4-door vehicle. The rounded 1970s body style remained largely unchanged for 18 model years - making this series the longest in production of any Suburban. Both 2WD and 4WD models, designated "C" and "K", were offered, as well as one-half ton and three-quarter ton ("10" and "20" on the Chevy, "1500" and "2500" for GMC) models. The one ton model designation was the C or K 30 for Chevrolet and 3500 for GMC.

The base engine was the small-block 350-cubic-inch V-8. A 400-cubic-inch V-8 was optional. The 454-cubic-inch big-block V-8 was now available for the first time, most commonly in the 2WD three-quarter ton models. The 6.2 L (379 cu in) 130 hp (97 kW) Detroit Diesel V8 engine was also available from 1982-onwards.[1] The Diesel later became the engine of choice for Suburbans exported to Europe from USA.

Three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic automatic transmissions were available for only small block engines. The Turbo-Hydramatic 400 was used for big block and 6.2 diesel engines. The 700R4 4 speed automatic was introduced in 1981 and was available with the small block and the 6.2 diesel. Towing packages, offering gearing reduction, TH400, and cooling additions for heavy loads, were available. A "positraction" limited slip differential was optional. Later vehicles came equipped with rear anti-lock brakes (available on C and K series Suburbans).

Trim options included base level, and upgraded Silverado versions. An optional 3rd row bench seat allowed for 9-passenger configurations. A rear heating system was optional, as well, to help heat the long vehicle's interior.

In 1981, automatic locking front hubs were added on four-wheel drive models, and the NP208 transfer case replaced the NP205 in most models.[2]

In 1986 and 1987, the method of fuel delivery for the engines was switched from carburetors to electronic fuel injection. The system that GM chose was called throttle body injection, or TBI. The change improved fuel economy, performance, and emissions. A heavy-duty four-speed automatic transmission, the 4L80-E was added in 1991.

GM temporarily changed the usual "C/K" designation to "R" and "V" for the 1987 through 1991 model years. This was done to avoid confusion with the GMT400-based Chevrolet C/K pickup trucks, which were introduced in 1988, during the overlap period.


GMT400 Chevrolet Suburban 1500
Also called GMC Suburban
Holden Suburban
Production 1992–1999
Assembly Janesville, Wisconsin
Arlington, Texas
Silao, Mexico
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GMT400
Engine(s) 6.5 L (395 cu in) L56 & L65 Turbo Diesel V8
5.7 L (350 cu in) L05 V8
5.7 L (350 cu in) Vortec L31 V8
7.4 L (454 cu in) L19 V8
7.4 L (454 cu in) Vortec L29 V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 131.5 in (3340 mm)
Length Chevrolet: 219.5 in (5575 mm)
1992–94 GMC: 218.9 in (5560 mm)
1995–96 GMC: 220.0 in (5588 mm)
Width 73.6 in (1869 mm) (1992–94 Chevrolet) – 77.0 in (1956 mm) (1995–96 GMC)
Height 68.8 in (1748 mm) (1992–94 GMC) – 74.6 in (1895 mm) (1997–99 2500 4WD)
Related Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon

The GMT400-based Suburbans were introduced in the 1992 model year. This was actually quite late compared to their pickup truck brethren - which switched platforms in the 1988 model year. Both 2WD and 4WD models, again designated "C" and "K", were offered, as well as half ton and three-quarter ton ("1500" and "2500") models.

The base engine for all variants was the small-block 5.7 L (350 cu in) V-8. The big-block 7.4 L (454 cu in) V-8 was optional for the 2500 series. The optional 6.5 L Turbo diesel was available on all models - though rare on the 1500 series. The 6.5 L Turbo diesel used in the Tahoe was reduced in power to 380 lb/ft torque due to the limitation of the 8.5-inch axle capacity. 1500 Suburbans with the 6.5 L Turbo diesel used the 14 bolt axle from the 2500 series.

Transmissions included the 4L60 4-speed automatic in the 1500 series, and the heavier duty 4L80 4-speed automatic in the 2500 series. The manual transmission option from the previous generation was dropped as it was not a popular option.

The GMT400 series introduced independent front suspension for a more comfortable ride compared to older models. The 2WD models used coil springs and 4WD models used torsion bars in the front suspension. All models used a live axle and leaf springs in the rear.

Trim options included a base-level version, the LS, and the LT. Interior seating arrangements allowed for either bucket or bench seating in the first row, and optional 3rd row bench. Thus it could be configured from 2- to 9-passenger seating.

Beginning in 1994, GM began making numerous annual changes to the Suburban, including:

  • Revised front clip and center stop lamp (1994)
  • Revised interior including a driver-side air bag, revised side mirrors (1995)
  • Revised Vortec "5700" (350 cu. in.) and "7400" (454 cu. in) engines with increased power and fuel efficiency, electronic 4WD shifting, daytime running lights, illuminated entry, and some new interior features (1996)
  • Revised transmissions, improved steering system and added passenger-side air bag (1997)
  • Onstar, PassLock security system and full-time AutoTrac 4WD option added, next generation "depowered" air bags, revised steering wheel, transmissions revised again (1998)
  • No major changes upon introduction of redesigned 2000 models (1999)

In 1998, Holden premiered the right-hand-drive version of Suburban for local Australian and New Zealand markets with either petrol or diesel motors, built utilising the modified dashboard from 1995-2005 RHD Chevrolet Blazer. However, the sheer size and poor quality material doomed its first foray into the RHD market. Despite being withdrawn as a Holden brand, Chevrolet continues to export Suburbans to Australia with the Chevrolet badge.


GMT800 Chevrolet Suburban
Also called GMC Yukon XL
Cadillac Escalade ESV
Production 2000–2006
Assembly Janesville, Wisconsin
Arlington, Texas
Silao, Mexico
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GMT800
Engine(s) 5.3 L (325 cu in) Vortec V8[3]
6.0 L (364 cu in) Vortec V8[4]
8.1 L (496 cu in) Vortec V8[5]
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 130.0 in (3302 mm)
Length 219.3 in (5570 mm)
Width 78.8 in (2002 mm) – 79.8 in (2027 mm)
Height 73.3 in (1862 mm) (2000–02 Chevy 1500 4WD) – 77.1 in (1958 mm) (Yukon XL 2500 4WD)
Related Cadillac Escalade
Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon
Hummer H2

GMT800 GMC Yukon XL

GMT800 GMC Yukon XL Denali

The GMT800-based Suburbans were introduced in late 1999 for the 2000 model year. They were sold in two series: 1/2-ton 1500 and 3/4-ton 2500. Suburbans came in Base, LS and LT trims. All were available in either 2wd or optional pushbutton 4wd (with low-range transfer case). A tow hitch with a trailer wiring was a popular and relatively inexpensive option found on most new Suburbans.

For 2000, Chevrolet's long-serving 5.7 L and 7.4 L V8 engines were retired along with the 6.5 L diesel; in their places came the new 5.3 L (325 cu in) and 6 L (364 cu in) in the 1500 and 2500 series, respectively.

New features included:

  • A spare tire relocated beneath the vehicle (instead of in the cargo area as on previous models)
  • "Puddle lamps" in the exterior mirrors on LS and LT models
  • New instrument panel including a driver message center and engine hour meter
  • Electronic climate control available on LT models
  • Four-wheel disc brakes
  • Load-leveling Autoride suspension available on LT models
  • Premium Ride rear self-leveling suspension available on LS models

For 2001, the 6.0 L V8 in 2500-series Suburbans gained 20 hp (15 kW) from a number of changes including aluminum cylinder heads. A new 8.1 L (496 cu in) V8 was added as an option for the 2500 as well. OnStar became standard on LT models and LS models with the new Z71 package. Quadrasteer four-wheel steering was added as an option on 1500 series trucks.

2002 saw many optional features made standard equipment on the LS model, including front and rear air conditioning, alloy wheels, power windows, power front seats, side steps, fog lamps and heated outside rear view mirrors. Base models were discontinued, leaving LS and LT.

The 5.3 L V8 in the 1500 series added flex-fuel capability.

For 2003, all GM full-size trucks received an upgraded interior, with better-quality materials and other enhancements. New radios offered Radio Data System compatibility, XM satellite radio, Bose sound and improved ergonomics. Adjustable pedals were added as an option, and the instrument cluster-mounted Driver Information Center was improved and could report to the driver on as many as 34 vehicle functions. A Panasonic DVD system was added as an option.

GM's Stabilitrak system was added, and Quadrasteer became available on 2500 series Suburbans, although it never became popular because of its cost and the fact that it ultimately reduced the heavy-duty Suburban's towing capacity to little more than that of the half-ton series.

For 2004, 1500-series Suburbans got a new braking system, Hydroboost. Instead of relying on engine vacuum, Hydroboost is driven by the vehicle's steering system and is capable of providing better braking in case of an engine failure or stall.

The Mexican-market Suburban received a front end update this year, matching that of the Silverado.

The 2005 model year saw the long-standard "barn doors" discontinued in favor of the formerly optional liftgate. All engines switched to an all-electric cooling system to reduce power loss and fuel consumption. It also improved performance, both of the engine and the vehicle HVAC system.

The Z71 package, long exclusive to 4wd models, became available on 2wd Suburbans. OnStar also became standard across the board.

Finally, Stabilitrak became standard on all models shortly after the start of the model year.

For 2006, the GMT800 Suburban's last year, a special LTZ trim package became available, coming with 20-inch (510 mm) wheels, all-wheel drive, and the LQ4 6.0 L engine found in the 2500 series of trucks and SUVs.

The catalytic converters were relocated closer to the engine, allowing for faster "light off" and reduced emissions. Improved appearance resulted from combining the XM radio antenna and the OnStar antenna into a single unit instead of two separate devices.


  • Vortec 5300 325 cu in V8 285 hp (213 kW) 00-02 295 hp (220 kW) 03-06 at 5200 rpm and 335 ft·lbf (454 N.m) of torque at 4000 rpm.
  • Vortec 6000 364 cu in V8 (335 hp at 5200 rpm and 375 ft·lbf (508 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm).
  • Vortec 8100 496 cu in V8 (325 hp at 4200 rpm and 447 ft·lbf (606 N·m) of torque at 3200 rpm).


GMT900 Chevrolet Suburban LT
Also called GMC Yukon XL
Cadillac Escalade ESV
Production 2007–2014
Assembly Janesville, Wisconsin, USA
Arlington, Texas, USA
Silao, Mexico
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GMT900
Engine(s) 5.3 L (325 cu in) Vortec V8
6.0 L (364 cu in) Vortec V8
6.2 L (376 cu in) Vortec V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
Wheelbase 130.0 in (3302 mm)
Length 222.4 in (5649 mm)
Width 79.1 in (2009 mm)
Height 76.8 in (1951 mm)
Denali: 77.1 in (1958 mm)
Related Cadillac Escalade
Chevrolet Avalanche
Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon

GMT900 GMC Yukon XL

GMT900 GMC Yukon XL Denali

The 2007 model year Suburban and Yukon XL were unveiled at the 2006 Los Angeles Auto Show in January. Production of the redesigned GMT900 Suburban and Yukon XL began at Janesville Assembly and Silao Assembly in March 2006, with the vehicles arriving at dealerships in April.

The new models were redesigned with more modern styling, already seen on the previously released 2007 Tahoes and Yukons. The exterior features a more aerodynamic shape, made partly by a steeply raked windshield angle. The new design has less drag than previous models, making it more aerodynamic.

The interior has a redesigned dashboard and improved seats. It still retains its 9-passenger seating availability, which is available on LS, LT, LTZ, and Z71 models. LT2, LT3, and LTZ models welcome leather seating and available 6-, 7-, and 8-passenger seating. There is a Z71 package available on LT2 and LT3 models which includes two-tone leather seats. All Mexican-built Suburbans including the 9-seat models offer the special two-tone leather seating used by the Z71. Chevrolet-Mexico offers a police variant of the Suburban with factory installed armor plate and an uprated Vortec 8100 RPO L18 and is arranged in the 9 seat configuration retaining the two tone leather trim of the Z71. This model is used by the Mexican Federal Police and is marketed as the LT-P (P for Policia).

For the 2010 model year, in which U.S. News & World Report ranked it as the number one affordable large SUV,[6] the Suburban will add a new premium interior package that includes tri-zone climate control and handy features like Bluetooth and rear audio controls. In addition, radios that are standard in all 2010 trims get a USB port, allowing for music to be played from auxiliary devices though the radio, as well as charging other small electronics. The 6.0 liter engine in the 2010 models will also be flex fuel capable. Minor front end changes including a slightly raised front bumper and side torso air bags were also made standard for 2010.

In February 2010, Chevrolet unveiled a 75th anniversary edition of the Suburban, which will have the LTZ trim with white diamond tricoat exterior paint and cashmere interior, along with standard 20-inch chrome-clad wheels, revised roof rails, integrated navigation radio, XM Satellite Radio, Bluetooth phone connectivity, rearview camera, rear park assist, remote starting, adjustable pedals, and leather upholstery with heated/cooled front seats. Chevrolet says that the anniversary edition will be limited to 2,570 units because of the amount of white diamond paint GM can procure.[7]

The 5.3 L and 6.0 L engines carried over, and a new 403 horsepower (301 kW) 6.2 L Vortec V8 was added for the Yukon XL Denali.[8] The 8.1 L engine was dropped.

For the 2011 model year, the Suburban will add three new exterior colors to the lineup: Mocha Steel Metallic, Green Steel Metallic, and Ice Blue Metallic. The trims will also get a updated modification, with the rear audio system, Bluetooth, floor console/storage area, wood grain interior, luggage rack rails, body-color exterior door handle/mirror caps and premium-cloth front bucket seats now standard on the 1LS trim, and chrome recovery hooks, two-speed transfer case, and 20-inch chrome wheels standard on its 1LZ 4WD models. In addition, the trailering package will feature the trailer brake controller as a standard on all trims.[9]

For the 2012 model year, trailer sway control and Hill Start Assist become standard on all trims, while the LTZ trim added a heated steering wheel and Side Blind Zone Alert as a standard.[10] Also, the LT1/2 options for the Suburban and SLE1/2 and SLT1/2 options on the Yukon XL were discontinued, leaving the Suburban with only a LS, LT and LTZ trim and the Yukon XL with a SLE and SLT trim. On March 30, 2012, GMC celebrated its 100th anniversary by releasing a special edition of its Yukon XL, offering a Heritage Edition trim package.[11] This would also be the final year that three colors, Graystone Metallic, Gold Mist Metallic and Blue Topaz Metallic, would be offered, along with the all season blackwall P265/65R18 tires.

For the 2013 model year, two new colors were offered: Champagne Silver Metallic and Blu-ray Metallic (extra charge). Also new is Powertrain Grade Braking, normal mode. The 2013 arrived for Chevrolet dealers in June 2012.[12]

For the 2014 model year, power-adjustable pedals, remote vehicle starter system and rear parking assist along with rear vision camera and inside mirror with camera display will become standard on the Suburban LS trims. In addition, Concord Metallic (which was supposed to be available for the 2013 MY) will be added to the Suburban color offerings for the 2014 models.[13] For the Yukon XL, a convenience package will now become standard on its SLE models, along with a new color, Deep Indigo Metallic.[14] In February 2014, The Suburban came in second behind the Tahoe among the top-ranked large affordable SUVs by U.S News & World Report.[15] This would be followed by being acknowledged as an award recipient in the large SUV category by JD Power and Associates in July 2014.[16]

The three-quarter ton model's towing capacity is 9,600 lbs, being one of the best of any 4x4 SUV and matched only by the Toyota Sequoia's towing capacity. The three-quarter ton model also has a GCVW of 16,000 lbs.

The 2500 Suburban was originally sourced from Silao, Mexico from 2007-2008 but was moved to the Arlington, Texas assembly plant for the 2009 model year, where production of all GM fullsize SUVs was consolidated after the closing of the Janesville plant.[17][18]

GM discontinued the 2500 3/4 Ton versions of both Suburban and Yukon XL models after the 2013 model year.[19][20]

The eleventh generation Suburban's design provided the basis for the Declasse Granger and its law enforcement counterparts, a line of fictitious SUVs that are featured in the Grand Theft Auto video game series as of Grand Theft Auto V.

Twelfth generation (2015–present)

File:Chevrolet Suburban LT 2015 (16126211170).jpg
Also called GMC Yukon XL
Cadillac Escalade ESV (2015-)
Assembly Arlington, Texas, U.S.
Layout Front engine,
rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform GMT K2XX
Suburban: GMTK2YC
Yukon XL/Denali XL: GMTK2YG
Engine(s) 5.3 L (325 cu in) EcoTec3 V8 FlexFuel
6.2 L EcoTec3 V-8 FlexFuel (Yukon Denali/Yukon XL Denali)[21]

6-speed GM 6L80 automatic

8-speed GM 8L90 automatic (Yukon Denali/Yukon XL Denali)
Wheelbase 130.0 in (3,302 mm)
Length Suburban: 224.4 in (5,700 mm)
Yukon XL: 224.3 in (5,697 mm)
Width 80.5 in (2,045 mm)
Height 74.4 in (1,890 mm)
Denali: 77.1 in (1,958 mm)
Related Cadillac Escalade (2015)
Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon (2015)

2015 GMC Yukon Denali XL at the Rochester International Auto Show.

On September 10, 2013, GM announced that the twelfth generation Chevrolet Suburban, GMC Yukon XL, and Yukon Denali XL would be introduced to the public on September 12, 2013,[22] and unveiled the vehicles in different locations (The Suburban in New York, Yukon XL in Los Angeles) on that date.[23] Both vehicles are based on the GMT K2XX platform and will carry unique serial designated numbers, identified by platform (K2), brand (YC for Chevrolet, YG for GMC), drivetrain (C for 2WD; K for 4WD), tonnage (15 for half-ton, 25 for 3/4-ton, 35 for 1-ton), wheelbase (7 for short, 9 for long), and 06 for SUV, which means that a K2YC-K-15-9-06 would be identified as a Chevrolet Suburban 1500 4WD.[24] The Suburban and Yukon XL went on sale in February 2014 as a 2015 model,[25][26] with the vehicles built exclusively in Arlington, Texas.[27]

Production details

The first reveals came on April 10, 2013 when Motor Trend posted the first spy shots of GM's large SUV lineup, using front covers borrowed from the Ford Expedition to throw the competition off.[28] Then on May 15, 2013, more spy shots of the next generation Chevrolet Suburban/GM Yukon XL, which was expected to have the same frontal design as the Silverado but would have a more boxy style than the previous generations, were unveiled.[29]

On September 12, 2013, GM released the photos and press release of the newly redesigned Suburban and Yukon XL, and was later showcased to the public for the first time on September 27, 2013, at the State Fair of Texas.[30][31] This move by the way comes on the heels of the 80th anniversary of the first production of the Suburban in 1934.

The designs and concepts were created by GM's exterior design manager Chip Thole (prior to his transfer to GM's Buick design studio in 2013), who told Truck Trend in a February 17, 2014 interview "I start with what intuition tells me about the market and get the team going on that. You look at trends around the industry -- fashion, culture, what people are buying, what they say they want now -- and project that into the future. The fun part is putting those ideas to paper and going from there." He then added "We wanted to take what was good about today's vehicles, bring that forward and make them new and different with that spark of freshness that people recognize, without making them gimmicky or overdone." Thole also challenged his design team to help bring ideas to the SUVs, which lead to the split headlamps and a more graphic feel for the Suburban design, while a more industrial but sculptured look was added to the Yukon XL to give it a unique identity of its own.[32]

Production on the Suburban and Tahoe began in December 2013 with the first completed SUVs being used for testing purposes.[33] GM then officially started shipping the vehicles to dealerships on February 5, 2014.[34] It is estimated that it takes 8–10 weeks to assemble the SUVs, save for the upgrades on the level trims and destination scheduling.[35]

Chevrolet introduced the designs, choices and build-your-own features for the 2015 models on its website in January 2014 with a set price starting at $47,000 (2WD) to $50,000 (4WD) for the LS trim, $52,000 (2WD) to $55,000 (4WD) for the LT trim, and $61,000 (2WD) to $65,000 (4WD) for the LTZ trim.[36][37][38] The pricing on GMC's Yukon XL's are set at around $49,000 (2WD) to $52,000 (4WD) for the SLE, $57,000 (2WD) to $60,000 (4WD) for the SLT, and $65,000 (2WD) to $68,000 (4WD) for the Denali trims.[39]


The front fascias of the Chevy Suburban and GMC Yukon XL are distinct, but from the base of the A-pillars back, they share most of the same styling cues. This now includes inlaid doors that tuck into the door sills, instead of over them, improving aerodynamics, fuel economy, and lessens interior noise. The hoods and liftgate panels are made of aluminum in an effort to reduce vehicle weight, and the wiper blades that was located on the liftgate door is moved to the rear spoiler located on the top of the rear liftgate window. Also noticeable is the SUV's length, which expands from 222.4 in (5,649 mm) to 224.4 in (5,700 mm) (the Yukon XL's length is shorter at 224.3 in (5,697 mm)) and its width from 79.1 in (2,009 mm) to 80.5 in (2,045 mm), while the height decreases from 76.8 in (1,951 mm) to 74.4 in (1,890 mm), thus allowing the vehicle to become slightly leaner, a little bit wider, more streamlined, and roomier.

A more-efficient, direct-injected EcoTec3 V8 powertrain (5.3 for the Suburban, 6.2 for Yukon XL/Yukon Denali XL) coupled with improved aerodynamics, helped the SUVs offer greater estimated highway fuel economy and improving its MPG and CAFE estimates to 16MPG (City)/23MPG (Highway)/18 (Combined) for 2WD, and 15MPG (City)/22MPG (Highway)/18 (Combined) for 4WD.[40] The increased MPGs also vaulted the Suburban/Yukon XL into the top spot among large SUVs with the most efficient MPG rating numbers for this segment.[41] However, when Motor Trend (which placed the 2015 Suburban on the front cover of its June 2014 issue) did a road test review on the SUVs on April 3, 2014, it estimated the 4WD MPG on the Suburban LTZ to be slightly better at around 15.2 City and 22.3 Highway, while the 4WD Yukon Denali XL, whose MPG is rated at 14 City/20 Highway, was estimated lower at 12.4 City and 19.2 Highway.[42]

Like the 2007–14 version, both the Suburban and Yukon XL do not share a single piece of sheetmetal or lighting element with the brands' full-size pick-up trucks, and the front grilles of both vehicles are slightly altered to give it their own identity. The front headlights features projector-beam headlamps that flanks the Chevrolet-signature dual-port grille – chrome on all models, sweeping into the front fenders, while the LTZ trims features high-intensity discharge headlamps and light-emitting diode daytime running lamps. The Yukon XL also feature projector-beams on all trims as well. The improved safety features included a 360-degree radar detection for crash avoidance and occupant protection and a high-tech anti-theft system that now includes vertical and interior sensors, in-glass and window breaking, a triggering alarm and a shutdown device that prevents the vehicle from moving. The latter is expected to address the issues regarding the constant thefts of the vehicles, especially with the previous generation's removable seats and items left in the cargo space, which has become a target for carjackers who see the third row seats as valuable on the black market.[43] According to General Motors’ head of Global Vehicle Security Bill Biondo, “We have engineered a layered approach to vehicle security,” adding that “With new standard features and the available theft protection package, we are making the vehicles less attractive target to thieves and more secure for our customers.”[44]

Also new are the addition of fold-flat second and third-row seats (replacing the aforementioned removable third seats), which is now a standard feature but can be equipped with an optional power-folding feature for the upgraded trims, and an additional two inches of leg room for second-row passengers. HD radio became a standard feature on all trims. Multiple USB ports and power outlets are now spread throughout their interiors, including one 110-volt, three-prong outlet on both Suburban and Yukon XL, with the Suburban adding an available eight-inch color touch screen radio with next-generation MyLink connectivity along with an available rear-seat entertainment system with dual screens and Blu-ray DVD player, while the Yukon XL adds a standard eight-inch-diagonal color touch screen radio with enhanced IntelliLink and available navigation. A 4G LTE WiFi access system, along with Siri Eyes Free and text messaging alerts, was included into all vehicles that feature the OnStar device around the second quarter of 2014.[45][46]

The Yukon XL interior has more additional features that includes seats stuffed with dual-firmness foam, a standard Bose sound system and SD card slots, and laminated glass for the windshield and front windows, decreasing interior noise. The Denali Yukon XLs comes equipped with active noise-cancellation technology, with GM's third-generation magnetic ride control suspension as a standard feature, which is only featured on the Suburban LTZ models, whose upgraded features also includes a real-time damping system that delivers more precise body motion control by "reading" the road every millisecond, and changing damping in just five milliseconds.

The Suburban will have eight color palettes to choose from for the 2015 model year: Champagne Silver Metallic, Silver Ice Metallic, White Diamond Tricoat, Sable Metallic, Crystal Red Tricoat, Summit White, Tungsten Metallic, and Black.[47] The GMC Yukon XL palettes will be available in nine colors: Onyx Black, Summit White, Quicksilver Metallic, Champagne Silver Metallic, Iridium Metallic, Bronze Alloy Metallic, Crystal Red Tintcoat, White Diamond Tricoat, and Midnight Amethyst Metallic. The latter three will be the most expensive color trim options.[48]


For Chevrolet Suburban

  • Suburban LS:
    • New 5.3L V8 engine with Direct Injection
    • Seating for up to nine (optional on LS only)
    • Fold-flat second- and third-row seats
    • Automatic tri-zone climate controls
    • Front center air bag
    • Rear vision camera
    • Rear Park Assist
    • Remote vehicle starter system
  • Suburban LT:
    • Leather-appointed trim
    • Heated front bucket seats with memory
    • Power liftgate with programmable height
    • Lane Departure Warning
    • Forward Collision Alert
    • Chevrolet MyLink
    • Bose premium sound system
  • Suburban LTZ:
    • High-intensity discharge headlamps
    • LED daytime running lamps
    • Passive entry with push-button start (optional on LT)
    • Front Park Assist
    • Magnetic Ride Control
    • 12-way power-adjustable heated and cooled front seats
    • Memory power-tilt and telescoping steering column
    • Power-release second-row and power-fold third-row seats (optional on LT)
    • Side Blind Zone Alert with Rear Cross Traffic Alert
    • Lane Change Assist (optional on LT)

2015 mid-year update

The Suburban received a new color palette, Brownstone Metallic, and added a hands-free power liftgate feature that is standard on LTZ, but included on LT with the optional Luxury Package. The added 4G LTE WiFi and Siri features became standard on both LT and LTZ trims, while the MyLink with Navigation feature was upgraded from optional to standard on the LTZ trim. The E85 capability feature is removed from retail orders.[49]

The Yukon XL, in addition to receiving the aforementioned features, sees the 6.2-liter EcoTec3 V8 engine being updated with the new 8L90E eight-speed automatic transmission for the interim model year, allowing it to improve fuel economy.[50] The Yukon XL Denali however saw its MSRP bumped up by $1,300 in part due to the loaded features.[51]

Z71 and Texas Edition

On August 29, 2014, Chevrolet announced that the Z71 package would return with a launch by leaking a photo that displayed the Z71 badge on one of its large SUVs.[52] On September 26, 2014, Chevrolet debuted the updated Z71 Suburban at the State Fair of Texas, along with the debut of the Texas Edition Suburban, the latter due to Texas having the largest units of Suburbans sold in the United States (As of August 2014, sales of the Chevrolet SUVs in Texas was up 37 percent) and to celebrate the 60th anniversary of GM's Arlington Assembly plant; production of the Z71 Suburban began in October 2014.

As with the previous Z71 Suburbans, this version will continue to be offered in a 4WD LT trim only, featuring a front skid plate, off-road tires mounted on 18-inch wheels, a unique grille, running boards and "Z71" identification inside and out. Fog lamps, front tow hooks and front parking assist are also included. The Texas Edition will be available in both LT and LTZ trims, featuring a maximum trailering package, twenty-inch polished aluminum wheels (on LT models), twenty-two-inch premium painted aluminum wheels (on LTZ models), and an exclusive "Texas Edition" badge. The Texas Edition Suburban package will be part of the Texas Edition lineup that will also use the package, alongside the Tahoe and Silverado.[53]

2500HD Suburban

In a March 25, 2014 interview with Four Wheeler, GM stated that it is not offering the 3/4 ton version or a 1-ton version in the 2015 model due to soft sales that resulted in GM discontinuing the 2500 Suburban/Yukon XL series after the 2013 model year.[54] But on October 5, 2014, The Fast Lane revealed spy shots[55] that were taken from an undisclosed location in Colorado in which a prototype Suburban was spotted with wheel caps, the same caps that are featured on the Silverado 2500HD trims, and an exhaust system that points to the gas motor. While Chevrolet has yet to reveal any details, it is projected that there are plans to add a 2500HD version of the Suburban, whose features would also include either a 6.0L or 6.2L V8 engine along with a performance enhancement, as a possible entry for 2016. This move would mark the return of the 3/4-quarter ton (aka the 2500 version) Suburban after GM discontinued it after the 2013 model year. Recent chatter on several GM enthusiast sites has made reference to a "Suburban 3500" (or 1-ton version) coming in 2016, which would be a GM-unique SUV, but so far GM has not confirmed or denied the existence of this program.

On March 19, 2015, Chevrolet confirmed reports from auto websites that a 2500HD Suburban will be available in 2015 as a 2016 model, as evidenced by a VIN-assigned document that was obtained by the website Cheers & Gears. However, this version, identified as a Class 3 vehicle (around 10,000 to 14,000 pound GVWR), will only be available for sale to rental, fleet, and government entities as a 4WD vehicle and will use the same design as the twelfth generation version, but will use a different engine altogether. The 2500HD Suburban will only be offered in LS and LT trims, reserving the LTZ trim for a more luxurious offering. There will be no rear-wheel drive or upgraded packages. In addition, there are no plans to offer a 3/4-ton GMC Yukon XL as GM is making the design exclusive to Chevrolet for the time being.[56][57]

Additional changes and upgrades

On September 18, 2013, Chevrolet stated that there would be no diesel variant of the full-size SUVs planned for the 2015 model year.[58] GM, however, will offer another off-road variant or trim for the Suburban and Yukon XL starting with the twelfth generation, which is in the planning stages.[59] With the relaunch of the Z71 package in the Suburban, GM announced on January 26, 2015 that it has filed papers to trade mark the Trail Boss name for use on future Chevrolet truck and SUV models.[60]

One concept design for the Suburban called the Half-Pipe, whose features include roof racks and crossbars to mount skis, was featured at the SEMA Show on November 4, 2013; its parts will be available for order at Chevrolet Accessories.[61] This would later be followed by a video chat from GMC about the Yukon XL on November 6, 2013, which confirmed that the reason for the safety and fuel economy was the catalyst for GMC to no longer offer an AWD in the Yukon Denali XL and added that there will be no volume controls or devices in the rear seating area to operate the DVD system.[62] On February 12, 2014, Callaway Cars announced that it will add an upgraded supercharged package to the Suburban for an additional $17,000.[63]

Reviews and reception

The news of the redesigned Suburban and Yukon XL have so far been met with positive reviews from automotive critics who praised GM's devotion and commitment to keeping the Suburban and its sister SUVs in production due to their popularity and sales.[64][65][66][67]

A test drive that was done on February 25, 2014 received positive reviews for its speed, handling, technology, and performance from The Fast Lane,[68] and an overall 9 rating (out of 10) from Canada's[69] Truck Trend quoted that they never really thought of the Suburban and Yukon XL as "one-percent" vehicles (referring to their previous generations and its upper-class and family-oriented customers), they're now solidly "ten-percenters" with the updated versions.[70]

However at the same time it has seen mixed comments from message boards like Autoblog and Chevrolet's Facebook page, mainly about the front grille, its boxy design, GM's decision to not include additional or optional features to the Suburban, like a Duramax engine, and the conspicuous absence of the "2500" (or 3/4 ton) version in the current production lineup. In a review from Automobile Magazine, writer Greg Migliore notes that despite the reception from both sides and the possibility that other automakers might exit the large SUV segment, that with this 12th generation, "GM is clearly hoping the Suburban makes it to the century mark." [71]

The 2015 Suburban was ranked third among the top affordable SUVs and fifth among affordable SUVs with 3-row seats by U.S. News & World Report,[72] and was among the finalists in Motor Trend's SUV of the year for 2015.[73]


The interest in the redesigned Suburban has also translated into surging sales. In April 2014 it saw a 109.8 percent spike with most dealers reporting that the vehicles are being sold within 10 days after it arrives on the dealership lots with customers opting for the fully loaded LTZ model, making it one of Chevrolet's fastest selling brands in 2014.[74] The twelfth generation Suburban is also a hot seller in the Middle East, where in August 2014 posted a 37% increase in sales, with most of the purchases coming from Saudi Arabia (65%), the United Arab Emirates (15%) and Qatar (108%).[75] By the end of September 2014, GM sold more than 4101 units of the Suburban (up 50.1%), while the Yukon XL posted 2165 units sold (up 64%), with GM boasting that 80% of the vehicles sold were its large SUVs.[76]

In Canada, sales of the Suburban reached 966 units (up 43%) in 2014, although the Yukon XL is the best seller in that country with 1,760 vehicles sold (up 50.3%) that same year.[77] Overall, they account for 70 percent of GM Canada's SUV sales for 2014.[78]


For the 2009 model year, the Suburban received the NHTSA's best rating of 5 stars in the frontal driver/passenger and side driver/passenger categories.

NHTSA Chevrolet Suburban crash test results (For 2009 models):[79]

  • Frontal Driver: 5/5 stars
  • Frontal Passenger: 5/5 stars
  • Side Driver: 5/5 stars
  • Side Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
  • 2WD Rollover: 3/5 stars
  • 4WD Rollover: 3/5 stars


2015 Suburban LT

For the 2015 model year, the Suburban received an NHTSA rating of 4 stars overall, with the side driver/passenger categories receiving 5 stars. (Because of more stringent tests, 2011 and newer model ratings are not comparable to 1990–2010 ratings.)

NHTSA Chevrolet Suburban crash test results (For 2015 models):[80]

  • Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
  • Frontal Passenger: 4/5 stars
  • Side Driver: 5/5 stars
  • Side Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
  • 2WD Rollover: 3/5 stars
  • 4WD Rollover: 3/5 stars

Yearly American sales

Beginning in 1999, GM re-branded the GMC Suburban as the Yukon XL.

Calendar Year Chevrolet Suburban GMC Suburban Yukon XL Total U.S. sales
1996[81] 94,010 43,161 - 137,171
1997 99,068 43,137 - 142,205
1998[82] 108,933 42,423 - 151,356
1999[82] 138,977 44,886 1,857 185,720
2000[83] 133,123 4,776 47,016 184,915
2001[83] 154,782 94 70,706 225,582
2002[citation needed] 151,056 - 67,556 218,612
2003[citation needed] 135,222 - 70,887 206,109
2004[84] 119,545 - 65,917 185,462
2005[84] 87,011 - 53,652 140,663
2006[85] 77,211 - 45,413 122,624
2007[86] 83,673 - 45,303 128,976
2008[86] 54,058 - 26,404 80,462
2009[87] 41,055 - 16,819 57,874
2010[88] 45,152 - 23,797 68,949
2011[89] 49,427 - 25,223 74,650
2012 48,116 - 23,427 71,543
2013[90] 51,260 - 31,258 82,518
2014[91] 55,009 - 29,752 84,761


Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Chevrolet Suburban. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

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